Originally part of Little Grand Rapids First Nation, the Pauingassi received reserve status in 1988. They became a separate First Nation from the Little Grand Rapids First Nation on October 7, 1991. Today, Pauingassi First Nation is governed by the Custom Electoral System of government. The current leadership is Chief Michael Owens and Councillors Susanne Keeper, Harold Crow and Robert Owens. The Chief's and Councillors' three-year elected term began on August 27, 2008, and will conclude on August 26, 2011. Pauingassi First Nation is a member of the Southeast Resource Development Council and a signatory to Treaty 5.