Paul Nelson (creationist)
Nelson is the grandson of the creationist author and Lutheran minister Byron Christopher Nelson (1894–1972) and edited a book of his grandfather's writings. He is married to Suzanne Nelson, an assistant professor of pediatrics at Northwestern University.
In 1998, Nelson gained a PhD in philosophy of biology from the University of Chicago. The Discovery Institute's Wedge Document, and other sources have said that Nelson was publishing a work derived from his thesis, "Common Descent, Generative Entrenchment, and the Epistemology in Evolutionary Inference", criticizing the principle of common descent, as part of the Evolutionary Monographs series. The Evolutionary Monographs series was edited by evolutionary biologist Leigh van Valen.
Nelson is a fellow of the Discovery Institute's Center for Science and Culture and of the International Society for Complexity, Information and Design. He is frequently cited by opponents of intelligent design as an example of ID's "big tent" strategy in action. He has written about "Life in the Big Tent" in the Christian Research Journal. In an interview for Touchstone Magazine Nelson said that the main challenge facing the ID community was to "develop a full-fledged theory of biological design", and that the lack of such a theory was a "real problem".
As shown in the Peabody Award-winning documentary Nova: Intelligent Design on Trial, in the Kitzmiller v. Dover trial, Barbara Forrest presented a quote from Nelson to demonstrate that Intelligent Design proponents know that it is not a theory in the scientific sense: "Easily, the biggest challenge facing the I.D. community is to develop a full-fledged theory of biological design. We don't have such a theory right now, and that's a real problem. Without a theory, it's very hard to know where to direct your research focus. Right now, we've got a bag of powerful intuitions and a handful of notions, such as irreducible complexity, but as yet, no general theory of biological design."
Young Earth views
Nelson was a contributor to the book Three Views on Creation and Evolution, edited by J. P. Moreland and John Mark Reynolds, in which he, along with Reynolds, represented the young Earth creationist position. In their discussion in that book he and Reynolds acknowledged that "natural science at the moment seems to overwhelmingly point to an old cosmos." Young Earth creationism was abandoned as a mainstream scientific concept around the start of the 19th century, and it is viewed as a religious viewpoint, by the scientific community and the courts.
In a discussion with historian of science Ronald Numbers, Nelson made a distinction between his theological understanding of Earth history, which is informed by the biblical account as presented in the book of Genesis, and his advocacy for intelligent design. Nelson acknowledged that his young-Earth views are unpopular with many other intelligent design advocates.
Nelson was a cast member in the 2017 creationist documentary film Is Genesis History?. After the film's release, he published an article stating that the film distorted his arguments and presented "a false dichotomy" between naturalistic evolution and young Earth creationism while omitting other viewpoints. Director and Producer Thomas Purifoy wrote a response entitled A Tale of Two Dichotomies in which he presented the full film interview with Nelson as evidence and stated that "as a philosopher, Paul seemed to be shifting back to viewing things from a philosophical perspective. The film, however, was not about comparing two different philosophies, but two different histories."
- Numbers, Ronald L. (2006). The creationists: from scientific creationism to intelligent design. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. p. 380–383. ISBN 0-674-02339-0.
- Nelson, Paul E.; Nelson, Byron (1995). The creationist writings of Byron C. Nelson. New York: Garland. ISBN 0-8153-1806-5.
- Wedge Document
- Life in the Big Tent: Traditional Creationism and the Intelligent Design Community
- "Easily the biggest challenge facing the ID community is to develop a full-fledged theory of biological design. We don't have such a theory right now, and that's a real problem." quoted on page 64 of "Interview: The Measure of Design, A Conversation About the Past, Present & Future of Darwinism & Design". Touchstone. 17 (6): 60–65. July–August 2004. ID in their own words: Paul Nelson, PZ Myers, The Panda's Thumb June 7, 2005
- Moreland, J.P.; et al. (1999). Three Views on Creation and Evolution. Zondervan. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-310-22017-6.
- "History of Science: Early Modern Geology". Retrieved 2007-09-24.
- "Edwards v. Aguillard: Amicus Curiae Brief of 72 Nobel Laureates". From TalkOrigins Archive. Retrieved 2007-10-19.
- Edwards v. Aguillard, 482 U.S. 578 (1987)
- Inside the Mind of a Creationist: Ron Numbers & Paul Nelson in discussion Archived 2010-10-10 at the Wayback Machine.
- Law, Jeannie (February 16, 2017). "Evidence of Young Earth Creationism Will Debunk Current Scientific Paradigm, Filmmaker Says". The Christian Post. p. 2. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
- Nelson, Paul (February 23, 2017). "New Film Is Genesis History? Presents a False Dichotomy: I Dissent from My Role in It". Discovery Institute. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
- "A Tale of Two Dichotomies - Is Genesis History?". Is Genesis History?. 2017-06-13. Retrieved 2017-08-30.