Paul Alexiu

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Paul Alexiu
Born(1893-04-08)8 April 1893
Bucharest, Kingdom of Romania
Died30 September 1963(1963-09-30) (aged 70)
Bucharest, Romanian People's Republic
AllegianceKingdom of Romania
Romanian People's Republic
Service/branchArmy
Years of service1911–1950
RankLieutenant general
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsOrder of the Star of Romania
Order of the German Eagle
Alma materArtillery Military School
Higher War School

Paul Alexiu (April 8, 1893 in Bucharest – September 30, 1963, in Bucharest) was a major-general in the Romanian Armed Forces during World War II.

After attending the Artillery Military School in Bucharest (1911–1913), he graduated with the rank of second lieutenant. After World War I, he pursued his studies at the Higher War School (1920–1922). Alexiu was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1933 and to colonel in 1938.

The start of Operation Barbarossa on 22 June 1941 found Colonel Alexiu in command of the 3rd Artillery Regiment from the 10th Artillery Brigade, in charge of two 75mm Gun Battalions and one 100mm Howitzer Battalion.[1] During World War II he fought on the Eastern Front, participating in the Crimean campaign, especially in the July 1942 battle at Eltigen in the Kerch Peninsula. He served as commanding officer of the 4th Artillery Regiment between 1941 and 1942, and in 1942 to 1943 he served as the commanding officer of the artillery 10th division. He was promoted to brigadier general in March 1943, and was put in reserve in June 1943.

After King Michael's Coup of August 1944, Alexiu was recalled to active duty in December 1944, and assigned to the command of an artillery brigade attached to the 1st Army. In mid-April 1945 he took command of the 18th division, and fought at the Váh River near Trenčín in western Slovakia, during the Bratislava–Brno Offensive.

In August 1946 he was promoted to major general. From 1946 to 1947, Alexiu was the inspector of artillery. He became commanding 2nd Military Region in 1947 and general officer commanding anti-aircraft defence in 1949.[2] In a secret report from June 1949, the CIA mentioned that Alexiu had been promoted to lieutenant general, and was a "devoted Communist".[3] After retiring from the Army in March 1950, he was arrested in January 1954 and set free in September 1954;[2] while in detention, he was investigated for actions taken during the Odessa massacre of October 1941.

Awards and honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Royal Rumanian Army – Mobilized Infantry Division – 22 June 1941". niehorster.org. November 11, 2015. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Generals from Romania". Generals.dk. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
  3. ^ "Rumania: Transfer of Anti-Aircraft and Air Observation Regiment to Ministry of Interior" (PDF). cia.gov. Central Intelligence Agency. June 1, 1949. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  4. ^ Decretul Regal nr. 1.905 din 8 iunie 1940 pentru numiri de membri ai ordinului „Steaua României”, publicat în Monitorul Oficial, anul CVIII, nr. 131 din 8 iunie 1940, partea I-a, p. 2.783.