Paul Carter (academic)
Life and career
Paul Carter was born and brought up in Faringdon, Oxon., UK attending a local grammar school and later Oxford University. In the 1970s he lived largely in Spain and Italy, working at a variety of jobs in order to support his own poetic education and cultural research. Moving to Australia in the early 1980s, he redirected his interests in poetics and aesthetics to the renarration of the conceptual foundations of white settler society in Australia. His book The Road to Botany Bay (1987) introduced the idea of ‘spatial history’ and was praised by Edward Said (‘a brilliantly daring notion of imperialism’) and Susan Sontag (an ‘ingenious account of nation-founding … itself a kind of founding book’). His follow-up publication, The Lie of the Land, has been widely recognised as a major contribution to postcolonial geography.
Research for this book stimulated an interest in the dynamics of cross-cultural communication, generating a body of radiophonic work and museum installation, supported respectively by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and Radio Rundfunk, Cologne and (among others) Hyde Park Barracks (Sydney) and the Museum of Sydney. A multilingual soundscape (‘Columbus Echo’) designed for the Acquario di Genova led to a collaboration with composer Luciano Berio and to the ‘anti-novel’ Baroque Memories (the Italian translation included a preface by Antonio Tabucchi, who noted how a ‘further complication of an already complex situation produces, paradoxically, a simplification and, indeed, a resolution.’
In the late 1990s his studies in the mythopoetic mechanisms of placemaking led to major commissions as a public artist. Relay (with Ruark Lewis) for the Sydney 2000 Olympics and Nearamnew (a collaboration with Lab architecture studio and Karres en Brands) at Federation Square, Melbourne, used text, typography and ground patterning to integrate ‘reading’ and ‘treading.’ There followed numerous public space design projects, independently through the design studio Material Thinking, or in collaboration with leading Australian architects and landscape architects. His story-based tool for urban design and program integration, the ‘creative template’, was adopted by the Western Australian Government's major planning agency, the Metropolitan Redevelopment Authority, in 2016.
His collaborations with artists between 1990 and 2004 were described in the book Material Thinking: the theory and practice of creative research (2004). More recently he has focused on the choreography of sociability in public settings, exploring the concept of the designer as dramaturg. His publications in this area are characterized as ‘cultural writing,’ as the vehicle of the analysis is invariably a distinctive literary style and narrative structure. In Meeting Place (2013) he differentiated between encounter and meeting to foreground the performative foundations of civil coexistence. Places Made After Their Stories (2015) introduces the notion of ‘choreotopography’ to characterize the arrangements that emerge from feedback between society and setting.
Paul has worked as a freelance writer (Books and Bookmen, Art and Artists, PNR Review), as a journalist (The Age Monthly Review, 1986-1990) and has held various research positions (University of Melbourne 1994-2008; Deakin University (2009-2011) and RMIT where he is Professor of Design (Urbanism).
2014. (with Rush Wright landscape architects) AILA Victoria Design in Landscape Architecture Excellence Award for Dandenong Civic Centre landscape.
2010. National Landscape Architecture Award of Excellence of the Australian Institute of Landscape Architects for Design for 'Golden Grove', Darlington Public Domain (University of Sydney) Stage Two (with Taylor, Cullity, Lethlean, Landscape Architects).
2010. Member of the following team selected to represent Australia at 2010 Venice Architecture Biennale: Loop-Pool / Saturation City, McGauran Giannini Soon (MGS), Bild + Dyskors, Material Thinking, MGS - Eli Giannini, Jocelyn Chiew, Catherine Ranger, Bild - Ben Milbourne, Dyskors - Edmund Carter, Material Thinking - Paul Carter.
2007. Merit Award for Design in Landscape Architecture (2007) of the Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (Victoria) (with Taylor, Cullity and Lethlean) for Darlington Public Domain Stage One, University of Sydney.
2004. Excellence for Planning Award of the Australian institute of Landscape Architects (with Taylor Cullity Lethlean, Peter Elliot Architects, and James Hayter and Associates) for North Terrace Precinct (Adelaide.
2003. Award for Design Excellence of the Australian Institute of Landscape Architects, Victoria and Tasmania (with Lab architecture studio, Bates Smart, Karres en Brands Landschapsarchitecten and Equinox Design Group) for Federation Square plaza.
2003. Award for Landscape Architecture of the Australian Institute of Landscape Architects, Victoria and Tasmania (with Lab architecture studio, Bates Smart, Karres en Brands Landschapsarchitecten and Equinox Design Group) for Federation Square plaza.
2003. The Woodward Medal for significant contributions to the Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Melbourne.
1988. Victorian Premier's Award for Non-Fiction for The Road to Botany Bay.
- Places Made After Their Stories: design and the art of choreotopography, Nedlands WA: University of Western Australia Publishing, 2015.
- Turbulence: climate change and the design of complexity, Sydney: Puncher & Wattmann, 2015.
- Metabolism: The Exhibition of the Unseen, Melbourne: Lyon Housemuseum, 2015.
- Ecstacies and Elegies (poems), Nedlands, WA: University of Western Australia Publishing, 2013.
- Meeting Place: the Human Encounter & the Challenge of Coexistence, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2013.
- Ground Truthing: Explorations in a creative region, Nedlands, WA: University of Western Australia Publishing, 2010.
- Dark Writing: Geography, Performance, Design, Honolulu:University of Hawaii Press, 2008.
- Parrot, Reaktion Books, London: Reaktion Books 2006.
- Mythform: the Making of Nearamnew at Federation Square, Melbourne, Carlton, Vic: Melbourne University Press/Miegunyah Press, 2005.
- Material Thinking, The Theory and Practice of Creative Research, Carlton, Vic: Melbourne University Press, 2004, 2014.
- Repressed Spaces: the poetics of agoraphobia, London: Reaktion Books, 2002.
- Depth of Translation, the book of Raft (with Ruark Lewis), Melbourne: New Music Articles, 1999.
- Lost Subjects, Sydney: Historic Houses Trust of New South Wales, 1999.
- The Lie of the Land, London: Faber & Faber, 1996.
- The Calling to Come, Sydney: Historic Houses Trust of New South Wales, 1996.
- Hossein Valamanesh, Sydney: Craftsman House, 1996.
- Baroque Memories, Manchester: Carcanet Press, 1994. And: Memorie Barocche, Una stravaganza, trans. Stefano Stoja, preface: Antonio Tabucchi: Lecce: Argo Editrice,1998.
- Living In A New Country: History, Travelling, Writing, London: Faber & Faber, 1992.
- The Sound In-Between Voice, Space, Performance, Sydney: New Endeavour/University of New South Wales Press, 1992.
- The Road to Botany Bay, an essay in spatial history, London: Faber & Faber, New York: Knopf, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987, 1988; Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010.
- Before Cold Mountain, Poems, Isle-of-Wight: Yellowsands Press, 1973.
In 2006 the Australian literary journal Southerly (vol. 66, no.2) released a CD sampler of my radio work. It featured the following extracts:
1. Memory as Desire (1986) 6:39; 2. What Is Your Name (1986) 5:08; 3. Scarlatti (1988) 5:49; 4. Remember Me (1988) 5:48; 5. On The Still Air (1990) 6:20; 6. The 7448 (1993) 6:21; 7. The Native Informant (1993) 5:47; 8. The Calling To Come (1995) 3:05; 9. The Museum (1995) 5:25; 10. Light (1996) 6:40; 11. Relay For Radio (2000) 3:53; 12. Underworlds of Jean du Chas (1998) 5:06; 13. The House That Flies (2002) 6:39; 14. Nearamnewspeak (2002) 5:33
- Endorsements printed on cover of first and subsequent editions.
- For example, Andre Lepecki, Exhausting Dance: Performance and the Politics of Movement, Routledge, 2006, 99-100.
- Captured in the unusual stratagem of publishing two books simultaneously that shared their content to provide a simulacrum of cross-cultural dialogue. See The Sound In-Between and Living In A New Country (both 1992). See McLean, Ian, ‘Imagining "Australia": Paul Carter’s Migrantology, 25-29.
- Andrew McLennan, ‘Formes Circulaires: a journey around the radio works of Paul Carter’, Southerly, vol 66, no.2 (2006), 81-102.
- His work ’The 7448’ was a winner of the Ars Acustica Prize 1991 jointly sponsored by ABC-FM's 'The Listening Room' and WDR Köln. The 7,448 was featured at the 4th Exposition Sonore Internationale, Arles, France, July 1995. A selection from the work was released on CD Vergo under the auspices of WDR's Akustische Kunst Studio.
- ‘Musical as much as narrative, cubist and multilingual, Carter’s critically significant theoretical and historical work engages silenced auditory history in Australia and repressed dialogic encounters between estranged (often indigenous) peoples and languages.’ (Virginia Madsen, ‘Written in Air: Experiments in Radio’, in Experimental Music, ed. Gail Priest, Sydney: UNSW Press, 2009, 154-174, 169.)
- Antonio Tabucchi, Prefazio, Memorie Barocche, Una stravaganza, trans. Stefano Stoja, Argo Editrice, Lecce, 1998.
- See Paul Carter, ‘Trace: a running commentary on Relay,’ chapter 7, Dark Writing, 2008, 203-227
- Paul Carter, Mythform: The Making of Nearamnew at Federation Square, Mellbourne, Carlton, Vic: Miegunyah Press, 2005. See also Emily Potter, ‘Reimagining Place: The Possibilities of Paul Carter's "Nearamnew" in Potter, Emily et al (eds), Fresh Water: New Perspectives on Water in Australia, Carlton, Vic: Melbourne University Press, 2007: 246-258 and Jennifer Rutherford, ‘Writing the Square: Paul Carter’s Nearamnew and the Art of Federation,’ Portal Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies Vol. 2, No. 2 July 2005 ISSN 1449-2490 http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/journals/portal/splash/
- Documented in such publications as Dark Writing and Places Made After Their Stories.
- Informed by this publication, the journal Studies in Material Thinking was established in 2007.
- See Trapè, Roberta, ‘Practices of Meeting: Paul Carter talks to Roberta Trapè, Il Tolomeo, recensioni e inedita delle nuove letterature, XVI, primo e secondo fascicolo, anno 2013, 47-54.
- John Jenkins, ‘Paul Carter and The Age Monthly Review’, Southerly, vol 66, no.2 (2006),118-126.
A special issue of Southerly (Shared Space, Brokered Time: Paul Carter, vol 66:2), edited by Jennifer Rutherford, celebrated Carter's contributions in many fields. Contributors: Steven Connor, D. Graham Burnett, Chris Wallace-Crabbe, Iain Chambers, Andrew McLennan, Linda Marie Walker, John Jenkins, Alex Miller, Emily Potter, Chris Healy, Leon van Schaik.