Paul Chihara

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Paul Chihara
Birth namePaul Seiko Chihara
Born (1938-07-09) July 9, 1938 (age 80)
Seattle, Washington, United States
GenresFilm score
Occupation(s)Composer
Websitehttp://www.paulchihara.com/

Paul Seiko Chihara (born July 9, 1938) is an American composer.[1]

Life and career[edit]

Chihara was born in Seattle, Washington in 1938. A Japanese American,[2] he spent three years of his childhood with his family in an internment camp in Minidoka, Idaho.

Chihara received a BA and an MA in English literature from the University of Washington and Cornell University, respectively. He received a DMA in 1965 from Cornell, studying with Robert Palmer. He also studied composition with Nadia Boulanger in Paris, Ernst Pepping in West Berlin, and Gunther Schuller in Tanglewood.

He was the first composer-in-residence of the Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra, conducted by Neville Marriner, and was most recently part of the music faculty of UCLA, where he was the head of the Visual Media Program.[3] As of 2015, Chihara is on the faculty of New York University as an Artist Faculty in Film Music.[4]

Music[edit]

Chihara's prize-winning[citation needed] concert works, which include symphonies, concertos, chamber music, choral compositions, and ballets, have been performed to great acclaim both nationally and internationally.[citation needed] His works are concerned with the evolution and expression of highly contrasting colors, textures, and emotional levels, which are often dramatically juxtaposed with one another.[5]

His works have been commissioned by the Guggenheim Foundation, the Roger Wagner Chorale, the Naumberg Foundation, and the National Endowment for the Arts. He has also received commissions from the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the London Symphony, as well as the Los Angeles Philharmonic and Cleveland Orchestra. He was Composer-in-Residence with the San Francisco Ballet for ten years. Tempest and Shinju are among his well-known ballet scores.

His music reflects interest in a variety of musical styles, and often shows influence from Asian music and culture. He sometimes incorporates quotations and stylistic borrowings from jazz standards, folk songs, and the classical repertoire. He has composed music in a variety of forms, including ballets, musicals, symphonies, choral and chamber music.

His close connection with music for dramatic forms extends into film and television, for which he has written nearly 100 scores. His first film score was for Roger Corman's Death Race 2000 (1975), and came at a point that he decided to leave academia to pursue a living as a composer. His exit from the university environment, and into film music also produced a change in his concert music. It was at this point that he moved away from the 12-tone and freely chromatic styles he had employed up to then, and embraced a more tonal style.

He has worked with directors Sidney Lumet, Louis Malle, Michael Ritchie, and Arthur Penn. His film credits include Sweet Revenge (1976), I Never Promised You a Rose Garden (1977), The Bad News Bears Go to Japan (1978), A Fire in the Sky (1978), Prince of the City (1981), The Legend of Walks Far Woman (1982), The Survivors (1983), Crackers (1984), Impulse (1984), The Morning After (1986), Forever, Lulu (1987), The Killing Time (1987), Crossing Delancey (1988), and Penn & Teller Get Killed (1989). His television credits include The Dark Secret of Harvest Home, Dr. Strange, Brave New World, Noble House, Frederick Forsyth Presents (1989), and the pilot and theme music to Manimal, among others.

He also composed the score for Shōgun: The Musical, based on James Clavell's novel. Shōgun had a short run on Broadway, from November 1990 to January 1991.[6]

Chihara's notable students include James Horner, Christopher Brady, Matthew Tommasini, Sean Friar, Jeff Kryka, Joseph Trapanese, Jennifer Fagre, and Cynthia Tse Kimberlin.

Selected works[edit]

  • Concerto for viola and orchestra (1963)
  • Magnificat (1965)
  • Logs (double bass) (1966)
  • Driftwood (string quartet) (1967)
  • Branches (2 bassoons & percussion) (1968)
  • Redwood for viola and percussion (1968)
  • Prelude and Motet (Veni Domine) (organ) (1968)
  • Willow Willow (flute, tuba & percussion) (1968)[7]
  • Forest Music (orchestra) (1970)
  • Windsong (cello & orchestra) (1971)
  • Ave Maria - Scarborough Fair (6 male voices) (1971)
  • Ceremony I (oboe, 2 celli, double bass & percussion) (1972)
  • Grass (double bass & orchestra) (1972)
  • Ceremony III (flute & orchestra) (1973)
  • Ceremony IV (orchestra) (1973)
  • Ceremony II (amplified flute, 2 amplified celli & percussion) (1974)
  • Elegy (piano trio) (1974)
  • Piano Trio (1974)
  • Guitar Concerto (1975)
  • Symphony no.1 "Symphony in Celebration" (Ceremony V) (1975)
  • Shinju (Lovers’ Suicide) (ballet after Chikamatsu) (1975)
  • Missa Carminum (8 voices) (1975)
  • The Beauty of the Rose is in its Passing (bassoon, 2 horns, harp, & percussion) (1976)
  • String Quartet (Primavera) (1977)
  • Mistletoe Bride (1978)
  • The Infernal Machine revised as Oedipus Rag (musical after Jean Cocteau) (1978–80)
  • The Tempest (ballet, after Shakespeare) (1980)
  • Concerto for String Quartet & Orchestra ("Kisses Sweeter than Wine") (1980)
  • Sinfonia concertante (9 instruments) (1980)
  • Saxophone Concerto (1981)
  • Symphony no.2 "Birds of Sorrow" (1981)
  • Sequoia (string quartet & tape) (1984)
  • Clarinet Trio (Shogun Trio) (1989)
  • Duo Concertante for violin and viola (1989)
  • Shogun: The Musical (1990)
  • Sonata "De Profundis" for viola and piano (1994, 2009)
  • Forever Escher (saxophone quartet & string quartet) (1995)
  • Minidoka (Reminiscences of ...) (ensemble & tape) (1996)
  • Minidoka (chorus, percussion & tape) (1998)
  • Double Concerto for Violin, Clarinet & Orchestra (1999)
  • Clouds (orchestra) (2001)
  • Songs of Love and Loss for solo viola and choir (2001)
  • Amatsu Kaze (soprano and five instruments) (2002)
  • An Afternoon on the Perfume River (chamber orchestra) (2004)
  • Trio Nostalgico (2004)
  • Magnificat: Hannah's Prayer (2007)
  • Fantasy (violin/flute, cello & piano) (2008)
  • Ami (piano, 4 hands) (2008)
  • When Soft Voices Die (viola & orchestra) (2008)
  • Images (clarinet, viola & piano) (2009)
  • Second Piano Quintet, "Aka Tombo (Dragonfly)" (2009)
  • Trouble in Tahiti (Suite) (2012), adaptation of Trouble in Tahiti, opera by Leonard Bernstein[8][9]
  • Ave Maria/Scarborough Fair" (double chorus and solo oboe) (2015) - Commissioned by the Los Angeles Master Chorale, Grant Gershon, Music Director

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lacoste, Steven Paul Chihara (b. 1938)[permanent dead link] Database of Recorded American Music
  2. ^ Hughes, Allen (February 21, 1970). "PAUL CHIHARA GIVES PIECES FROM 'TREES'". The New York Times. p. 21. Archived from the original on 19 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  3. ^ Timberg, Scott (July 21, 2014). "It's not just David Byrne and Radiohead: Spotify, Pandora and how streaming music kills jazz and classical". Salon. Archived from the original on 2014-07-20. Retrieved 19 February 2019. “All of my colleagues — composers and arrangers — are seeing huge cuts in their earnings,” says Paul Chihara, a veteran composer who until recently headed UCLA’s film-music program. “In effect, we’re not getting royalties. It’s almost amusing some of the royalty checks I get.” One of the last checks he got was for $29. “And it bounced.”
  4. ^ New York University Department of Music and Performing Arts Professions - Film Scoring Faculty: Paul Chihara: http://steinhardt.nyu.edu/music/scoring/people/faculty/chihara
  5. ^ Strimple, Nick (2002). Choral Music in the Twentieth Century. Portland, Oregon: Amadeus Press. p. 247. ISBN 9781574670745. LCCN 2002066536. OCLC 471768674.
  6. ^ "This Month in Theatre History". American Theatre. 2015-11-02. Archived from the original on 2015-11-04. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  7. ^ Fleshler, David (Dec 18, 2017). "New World chamber program mixes attractive Classical-era music with dispensable 1960s works". South Florida Classical Review. Archived from the original on 2019-01-18. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  8. ^ Woolfe, Zachary (20 Mar 2012). "A Lot of Trouble for Trouble in Tahiti, and It Was Worth It: The Orpheus Chamber Orchestra Works Wonders With Bernstein's Opera". The New York Observer. Observer.com. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
  9. ^ Bernstein and Chihara. "Trouble in Tahiti (Suite)". Boosey & Hawkes. boosey.com. Retrieved 17 May 2012.

External links[edit]