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Dickopf in 1935
|President of INTERPOL|
|Preceded by||Firmin Franssen|
|Succeeded by||William Higgitt|
|Born||June 9, 1910|
Müschenbach, German Empire
|Died||September 19, 1973 (aged 63)|
Bonn, West Germany
Paul (Paulinus) Dickopf (June 9, 1910 – September 19, 1973) was a member of the NSDAP and SS in the Security Service (SD) and a secret agent in Switzerland, who became a member of the German Federal Criminal Police Office (BKA). Between 1965 and 1971, he was the 4th president of the BKA and a paid "unilateral agent" of the CIA.
Under the Nazi government of Adolf Hitler, he was a member of the Sturmabteilung and the Schutzstaffel. Dickopf, before and during World War II had been an active Nazi officer in the Schutzstaffel (SS) with SS number 337259. Dickopf's SS personnel file reveals that he became a member in 1935 of the National Socialist German Students' League (Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Studentenbund; abbreviated NSDStB) having the same status and membership requirements of the official Nazi Party, the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP).
After voluntary army service (1934-1935) he began his police career in 1937 at the Kriminal-Polizei ('Kripo'- Criminal Police) as a criminal commissar candidate serving the last three months in the Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS. In 1938 he volunteered for the Führerschule (leadership school) of 'Sipo' (Sicherheits-Polizei - Security Police). Fifteen SS officers of the rank of lieutenant upwards sponsored him. Dickopf was recommended for officer rank by the commandant of the SD school and graduated as an SS Untersturmführer (Lieutenant) became a criminal commissar and member of the SD. Dickopf later enrolled in the general SS in 1939, however, any record of his war activities are obscure since his SS file for that period is incomplete.
Throughout his tenure as president of Interpol he was regarded as a conscientious and diligent professional, always stressing the organization's political neutrality. He was praised for his work by Hans-Dietrich Genscher as a "role model for the German police".
Dickopf died from a brief but fatal illness on September 19, 1973 in Bonn, Germany.
On June 25, 2012, the "Paul-Dickopf-Straße", a street in Meckenheim, seat of the BKA, bearing Dickopf's name as a remembrance for his presidency of the BKA, was renamed "Gerhard-Boeden-Straße" as a symbolic act following the revelations about Dickopf's masterminding the recruiting of former Nazi officials into the BKA.
Infiltration of the BKA by former Nazi officials
After his death it was revealed that Dickopf had made the Federal Criminal Police a safe haven for former nazi and SS officials, a large number of them war criminals. Under his leadership some concepts of National Socialism were still upheld and practised, for example in the way members of Sinti and Roma were treated.
Secret Cooperation with the CIA
According to documents in the National Archives in Washington, which were released in 2007, the CIA made payments to Dickopf from 1965 to 1971, while he was president of the BKA. He is categorized in the files as a "unilateral agent". One note about Dickopf by the then head of the CIA says: '"Our relationship with Mr Dickopf is mainly of a secret nature, the official contacts being used as a cover up for meetings". Dickopf passed on to the CIA information on leading officials as well as on internal affairs of the BKA and other authorities.
- Posner, Gerald (6 March 1990). "Interpol's Nazi Affiliations Continued After War". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
In 1968, Interpol elected Paul Dickopf as its president. Although it was discovered that he had been an SS officer in the war, having worked in the very villa where Interpol and the Gestapo were headquartered, he nevertheless remained president until 1972.
- "BKA Umbenennung der Paul-Dickopf-Straße in Gerhard-Boeden-Straße". bka.de. 2012-06-25. Retrieved 2016-01-30.[permanent dead link]
- "BKA Polizei + Forschung". bka.de. Retrieved 2016-01-30.[permanent dead link]
- Memorandum v. 30. August 1968; released document from CIA files (Digitalisat 389 KB) (abgerufen am 13. September 2013); compare the copious CIA files (Liste) on foia.cia.gov.
- "Deutsche Interna für die USA BKA-Chef war CIA-Agent" (in German). ntv. 19 June 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2017.