Pól Mac Duarcáin
Durcan was born and grew up in Dublin and in Turlough, County Mayo. His father, John, was a barrister and circuit court judge; father and son had a difficult and formal relationship. Durcan enjoyed a warmer and more natural relationship with his mother, Sheila MacBride Durcan, through whom he is a great-nephew of both Maud Gonne, the Irish social and political activist (and muse of WB Yeats), and John MacBride, one of the leaders of the Easter Rising, which began the Irish War of Independence leading to the foundation of the Irish state.
In the nineteen-seventies he studied Archaeology and Medieval History at University College Cork. Earlier, in the nineteen-sixties, he studied at University College Dublin. While at college there, Durcan was kidnapped by his family and committed against his will to Saint John of God psychiatric Hospital in Dublin, and later to a Harley Street clinic where he was subjected to electric shock treatment and heavy dosages of barbiturates and Mandrax.
In 1966, Durcan moved to live in London, where he worked at the North Thames Gas Board. He met Nessa O'Neill in 1967; they married and had two daughters, Sarah and Siabhra. They lived in South Kensington, then moved to Cork where his wife taught in a prison. The marriage ended in early 1984.
Durcan's main published collections include: A Snail in my Prime, Crazy About Women, Greetings to Our Friends in Brazil and Cries of an Irish Caveman. He appeared on the 1990 Van Morrison album Enlightenment, giving an idiosyncratic vocal performance on the song, "In The Days Before Rock'n'Roll", which he also co-wrote.
In 2003, he published a collection of his weekly addresses to the nation, Paul Durcan's Diary, on RTÉ Radio 1 programme Today with Pat Kenny. He got his inspiration from Paidraig Whitty, local Wexford poet. He was shortlisted in 2005 for the Poetry Now Award for his collection, The Art of Life. In 2009, he was conferred with an honorary degree by Trinity College, Dublin. Durcan was the Ireland Fund Artist-in-Residence in the Celtic Studies Department of St. Michael's College at the University of Toronto in October 2009. In 2011 Durcan was conferred with an honorary doctorate from University College Dublin.
Durcan is a member of Aosdána.
A number of poems from Durcan's poetry career are studied by Irish students who take the Leaving Certificate.
- 1974 - Patrick Kavanagh Poetry Award
- 1989 - Irish American Cultural Institute Poetry Award
- 1990 - The Whitbread Prize (Daddy, Daddy)
- London Poetry Book Society choice for The Berlin Wall Café
Paul Durcan's Diary
This collection gives a new view of Durcan's work and a more intimate view of him and his poetry. It gives an insight into his childhood and allows readers to reflect themselves.
- Endsville, with Brian Lynch (New Writers' Press, 1967)
- O Westport in the Light of Asia Minor (Anna Livia Press, 1975)
- Sam's Cross (Profile Press, 1978)
- Teresa's Bar (The Gallery Press, 1976; revised edition, The Gallery Press, 1986)
- Jesus, Break his Fall (The Raven Arts Press, 1980)
- Ark of the North (Raven Arts Press, 1982)
- The Selected Paul Durcan (edited by Edna Longley, The Blackstaff Press, 1982)
- Jumping the Train Tracks with Angela (Raven Arts Press/Carcanet New Press, 1983)
- The Berlin Wall Café (The Blackstaff Press, 1985)
- Going Home to Russia (The Blackstaff Press, 1987)
- Daddy, Daddy (The Blackstaff Press, 1990)
- Crazy About Women (The National Gallery of Ireland, 1991)
- A Snail in My Prime. New and Selected Poems, (The Harvill Press /The Blackstaff Press, 1993)
- Give Me Your Hand (MacMillan, 1994)
- Christmas Day (The Harvill Press, 1997)
- Greetings to Our Friends in Brazil(The Harvill Press, 1999)
- Cries of an Irish Caveman (The Harvill Press, 2001)
- The Art of Life (The Harvill Press, 2004)
- The Laughter of Mothers (The Harvill Press, 2007)
- Life Is a Dream: 40 Years Reading Poems 1967-2007 (Random House UK 2009)
- Praise In Which I Live And Move And Have My Being (Harvill Secker 2012)
- "Saint John of God Hospital". Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- Tallant, Nicola (6 May 2007). "Kidnapped by his family and put in a mental home". Sunday Independent. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- Stewart, Bruce. "Paul Durcan". Ricorso: A Knowledge of Irish Literature. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- O'Reilly, Caitriona (26 January 2008). "A sharp and subtle voice". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- Dwyer, Ciara (18 October 2009). "Laughter lines that come with a dark side". Sunday Independent. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- Cullen, Paul (11 December 2009). "Durcan among four awarded degree". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
- "SMC Sponsored Programs - Celtic Studies - Ireland Fund Artist-in-Residence Program". University of St. Michael's College. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- "UCD honours Ireland Chairs of Poetry among Bloomsday conferrings and awards Ulysses Medal to Seamus Heaney". University College Dublin. 20 June 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
- "Professor Paul Durcan". Ireland Chair of Poetry. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
- Goarzin, Anne (2010). "Paul Durcan's Unsettled Poetry". In Ross, Ciarán (ed.). Sub-Versions: Trans-National Readings of Modern Irish Literature. Amsterdam: Rodopi. pp. 161–177. ISBN 978-9-04202-828-9.
- Tóibín, Colm, ed. (1997). The Kilfenora Teaboy: A Study of Paul Durcan. Dublin: New Island Books. ISBN 1-874597-31-6.