|Born||July 12, 1920|
Brockton, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||May 15, 1974 (aged 53)|
|Genres||Jazz, swing, bebop|
|Labels||RCA Victor, Impulse!, Riviera, Black Lion|
Paul Gonsalves (jazz tenor saxophonist best known for his association with Duke Ellington. At the 1956 Newport Jazz Festival, Gonsalves played a 27-chorus solo in the middle of Ellington's "Diminuendo and Crescendo in Blue," a performance credited with revitalizing Ellington's waning career in the 1950s.July 12, 1920 – May 15, 1974) was an American
Born in Brockton, Massachusetts, to Cape Verdean parents, Gonsalves' first instrument was the guitar, and as a child he was regularly asked to play Cape Verdean folk songs for his family. He grew up in New Bedford, Massachusetts, and played as a member of the Sabby Lewis Orchestra. His first professional engagement in Boston was with the same group on tenor saxophone, in which he played before and after his military service during World War II. He also played with fellow Cape Verdean Americans in Phil Edmund's band in the 1940s. Before joining Duke Ellington's orchestra in 1950, he also played in big bands led by Count Basie (1947–1949) and Dizzy Gillespie (1949–1950).
At the 1956 Newport Jazz Festival, Gonsalves' solo in Ellington's "Diminuendo and Crescendo in Blue" went through 27 choruses; the publicity from this performance is credited with reviving Ellington's career. The performance is captured on the album Ellington at Newport. Gonsalves was a featured soloist in numerous Ellingtonian settings. He received the nickname "The Strolling Violins" from Ellington for playing solos while walking through the crowd.
Gonsalves died in London ten days before Duke Ellington's death, after a lifetime of addiction to alcohol and narcotics. Mercer Ellington refused to tell Duke of the passing of Gonsalves, fearing the shock might further accelerate his father's decline. Ellington and Gonsalves, along with trombonist Tyree Glenn, lay side by side in the same New York funeral home for a period of time.
- Cookin' (1957, Argo)
- Diminuendo, Crescendo and Blues (1958, RCA Victor)
- Ellingtonia Moods and Blues (1960, RCA Victor)
- Gettin' Together! (1961, Jazzland)
- Tenor Stuff (1961, Columbia) – with Harold Ashby
- Tell It the Way It Is! (1963, Impulse)
- Cleopatra Feelin' Jazzy (1963, Impulse)
- Salt and Pepper (1963, Impulse) – with Sonny Stitt
- Rare Paul Gonsalves Sextet in Europe (1963, Jazz Connoisseur)
- Boom-Jackie-Boom-Chick (1964, Vocalion)
- Just Friends (1964, Columbia EMI) – with Tubby Hayes
- Change of Setting (1965, World Record Club) – with Tubby Hayes
- Jazz Till Midnight (1967, Storyville)
- Love Calls (1967, RCA) – with Eddie Lockjaw Davis
- Encuentro (1968, Fresh Sound)
- With the Swingers and the Four Bones (1969, Riviera)
- Humming Bird (1970, Deram)
- Just a-Sittin' and a-Rockin' (1970, Black Lion)
- Paul Gonsalves and His All Stars (1970, Riviera)
- Paul Gonsalves Meets Earl Hines (1970, Black Lion)
- Mexican Bandit Meets Pittsburgh Pirate (1973, Fantasy)
- Paul Gonsalves Paul Quinichette (1974)
- Sitting In (Paul Gonsalves and Clyde Fats Wright) (2014, Silk City)
With Duke Ellington
- Ellington at Newport (Columbia, 1956)
- All Star Road Band (Doctor Jazz, 1957 )
- All Star Road Band Volume 2 (Doctor Jazz, 1964 )
- Hot Summer Dance (Red Baron, 1960 )
- Live At The Crystal Gardens 1952
- Harlem 1964
- Ella and Duke at the Côte d’Azur 1966
- The Far East Suite 1966
- Liederhalle Stuttgart 1967
- Live At The Opernhaus Cologne 1969
- 70th Birthday Concert 1969
- Featuring Paul Gonsalves (Fantasy, 1985)
- Love Calls (RCA Victor, 1968)
With Johnny Hodges
With John Lewis
- The Wonderful World of Jazz (Atlantic, 1960)
With Billy Taylor
- Taylor Made Jazz (Argo, 1959)
With Clark Terry
With Jimmy Woode
- The Colorful Strings of Jimmy Woode (Argo, 1957)
- With Joya Sherrill
- Joya Sherrill Sings Duke (20th Century Fox, 1965)
- "Paul Gonsalves", Allaboutjazz.com. Archived September 15, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- Allmusic biography
- Larson, Thomas E. The History and Tradition of Jazz, p. 106. Google Books.
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 994. ISBN 0-85112-939-0.
- Carr, Ian and Digby Fairweather, Brian PriestleyThe Rough Guide to Jazz. Google Books.
- Morton, John Fass (2008). Backstory in Blue: Ellington at Newport '56. Rutgers University Press. pp. 137, 140. ISBN 978-0-8135-4282-9.
- Martin, Henry and Keith Waters Jazz: the first 100 years, Cengage Learning, p. 150. Google Books.
- "Paul Gonsalves, Ellington band saxophonist," May 18, 1974. St. Petersburg Times
- Downbeat magazine, March 16, 1961, page 11, reports "Ellingtonians arrested in Vegas" "Ray Nance, Willie Cook. Andrew (Fats) Ford as well as Paul Gonsalves...the sheriff's squad seized...heroin plus hypodermic needles, eye droppers and other paraphernalia of the narcotic user"
- Hasse, John Edward Beyond Category: The Life and Genius of Duke Ellington, Da Capo Press, p. 385. Google Books.