||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2015)|
Heyman in April 2014
|Birth name||Paul Heyman|
September 11, 1965 |
Westchester County, New York,
|Residence||Scarsdale, New York,
|Professional wrestling career|
|Ring name(s)||Paul Heyman
Paul E. Dangerously
|Billed from||Scarsdale, New York|
Paul Heyman (born September 11, 1965) is an American entertainment producer, writer, performer, marketer, promoter and occasional professional wrestler, currently signed to WWE. Heyman owned and was the creative force behind the Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) promotion from 1993 until its closure in 2001. Before running and owning ECW, he was a manager under the ring name Paul E. Dangerously in World Championship Wrestling (WCW) and other promotions. He is the co-owner of the Looking4Larry Agency in New York City, was named one of Advertising Age's Top 100 Global Marketers, and continues to work for both WWE and his agency as dual full-time careers.
In WWE, Heyman has managed a record five WWE Champions: Brock Lesnar, Big Show, Kurt Angle, Rob Van Dam, and CM Punk, with Lesnar being his sole current client. Commentators have praised his abilities at managing and on the microphone. Heyman has also competed sporadically in the ring; he participated in the WWE Championship match main event of the 2002 Rebellion pay-per-view.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Professional wrestling career
- 2.1 Early career (1987–1988)
- 2.2 World Championship Wrestling (1988–1993)
- 2.3 Eastern/Extreme Championship Wrestling (1993–2001)
- 2.4 World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment
- 2.5 Return to WWE (2012–present)
- 3 Other media
- 4 Personal life
- 5 In wrestling
- 6 Awards and accomplishments
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Paul Heyman was born in New York City to Jewish parents, Richard S. Heyman, a prominent personal injury attorney (died June 25, 2013) and Sulamita Heyman, a Holocaust survivor (died February 27, 2009).
By age 11, he was running a mail order business selling celebrity and sports memorabilia business from his home. While still a teenager, Heyman fast-talked his way backstage at a World Wide Wrestling Federation event at Madison Square Garden as a photojournalist. He was paid by the company for several of his photographs. He graduated from Edgemont High School. He attended SUNY Purchase and Westchester Community College, where he worked on-air as an opinionated, controversial host at the radio stations, and later became a producer (at the age of 19) and promoter for the New York City nightclub Studio 54 in the mid-1980s.
Professional wrestling career
Early career (1987–1988)
Heyman decided he wanted to work in professional wrestling when he saw Vince McMahon interviewing Billy Graham. Heyman began as a photographer when he was 13 and bought his own photo lab to take photos of pro wrestlers of New York. He published his own newspaper, The Wrestling Times Magazine, and wrote for third-party wrestling publications such as Pro Wrestling Illustrated. At the age of 14, he called Capitol Wrestling Corporation and obtained a backstage pass for Madison Square Garden, his first official work in pro wrestling. Heyman met Dusty Rhodes at a NWA Jim Crockett TV taping, when he entered a production meeting. In 1985, Heyman was hired by New York Studio 54 as photographer. The same year, he became producer of Studio 54 and hosted the first Wrestle Party 85 show. He called Jim Crockett, who sent Ric Flair, Dusty Rhodes and Magnum TA. The show featured Bam Bam Bigelow's debut and an award to Flair.
A the urging of Bigelow, Heyman made his managerial debut on January 2, 1987, initially appearing on the Northeast independent circuit before moving to a more high-profile stint with Championship Wrestling from Florida in February 1987. There, he joined forces with Kevin Sullivan and Oliver Humperdink, and acquired the name Paul E. Dangerously because of his resemblance to Michael Keaton's character in Johnny Dangerously.
After CWF was absorbed by Jim Crockett Promotions, Bigelow brought him to Memphis and the Continental Wrestling Association to manage Tommy Rich and Austin Idol in a heated feud with Jerry Lawler, a war which later carried over to the American Wrestling Association (AWA), with the Original Midnight Express (Dennis Condrey and Randy Rose) taking over for Idol and the face-turned Rich. The Paul E. Dangerously gimmick was an extension of Heyman's own personality: a brash New Yorker with a yuppie attitude, often seen holding a mobile phone, which was occasionally used as a "foreign object" (according to Heyman, he decided to use the mobile phone as a weapon when he watched Gordon Gekko in Wall Street.)
After departing the AWA, Heyman went to the Alabama-based Continental Wrestling Federation. Heyman joined with Eddie Gilbert's Hot Stuff Inc. stable. Behind the scenes, Gilbert was the head booker of the promotion, and Heyman became his assistant. Heyman was also the head Booker for Windy City Wrestling in Chicago and started developing a reputation as being an innovative television writer and producer.
World Championship Wrestling (1988–1993)
In 1988, Heyman jumped to Jim Crockett Promotions, where Dangerously again managed the Original Midnight Express in a feud with the new Midnight Express (Bobby Eaton and Stan Lane) and their manager, Jim Cornette, as well as managing "Mean" Mark Callous. He settled into the role of an announcer, joining Jim Ross to call the matches on WTBS' World Championship Wrestling and other programming. Heyman admitted he learned more working with Ross than from his previous mentors.
In 1991, WCW needed to re-structure its "heels", so Heyman returned to the role as spokesman and ringside manager as the manager of the Dangerous Alliance (a new version of the Four Horsemen), with Rick Rude as the centerpiece of the stable. According to Heyman, he and Stone Cold Steve Austin learned their craft from Rude. Heyman led Rude to the United States title and the Anderson-Eaton tag team to the Tag Team titles. The Dangerous Alliance dominated WCW through most of 1992.
Heyman's major falling out with management occurred when WCW hired Bill Watts, the former owner of the Mid-South (Oklahoma/Louisiana) territory. Heyman was fired from WCW in January 1993 by Watts for supposedly falsifying expense reports between April and July 1992, but he responded by suing the company based on claims of antisemitism. He won an undisclosed settlement.
Eastern/Extreme Championship Wrestling (1993–2001)
After departing WCW, Heyman attempted to start a new promotion in Texas with Jim Crockett, Jr., but Crockett wanted to build a traditional wrestling brand while Heyman declared traditional wrestling was antiquated and a new take on the genre was needed.
At this time, Eddie Gilbert was a booker for a Philadelphia-based promotion, National Wrestling Alliance (NWA)'s Eastern Championship Wrestling, which he did under the ownership of a local pawn shop owner named Tod Gordon. Heyman came in to help Gilbert teach the younger wrestlers how to perform on interviews, but Gilbert's erratic behavior became too much for Gordon, who had a major falling out with Gilbert right before the "Ultra Clash" event on September 18, 1993. From that point forward, Heyman was in charge of the creative direction of the company. As Paul E. Dangerously, he managed a few wrestlers, including Sabu and 911.
A year later, the company was the flagship promotion of the struggling NWA. A tournament was scheduled to be held in August 1994 for the NWA World Heavyweight Championship, at an ECW-hosted event mostly featuring ECW wrestlers. The proposed outcome was the current ECW champion Shane Douglas becoming champion, but Heyman conspired with Douglas and Gordon without the knowledge of NWA president Dennis Coraluzzo to have Douglas (and by extension, ECW itself) publicly denounce the NWA and its "tradition" after winning the tournament. In his post-match speech, Douglas aggressively assaulted the title's lineage, throwing the belt itself down, proclaiming the NWA a "dead organization" and declaring his ECW title a world-level championship. The plan for this shoot screwjob was known only to those three.
That same week, Heyman and Tod Gordon rechristened the promotion, eliminating the regional branding "Eastern" and declaring the promotion Extreme Championship Wrestling. They broke the company away from the NWA, and ECW became its own entity. Heyman encouraged wrestlers to express their true feelings about the WWF, the NWA, and WCW. Heyman bought out Gordon and, became sole owner of ECW. During his time in ECW, Heyman found an ally in Vince McMahon's WWF. McMahon had sent some WWF wrestlers to ECW (under WWF payroll) to develop them and was interested in some ECW wrestlers, such as Terry Gordy and 2 Cold Scorpio. McMahon paid Heyman $1,000 per week to rent Scorpio.
In the final days of ECW, Heyman did not appear on the show and was replaced as the leader of the backstage and creative by ECW wrestler Tommy Dreamer. ECW entered into bankruptcy in 2001 (just weeks after WCW was sold to WWF for $2,000,000, after AOL Time Warner wrote off over $100 million in debt), with the company $7,000,000 in arrears, with over $3,000,000 owed to the company by InDemand pay per view.
World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment
Broadcaster, commentator, writer (2001–2003)
Heyman became a broadcaster for the WWF, replacing Jerry Lawler. During that time, he resumed his storyline rivalry with Jim Ross. In July, while retaining his commentator role, Heyman recreated ECW as a stable, which then immediately merged with Shane McMahon's WCW to form the Alliance during the Invasion angle. Heyman was "fired" following the 2001 Survivor Series.
Heyman was the lead writer for SmackDown! from July 2002 to February 2003. On Heyman's 2014 WWE documentary Ladies and Gentleman, My Name is Paul Heyman, Heyman stated that the SmackDown! brand he was writing was beating Raw in ratings, merchandise and live show attendance during a time McMahon wanted real-life competition between the Raw and SmackDown! brands.
Managing Brock Lesnar (2002–2003)
While he was in WWE, Tazz spoke to him about Brock Lesnar, a WWE developmental wrestler. Heyman began mentoring Lesnar, and McMahon decided to make Heyman Lesnar's manager. Heyman helped Lesnar capture the Undisputed WWE Championship 126 days after Lesnar's main roster debut when Lesnar beat The Rock at SummerSlam to also become the youngest WWE Undisputed Champion at the time. At the Survivor Series, Heyman turned on Lesnar and ally himself with Big Show, while also helping him win the title from Lesnar in the process.
SmackDown! General Manager (2003–2004)
||This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. (September 2015)|
After McMahon defeated his daughter Stephanie in October 2003 at the No Mercy pay-per-view, the storyline was that she was forced to resign from her position as General Manager (GM) of SmackDown!. Heyman returned to television to assume Stephanie McMahon's on-camera role as GM. On March 22, 2004, he appeared on Raw to take part in the annual WWE draft lottery. During the show he was drafted to RAW to work for RAW General Manager Eric Bischoff. Instead, he decided to "quit" rather than work for Bischoff, the man he cited for the death of ECW by raiding its talent.
Heyman was replaced as SmackDown! General Manager by his former client, Kurt Angle. During Heyman's tenure on SmackDown!, he served as the head writer and is credited with being the creative force behind the success of the "SmackDown! Six": (Kurt Angle, Chris Benoit†, Edge, Rey Mysterio, Eddie Guerrero†, and Chavo Guerrero), all of whom went on to become world champions, with Edge, Benoit, Mysterio, and Angle becoming World Heavyweight Champions, Eddie Guerrero, Angle, Mysterio and Edge becoming WWE Champions, and Chavo Guererro later becoming ECW World Champion on the later revived ECW, with Edge and Eddie Guerrero even being awarded a place in the WWE Hall of Fame.
Heyman was heavily involved in the booking and promotion of the June 12, 2005, ECW reunion PPV, One Night Stand.
Ohio Valley Wrestling (2005–2006)
On July 10, 2005, it was reported that Heyman took over the positions of head booker and writer in Ohio Valley Wrestling, a developmental territory maintained by WWE. It was during this time that he forged a real-life friendship with CM Punk.
Return of ECW (2006)
|This section relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (October 2015)|
On the May 22 episode of Raw, Heyman appeared as ECW Representative promoting One Night Stand. On May 25, 2006 it was announced that ECW would relaunch, as a third WWE brand. Heyman was in charge of the new brand on-camera but had minimal creative input off-camera as well.
On the May 29 episode of Raw, during a face-off with Mick Foley, Heyman announced that he was granted a draft pick from both Raw and SmackDown! by Vince McMahon. His Raw draft pick was former ECW wrestler (and Money in the Bank contract holder) Rob Van Dam, and his SmackDown! draft pick was Kurt Angle. Heyman predicted that Van Dam would defeat John Cena at One Night Stand for the WWE Championship and then declare himself the new ECW World Heavyweight Champion.
At One Night Stand, Van Dam defeated Cena to win the WWE Championship. After Cena knocked an ECW referee unconscious, Edge (in a disguise) appeared and speared Cena through a table, before taking out SmackDown! referee Nick Patrick, allowing Van Dam to hit the Five-Star Frog Splash on Cena. With no referee available Heyman ran down the aisle to count the pinfall. The following night on Raw, Heyman confirmed that because the championship match was contested under "ECW rules" (which means, essentially, there are no rules) that the decision stands and RVD is the "Undisputed" WWE Champion. As the WWE Champion, Van Dam was the number one man in the reformed ECW, so on the debut of ECW on Sci Fi the next night Heyman, announced as an "ECW Representative", presented him with the re-instated ECW World Heavyweight Championship. Van Dam elected to keep both title belts and was recognized as both the WWE and ECW Champion.
Heyman traveled home from the RAW/ECW taping in South Carolina due to a behind-the-scenes dispute over ECW's only pay-per-view under WWE, December to Dismember, McMahon and Heyman clashed in front of several members of the writing team on McMahon's corporate jet the day after the pay per view. After allegedly turning down an offer from Stephanie McMahon-Levesque to return to his post writing TV for WWE Developmental television shows, Heyman quietly parted ways with WWE in late 2006. The argument with Vince McMahon was over a disagreement over the Elimination Chamber match at December to Dismember. Heyman thought that the Big Show should be eliminated in the Elimination Chamber match by CM Punk via submission, in order to push the rising star. Big Show agreed with this idea, wanting to help push Punk's career, but Vince McMahon disagreed.
Return to WWE (2012–present)
Heyman returned to WWE on the May 7, 2012 episode of Raw as Brock Lesnar's legal advisor, announcing that Lesnar had quit the company. Behind the scenes, Heyman had no interest at first in returning to WWE, as he still felt he held bad blood with a lot of the staff, but reconsidered after Lesnar requested his presence after a not so great promo with John Laurinaitis. The following week on Raw, Heyman confronted Triple H, handing him a lawsuit from Lesnar for breaching of contract. Triple H responded by shoving Heyman into the ropes, leading Heyman to announce that he would file a lawsuit against Triple H for assault and battery. On the June 18 Raw, Heyman declined Triple H's challenge for a match against Lesnar at SummerSlam on Lesnar's behalf.
Because of the events of the previous weeks, on the February 11 episode of Raw, Heyman addressed the audience intending to resign from the company. CM Punk, however, convinced Heyman to not only stay with the company, but also to be in Punk's corner at the upcoming Elimination Chamber pay-per-view for his WWE Championship match.
Later, CM Punk earned the right to fight The Undertaker at WrestleMania 29 after winning a Fatal Four Way match at Old School Raw. In addition, Heyman's other client Brock Lesnar was booked for a No Holds Barred match against Triple H at WrestleMania, with Triple H's career on the line. At WrestleMania, both of Heyman's clients lost their matches. On the April 15 episode of Raw, Heyman announced Lesnar had challenged Triple H to a steel cage match at Extreme Rules. The following week, Triple H accepted the match and delivered a Pedigree to Heyman. As a response, Lesnar and Heyman invaded the headquarters of WWE and trashed Triple H's office. At Extreme Rules, Lesnar defeated Triple H with the help of Heyman.
Heyman announced Michael McGillicutty as the newest "Paul Heyman guy" on the May 20 Raw and gave him the new name of Curtis Axel. On the May 27 episode of Raw, Heyman appeared on the Highlight Reel with Chris Jericho, where Jericho challenged CM Punk to a match at Payback which Heyman accepted on Punk's behalf. The next week, Heyman and Jericho signed the contract to make it official. The same week on SmackDown, Jericho faced off against Curtis Axel. As Jericho was closing in on the victory, Heyman stood on the announcers table and yelled "It's clobbering time". Punk's music began to play, distracting Jericho long enough for Axel to pick up the victory.
At Payback, Heyman coached Axel during his match with Wade Barrett and The Miz for the Intercontinental Championship with Axel winning the match and the title. Heyman accompanied Punk to the ring later in the show for his match with Chris Jericho. After Payback, a WWE.com exclusive video aired with Punk telling Heyman that he is his friend and not his client. On the June 17 episode of Raw, Punk challenged Alberto Del Rio, mentioning that he did not want Heyman managing him anymore. Following Punk's match, he was attacked by Lesnar. The next week on Raw, Punk demanded answers from Heyman, who swore he did not ask Lesnar to attack him. Punk forgave Heyman and then faced Darren Young and, following his win, was attacked by Titus O'Neil until Curtis Axel saved him, to Punk's chagrin. Heyman announced that he would team with Axel against The Prime Time Players the next week, again to Punk's disapproval.
At Money in the Bank, Heyman betrayed CM Punk, costing him his chance at the Money in the Bank briefcase by hitting him three times with a ladder, knocking Punk off the ladder when he was ascending. On the August 5 episode of Raw, Punk retaliated by choking Heyman while Heyman was in Curtis Axel's corner during a match. This prompted Lesnar to enter the ring and attack Punk. Heyman later challenged Punk to a 1-on-1 match for the next week's Raw, which Punk accepted. However, this was revealed to be a trap when Lesnar appeared prior to the match. The plan was foiled, however, when Heyman dared CM Punk to come into the ring and accept the challenge as CM Punk, who had anticipated the trap and hid under the ring, emerged and attacked Lesnar. However, Punk failed to get his hands on Heyman as Curtis Axel came to Heyman's aid. This led to a match between Lesnar and Punk at SummerSlam, which Lesnar won after interference from Heyman.
Heyman and Axel delivered a brutal assault to Punk on Raw the following week, with Heyman breaking a kendo stick over Punk's back while Punk was handcuffed. Heyman was then booked to team with Axel against CM Punk in an elimination handicap match at Night of Champions. Heyman tried various times to get out of the match, which caused General Manager Brad Maddox to make the match into a no disqualification elimination handicap match. At Night of Champions, Punk eliminated Axel (who had been forced to defend his Intercontinental Championship against Kofi Kingston earlier in the night), leaving Heyman alone with Punk. After a receiving a beating from Punk and being placed in handcuffs, just as Heyman did to Punk weeks before, Punk was about to attack Heyman with a kendo stick when Ryback interfered and cost Punk the match by putting Punk through a table.
At Battleground, Punk pinned Ryback after a low blow. At Hell in a Cell, Punk defeated both Ryback and Heyman and after the match attacked Heyman on top of the cell, putting an end to their feud. On the November 11, 2013 episode of Raw, Heyman stated that he was no longer with Ryback as Ryback never officially accepted his proposal to become a "Paul Heyman Guy". After that, CM Punk came out to once again beat Heyman with a kendo stick. The following night on Smackdown, Heyman formally announced to Curtis Axel and Ryback that they were no longer Paul Heyman guys, therefore marking the end of Axel's association with Heyman as he continued to team with Ryback. Heyman returned on the December 30 edition of Raw alongside Brock Lesnar, who attacked Mark Henry. He stood by Lesnar as he feuded with Big Show and The Undertaker in the first four months of 2014. Lesnar ended The Undertaker's undefeated streak at WrestleMania XXX; this was Undertaker's first loss at a WrestleMania, as he previously had a record of 21 wins.
On the Raw following WrestleMania, Cesaro revealed himself to be a "Paul Heyman Guy". Cesaro eventually declared himself no longer a "Paul Heyman Guy" on the July 21 edition of Raw. After Triple H announced that Randy Orton would challenge John Cena at SummerSlam, Roman Reigns came out and fought with Orton backstage. Heyman then came out and told Triple H to implement "Plan C" which was the return of Lesnar, who would have a match against Cena at SummerSlam. Lesnar defeated Cena at the pay-per-view to win the WWE World Heavyweight Championship.
At Royal Rumble, Heyman was at ringside when Lesnar retained his WWE World Heavyweight Championship against Cena and Seth Rollins. At WrestleMania 31 Heyman was at ringside when Lesnar defended his WWE World Heavyweight Championship against the 2015 Royal Rumble winner Roman Reigns, Lesnar was unsuccessful as Rollins cashed in his Money in the Bank briefcase and made the match a Triple Threat match, Rollins pinned Reigns for the win. The next night on Raw, Lesnar was suspended after he demanded a rematch for the title and attacked several innocent people.
Heyman launched a multimedia project with the paper called The Heyman Hustle. It features video of Heyman interacting with celebrities from various fields of entertainment on the streets of New York City, as well as regular writings of his take on the world of professional wrestling. After successful viral campaigns with EA, The Looking4Larry Agency became the agency of record for THQ video games, where Heyman and Stuart wrote, directed, and produced viral videos for THQ games such as All Stars, WWE '12, and WWE '13; In 2011, he worked with Brock Lesnar again, this time collaborating with him on Lesnar's autobiography, Death Clutch: My Story of Determination, Domination, and Survival.
Heyman portrayed a sports announcer in 2002's Rollerball. Heyman was later chosen by I Am Legend executive producer Michael Tadross to play "Gino" in the film adaptation of the long-running Off-Broadway show Tony n' Tina's Wedding.
Heyman is the single father of two children, Azalea Heyman (born July 31, 2002) and Jacob Heyman (born May 28, 2004). His father, Richard Simon Heyman died on June 25, 2013 at the age of 87. His mother, Sulamita, a Holocaust survivor, died on February 27, 2009, aged 81.
- Wrestlers managed ("Paul Heyman Guys")
- Abdullah the Butcher
- Adrian Adonis
- Arn Anderson
- Austin Idol
- Bam Bam Bigelow
- Big Show
- Bob Orton
- Bobby Eaton
- Brock Lesnar
- Charlie Haas
- CM Punk
- Colonel DeBeers
- Curtis Axel
- The Dark Patriot
- Eddie Gilbert
- Kurt Angle
- Larry Zbyszko
- Mark Callous
- Matt Morgan
- Nathan Jones
- Rick Rude
- Rob Van Dam
- Steve Austin
- Tommy Rich
- Stables and tag teams managed
- The Original Midnight Express (Dennis Condrey and Randy Rose)
- The New Original Midnight Express (Randy Rose and Jack Victory)
- The Samoan Swat Team
- The Dangerous Alliance
- The New Dangerous Alliance (ECW Version): Eddie Gilbert, Jimmy Snuka, Don Muraco, and Dark Patriot
- The Third Dangerous Alliance (ECW, final version) 911, Sabu, and Tazmainiac
- Team Angle
- The Motor City Madmen
- The Dudley Boyz
- RybAxel (Curtis Axel and Ryback)
- "One of the Greatest Minds in Professional Wrestling"
- "The Advocate" – while managing Brock Lesnar
- "The Best in the World" – self-proclaimed after pinning CM Punk at Night of Champions
- "The Mad Scientist"
- "The Messiah of a New Breed Unleashed"
- "The Rabbi of the Revolution"
- "The Swinging Schlong of the Extreme"
- "The Voice of the Voice of the Voiceless" – while managing CM Punk
- "The One Behind the One in 22-1"
- Entrance themes
- "This is Extreme" by Harry Slash & The Slashtones
- "Balls to the Wall" by Chimaira
- "Enforcer" by Jim Johnston (as Brock Lesnar's manager; April 8, 2002 - June 3, 2002)
- "Next Big Thing" by Jim Johnston (as Brock Lesnar's manager; June 10, 2002 – November 17, 2002; May 7, 2012 – August 20, 2012)
- "Big" by Jim Johnston (as Big Show's manager; November 19, 2002 – February 23, 2003)
- "Mental" by Bryan New (as SmackDown General Manager; 2003–2004)
- "Cult of Personality" by Living Colour (as CM Punk's manager; September 3, 2012 – July 14, 2013; March 3, 2014)
- "Next Big Thing (Remix)" by Jim Johnston (as Brock Lesnar's manager; January 28, 2013–present)
- "Reborn" by Jim Johnston (as Curtis Axel's manager; May 20, 2013 – November 16, 2013)
- "Meat on the Table" by Jim Johnston (as Ryback's manager; September 15, 2013 - November 16, 2013)
- "Swiss Made" by CFO$ (as Cesaro's manager; April 21, 2014 – July 21, 2014)
Awards and accomplishments
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- Manager of the Year (1992)
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter
- Arda, Ocal. "New 'Paul Heyman Guy' revealed, Triple H wobbly on Raw". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- Murphy, Jan. "Heyman needs no introduction". Canoe.ca. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- Shoemaker, David. "The Mouth of the WWE". Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- Hines, Martin. "WWE and ECW legend Paul Heyman: The Malcolm McLaren of professional wrestling". The Independent. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- Chhibber, Ranjan (2009-04-02). "Anti-Semitism in wrestling: Paul Heyman's story". Slam! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
- The rise & Fall of ECW: Extreme Championship Wrestling. Thom Loverro, Paul Heyman, Tommy Dreamer
- Ladies and Gentleman, My Name is Paul Heyman Disc 1. WWE.
- SLAM! Sports – Wrestling – Paul Heyman, Slam.canoe.ca. Retrieved 2012-05-08.
- WWE Ladies and Gentlemen, My Name is Paul Heyman (Media notes). WWE. 2014 .
- "Dangerously did work some ECW shows during the year but most of the year saw him trying to get a new promotion off the ground in Texas with Jim Crockett, Jr. The effort would not fly and, by October, Gordon wanted Dangerously brought into ECW", Eddiegilbert.com; retrieved 2012-05-08.
- The NEW Online Home of The Interactive Interview, WrestlingEpicenter.com; retrieved May 17, 2015.
- "10 Ways Paul Heyman’s Smackdown Was The Best Ever". whatculture.com. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- Herrera, Tom (May 7, 2012). "Raw SuperShow results: Paul Heyman returns and announces Brock Lesnar has quit WWE". WWE.com. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
- Tylwalk, Nick. "Raw: Triple H and John Laurinaitis both get served in Pittsburgh". SLAM! Sports. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- "CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 6/18: Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw #994 - PPV fall-out, Johnny says good-bye, Hunter-Heyman". Retrieved May 17, 2015.
- Benigno, Anthony (February 11, 2013). "Raw results: The Elimination Chamber fills out and Punk makes his biggest power play yet". WWE. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- Bishop, Matt. "WrestleMania 29: Cena back on top, The Streak lives on". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "Triple H responds to Brock Lesnar's workplace invasion at WWE headquarters: Raw". WWE.com. May 6, 2013.
- CM Punk vs. Intercontinental Champion Curtis Axel went to a No Contest, wwe.com, August 5, 2013; retrieved May 17, 2015.
- CM Punk surprised Paul Heyman and Brock Lesnar, wwe.com, August 12, 2013; retrieved May 17, 2015.
- "Paul Heyman on Brock Lesnar's Historic Run and Wrestling's Next Evolution". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- "WWE Night Of Champions 2013 Results". UPROXX.
- "Caldwell's WWE SummerSlam PPV Results 8/17: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of Cena vs. Lesnar". Pro Wrestling Torch. August 17, 2014. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
- "Brock Lesnar and Paul Heyman called out WWE World Heavyweight Champion Seth Rollins". Anthony Benigno, wwe.com. March 30, 2015. Retrieved June 21, 2015.
- Amazon.com Death Clutch: My Story of Determination, Domination, and Survival, Amazon.com; accessed September 7, 2015.
- Shields, Brian; Sullivan, Kevin (2009). WWE Encyclopedia. Dorling Kindersley. p. 223. ISBN 978-0-7566-4190-0.
- Koehler, Robert. "Rollerball". Variety.
- Ebert, Roger (February 8, 2002). "Rollerball". rogerebert.com.
- Simmons, Bill (February 13, 2002). "Dropping the 'Rollerball'". ESPN. Archived from the original on April 27, 2015.
- "Motor City Madmen".
- Meltzer, Dave (January 30, 2012). "January 30 Wrestling Observer Newsletter: Gigantic year-end awards issue, best and worst in all categories plus UFC on FX 1, death of Savannah Jack, ratings, tons and tons of news". Wrestling Observer Newsletter (Campbell, California). ISSN 1083-9593.
- Meltzer, Dave (January 27, 2014). "Jan 27 2014 Wrestling Observer Newsletter: 2013 Annual awards issue, best in the world in numerous categories, plus all the news in pro-wrestling and MMA over the past week and more". Wrestling Observer Newsletter (Campbell, California): 1–37. ISSN 1083-9593. (registration required (. ))
- Meltzer, Dave (January 26, 2015). "Jan. 26, 2015 Wrestling Observer Newsletter: 2014 awards issue with results & commentary". Wrestling Observer Newsletter (Campbell, California): 10–23. ISSN 1083-9593. (registration required (. ))
- Meltzer, Dave (January 23, 2013). "The 2012 Wrestling Observer Newsletter Annual Awards Issue". Wrestling Observer Newsletter (Campbell, California). ISSN 1083-9593. (registration required (. ))
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