Paul Gunn

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Paul Gunn
Nickname(s) Pappy
Born October 18, 1899
Quitman, Arkansas
Died October 11, 1957(1957-10-11) (aged 57)
Philippines
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Navy
United States Army Air Forces
Years of service 1919–1939
1941–1945
Rank Colonel
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Silver Star
Distinguished Flying Cross (2)
Legion of Merit
Air Medal
Purple Heart (9)

Paul Irvin "Pappy" Gunn (October 18, 1899 – October 11, 1957) was a United States naval aviator known mainly for his actions in the Second World War as an officer in the United States Army Air Forces. He was known as "an expert in dare-devil low-level flying,"[1] and recognized for numerous feats of heroism and mechanical ingenuity, especially modifications to the Douglas A-20 Havoc light bomber and B-25 Mitchell medium bomber that turned them into attack aircraft.[2]

Born in Quitman, Arkansas, Gunn enlisted in the Navy prior to America's entry into the First World War and eventually served as an aircraft mechanic while learning to fly on his own time. Reenlisting in 1923, he was selected as a Naval Aviation Pilot- an enlisted United States Naval Aviator. He served in the Tophatters, one of the Navy's oldest fighter squadrons then known as VF-1B, and served as a flight instructor at NAS Pensacola before retiring from the Navy in December 1939 after 21 years' service.

He then started Hawaiian Air Lines and Philippine Air Lines, using five privately owned Beechcraft planes. Gunn was operating a civilian air freight operation in the Philippines at the start of World War II.[3]

He flew evacuation missions for US military personnel out of Japanese-held territory on a volunteer basis before being directly commissioned into the US Army Air Forces. Gunn was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (US) in 1942 for flying an unarmed, unarmored airplane into hostile airspace to bring medical supplies to the besieged troops on Bataan.[4] In April 1942 he flew a B-25 on the Royce Mission to the Philippines, a mission that was originally intended to bring relief to US forces on Bataan.

General George C. Kenney, the new commander of the Allied air forces in the Southwest Pacific Theater, arrived in Australia in the summer of 1942. He found Gunn converting the A-20s of the 3d Bombardment Group (Light) into strafers by adding four .50-caliber machine guns to the Havocs' noses.[5] When Gen Kenney learned that Gunn was using weapons from wrecked fighters, he was impressed by Gunn's innovative abilities and immediately made him a member of his personal staff, placing the old naval aviator in charge of special projects. When the A-20s proved highly successful in low-level strikes against Japanese shipping and ground targets, Gen Kenney gave Gunn the go-ahead to convert a squadron of B-25s into similar strafers. Gunn's converted A-20s and B-25s played the major role in the Allied victory in the 1943 Battle of the Bismarck Sea. North American Aviation eventually began to incorporate variations of Gunn's armament innovations into later models of the B-25. These later model aircraft, including the heavily armed B-25G, B-25H, and some Js, with the gun version of the B-25J being equipped with no less than 18 .50-caliber machine guns. These aircraft continued to wreak devastation on Japanese targets in New Guinea, the Philippines, and Okinawa until the end of the war.

In addition to the DFC and eventual second award, Gunn was also awarded the Silver Star, Legion of Merit, Air Medal, 9 Purple Hearts, and WWII Victory Medal.[6]

After Japan's surrender in World War II, Gunn turned to rebuilding his Philippine Air Lines. The company provided flights across the south Paciific Ocean. Gunn died when his plane crashed in a storm over the Philippines on October 11, 1957. There were no survivors.[3][7]

Arkansas Aviation Historical Society inducted Gunn into the Arkansas Aviation Hall of Fame in 2008.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gunn, Nathaniel. Pappy Gunn. Bloomington, Indiana: AuthorHouse, 2004. Print. p. 125
  2. ^ Wilson, Steven. Pappy Gunn's B-25s. May 9, 2006. http://www.military.com/features/0,15240,96616,00.html Archived July 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ a b ""Pappy" Gunn map case". The MacArthur Memorial. Retrieved February 13, 2016. 
  4. ^ Gunn, Nathaniel. Pappy Gunn. Bloomington, Indiana: AuthorHouse, 2004. Print. p. 93
  5. ^ http://www.atomagazine.com/extras/Man_Behind_the_Gun.pdf
  6. ^ Gunn, Nathaniel. Pappy Gunn. Bloomington, Indiana: AuthorHouse, 2004. Print. p. 453
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "Arkansas Aviation Historical Society Collection". Butler Center for Arkansas Studies. 

Bibliography[edit]

Bruning, John R. Indestructible: One man's rescue mission that changed the course of WWII. NY: Hachette, 2016. ISBN 9780316339407 http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/967968062 https://lccn.loc.gov/2017616457

External links[edit]