Paul Kazarian

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Paul Kazarian
Born Paul B. Kazarian
(1955-10-15) October 15, 1955 (age 61)
Residence Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.
Nationality American
Alma mater Bates College
Brown University
Columbia University
Occupation
Years active 1984 - present
Employer
Home town Pawtucket, Rhode Island, U.S.
Net worth IncreaseUS $4.1 billion (December 2016)

Paul B. Kazarian (/ˈkzərn/KAH-za-REE-ian; born October 15, 1955)[1][2] is an American business magnate, investor and philanthropist. He is the founder, managing director and CEO of private equity firm, Japonica Partners. Previous to his founding of the firm, he was an investment banker for Goldman Sachs and briefly served as the president and CEO of Sunbeam-Oster.

He is known for his bidding wars with high income individuals and even entire companies to gain assets for his firm, most notably his bidding war against Kohlberg Kravis Roberts for the acquisition of Borden Co.[3] Known for being secretive about current or future investment positions,[4][5] Kazarian executes shorts, swaps, and closes positions without prior announcement or much after-trade commentary.[6] With his trademark "round, horn-rimmed glasses"[7] and brightly colored oxford shirts, he is seen as a polarizing figure. Kazarian is the chairman of two private foundations: the Kazarian Foundation and the Charles & Agnes Kazarian Eternal Foundation.

During the 2013 Greek government-debt crisis, Kazarian become one of the largest bidders for Greek bonds,[8] eventually executing a bond portfolio of €2.9 billion euros (approximately $3.8 billion U.S. dollars)[9]–the majority of his overall net worth.[10][11][12]

Early life and education[edit]

Paul B. Kazarian was born on October 15, 1955, the son of immigrants from Armenia. His grandparents were Charles and Agnes Kazarian; both of them escaped the Armenian genocide.[13] Kazarian grew up in an Armenian community in Pawtucket, Rhode Island–a small mill town, and would go on to name his future investment fund after the street he grew up on: Japonica Street–the name of a Armenian flower.[14][15]

He enrolled in Bates College in Lewiston, Maine and graduated with a Bachelors of Arts, before attending Brown University to get a Masters Degree. He went on to pursue and graduate Columbia Business School with a M.B.A.[16] During nights at Columbia, he interned at Goldman Sachs, where his "high energy level impressed executives," eventually leading him to be offered a full time position at the firm.[17]

Investment career[edit]

Goldman Sachs & Co.[edit]

In 1984, Kazarian was hired as an investment banker at Goldman Sachs & Co. While at Goldman he worked with multinational investment clients and emerging markets. He often stayed up past 4 AM competing work during his time at the firm. He left Goldman in 1987.[18]

Japonica Partners[edit]

Main article: Japonica Partners

Japonica Partners was formally founded in 1988 in Providence, Rhode Island Kazarian. Since its founding, Kazarian has been president & CEO of the firm. In 1993, he founded the Charles & Agnes Kazarian Eternal Foundation, for which he has also been chairman since its inception. Through his earlier years with Japonica, Kazarian has overseen approximately $2 billion in shareholder wealth. The company specializes in underperforming global asset classes and undervalued investment positions.[19]

Sunbeam coup[edit]

In 1990, Kazarian, now 37, was asked to serve out a three year term as chairman and CEO of Sunbeam-Oster, after his private equity firm bought it out.[20] During his tenure he brought the company back from the verge of bankruptcy and created multiple profit streams for the company ultimate returning it to profitability. His time as head of the company is used as a case study at Harvard Business School; Steven Fenster, a professor at Harvard has been quoted as labeling Kazarian as "a mad genius" with "incredible" business acumen.[21] According to an article by The Wall Street Journal, employees at the firm, viewed him as an "overbearing boss whose frequent harangues and erratic, autocratic behavior made their lives miserable."[22] He often called top managers to "crisis meetings" at late hours in the night and encouraged inter-deparmetal competition. Top managers at the firm said that they were "pitted against one another, publicly hazed, humiliated and even physically intimidated."[23] Roderick Hills, former Chair of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, said of Kazarian: "as Will Rogers said, no one is quite as good or quite as bad as they're supposed to be."[23] In 1991, he was compensated with $1.84 million. During his tenure he was known to give lavish bonuses to his top managers, sometimes spanning up to 20% of annual pay.[24] Three years later, the board of directors compensated him with a pay package of $2.75 million. However, his management style was viewed as "unacceptable" in the coming years. Kazarian wanted to move the company headquarters to Nashville, Tennessee because of their relaxed tax structure over Rhode Island–something he began to initiate without the board's approval.

The board of directors of the company asked Kazarian to step down as CEO, but after his refusal and attempt to over take executives positions, his employment contract was suspended and eventually terminated. After his was fired, the company's stock dropped by 10% and took four months to recover–however trading volume for the stock was permanently expanded.[25]

Months after his dismissal from the company and return to Japonica, some of his associates at Sunbeam brought multiple law suits against him–he won all of them garnering a total of $160 million in settlements.[26]

Greek debt crisis trade[edit]

External video
Greece gmnt bonds.jpg
Japonica's Kazarian: "How & Why I Bought 4 bn in Greek Bonds"–GreekReporter

After seeing southern European economic decline, he began to look at companies in the area to invest in. In a trip to Greece, he inquired about the governments financial statements, after hearing they did not assemble these statements, he began researching spending and debt ratios of the country.[27] He noticed a difference between the reality of its economy and accounting figures prompting him to begin purchasing government bonds in June 2013 after their legislative election of the same year. Kazarain did not disclose why he was buying these bonds to the Greek government or how much he was purchasing.[28] His initial billion was purchased at 11 cents a bond, eventually concluding at 45/cents. The bonds would go on to be priced at 57/cent a share, marking considerable profit. Although Kazarian would only go on to executive $3.8 billion in bonds,[29] he has insinuated that he has nearly $4 billion in his aggregate bond portfolio.[30]

During the 2013 Greek government-debt crisis, Kazarian become one of the largest bidders for Greek government bonds, eventually offering a bond portfolio of €2.9 billion euros (approximately $3.8 billion U.S. dollars).[31] His offering was largely ignored by financial analysts and economists who labeled his trade "risky and volatile."[32] The government agreed to execute the trade at market price and purchased his partial bond portfolio.[33][34] During the crisis he met with "Greek finance ministers in Athens, top policy makers in Berlin, officials at the European Central Bank in Frankfurt and economists at the International Monetary Fund in Washington,"[35] according to The New York Times.

Personal life[edit]

He resides in a home in Providence, Rhode Island. Kazarian is known for his unique "round, horn-rimmed glasses"[7] that have become his "trademark."[37]

On October 6, 2016, The Accountant, the International Accounting Bulletin, and Timetric granted Paul Kazarian the special editors' award of global accountancy magazines for his contribution to strengthening democracy through government financial management.[38] He was honored at AIF's Boston Gala on November 13, 2010 for his role in philanthropic leadership in India.

Kazarian has guest lectured and spoken on the topics of business and philanthropy in settings ranging from the Harvard Business School, London Business School, Columbia Business School, and Dartmouth's Tuck Business School, to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, and the National School of Development at Peking University.[39]

Wealth and philanthropy[edit]

During the 2013 Greek government-debt crisis, Kazarian made a official public offer to the government of Greece. The offer was a bond portfolio of €2.9 billion euros (approximately $3.8 billion U.S. dollars),[10] and the government agreed to execute the trade, paying Kazarian full market price for his bonds.[33][34] Many financial analysts speculate that Kazarian still has considerable holdings in Greek debt. As of December 2016, his net worth is between US$4 billion and $4.1 billion.[40][41]

In 1993, Kazarian established two non-profit foundations whose charitable missions include economic development, education, and technology. The first, the Charles & Agnes Kazarian Eternal Foundation (CAKE), is named in honor of his grandparents. The CAKE Foundation seeks to "empower families through economic development, education, and healthcare."[42] The second, The Kazarian Foundation furthers similar goals. It announced a Knowledge Partnership with American India Foundation as part of a Knowledge Partnership initiative.

Kazarian is also Committee Chairman for a 2010 Singapore Heritage Celebration and on Jan. 10, 2011, Kazarian delivered the opening address for a Knowledge Partnership for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Singapore Cooperation Programme.[43] Kazarian is involved with the Asia Society, for which co-chaired the 2011 Awards Dinner.[44] He also chaired the American India Foundation’s fifth annual Spring Awards Gala on April 30, 2008 in New York City.

Political and economic views[edit]

Although Kazarian has not disclosed his own political affiliations, he has commented on numerous issues that have drawn acclaim and controversy among the public and private sectors as well as world leaders.

Views on Greek financial stability[edit]

After his $3 billion government-debt rate he has commented on the need for financial and economic reform in Greece following the 2013 Greek government-debt crisis. He has called for the country to appoint a "five-star finance minister" with "international-caliber five-star specialist training and capabilities to build trust and credibility."[45] Kazarian has called for the country to adopt Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS), when the Greek debt structure reaches 18% of GDP.[46]

Views on Greek debt[edit]

He is a ardent supporter of the financial system of Greece. Often asserting that the country's debt is much lower than official reporting discloses,[47] he notes government bonds as being profitable–contrary to reports by the Bloomberg's World Bond Index.[48] He has often stated that "the method by which Greece’s debt is calculated in the eurozone is determined by the Maastricht Treaty and can change only with a unanimous decision by the European Council."–leading to inflated or inaccurate net positions of countries.[49] In an interview with Bloomberg Markets, he voiced his problem with nearly $19 billion being issued in debt-forgiveness for Greece but their debt ratings remaining the same.[50] He believes that "the Greek debt should be measured not at face value, which is 312 billion euros in 2015, but on a time of repayment basis, which would bring a substantial write-off due to low interest rates and the fact that its repayment will start in 10 years."[51]

Mario Draghi[edit]

Kazarian has mentioned that Mario Draghi, the President of the European Central Bank faces too much pressure from "from the inaction and inability of politicians" which minimizes the efficiency and effectiveness of the eurozone. He asserts the numerous "badly managed" European governments have rendered the office of the E.U. Central Bank politically pressured.[52] His critique of Draghi's choice to lower zone interest rates was met with some controversy.[53][54][55]

Investment philosophy[edit]

He is known for buying out, taking over, or taking a position on distressed companies that face serious financial uncertainty–in an effort to buy at a discount–eventually making them profitable before selling.[56] During his Greek bond trade, he mentioned the accounting strategy he used to force the bond value rise. He said that there is an international standard for accounting that is not used by the European Union, instead opting for a legal framework that distorts the eurozone's financial positions–meant for legal compliance not accountability. The conflation of "future value" as "present value" lead Kazarian to begin initiating his trade.[57] He does not disclose specific investment positions or strategies to protect long-term deals and trades.[58][59]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ MostImportantReform Greece (2016-05-09), Bloomberg interview with Japonica's Paul B. Kazarian on Greece debt relief (9 May 2016), retrieved 2016-12-17 
  2. ^ MostImportantReform Greece (2016-06-23), USC Global Leadership Summit 2016: Paul B. Kazarian Q&A Session (29 April 2016), retrieved 2016-12-17 
  3. ^ Forelle, Charles. "Meet Japonica Partners: The Mysterious Bidder for Greek Bonds". WSJ. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  4. ^ "Kazarian Emerges After 20 Years With Bid for 10% of Greek Debt". Bloomberg.com. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  5. ^ Forelle, Charles. "Meet Japonica Partners: The Mysterious Bidder for Greek Bonds". WSJ. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  6. ^ "Kazarian Emerges After 20 Years With Bid for 10% of Greek Debt". Bloomberg.com. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  7. ^ a b "Draghi's Job Made Harder By Governments: Paul Kazarian", Bloomberg.com, Bloomberg.com, retrieved 2016-12-17 
  8. ^ Jr, Landon Thomas (2015-02-20). "Greek Debt Vastly Overstated, Investor Tells the World". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  9. ^ "Kazarian Emerges After 20 Years With Bid for 10% of Greek Debt". Bloomberg.com. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  10. ^ a b "XE: Convert EUR/USD. Euro Member Countries to United States Dollar". www.xe.com. Retrieved 2016-12-16. 
  11. ^ "Investor Paul Kazarian returns with campaign for 'five-star' finance minister, Ilias Bellos | Kathimerini". Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  12. ^ Chrysopoulos, Philip. "Paul Kazarian: Greece's Largest Private Debt Owner Says Greek Debt Is Lower Than We Think [video] | GreekReporter.com". Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  13. ^ GreekReporter (2013-12-08), Japonica's Kazarian: "How & Why I Bought 4 bn in Greek Bonds", retrieved 2016-12-17 
  14. ^ "Kazarian Emerges After 20 Years With Bid for 10% of Greek Debt". Bloomberg.com. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2016-12-16. 
  15. ^ "Kazarian Emerges After 20 Years With Bid for 10% of Greek Debt". Bloomberg.com. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  16. ^ "Paul B. Kazarian, PMI Greece Chapter Congress 2014". 2014. 
  17. ^ Suskind, Ron; Alexander, Suzanne (1993-01-14). "Out of Control: Fired Sunbeam Chief Harangued and Hazed Employees, They Say". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  18. ^ Suskind, Ron; Alexander, Suzanne (1993-01-14). "Out of Control: Fired Sunbeam Chief Harangued and Hazed Employees, They Say". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  19. ^ "Japonica Partners". 
  20. ^ Bryant, Adam (January 16, 1993). "Behind the Mutiny at Sunbeam-Oster". New York Times. 
  21. ^ Suskind, Ron; Alexander, Suzanne (1993-01-14). "Out of Control: Fired Sunbeam Chief Harangued and Hazed Employees, They Say". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  22. ^ Suskind, Ron; Alexander, Suzanne (1993-01-14). "Out of Control: Fired Sunbeam Chief Harangued and Hazed Employees, They Say". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  23. ^ a b Suskind, Ron; Alexander, Suzanne (1993-01-14). "Out of Control: Fired Sunbeam Chief Harangued and Hazed Employees, They Say". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  24. ^ Suskind, Ron; Alexander, Suzanne (1993-01-14). "Out of Control: Fired Sunbeam Chief Harangued and Hazed Employees, They Say". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  25. ^ Suskind, Ron; Alexander, Suzanne (1993-01-14). "Out of Control: Fired Sunbeam Chief Harangued and Hazed Employees, They Say". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  26. ^ Forelle, Charles. "Meet Japonica Partners: The Mysterious Bidder for Greek Bonds". WSJ. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  27. ^ MostImportantReform Greece (2016-06-23), USC Global Leadership Summit 2016: Paul B. Kazarian Q&A Session (29 April 2016), retrieved 2016-12-17 
  28. ^ "Kazarian Emerges After 20 Years With Bid for 10% of Greek Debt". Bloomberg.com. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  29. ^ "Kazarian Emerges After 20 Years With Bid for 10% of Greek Debt". Bloomberg.com. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  30. ^ GreekReporter (2013-12-08), Japonica's Kazarian: "How & Why I Bought 4 bn in Greek Bonds", retrieved 2016-12-17 
  31. ^ "Kazarian Emerges After 20 Years With Bid for 10% of Greek Debt". Bloomberg.com. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  32. ^ Forelle, Charles (June 3, 2013). "Meet Japonica Partners: The Mysterious Bidder for Greek Bonds". Wall Street Journal. 
  33. ^ a b "Investor Paul Kazarian returns with campaign for 'five-star' finance minister, Ilias Bellos | Kathimerini". Retrieved 2016-12-16. 
  34. ^ a b "Kazarian Emerges After 20 Years With Bid for 10% of Greek Debt". Bloomberg.com. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2016-12-16. 
  35. ^ Jr, Landon Thomas (2015-02-20). "Greek Debt Vastly Overstated, Investor Tells the World". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  36. ^ Owen, David (September 17, 2007). "Turning Tricks: The rise and fall of contract bridge.". The New Yorker. Retrieved November 25, 2011. 
  37. ^ "Investor Paul Kazarian returns with campaign for 'five-star' finance minister, Ilias Bellos | Kathimerini". Retrieved 2016-12-16. 
  38. ^ "Paul B. Kazarian granted special editors' award of global accountancy magazines for his contribution to strengthening democracy through government financial management". The Accountant. September 23, 2016. 
  39. ^ "Paul B. Kazarian: Executive Profile & Biography". Bloomberg.com. 
  40. ^ Chrysopoulos, Philip. "Paul Kazarian: Greece's Largest Private Debt Owner Says Greek Debt Is Lower Than We Think [video] | GreekReporter.com". Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  41. ^ "Kazarian Emerges After 20 Years With Bid for 10% of Greek Debt". Bloomberg.com. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  42. ^ "The Charles & Agnes Kazarian Eternal Foundation". www.kazarianfoundation.org. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  43. ^ "Singapore Armenian Heritage: 175th Anniversary Celebration". Business Wire. September 15, 2009. 
  44. ^ "Asia Society 2011 Awards Dinner". 
  45. ^ "Investor Paul Kazarian returns with campaign for 'five-star' finance minister, Ilias Bellos | Kathimerini". Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  46. ^ "Investor Paul Kazarian returns with campaign for 'five-star' finance minister, Ilias Bellos | Kathimerini". Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  47. ^ "Japonica Partners chief Paul Kazarian insists Greece's net debt is only 72 bln euros, Yannis Palaiologos | Kathimerini". Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  48. ^ "Japonica Partners chief Paul Kazarian insists Greece's net debt is only 72 bln euros, Yannis Palaiologos | Kathimerini". Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  49. ^ "Investor Paul Kazarian returns with campaign for 'five-star' finance minister, Ilias Bellos | Kathimerini". Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  50. ^ MostImportantReform Greece (2016-05-09), Bloomberg interview with Japonica's Paul B. Kazarian on Greece debt relief (9 May 2016), retrieved 2016-12-17 
  51. ^ Chrysopoulos, Philip. "Paul Kazarian: Greece's Largest Private Debt Owner Says Greek Debt Is Lower Than We Think [video] | GreekReporter.com". Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  52. ^ "Draghi's Job Made Harder By Governments: Paul Kazarian", Bloomberg.com, Bloomberg.com, retrieved 2016-12-17 
  53. ^ "http://upstart.bizjournals.com/video/NzajR4MDE6MyJmJEo9av1JipaZ4e6hVu?autoplay=1". upstart.bizjournals.com. Retrieved 2016-12-17.  External link in |title= (help)
  54. ^ "http://www.bizjournals.com/cincinnati/video/NzajR4MDE6MyJmJEo9av1JipaZ4e6hVu?autoplay=1&r=full". www.bizjournals.com. Retrieved 2016-12-17.  External link in |title= (help)
  55. ^ Draghi's Job Made Harder By Governments: Paul Kazarian, retrieved 2016-12-17 
  56. ^ "Investor Paul Kazarian returns with campaign for 'five-star' finance minister, Ilias Bellos | Kathimerini". Retrieved 2016-12-16. 
  57. ^ GreekReporter (2013-12-08), Japonica's Kazarian: "How & Why I Bought 4 bn in Greek Bonds", retrieved 2016-12-17 
  58. ^ "Kazarian Emerges After 20 Years With Bid for 10% of Greek Debt". Bloomberg.com. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  59. ^ Forelle, Charles. "Meet Japonica Partners: The Mysterious Bidder for Greek Bonds". WSJ. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 

External links[edit]