The Bookman, 1917–1918
November 2, 1870|
|Died||June 21, 1933
Lake Mohegan, New York
|Occupation||Playwright and Novelist|
Paul Kester (November 2, 1870 – June 21, 1933) was an American playwright and novelist. He was the younger brother of journalist Vaughan Kester and a cousin of the literary editor and critic William Dean Howells.
Life and career
Kester was born in 1870 some thirty miles north of Columbus at Delaware, Ohio, He was the younger of two sons raised by Franklin “Frank” Cooley and Harriet (née Watkins) Kester. His father was traveling salesman, and mother an art teacher who in 1882 helped found the Cleveland School of Art. Kester was educated by home tutors and at private schools where he excelled in the dramatic arts.
His first success came in January, 1892 with Countess Roudine that opened first in Philadelphia at the Chestnut Street Theatre and a week later at the Union Square Theatre in New York City. Countess Roudine was a collaborative effort written with the actress Minnie Maddern Fiske.
In 1896 his adaptation of Edward Bulwer-Lytton's Eugene Aram was produced by Walker Whiteside’s company and in 1902 with George Middleton adapted the George W. Cable Southern romance The Cavalier that was staged at the Criterion Theatre with Julia Marlowe. Actress Annie Russell produced and starred in his 1906 Quaker tale Friend Hannah, written with the help of his brother, Vaughan.
Kester worked on nearly thirty plays over his career. His most successful Broadway effort was probably The Woman of Bronze that ran for 252 performances between September, 1920 and April, 1921 at Manhattan's Frazee Theatre. He also authored a number of books, with His Own Country (1917) most likely the more popular.
Described as shy and diffident, Kester preferred country life to that of the city. In 1902, with his brother, he purchased and renovated Woodlawn Plantation in Northern Virginia. Five years later the two acquired nearby Gunston Hall, where Vaughan Kester died in 1911. A few years later Kester and his mother relocated to Belmont, an estate near Alexandria, Virginia which is today part of the campus of St. Stephen's & St. Agnes School.
Kester spent his final years at Lake Mohegan, a small community near Peekskill, New York. He died there in 1933 at the age of 62, a victim of thrombosis. At the time the closest surviving member of his family was the mezzo-soprano opera singer, Florence Wickham, a cousin. He is buried in the graveyard at Pohick Church, once the parish church of Gunston Hall, as is his mother; at one time he had served as a member of the church vestry.
- Countess Roudine (written with Minnie Maddern Fiske) – January 13, 1892 – Union Square Theatre – Helena Modjeska
- Eugene Aram (from the book by Edward Bulwer-Lytton) –1896 tour – Walker Whiteside
- Sweet Nell of Old Drury – August 30, 1900 – Haymarket Theatre – Julia Neilson – January 1, 1901 Knickerbocker Theatre – Ada Rehan
- When Knighthood Was in Flower (from the 1898 book by Charles Major) – January 14, 1901 – Criterion Theatre (Broadway) – Julia Marlowe
- The Cavalier (from the book by George W. Cable) – December 8, 1902 – Criterion Theatre (Broadway) – Julia Marlowe
- Dorothy Vernon of Haddon Hall (from the 1902 book by Charles Major) December 14, 1903 – New York Theatre – Bertha Galland
- Don Quixote (from the book by Miguel de Cervantes) – January 27, 1908 – Lyric Theatre – E. H. Sothern
- Beverly's Balance – Apr 12, 1915 – Lyric Theatre – Margaret Anglin
- The Woman of Bronze (adapted from the play by Henry Kistemaeckers) – September 7, 1920 – Frazee Theatre (Broadway) – Margaret Anglin
- Lady Dedlock (from Bleak House by Charles Dickens) – December 31, 1928 – Ambassador Theatre – Margaret Anglin
- Tom Sawyer (from the book by Mark Twain) – December 25, 1931 – Alvin Theatre, Clifford Adams (Finn) and Preston Dawson, Jr. (Sawyer)
- Novels 
- Tales of the Real Gypsy (1897)
- His Own Country (1917)
- Conservative Democracy (1919)
- Diana Dauntless (1929)
- The Course of True Love (1930)
His Own Country
Speaking of his novel His Own Country in the aftermath of World War I, Kester said:
The Race problem is always with us, and as my story deals in a serious way with its more serious aspects, I do not think it can be untimely. New phases of this great problem come up from day to day – but the problem itself is as old as history – very likely it will remain a problem to the end of history. Racial differences and the prejudices resulting from them have always confronted practical statesmen. The old method of dealing with them was by conquest, subjugation, or extermination. Such methods are now obsolete. Better ones must be found. Understanding must precede intelligent action along any lines, and my reason – perhaps I would better say my justification – for writing His Own Country has been my hope and belief that it would bring some little considered phases of this menacing and mighty problem more clearly before the minds of readers who live remote from it, yet whose consent is necessary, as it should be in a democracy, to any adjustment of settlement of living conditions where the races are existing side by side. The Bookman, 1917–1918
I want to go home
To the dull old town
With the shaded streets
And the open square
And the hill
And the flats
And the house I love
And the paths I know -
I want to go home.
If I can't go back
To the happy days,
Yet I can live
Where their shadows lie,
Under the trees
And over the grass -
I want to be there
Where the joy was once.
Oh, I want to go home,
I want to go home. 
- Paul Kester Papers. NYPL accessed September 27, 2012
- Frank and Harriet Kester; Mount Vernon, OH. 1870 US Census; Ancestry.com
- The Cleveland Institute of Art accessed September 27, 2012
- Adams, William Davenport – A Dictionary of the Drama: a Guide to the Plays, Play-wrights; Volume 1; 1904; pg. 341 accessed September 26, 2012
- Paul Kester Dead, Writer of Dramas. The New York Times; June 21, 1933; pg. 17
- Mount Vernon, Arlington and Woodlawn. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
- "Gunston Hall". Retrieved 21 February 2016.
- The Bookman. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
- "Out of the Attic: The Lloyd House". Alexandria Times. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
- Paul Kester at Find a Grave
- Harriet Watkins "Hattie" Kester at Find a Grave
- Episcopal Church. Diocese of Virginia (1911). Journal of the Annual Council. pp. 216–.
- Paul Kester Internet Broadway Database accessed September 27, 2012
- – Jerome, Barr, Lawrence and Sime – The Idler, Volume 20; 1902; pg.365 accessed September 27, 2012