Paul LePage

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Paul LePage
LePageInauguration.jpg
74th Governor of Maine
Assumed office
January 5, 2011
Preceded by John Baldacci
50th Mayor of Waterville
In office
2003–2011
Preceded by Nelson Madore[1]
Succeeded by Dana Sennett[1]
Member of the Waterville City Council
In office
1999–2003
Personal details
Born Paul Richard LePage
(1948-10-09) October 9, 1948 (age 68)
Lewiston, Maine, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Ann LePage
Children 4
Residence Blaine House
Alma mater Husson College
University of Maine, Orono
Religion Roman Catholicism
Website Office of the Governor of Maine

Paul Richard LePage (born October 9, 1948) is an American businessman and Republican Party politician who is currently the 74th Governor of Maine. Born in Lewiston, LePage grew up with seventeen siblings. After some initial difficulty entering college due to speaking French as his first language, he succeeded in obtaining a Bachelor of Science in business administration in finance and accounting from Husson College, later earning a Master of Business Administration from the University of Maine. LePage worked for a lumber company in New Brunswick, Canada, from 1972 to 1979 and then for Scott Paper in Winslow, Maine. He later founded the business consulting firm LePage & Kasevich Inc and in 1996, he became general manager of Marden's Surplus and Salvage, a Maine-based discount store chain.

LePage's political career began when he served two terms as a city councilor in Waterville, Maine, before being elected Mayor of Waterville in 2003, serving until 2011. During his eight year tenure as governor LePage reorganized city hall, lowered taxes, and increased the city's rainy day fund balance from $1 million to $10 million. In 2009, while still mayor, LePage announced that he would run for Governor of Maine in the 2010 election. LePage defeated six other Republicans to win the party's nomination with 37.4% of the vote. He won the general election with another plurality, 37.6%, in a five-candidate race. He was re-elected with a stronger plurality, 48.2% of the vote, in a three-candidate election in 2014. During his tenure as the Governor of Maine, he has made extensive use of his veto power issuing 182 as of 2016, the record for any governor. He instituted the largest tax cut in the history of Maine, reformed the state's pension system, financed welfare debts for the medical community, and reduced state regulations on corporations. As governor he has made controversial remarks regarding abortion, the LGBTQ community, racial minorities, the death penalty, voting rights, campaign financing, the government and the environment that has sparked both critical acclaim and wide-spread national criticism including calls for impeachment.

As of December 2016, LePage has an approval rating of 38%, down 6% from his inauguration. LePage has stated he is "very strongly" considering entering the 2018 U.S. Senate race against incumbent independent Senator Angus King.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

LePage was born in Lewiston, Maine. The eldest son of eighteen children of Theresa (née Gagnon) and Gerard LePage, both of French Canadian descent,[3] he grew up speaking French in an impoverished home with an abusive father who was a mill worker.[4] His father drank heavily and terrorized the children, and his mother was too intimidated to stop him.[5] At age eleven, after his father beat him and broke his nose, he ran away from home and lived on the streets of Lewiston, where he at times stayed in horse stables and at a "strip joint".[4][6] After spending roughly two years homeless, he began to earn a living shining shoes, washing dishes at a café, and hauling boxes for a truck driver. He later worked at a rubber company and a meat-packing plant and was a short order cook and bartender.[7]

LePage applied to Husson College in Bangor, but he was rejected due to a poor verbal score on the SAT because English was his second language. He has said that State Representative Peter Snowe—the first husband of former U.S. senator Olympia Snowe—persuaded Husson to give LePage a written exam in French, which allowed LePage to show his reading comprehension skills and gain admission.[7][8] At Husson, LePage improved his English-language skills and became editor of the college newspaper.[7] He graduated with a Bachelor of Science in business administration in finance and accounting and later earned a Master of Business Administration from the University of Maine.[7]

Early business and political career[edit]

LePage worked for a lumber company in New Brunswick, Canada, that was owned by his first wife's family from 1972 to 1979, and later for Scott Paper in Winslow, Maine.[9] He later founded the business consulting firm LePage & Kasevich Inc., which specialized in aiding foundering companies.[10] In 1996, LePage became general manager of Marden's Surplus and Salvage, a Maine-based discount store chain.[8][11]

LePage served two terms as a Waterville city councilor before becoming mayor in 2003, retaining that post until taking office as governor in January 2011. During his time as mayor, LePage reorganized city hall, lowered taxes, and increased the city's rainy day fund balance from $1 million to $10 million.[12]

Governor of Maine[edit]

Like previous governors, LePage resides in the Blaine House across from the State Capitol.

2010 election[edit]

On September 22, 2009, LePage announced that he would be seeking the 2010 Republican nomination for governor of Maine.[13] He won 38% of the vote in a seven-way primary election, despite being outspent ten-to-one by his closest challenger.[14] John Morris, LePage's campaign chief-of-staff, credited LePage's win with a campaign strategy (devised by chief strategist Brent Littlefield) that he referred to as the "three onlys" theme before the June primary election. This theme focused on particular aspects of LePage's biography that supposedly set him apart from the other candidates. These were, according to Morris, LePage "was the only candidate who had a compelling life story, ...the only candidate who had a successful experience as a chief executive officer of a government entity, ...the only candidate who was the executive of a prosperous Maine business.”[15]

In the general election, LePage was backed by local Tea Party activists and faced Democratic state senator Libby Mitchell, and three independentsEliot Cutler, Shawn Moody, and Kevin Scott.[16] During the campaign, he told an audience that when he became governor, they could expect to see newspaper headlines stating, "LePage Tells Obama To Go to Hell". He was subsequently criticized by Libby Mitchell's campaign as being disrespectful towards the office of the president.[17]

With 94% of precincts reporting on the day after the election, the Bangor Daily News declared LePage the winner, carrying 38.1% of the votes.[18] independent Cutler was in second place with 36.7% of the votes (fewer than 7,500 votes behind LePage), while Democrat Mitchell was a distant third with 19%. Moody and Scott had 5% and 1%, respectively. LePage is the first popularly elected, Franco-American governor of Maine and the first Republican since John R. McKernan, Jr.'s re-election in 1990. In his victory speech, LePage promised he would shrink government, lower taxes, decrease business regulation, and put "Maine people ahead of politics."[4]

2014 election[edit]

Governor Paul LePage in 2014

On May 7, 2013, LePage stated that it was likely that he would seek re-election in 2014.[19] He had already filed paperwork to form a campaign committee in August 2011 to be able to hold fundraisers to raise campaign funds.[20] On June 21, 2013, when asked if he was concerned about hurting his re-election campaign, he replied, "Who said I'm running?", and, that "everything was on the table"—including entering the race for Maine's Second Congressional District; retiring; or "going back to Marden's to stock shelves".[21] He later backed-off the reference to entering a congressional run, but stated that he would have a family meeting to discuss the possibility of him not seeking re-election (citing the passage of a 2013–2014 budget by the legislature—in override of his veto of it—as the type of devastating mistake that Maine could not recover from.[22]) At a fundraiser with former Florida governor Jeb Bush on July 2, he told supporters that he was indeed running for re-election.[23]

At 12:04 AM on November 5, the Bangor Daily News declared that Paul LePage had won re-election to a second term, defeating Democratic Congressman Mike Michaud and independent candidate Eliot Cutler.[24] He got 48.2% of the vote.[25]

As governor[edit]

LePage was the first Maine governor to use social media to promote the annual State of the State Address, when he used Twitter to send several tweets previewing his February 5, 2013 speech.[26] LePage has vetoed 182 bills as governor, which broke the record of 118 set by Governor James B. Longley. Most of LePage's vetoes have come since 2013, when Democrats regained control of the Legislature from the Republicans. Democrats overrode 20 of LePage's vetoes. Five of them, including an override of the 2013–2014 state budget, came in the 2013 session of the Legislature, while 15 came in the 2014 session.[27][28][29] In the 2015 session of the Legislature, LePage had 14 more vetoes overridden as of June 11. That number is expected to climb as LePage has promised to veto every bill sponsored by a Democrat, regardless of its merits, in retaliation for the rejection of his proposal for a constitutional amendment referendum to eliminate Maine's income tax. If he does so, LePage would be on pace to break Gov. James B. Longley's record of having 64 vetoes overridden in a single term.[30] LePage later expanded his veto threat to all bills sponsored by all legislators in order to force needing a 2/3 vote on them for passage. He stated that he feels it is the only way he can "get the most representation that I can for the people of the state of Maine" and that Democrats had convinced Republicans to sponsor bills to get around his initial veto threat.[31]

LePage initially endorsed Chris Christie for the 2016 Republican presidential nomination, but after Christie dropped out LePage endorsed Donald Trump just hours after Christie in February 2016.[32] Earlier in February, LePage had urged Republican governors to draft an open letter "to the people", disavowing Mr. Trump and his politics.[33]

2018 U.S. Senate election[edit]

LePage has stated he is "very strongly" considering entering the 2018 U.S. Senate race against incumbent independent Senator Angus King, citing King's caucusing with Senate Democrats.[2] He was also critical of King for switching his 2014 gubernatorial election endorsement from independent candidate Eliot Cutler to Democratic nominee Mike Michaud.[34] He has also said that he would not run if Hillary Clinton won the 2016 presidential election, saying "If it's Hillary Clinton, forget it, I'm gonna retire."[35] He has also said that Ann LePage is not convinced that a Senate run is the best idea, and he would not run if she did not approve, or if he was serving in a Donald Trump administration.[36]

Political positions[edit]

LePage speaking at an event honoring the Maine National Guard at the University of Maine in 2011

Abortion[edit]

LePage opposes abortion.[37] He has appeared at the annual anti-abortion Hands Around the Capitol rally at the Maine State House, first doing so at the 2011 event.[38]

Campaign financing[edit]

LePage is opposed to the Maine Clean Elections Act, which provides for publicly financed campaigns in Maine. He proposed eliminating all funding for the Act in his 2014–2015 biennial budget[39] and stated his opposition to a proposal to reform the Act by increasing the amount of money that would be distributed. He calls such aid "welfare for politicians"[40] and a "scam".[41]

Capital punishment[edit]

LePage supports the death penalty in cases of the murder of a baby. He stated this view regarding the case of Ethan Henderson, a 10-week-old baby who was allegedly killed by his father.[42] He also has expressed support for giving the death penalty to drug dealers whose drugs cause a fatal overdose. Maine abolished the death penalty in 1887.[43]

Drug policy[edit]

LePage supports the idea of the State removing the children of welfare recipients from their homes if the recipients are found to be using illegal drugs and refuse to enter rehab. Current law only allows the removal of children due to neglect and abuse, which can result from drug use, but is not drug use itself.[44]

He has expressed opposition to the legalization of marijuana, seeing it as a gateway to more powerful drugs like heroin, but has said that if legalization was approved by referendum, he would honor it.[44]

LePage has called for additional Maine DEA agents, judges, and prosecutors to fight drugs. The Maine Legislature approved six additional agents, two prosecutors, and two judges in the 2015–16 state budget, but LePage criticized that as "chump change" and has asked for more. He has criticized legislative Democrats skeptical of his proposals, stating "If I didn’t know better, I was a real cynic, I’d think that the Democrats like drug dealers." He has stated he would use the Maine National Guard for drug enforcement if necessary, and has actually done so. He further called for drug traffickers to be put in "super-max" facilities.[45] He has also said "Everybody in Maine, we have constitutional carry, load up and get rid of the drug dealers," which he clarified meant that an environment should be created that will keep drug dealers away from Maine, not that people should engage in vigilantism.[43]

Economy[edit]

LePage has said that the permitting process to start a business in Maine is too cumbersome and expensive and he will look for ways to make it cheaper and easier. He opposes raising any taxes during his term as governor and supports the creation of a 5% flat tax on all households earning more than $30,000. During the gubernatorial campaign, he also wanted to reduce the auto registration tax by 20% and use the actual sale price rather than MSRP as the tax basis.[46]

LePage has criticized Maine's child labor laws, stating that the minimum work age of 16 without a work permit in Maine "is doing damage to the economy" and that "there is nothing wrong with being a paperboy at 12 years old, or at a store sorting bottles at 12 years old."[47] He has stated that he has no problem with children being prohibited from working 40 hours a week, but citing his own experiences working at that age, said that a 12-year-old working 8–10 hours a week or a 14-year-old working 12–15 hours a week should be permitted as it would instill a healthy work ethic in children. LePage has proposed allowing businesses to pay child workers a training wage of $5.25 an hour, loosening time-based requirements for children working during the school year, and streamlining the process for children to obtain a work permit by removing school superintendents from the process in the summer, all of which did not pass the Legislature.[48]

LePage opposes the expansion of casino gambling in Maine, believing that any economic benefit to additional casinos would come at the expense of Maine's existing casinos.[49] LePage has also said that if he was sent a bill to abolish the Maine State Lottery, he would sign it, saying it "absolutely" targets the poor.[50]

LePage has vetoed at least one bill for increasing Maine's minimum wage, believing that wages should be increased by creating an environment for higher paying jobs in Maine through lowering energy costs and lowering taxes.[51] He has supported preventing municipalities like Portland from having local minimum wages higher than the state's.[52] In response to a citizen initiated referendum to raise Maine's minimum wage to $12 an hour by 2020, he stated that he supported a competing proposal to raise it to $10 an hour as less harmful to businesses who would have to pay the full minimum wage to tipped employees under the referendum.[53]

Education[edit]

LePage supports a school voucher system and structuring pay to reward teachers for performance. He has stated that curriculum should be determined by local school boards.[citation needed]

LePage signed a bill to bring Maine in alignment with the Common Core State Standards Initiative on April 1, 2011, making the State the 42nd to do so.[54] By 2013, however, LePage expressed opposition to the standards, citing fears of a federal takeover of education and student privacy concerns. On September 4, he issued an executive order prohibiting the Maine Department of Education from implementing any federal education standards, applying for grants where implementing such standards is a condition of the grant, and sharing personal student information with the federal government.[55]

On November 18, 2013, LePage pledged $10,000 from his official contingency account to a program run by Portland-based LearningWorks for helping new immigrants learn the English language. LePage met with Somali immigrants in Lewiston to make the announcement, and discussed other difficulties immigrants had in obtaining education and employment, which LePage related to given his life with French as his first language.[56]

Energy[edit]

LePage has criticized wind power and in particular the large-scale expansion of installed capacity mandated by Maine's 2008 Wind Energy Act and wind energy's large role in the state's Renewable Portfolio Standard. LePage argues that the policies are a major cause of the relatively high cost per kW of electricity in Maine—34% above the national average.[57]

He has said he would support shallow-water offshore drilling in Maine waters, but not deep-water drilling, which he considers more hazardous. He believes that government policies should consider the effect of greenhouse gases, but opposes regulation, saying he is not convinced that greenhouse gases from human activities are a significant contributor to climate change.[46][58] He has stated that some requirements for environmental impact studies should be reduced or weakened because they frequently impose undue burden on economic activity.[59] In June 2012, LePage criticized the removal of the Great Works dam on the Penobscot River in Old Town to enhance the migration of fish in the river, despite the project leading to no loss of electricity generation, calling the removal of hydroelectric dams in general "irresponsible".[60] In August 2012, he was reported saying that he supported efforts to invest in renewable energy, though only ones he thought were both economically feasible and effective: "There are renewables that work," he said. "Like hydro, hydro and more hydro."[61] In the same report,[61] he said that wind could not support the baseload energy needs of the state, calling it a "boutique energy source."

Environment[edit]

In February 2011, LePage was criticized by environmentalists when he proposed zoning 10 million acres (40,000 km2) of northern Maine for development, repealing laws that require manufacturers to take back recyclable goods for disposal, and other sweeping changes to environmental laws. In a statement LePage said, "Job creation and investment opportunities are being lost because we do not have a fair balance between our economic interests and the need to protect the environment."[62][63][64] Lisa Pohlmann, executive director of the Natural Resources Council of Maine—one of the state's largest and oldest environmental advocacy groups—replied to his proposed changes saying, "We are shocked and stunned."[62] Maureen Drouin, executive director of the Maine Conservation Voters Education Fund, said, "A dirty environment is no way to bring new jobs to Maine."[65][66]

LePage opposes efforts to ban the baiting and trapping of bears in Maine, including a 2014 referendum to do so.[67]

Government reform[edit]

LePage has stated that the size of state government is likely too large and that he would probably seek to reduce the number of state employees.[58]

LePage has called for the abolition of term limits for Maine Legislators, who are limited to four consecutive two-year terms, saying that they have resulted in a Legislature full of young people with "firm agendas" who pass bills that hurt Maine in the long term.[68] He cited former longtime Democratic House Speaker John Martin as an example of how an experienced legislator would be beneficial for Maine.[69]

Health care[edit]

He has called for repeal of the federal Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, saying he believes it is unconstitutional, and had encouraged Maine's attorney general William Schneider to join the federal lawsuit by other state attorneys general challenging the bill. Upon the United States Supreme Court's ruling upholding the majority of the act, LePage stated that the law was an "enormous tax" and that "Washington, D.C., now has the power to dictate how we, as Americans, live our lives."[70] He later referred to the Internal Revenue Service, which is charged with enforcing the insurance mandate, as "the new Gestapo" and that the "decision has made America less free".[71] He has also compared the ACA with Canada's health care system, stating that Canada rations care and that many Canadians come to the U.S. to get treatment because of it, and that similar rationing here would result in deaths.[72]

He has said that coverage mandates for Maine insurance policies should be pared back because they make insurance policies too expensive. He believes that MaineCare, the state Medicaid program, has too many enrollees and is too easy to qualify for.[58] He vetoed a bill to expand MaineCare under the Affordable Care Act on June 17, 2013[73] and has criticized efforts by the Legislature to write an expansion bill that will obtain enough votes to override a veto, stating that the Legislature has "no compassion".[74]

On July 3, 2013, LePage pledged $50,000 of his emergency fund to a drug treatment center in Ellsworth. The Open Door Recovery Center provides treatment for clients regardless of their ability to pay.[75]

LePage has stated that he feels there are too many hospitals in Maine, noting that New Hampshire's 1.3 million people have 26 hospitals, while Maine's 1.2 million have 39.[76]

In March 2014, LePage drew national attention related to his opposition to a bill that would allow caregivers, health care professionals, and more emergency responders to administer naloxone, a drug which has been long-used as an antidote for drug overdoses, saying it could raise Medicaid costs and encourage drug addiction. Recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), naloxone was formulated to be used for opioid drug overdoses, and for people who have life-threatening drug interactions. Speaking in a statement at the announcement of the approval, the FDA Commissioner said that drug overdose deaths are the leading cause of injury death in the United States, largely due to prescription drug overdoses. LePage vetoed a similar bill in 2013.[77][78][79] In an interview LePage stated, "I think we need to treat, Let's deal with the treatment, the proper treatment and not say, Go overdose, and oh, by the way, if you do I'll be there to save you. I think we need to deal with the bigger, basic problem of drug addiction, drug trafficking and drug abuse in the state. That's all I'm interested in."[80]

LGBT issues[edit]

In 2009, LePage opposed allowing same-sex couples to marry. He does support the state recognizing only civil unions of all couples, believing it would give everyone the same legal standing.[81] During his gubernatorial campaign, he iterated his opposition to same-sex marriage and expressed support for unspecified legal measures to protect committed same-sex couples. In October 2010 he stated that gay marriage should be left to the voters and that he had no personal views on the matter, though he would have vetoed a same-sex marriage bill if it reached his desk.[82]

LePage was critical of the Maine Education Associations' support of the 2012 same-sex marriage initiative, believing the union's taking of political positions hurts the education of Maine students.[83] When asked about LePage's own position on the initiative, his spokeswoman declined to comment.[82]

On the topic of transgender students in grades K–12, he said he did not understand "how people, at least sane people, would want to allow transgender in our primary schools and our high schools."[84] LePage then pledged to oppose legislation for transgender students, saying, "I think it's gone too far and we have to push back. As governor, I would never allow that to be signed into law."[84]

Taxes[edit]

LePage advocates eliminating Maine's income tax, believing it to be an impediment to economic growth for the state. He has stated that his goal is to do so before the end of his second term and he has proposed a constitutional amendment to do so, though he expects the Legislature to reject it.[85] He opposed one bipartisan plan to replace the current progressive income tax rates, which have a top rate of 7.95%, with a 4% flat income tax rate and a broader, higher sales tax because he believes it is not revenue-neutral.[86] After his re-election he expressed support for the general idea of increasing or broadening the sales tax to reduce or eliminate the income tax[87] which he later proposed in his 2015–2016 budget.[85] He has said he will "spend the rest of my days" fighting opponents of his tax proposals, especially in the Legislative election year of 2016.[85]

Welfare reform[edit]

Welfare reform was a centerpiece of LePage's gubernatorial campaign. In December 2011, citing a budget shortfall, LePage proposed sweeping changes to MaineCare (Maine's Medicaid program).[88] Those changes include dropping 5,000 to 6,000 low-income senior citizens with disabilities from the Drugs for the Elderly program (which provides low-cost prescription drugs to low-income elderly patients), and ending Medicaid coverage for up to 65,000 recipients, including many who are disabled or elderly.[88] Reimbursement to hospitals and other medical providers would be reduced by up to 10 percent, which could trigger the elimination of up to 4,400 health care jobs.[89] The changes could also result in higher premiums and higher co-pays for people with private health insurance.[89]

LePage expressed an intent to reform welfare eligibility requirements, though he did not specify how he would do so. He also supports lifetime limits on welfare support, requiring recipients to perform work in the community, and a tiered payment system that gradually removes benefits as recipients earn more money working, rather than cutting them off entirely at a certain income level.[58]

Speaking before a conservative women's group in Falmouth, Maine on October 14, 2013, LePage said that "About 47 percent of able-bodied people in the state of Maine don't work ... It's really bad."[90] It is uncertain where LePage obtained his figures since Maine's unemployment rate is actually below the national average.[91] According to an analysis posted on Politifact, only about ten percent of "able-bodied people" age 18 to 64 in Maine were not working and if unemployed Maine residents who were looking for work were excluded from the count, the number not working drops to 3.6 percent.[92] Pointing to a report issued by a conservative think tank, the Maine Heritage Policy Center, LePage's spokeswoman, Adrienne Bennett, said, "Liberal activists are determined to increase the number of residents who take tax dollars by expanding the size of government and the benefits government workers get and increasing the welfare rolls."[93]

LePage supports reforms in how EBT cards are used. Proposals he favors include putting photos of cardholders on the card to prevent their sale by the holder, an idea that he proposed after hearing of several incidents where EBT cards turned up in drug busts. He also wants to better prohibit their use to purchase alcohol or cigarettes. He has stated that such fraud is a large problem and he will devote resources to investigating it and generating further proposals to combat it.[94] He has also suggested that he would be willing to shut down the entire EBT program if the federal government will not allow Maine to take measures to combat fraud.[95]

LePage is opposed to the distribution of General Assistance welfare funds to illegal immigrants by municipalities. He has threatened to cut off all state reimbursement of such funds unless municipalities stop doing so, citing federal laws which don't allow welfare funds to go to illegal immigrants unless a state passes a law to specifically allow it. Maine Attorney General Janet T. Mills has stated that the Governor implementing such a policy without using the established rulemaking process or Legislative action is likely against the Maine Constitution. LePage responded to that criticism by stating he found it "inexcusable" that the state's top law enforcement official would advocate violating federal law, and adding that he believes Congress passing the federal laws in question meets the requirement for legislative involvement.[96]

Public opinion[edit]

LePage meeting with the Montenegrin Cyber team in November 2015

LePage is known for his bombastic and off-the-cuff remarks that have, during his tenure as mayor of Waterville, and Governor of Maine drawn domestic and national controversy as well as critical acclaim. He also cited the fact that French was his first language as a reason for his controversial statements.[97] Public opinion for LePage has been wide-ranging his entire tenure as governor due to his comments regarding women, African Americans, Native Americans, the poor, local colleges and universities, and government activities.[98] At the beginning of his term as governor, he was criticized for refusing either to attend Martin Luther King, Jr. Day events in Portland or Orono or to meet with Maine representatives of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).[99][99][99] His actions were called "astonishing and troubling" by civil rights group leaders and local newspapers.[100][100][101][102]

In February 2011, LePage again gained national attention when he spoke on a local TV news program saying he hoped to repeal the Maine ban of Bisphenol A, voted for unanimously by the Maine Board of Environmental Protection,[103] because "there hasn't been any science that identifies that there is a problem"[104][105] On March 28, it was reported that the LePage administration had dropped its opposition to the new BPA regulations.[106] After a unanimous vote in the Senate, the Maine legislature on April 22 passed a bill to ban the use of BPA in beverage containers. LePage refused to sign the bill but it became law without his signature.[107][108][109]

On March 23, 2011, Governor LePage sparked protests when he announced that he planned to remove a large mural depicting the history of the state's labor movement from the lobby of the Maine Department of Labor offices.[110][111][112][113] Despite protests, on March 28 it was disclosed that the murals had been removed over the weekend.[114][115][116] The Portland Museum of Art issued a statement that said LePage's decision has tarnished the state's reputation as a haven for artists.[117][118][119] His actions sparked furthered backlash and lawsuits were brought froward regarding the murals.[120][121]

On April 27, 2012, LePage stated that Maine's "middle management" was corrupt sparking backlash from worker groups and Maine politicians.[122][123][124] Maine State Employees Association President Ginette Rivard responded to the criticism of state workers by stating: "For LePage to call them 'corrupt' is baseless and insulting to every public worker who has dedicated their lives to making Maine a great place to live, work and raise a family."[125]

In his second year in office, LePage made a proposal to allow public funds to go to religious schools; the proposal was found unconstitutional by the Maine Supreme Judicial Court.[126][127] He later drew negative publicity for urging any Commission members who were not up to meeting the State's expectations to resign.[128] On July 25, 2012, LePage and his Commissioner of Education, Stephen Bowen, unveiled a second round of reform proposals which issued that domestic students were getting "poorer" educational practice, regarding required examinations for admission.[129] His proposals were criticized by the Maine Education Association, Maine Democrats, and many college students attending school out of state who stated they did not experience the poor treatment LePage purported.[130][131]

LePage in late 2014

On July 8, 2012, LePage said, while discussing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, that the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) was "the new Gestapo" due to their role in enforcing the law.[132] Some Democrats, Jewish groups, and unions[133][133] levied heavy criticism towards LePage over his statement, and demanded an apology.[132][134][135][136] Prominent members of LePage's own party were generally less critical. Maine Republican Party chairman Charlie Webster felt that "most regular people knew what he meant."[132][135] A day later, LePage issued a written statement stating that his intent was not to "insult anyone, especially the Jewish community, or to minimize the fact that millions of people were murdered", and that his message had been "clouded" by his use of the word Gestapo.[135] In response, both Maine Senator Roger Katz, who is Jewish, and U.S. Senator Susan Collins stated they were pleased LePage had backed away from his comments.[132][137]

On March 21, 2013, LePage summoned a dozen state employees of the Bureau of Unemployment to the Blaine House for a luncheon to discuss the state's unemployment compensation hearing and appeals process.[138] Although LePage described the meeting as "cordial",[139][140] the workers described it as pressuring and used to intimidate them to give more rulings on unemployment claim appeals in favor of businesses, as well as to state that they were doing their jobs poorly.[138] LePage called the accusation "outrageous" and said that David Webbert, the president of the Maine Employment Lawyers Association who made the allegation, was making it up.[139] The situtations spurred state-wide backlash including a federal investigation of the alleged intimidation which concluded that LePage's administration improperly acted with “what could be perceived as a bias toward employers".[139][141][142]

On May 23, 2013, LePage announced that he would move his office out of the Maine State Capitol and work from The Blaine House due to what he called efforts by majority Democrats in the Legislature to censor his speech.[143] This included the refusal of the Appropriations Committee to allow him to address them on May 19, and later being asked to obtain permission from the Legislative Council to have a TV outside of his office displaying the number of days since his budget was proposed. Senate President Justin Alfond criticized LePage's announcement by saying such behavior was "embarrassing and not helpful to getting things done for the people of Maine."[143][144][145] On June 20, 2013, after speaking at a rally opposed to the bipartisan biennial budget proposal voted out of the Legislature, LePage responded to criticism from Democratic Assistant Majority Leader Senator Troy Dale Jackson that LePage was "delusional" to say Democratic leaders were unwilling to negotiate with him. LePage stated that Senator Jackson "claims to be for the people but he’s the first one to give it to the people without providing Vaseline". He further stated people like Jackson, a logger by trade, "ought to go back into the woods and cut trees and let someone with a brain come down here and do some good work", along with other negative personal remarks.[146] The remark about Vaseline was heavily criticized by public figures on all sides,[21][21][146][147] including Democratic House Speaker Mark Eves, who called the comment "obscene" and criticized its being on the evening news when children could hear it.[146][148]

LePage is known for his dislike of Maine newspapers,[149][150] once telling students at a school that "Reading newspapers in the state of Maine is like paying somebody to tell you lies."[151] While telling the editorial board of The Portsmouth Herald he did not want their endorsement for reelection, he said that newspapers were against him and "It’s futile. There’s a bias in the press I can’t change."[152] After a three-part report published by the Portland Press Herald, Kennebec Journal, and Morning Sentinel which alleged his Department of Environmental Protection commissioner was favoring former clients, he ordered his administration to not grant interviews to reporters of those newspapers or cooperate with their information requests. The order did not seem to extend to all state agencies, as the Department of Public Safety's spokesman said he had been given no such instructions.[150][153][154][154] Nine days after the U.S. federal government shutdown on October 1, 2013, LePage declared a civil emergency in Maine ending 17 days later.[155] He said that the declaration was necessary in order to cope with the loss of federally funded positions during the shutdown, such as by transferring state-funded personnel to functions originally carried out by the federally funded personnel to minimize layoffs.[156] His move to do so was meet with wide-spread negative critcism, and was labeled as an unnecessary "overreach of power".[157][158]

On June 30, 2014, the website Talking Points Memo reported that LePage had met eight times with members of the sovereign citizen movement between January and September 2013. According to participants, the sovereign citizens group used these meetings, some of which lasted nearly three hours, to inform LePage of their beliefs, which include assertions that the US Dollar and Maine state courts are illegal, that Maine Senate President Justin Alfond and Maine House Speaker Mark Eves are guilty of treason and should be executed,[159] and that the US government and the United Nations are planning for a war against Americans.[160][161] LePage set up a meeting between Kennebec County sheriff Randall Liberty and the sovereign citizens group and asked Liberty to take the group's concerns to the state attorney general.[159][160][161][162]

In June 2015, Good Will-Hinckley, a charitable organization for at-risk youths that runs two charter schools, hired Democratic House Speaker Mark Eves to be their next president. LePage, however, threatened to withhold $500,000 of state funding for the school if they hired Eves, due to his voting record against charter schools in Maine. LePage's choice to do so was labeled as "blackmail" as well as "political interference".[163][164][165] The incident was subject to a federal investigation but no charges were issued.[166][167][168][169] Some Democrats in the Legislature launched an effort to impeach LePage over this and other matters on January 14, 2016, but the effort was indefinitely postponed, effectively killing it, on a 96–52 vote.[170]

Explicit comments[edit]

LePage generated national headlines by stating at a January 6, 2016, town hall meeting in Bridgton that drug dealers "are guys with the name D-Money, Smoothie, Shifty; these types of guys, they come from Connecticut and New York, they come up here, they sell their heroin, they go back home. Incidentally, half the time they impregnate a young, white girl before they leave, which is a real sad thing because then we have another issue we have to deal with down the road." The comment was condemned as racist by some Republicans and Democrats as well as the presidential campaign of Hillary Clinton, though a spokesman for LePage denied the comment had anything to do with race.[171][172][173]

On August 24, LePage was asked about these comments; he denied being a racist but said that he had been compiling a binder of drug arrestees since January and that "90-plus per cent of those pictures in my book, and it's a three-ringed binder, are black and Hispanic people." When asked to provide the binder, LePage replied, "Let me tell you something: black people come up the highway and they kill Mainers. You ought to look into that. You make me so sick." The Portland Herald subsequently filed a freedom of information request for LePage's binder.[173]

Leaked voicemail[edit]

The following day, a reporter insinuated to LePage that Democratic State Representative Drew Gattine had called him a racist.[173] LePage responded by calling Gattine and leaving him a voicemail message: "I would like to talk to you about your comments about my being a racist, you cocksucker. I want to talk to you. You want — I want you to prove that I'm a racist. I've spent my life helping black people and you little son of a bitch, socialist cocksucker. You — I need you to just fricking — I want you to record this and make it public because I am after you. Thank you."[174][175][176] He later invited reporters from the Portland Press Herald and WMTW to an interview to explain the comments, saying that "I wish it were 1825 and we would have a duel, that's how angry I am, and I would not put my gun in the air, I guarantee you... I would point it right between his eyes, because he is a snot-nosed little runt and he has not done a damn thing since he's been in this legislature to help move the state forward."[173] Gattine responded by calling LePage's message "upsetting, inappropriate and uncalled for."[177] LePage produced a binder of drug arrestees and went through some of the mugshots with the press. Producing a page with a photo and press clipping of a young white woman who had been arrested, LePage called her a "very lovely young Mainer, maybe 20 years old." He then held up another page with a picture of a black man on it and said "that's the other culprit". He also admitted that the binder had a mixture of black and white people in it.[178] LePage's comments has been widely condemned by Democrats and some Republicans, including U.S. Senator Susan Collins, State Senate President Michael Thibodeau, State House Minority Leader Kenneth Fredette, State Senator Roger Katz, State Senator David Woodsome.[178] Leading Democrats have called LePage "unfit" to serve as Governor and have demanded his resignation.[173]

On August 30, 2016, days after making his controversial remarks, LePage said that he was strongly considering resigning. In that case Maine's Senate President would assume the office of Governor.[173]

2016 voter suppression[edit]

On November 8, 2016, LePage was accused by students of two colleges in Lewiston of distributing orange fliers containing false information about fees and residency requirements. The fliers say that in order to register to vote in Lewiston, students must pay to change their driver's licenses to a Lewiston address "within 30 days."[179] They also say students must pay "hundreds of dollars" to re-register vehicles and do not give a timeframe. The president of Bates College, Clayton Spencer labeled the situation as "clearly a deliberate attempt at voter suppression,"[180] which prompted backlash from LePage.[180][181][182] He asserted the flyer's validity stating "Democrats for decades have encouraged college students from out of state to vote in Maine, even though there is no way to determine whether these college students also voted in their home states."[181] The Maine Democratic Party leader, Phil Bartlett, and Maine Secretary of State Matt Dunlap said the information is false and said enrolled students living in the community can vote. State law does not require a Maine driver's license to vote, and establishing residency for voting doesn't mean you have to pay any fees. Dunlap said LePage's remarks "inflame an atmosphere of doubt and fear among the voters."[180][183][184][185][186]

Approval ratings[edit]

As of 2016, his approval ratings are at 38%,[187] making him one of ten governors (out of 50) who have higher disapproval ratings (58%) than approval.[188] LePage is consistently ranked as one of the most unpopoular governors in the United States.[188][189][190]

Awards and honors[edit]

  • In 2006, LePage was voted the Mid-Maine Chamber of Commerce's businessman of the year.[8]
  • In 2007, he was named "Maine Business Champion" by the National Federation of Independent Business.[8]
  • LePage received an honorary doctorate from Thomas College in Waterville, at their graduation ceremonies on May 12, 2012, where he was the keynote speaker.[191]
  • On September 10, 2013, LePage received an award from the Maine Suicide Prevention Program to recognize his efforts to prevent and raise awareness about suicide.[192]

Personal life[edit]

In 1971 LePage married Sharon Crabbe, whose family owned a lumber business in New Brunswick, where LePage worked as treasurer and general manager. After the wedding they resided in Perth-Andover. Their two daughters, Lisa and Lindsay, were born in 1975 and 1976. Paul LePage and Sharon Crabbe divorced in 1980.[193] Crabbe now resides in Fredericton after her divorce from LePage along with her two daughters.[194]

LePage has two children, Paul and Lauren, with his second wife, Ann DeRosby, whom he married in 1984. Since 2002, his household has also included a young man from Jamaica, Devon Raymond, Jr. (born 1985). LePage calls Raymond his adopted son, although adoption paperwork was not filed. LePage met Raymond in Jamaica through Raymond's father, who caddied for LePage during a vacation there.[195][196] His wife, Ann, has taken a job as a waitress in Boothbay to supplement the family income, as LePage is the lowest-paid governor in the US and the family is of limited wealth.[197] LePage and his wife purchased a home in Boothbay on July 30, 2014 for $215,000 that they intend to live in once his term as governor has concluded.[198] He is a self-described "French Catholic" who believes in God.[199]

Electoral history[edit]

Maine's Gubernatorial Republican Primary Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Paul LePage 49,126 37.38
Republican Leslie Otten 22,945 17.46
Republican Peter Mills 19,271 14.67
Republican Steven Abbott 17,209 13.10
Republican William Beardsley 12,061 9.17
Republican Bruce Poliquin 6,471 4.92
Republican Matthew Jacobson 4,324 3.29
Maine's Gubernatorial Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Paul LePage 218,065 37.6
Independent Eliot Cutler 208,270 35.9
Democratic Elizabeth "Libby" Mitchell 109,387 18.8
Independent Shawn Moody 28,756 5.0
Independent Kevin Scott 5,664 1.0
Others Others 2,624 0.5
Maine's Gubernatorial Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Paul LePage (inc.) 294,519 48.18
Democratic Mike Michaud 265,114 43.37
Independent Eliot Cutler 51,515 8.43
Others Others 79 0.01

References[edit]

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  196. ^ David Taintor (January 20, 2011). "LePage Spox Defends Governor's Referencing Of Black 'Son'". talkingpointsmemo.com. 
  197. ^ http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2016/06/25/ann-lepage-wife-nations-lowest-paid-governor-takes-waitressing-job.html?intcmp=hplnws
  198. ^ Mario Moretto (August 14, 2014). "LePage buys $215,000 home in Boothbay, his first Maine property in four years". Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  199. ^ Kevin Miller (July 29, 2010). "LePage defends comments in 'creationism' spat" (online news). Bangor Daily News. Retrieved February 27, 2016. Replied LePage: 'I have looked at my life, I have looked at my career. There is nowhere in my career where the term creationist comes in. The only part of my life … that anyone can ever consider me a creationist is because I am a French Catholic and I believe in God.' 

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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
John Baldacci
Governor of Maine
2011–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Chandler Woodcock
Republican nominee for Governor of Maine
2010, 2014
Most recent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Joe Biden
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within Maine
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise Paul Ryan
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Robert Bentley
as Governor of Alabama
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside Maine
Succeeded by
Jay Nixon
as Governor of Missouri