Page semi-protected

Paul Nuttall

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Paul Nuttall
MEP
Paulnuttall.jpg
Leader of the UK Independence Party
In office
28 November 2016 – 9 June 2017
Deputy Peter Whittle
Preceded by Nigel Farage (Acting)
Succeeded by Steve Crowther (Acting)[1]
Leader of the UK Independence Party in the European Parliament
In office
November 2015 – 3 January 2017
Preceded by Roger Helmer
Succeeded by Ray Finch
UKIP Spokesperson for Education, Life Skills and Training
In office
24 July 2014 – 17 September 2016
Leader Nigel Farage
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by David Kurten
Deputy Leader of the UK Independence Party
In office
8 November 2010 – 16 September 2016
Leader Nigel Farage
Preceded by David Campbell Bannerman
Succeeded by Peter Whittle
Chair of the UK Independence Party
In office
8 September 2008 – 8 November 2010
Leader Nigel Farage
The Lord Pearson of Rannoch
Jeffrey Titford (Acting)
Preceded by John Whittaker
Succeeded by Steve Crowther
Member of the European Parliament
for North West England
Assumed office
14 July 2009
Preceded by John Whittaker
Personal details
Born Paul Andrew Nuttall
(1976-11-30) 30 November 1976 (age 40)
Bootle, England, UK
Political party Conservative (Before 2004)
UKIP (2004–present)
Alma mater North Lincolnshire College
Edge Hill University
Liverpool Hope University
University of Central Lancashire
Signature
Website Official website

Paul Andrew Nuttall (born 30 November 1976) is a British politician who is MEP for North West England and was the leader of the UK Independence Party (UKIP) from November 2016 to June 2017.

Nuttall was a Conservative Party candidate in a council election in Sefton before joining UKIP in 2004. He became deputy leader of UKIP in November 2010 and the party's spokesperson for education, life skills and training in July 2014. He was elected party leader in the 2016 leadership election.

A prominent eurosceptic, Nuttall has called for the establishment of an English parliament.[2] He favours a ban on wearing burqas in public places,[3][4] has shown support for the reintroduction of the death penalty,[5][6] and opposed Labour's 2015 plans to include LGBT-inclusive sex and relationship education in schools.[7] He is an outspoken global warming sceptic.[8]

Nuttall stood unsuccessfully for UKIP six times in parliamentary elections since 2005, of which his best result was finishing second in the 2017 Stoke-on-Trent Central by-election. He resigned as party leader after coming third in Boston and Skegness in the 2017 general election, with his party losing most of its electoral support.

Early life

Born in Bootle in Merseyside, Nuttall was educated at Savio High School, a Roman Catholic school. He was raised Catholic and is currently practising.[9] He completed his A-Levels at Hugh Baird College in Bootle.[10]

Personal life

Nuttall was previously married and has a child from that marriage. In January 2017 he was reported to be in a relationship with UKIP MEP Louise Bours.[11]

Involvement in football

As a footballer, he was a member of Tranmere Rovers' youth squad in the early 1990s,[12][13] although he has backtracked on claims made in one of his own press releases and UKIP campaign material that he had played professionally for the team.[14] He completed a Higher National Diploma in sports science at North Lincolnshire College,

Historical studies

He studied history at Edge Hill College (now Edge Hill University), graduating with a BA, and at Liverpool Hope University where he specialised in Edwardian politics and graduated with an MA.[8]

During his time at Edge Hill, Nuttall submitted an essay about the causes of the Holocaust, in which, according to his lecturer David Renton, he "suggested that there was an argument to be made that the Jewish people had brought it on themselves", citing the writer and Holocaust denier David Irving.[15] When Renton discussed the quotations with him, Nuttall told Renton that "he was not responsible for the citations: his girlfriend had found them on the internet".[15]

In 2004, Nuttall started working towards a PhD into the 'History of Conservatism in Liverpool', but did not complete it.[16]

Teaching career

He received a Certificate in Education from the University of Central Lancashire. He spent "some time" in Spain,[17][18] and lectured at Liverpool Hope University between 2004 and 2006.[8]

Political career

Early political career, 2002–2009

Before joining UKIP, Nuttall was a member of the Conservative Party. In the 2002 local government elections, he stood as a Conservative candidate in Derby Ward on Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council, where he came second, winning 11.4% of the vote.[19][8]

In 2004, he left the Conservatives and joined the UK Independence Party (UKIP). He founded its South Sefton branch in 2005 in order to contest elections in north Merseyside.[4] He was UKIP's candidate for Bootle in the 2005 general election, where he won 4.1% of the vote.[20] At the 2008 local elections, Nuttall again stood as a candidate for Derby Ward on Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council, but this time as a UKIP candidate. He won 38% of the vote, behind the Labour candidate.[21]

In 2008, Nuttall also became the founding secretary of Young Independence, the youth wing of UKIP for under 35-year-olds. He held this position until UKIP's spring conference in 2009 when Young Independence held its first internal elections. Nuttall was appointed as chairman of UKIP in September 2008.[22] At the time, he was also employed as a political adviser to the Independence/Democracy group in the European Parliament.[23]

First term in the European Parliament, 2009–2014

In the 2009 European Parliament election, Nuttall was selected to head the UKIP list for the North West England constituency. Speaking to the Liverpool Echo, he said "The Euro-election next June will give people the chance to express their views about the European Union. It is really the referendum on the Lisbon Treaty that they have been denied. A vote for any other party is a vote for the EU. If people do not like having 80% of our legislation emanating from unelected bureaucrats in Brussels the only party to vote for is UKIP."[23] He was subsequently elected.[24]

Nuttall became a member of the Europe of Freedom and Democracy (EFD) group in the European Parliament, as well as a member of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) and a substitute member of the Committee on Culture and Education (CULT). His first speech in plenary was on 7 October 2009, on the "underhand and undemocratic way in which the incandescent light bulb has been banned across the European Union."[25]

Nuttall opened an office for his European Parliament work in Bootle in March 2010.[26] Nuttall again contested Bootle at the 2010 general election, coming fourth with 6.1% of the vote.[27] In July 2010, it was found that, on average, British MEPs had the worst European Parliament attendance records, and that Nuttall, alongside David Campbell Bannerman and Godfrey Bloom, had the worst attendance records of British MEPs, with an average of below 63%.[28] On 8 November 2010, Nuttall was confirmed by UKIP's NEC as Nigel Farage's choice for deputy leader. At the same time, he stepped down as chairman. He said, "This is a great honour which I was happy to accept, particularly at such a very exciting time for UKIP."[29]

Following the general election, a High Court ruling found the result in Oldham East and Saddleworth null and void after Labour's Phil Woolas was found to have made false statements in campaign literature.[30] Nuttall was selected as UKIP's candidate in the 2011 by-election held in the constituency to replace Woolas. Speaking to local media, he said that the by-election was "built on a pyramid of lies": "Whether it's Labour lying on their own election literature which has caused this sorry scenario, or whether it's the Liberal Democrats lying over tuition fees and reneging on their manifesto pledges, or whether it's the Tories lying over our relationship with the EU, or immigration, or crime."[31] Nuttall came fourth in the election, winning 5.8% of the vote.[32]

During the debate over a possible electoral pact between the Conservatives and UKIP, in September 2012 Nuttall said "You never say never in politics" when asked about the possibility of them working together.[33] However, in November 2012, Nuttall said there would be "no deals with the Tories while David Cameron is leader", blaming Cameron's previous claims about the party, including that it was one of "closet racists".[34]

In February 2013, Nuttall visited Bulgaria at the invitation of independent MEP Slavcho Binev. He visited the largest Romani quarter of Sofia, Bulgaria's capital, and later commented that such slums should not exist in Europe and that minorities should be integrated. He took part in a joint press conference with Binev, during which nationalist politician Volen Siderov interrupted proceedings to accuse UKIP of racism. This led to "an angry and rude exchange of words between him and Binev."[35]

Nuttall predicted that the UK "will probably be out of the EU by 2020" in April 2013.[36] His speech to UKIP's 2013 conference was praised by some, including Isabel Hardman of The Spectator, who wrote: "Nuttall's speech was more impressive and powerful that the slightly sweaty offering his boss gave a few minutes after him. The question is whether this northern MEP can become a brand in his own right in the way that Farage has managed to."[37]

Second term in the European Parliament, from 2014

In 2014, Nuttall was returned to the European Parliament at the European election and is currently one of two UKIP MEPs representing the constituency of North West England. In 2015, he once again contested Bootle, and came second behind Labour, with a 10.9% vote share.[38]

UKIP Leadership

He announced in July 2016 that he would not stand in the September 2016 UKIP leadership election following the resignation of Nigel Farage and that he would step down as deputy leader of the party.[39][40] In October 2016, Nuttall announced that he would run in the second UKIP leadership election of 2016, triggered when Diane James, leader for 18 days after the first 2016 leadership election, announced she was to stand down.[41][42]

On 28 November 2016, following the second 2016 leadership election, he became leader of UKIP with 62.2% of the vote.[43]

Nuttall stood as a UKIP candidate for the Stoke-on-Trent Central by-election, 2017. His campaign was compromised by his various questionable claims: that he was present and "lost close personal friends" at the Hillsborough disaster, that he had a PhD, had been on the board of directors at a vocational training charity, and had been a footballer for Tranmere Rovers, all of which emerged to be untrue.[15] He has been investigated for possibly fraudulent claims that he was living in a house in Stoke-on-Trent, which was discovered to be empty and still advertised to rent, when he filed his nomination papers.[44] Gareth Snell of Labour won the by-election with 7,853 votes to Nuttall's 5,233, Nuttall finishing second with 24.7% of the vote.[45]

Paul Nuttall stood in the 2017 general election, in the constituency of Boston and Skegness,[46] but failed to win the seat.[47] He resigned as leader the day after the election.

Political views

Nuttall speaking in 2009

In March 2015 Nuttall stated that "Twelve per cent of Catholics have already indicated that they are going to vote, or have already voted, UKIP. On moral issues, we, more than any other political party, are more in line with Catholic thought. Whether it's on gender-choice, abortion or same-sex marriage, we are absolutely 100 per cent behind the Catholic Church."[9]

During his leadership bid in 2016, Nuttall pitched himself as the unity candidate and made Suzanne Evans co-deputy chairwoman of the party and Patrick O'Flynn his principal political adviser, both of whom have been seen as political foes of former UKIP leader Nigel Farage.[48] Nuttall vowed in 2016 to "replace the Labour Party in the next five years and become the patriotic party of the working people".[49]

Nuttall called for the establishment of an English parliament[2] and presented UKIP's new devolution policy at its annual conference at Eastbourne in September 2011.[50]

Influenced by his background, Nuttall has stated that there is an urgent need for a challenge in England's politics in the early 21st century to the dominance of what he has described as "cultural Marxism", which he accuses of "having changed the way we speak, and the way we think", adding: "They've made the downright nonsensical acceptable, and common sense unacceptable or politically 'incorrect'."[8]

Abortion

Nuttall suggested in October 2016 that the current time limit on abortion be cut down from 24 weeks to 12 weeks.[51] He is a member of the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children,[52] United Kingdom's largest pro-life organisation founded in January 1967.

Islam

Nuttall favours a ban on wearing Islamic burqas in public places, citing the use of video surveillance and security as the primary reason for this stance,[53] and is opposed to the establishment of Sharia courts to operate alongside the UK court system.[54] He has also accused the EU's migration laws as allowing for the "free movement of jihad".[8]

Capital punishment

Nuttall has supported the reintroduction of capital punishment for child murderers, serial killers, and those who kill police officers. He has signed an e-petition to this effect. However, he has also stressed that it is UKIP's policy to put controversial policies such as capital punishment to a referendum before undertaking them.[55]

Climate change

A global warming sceptic, Nuttall has said that UKIP would ban Al Gore's An Inconvenient Truth from schools, calling it "a blatant piece of propaganda".[8]

LGBT rights

Nuttall opposed Labour's plans to include LGBT-inclusive sex and relationship education in schools in 2015, stating that "Rather than helping tackle problems of domestic violence and rape in future years, as given as another woolly reason for introduction, it is going to confuse and worry these little children".[7] Upon becoming UKIP leader, Nuttall faced criticism from Daily Politics presenter Jo Coburn over a lack of diversity in his appointments of only white men to prominent positions within UKIP. Nuttall accused Coburn of "splitting hairs" as "I've literally appointed three people. If you want diversity, Peter Whittle, my deputy, is an open homosexual."[56]

Torture

Following comments by US president Donald Trump concerning the effectiveness of torture, Nuttall said torture techniques such as waterboarding could be justified. Paraphrasing Trump, Nuttall said: "I think sometimes you have to fight fire with fire."[57]

UKIP peerages

In a 2016 interview with The Sunday Telegraph, Nuttall said that it was "obscene and unfair" that no UKIP politician had been appointed to the House of Lords by the government. He promised to hold inter-party talks with Prime Minister Theresa May on the issue, saying that, if peerages were given in proportion to vote count in the 2015 general election, UKIP should have 26 lords.[58]

2016 United States presidential election

Before the 2016 United States presidential election, Nuttall stated repeatedly that if he were an American citizen: "I would hold my nose and vote for Gary Johnson, the Libertarian candidate".[59]

After the election he said "Neither the Brexit vote nor the Trump victory was down to emotion rather than truth. They were down to the people realising the truth that the establishment was not acting in their best interests."[8] Nuttall was later ridiculed after mistakenly saying that Trump's love of the United Kingdom makes him an "anglophobe", a word which means the opposite.[60] Phillip Blond said that mocking Nuttall's language in this manner was an example of "laughing at working-class misuse of language", adding that "correcting people's speech is redolent with class [and] division"; however, others such as Oliver Kamm disagreed.[61]

Views on the NHS

Nuttall has called for privatisation of the NHS, posting on his website in June 2014 that "the very existence of the NHS stifles competition", and stating his belief that "as long as the NHS is the ‘sacred cow' of British politics, the longer the British people will suffer with a second-rate health service". This was later taken down from his website.[62][63]

Upon becoming party leader, Nuttall told Andrew Marr on the Sunday Politics that "Maybe at some point, in years to come within this century we'll have to have this debate [over NHS privatisation], but it won't be under my leadership in UKIP".[62][64] Following his 2016 UKIP leadership win, he said that his party would be "committed to keeping the NHS in public hands and free at the point of delivery".[65]

Vladimir Putin and the Syrian civil war

On foreign policy, Nuttall said that he was "not a fan" of Putin's "reprehensible" persecution of Russian journalists.[43] Nuttall has also said Britain "got it wrong" in "helping the so-called rebels" in the Syrian civil war. Asked about Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's barrel bombing of Syrian civilians, Nuttall said: "I wouldn't say we are some paragon of virtue when it comes to backing dictators" and that the Assad regime, which Russia is supporting militarily, is not "a threat to the globe in the way that Islamic terrorism is".[43]

Controversies

Nicola Sturgeon comments

Nuttall drew criticism[66] for a tweet he made in the context of the Scottish National Party wishing to vote on foxhunting legislation which affected only England and Wales. Referring to the death of Emily Davison, Nuttall said that, "Tuesday is Emmeline Pankhurst Day, and whilst I am not going to throw myself in front of a horse to make my point about British democracy on this occasion ... perhaps we should throw [Nicola] Sturgeon in front of a hunt horse as part of the commemorations."[67] An SNP spokesperson responded, saying that "Even by UKIP's standards this is a deeply crass comment. Political debate should be conducted in a respectful manner."[67]

Hillsborough claims

Nuttall spoke of his experience at the 1989 Hillsborough disaster on national television in 2015 on BBC Television's Question Time.[68]

An article published by The Guardian in February 2017 questioned his presence at the disaster, stating that his school had tried to account for all pupils who had been present there, and he was not on their list. Further, a friend who had known Nuttall for over 25 years said that he had "never spoken" about Hillsborough. Nuttall insisted the claims were true and presented a letter of support from his father, adding in a newspaper interview that he did not like to talk about the disaster.[69]

A 2011 article on his website quoted him saying that he had lost "close personal friends" at Hillsborough,[70] but in a radio interview during the build-up to the 2017 Stoke by-election he stated that the article was incorrect and that of those he knew who died at Hillsborough none were close personal friends.[71] Nuttall's press officer said she was "entirely responsible" for the posting (which was reported by the BBC) and apologised and offered her resignation.[72][73] The two chairmen of UKIP's Liverpool and Merseyside branch later resigned from the party, accusing Nuttall of being "unprofessional".[74] An article in the Liverpool Echo, by Professor Phil Scraton of the Hillsborough Project, which was also based at Liverpool Edge Hill University, has questioned Nuttall's silence at the time about the topic, given that the two men worked at the same institution. Scraton added that many witnesses understandably found it difficult to talk about their experience, but that Nuttall has not been reticent about his claim more recently.[75]

Career claims

Nuttall has been accused of fabricating parts of his career history. A profile on LinkedIn claimed that Nuttall had completed a PhD at Liverpool Hope University in 2004, although the institution did not exist as such until 2005 (it was previously the Liverpool Institute of Higher Education) and did not start awarding doctorates until 2009.[16] In response, Nuttall said he had never claimed to have a PhD and did not know who had posted the profile.[16]

In 2009 Nuttall's website claimed he was joining the board of the North West Training Council, a vocational training charity, but in 2017 the organisation's CEO said that Nuttall had never been invited and that his name appeared in none of their documentation.[76]

Media

As of 7 June 2017 Nuttall is one of UKIP's media spokespeople and frequently appears on national radio, including BBC Radio 5 Live and Talksport. He has appeared several times on BBC One's Question Time and BBC Radio 4's Any Questions?. He has had a somewhat stormy relationship with the Liverpool Echo.[77]

Electoral performance

Nuttall has contested several UK and European Parliamentary elections as a UKIP candidate:

UK Parliament elections

Date of election Constituency Party Votes  % of votes Result
2005 general election Bootle UKIP 1,054 4.1 Not elected
2010 general election Bootle UKIP 2,514 6.1 Not elected
2011 by-election Oldham East and Saddleworth UKIP 2,029 5.8 Not elected
2015 general election Bootle UKIP 4,915 10.9 Not elected
2017 by-election Stoke-on-Trent Central UKIP 5,233 24.7 Not elected
2017 general election Boston and Skegness UKIP 3,308 7.7 Not elected

European Parliament elections

Date of election Constituency Party Votes  % of votes Result No. of seats
2009 European election North West England UKIP 261,740 15.8 Elected
1 / 8
2014 European election North West England UKIP 481,932 27.5 Elected
3 / 8

References

  1. ^ Steve Crowther (statement). "UKIP-Interim leader selected". UKIP-News and Media. 
  2. ^ a b West, Ed (18 October 2011). "Would an English Parliament save the Union? – Telegraph Blogs". Blogs.telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  3. ^ reporter, Jessica Elgot Political (23 April 2017). "Ukip to campaign to ban burqa and sharia courts, says Paul Nuttall" – via The Guardian. 
  4. ^ a b "Radio 4 Programmes – Any Questions?, 12/02/2010". BBC. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Euro man favours death penalty (from The Bolton News)". Theboltonnews.co.uk. 11 August 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Walker, Peter (28 November 2016). "Paul Nuttall: pragmatist who aims to move Ukip beyond Brexit". The Guardian. 
  7. ^ a b Duffy, Nick (6 February 2015). "UKIP Deputy Leader: Labour's plans to tackle homophobia are 'a disgrace'". PinkNews. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "Paul Nuttall: The new leader of UKIP". 28 November 2016 – via www.bbc.com. 
  9. ^ a b Wilkinson, Paul (4 March 2015). "UKIP Deputy Leader Says Party 'In Line with Catholic Thought'". The Tablet. Retrieved 29 November 2016. 
  10. ^ ‘NUTTALL, Paul', Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2016
  11. ^ "Paul Nuttall: The reluctant leader who is replacing Nigel Farage". Sky News. Retrieved 12 May 2017. 
  12. ^ "Bootle man becomes UK Independence Party chairman", Liverpool Echo, 8 September 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2016
  13. ^ "History man holds key to the future". The Times, 29 November 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2016 (subscription required)
  14. ^ Taylor, Matthew (4 December 2016). "Ukip leader Paul Nuttall under fire over PhD claim and NHS". The Guardian. 
  15. ^ a b c Cobain, Ian; Pegg, David (25 February 2017). "Paul Nuttall's troubled relationship with the truth finally catches up with him". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c "Ukip leader Paul Nuttall denies issuing fake CV saying he had a PhD in history". The Independent. 4 December 2016. 
  17. ^ "UKIP'S Tough Nutt". The Sun. 2016. 
  18. ^ "Nuttall setback". The Sun. 2017. 
  19. ^ "Election Results – 2002". Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council. Archived from the original on 14 April 2003. 
  20. ^ "Election 2005 | Election Map". BBC News. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  21. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2011. 
  22. ^ "Young new Chairman for UKIP – UK Independence Party". Ukip.org. 5 September 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  23. ^ a b "Nuttall selected to be UKIP candidate for Bootle". Liverpool Echo. 25 September 2008. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  24. ^ "Paul Nuttall History of Parliamentary Service". European Parliament. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  25. ^ "18. One-minute speeches on matters of political importance". European Parliament. 7 October 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  26. ^ "New Office Opened". Paul Nuttall MEP. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  27. ^ "Election results for Bootle Parliamentary Constituency, 6 May 2010". Modgov.sefton.gov.uk. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  28. ^ Banks, Martin (9 July 2010). "British MEPs have worst European Parliament attendance record". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  29. ^ "Paul Nuttall appointed deputy leader". UKIP MEPs. 9 November 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  30. ^ Curtis, Polly (5 November 2010). "Phil Woolas ejected from parliament over election slurs". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 July 2016. 
  31. ^ "Candidate Interview: Paul Nuttall (UKIP)". Saddleworth News. 28 December 2010. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  32. ^ "Oldham East and Saddleworth". UK Polling Report. Retrieved 2 November 2015. 
  33. ^ "UKIP, Europe and Tories: Young, Nuttall and Hopkins". BBC News. 20 September 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  34. ^ "Ukip deputy leader Paul Nuttall: No deal with Conservatives while David Cameron is leader". The Daily Telegraph. 26 November 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  35. ^ "UKIP MEP Visit to Sofia Incites Bulgarian Politicians Clash". Novinite. 8 February 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  36. ^ Joyner, Alfred (30 April 2013). "Ukip Deputy: We Will be Out of the EU by 2020". International Business Times. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  37. ^ Hardman, Isabel (20 September 2013). "Ukip conference: Paul Nuttall, a very different Ukipper, appeals to the Labour vote". The Spectator. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  38. ^ "Bootle". BBC News. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  39. ^ Belger, Tom (9 July 2016). "Here's why Paul Nuttall says he won't stand to be UKIP's leader – for now". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 9 July 2016. 
  40. ^ "UKIP leadership: Paul Nuttall rules out bid to replace Nigel Farage". BBC News. 15 July 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  41. ^ "Paul Nuttall And Suzanne Evans Announce Ukip Leadership Bids". The Huffington Post. 23 October 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2016. 
  42. ^ "Suzanne Evans and Paul Nuttall both run for UKIP leadership". BBC News. 23 October 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  43. ^ a b c Fisher, Lucy (28 November 2016). "Putin and Assad are on our side, claims new Ukip leader". The Times. (Subscription required (help)). 
  44. ^ "Paul Nuttall investigated by police over election fraud claim over Stoke-on-Trent by-election house". The Independent. 3 February 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017. 
  45. ^ "Stoke and Copeland by-elections: Labour holds Stoke - BBC News". Bbc.co.uk. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2017-02-24. 
  46. ^ "UKIP leader Nuttall to stand in Boston and Skegness". BBC News. 29 April 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  47. ^ Joshua Taylor (8 June 2017). "Not even Paul Nuttall voted for Paul Nuttall because he's registered 120 miles away from where he's standing". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  48. ^ Fisher, Lucy (30 November 2016). "Farage's old foe gets seat at top table". The Times. (Subscription required (help)). 
  49. ^ Chorley, Matt (28 November 2016). "Oppose migration or lose your seat, Labour MPs told". The Times. (Subscription required (help)). 
  50. ^ Wilby, Peter (30 May 2014). "It's time to challenge Ukip over its climate change denial". New Statesman. Retrieved 4 July 2016. 
  51. ^ "Murnaghan Interview with Paul Nuttall MEP, UKIP leadership candidate, 30.10.16". sky.com. 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2016. 
  52. ^ O'Donohue, Anna (28 November 2016). "Paul Nuttall in his own words". i. Retrieved 23 December 2016. 
  53. ^ "Radio 4's Any Questions at Burnley raises burka issue". Lancashire Telegraph. 13 February 2010. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  54. ^ "MEP speaks out against spread of Sharia courts". 
  55. ^ Rogerson, Paul (13 May 2013). "Bringing back the death penalty". The Law Society Gazette. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  56. ^ Simons, Ned (28 November 2016). "Paul Nuttall Points To 'Open Homosexual' Deputy As Evidence Of Ukip Diversity". The Huffington Post. United Kingdom.
  57. ^ Walker, Peter (27 January 2017). "Ukip's Paul Nuttall backs Donald Trump's stance on torture". The Guardian. 
  58. ^ Riley-Smith, Ben (26 November 2016). "Give Ukip 20 peerages, candidate poised to become party leader demands". The Telegraph. 
  59. ^ "Would-be Ukip leaders admit party divisions in debate". The Press Association. 1 November 2016. 
  60. ^ Simons, Ned (17 January 2017). "Paul Nuttall Mocked For Not Knowing What 'Anglophobe' Means". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 
  61. ^ Kamm, Oliver (21 January 2017). "Confusing your ‘philes' and ‘phobes' is not a class issue". The Times. Retrieved 14 February 2017. (Subscription required (help)). 
  62. ^ a b Taylor, Matthew (4 December 2016). "Ukip leader Paul Nuttall under fire over PhD claim and NHS". The Guardian. 
  63. ^ Chand, Kailash (2 October 2014). "Ukip's assault on the NHS would ensure its extinction". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  64. ^ Geddes, Duncan (4 December 2016). "Ukip won't push to privatise NHS, says Nuttall". Sunday Times. Retrieved 4 December 2016. (Subscription required (help)). 
  65. ^ "Ukip leader Nuttall says NHS privatisation could be debated this century". The Independent. 4 December 2016. 
  66. ^ "Ukip MEP: Sturgeon should be thrown in front of horse over fox vote". Stv.tv. Retrieved 2017-02-24. 
  67. ^ a b Bennett, Owen (14 July 2015). "'Throw Nicola Sturgeon In Front Of A Horse' Says Ukip's Deputy Leader...No, Really". The Huffington Post. 
  68. ^ "Paul Nuttall BBC Question Time". BBC. 22 January 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  69. ^ Cobain, Ian (10 February 2017). "Ukip leader Paul Nuttall denies lying about being at Hillsborough disaster". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 
  70. ^ UKIP MEP SLAMS GOVERNMENT DECISION TO BLOCK RELEASE OF HILLSBOROUGH FILE. Paul Nuttall MEP (2011-08-17). Retrieved on 2017-02-17.
  71. ^ Osborne, Samuel (14 February 2017). "Ukip leader Paul Nuttall admits his website claim of losing a 'close personal friend' at Hillsborough are false". Independent. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 
  72. ^ "Hillsborough files: Cabinet office appeals against disclosure". BBC News. 17 August 2011. Retrieved 2017-02-15. 
  73. ^ "Ukip leader 'appalled' at false Hillsborough claim on his website". ITV. 14 February 2017. 
  74. ^ "UKIP officials quit in Hillsborough row". BBC News. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  75. ^ Scraton, Phil (20 February 2017). "Why the questions about Paul Nuttall and Hillsborough need proper answers". 
  76. ^ Pegg, David (18 February 2017). "Ukip leader Paul Nuttall under pressure over claims he served on charity board". The Guardian. 
  77. ^ "Paul Nuttall: Bootle native who now leads Ukip". Liverpool Echo. 28 November 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2016. 

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
John Whittaker
Chair of the UK Independence Party
2008–2010
Succeeded by
Steve Crowther
Preceded by
David Campbell Bannerman
Deputy Leader of the UK Independence Party
2010–2016
Succeeded by
Peter Whittle
Preceded by
Nigel Farage
Acting
Leader of the UK Independence Party
2016–2017
Succeeded by
Steve Crowther
Acting