Paul O'Sullivan

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For other people named Paul O'Sullivan, see Paul O'Sullivan (disambiguation).
Paul O'Sullivan
AO, CNZM
Paul O'Sullivan (1).jpg
11th Director-General of Security
In office
10 July 2005 – 28 February 2009
Prime Minister John Howard
Kevin Rudd
Preceded by Dennis Richardson
Succeeded by David Irvine
Personal details
Born Paul Thomas O'Sullivan
(1948-02-03) 3 February 1948 (age 69)
Sydney, New South Wales
Nationality Australian
Spouse(s) Merrilyn
Children 3 sons
Alma mater University of Sydney
Occupation Diplomat, Public servant, Political advisor

Paul Thomas O'Sullivan AO, CNZM (born 3 February 1948, in Sydney, New South Wales)[1] is an Australian diplomat and public servant who served as Australia's High Commissioner to New Zealand and as former Director-General of Security. O'Sullivan accepted a role as a political advisor for the Abbott Government in 2013.

Background and career[edit]

O'Sullivan attended Marcellin College, Randwick,[2] and graduated from the University of Sydney with a Bachelor of Arts (Hons).

Public service and diplomatic career[edit]

After joining the Department of Foreign Affairs in 1971, O'Sullivan held diplomatic appointments in Rome, Washington, D.C. and Cairo. Between 1991 and 1994 he was the Australian representative to the UN disarmament office. From 1994 to 1996 he headed two divisions in the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. After serving as Deputy Chief of Mission at the Australian Embassy in Washington, O'Sullivan was appointed as the Australian Ambassador to Germany in 1999.[3]

O'Sullivan was a Deputy Secretary in the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade between 2003 and 2004. He was appointed as Senior Advisor (International) to Prime Minister John Howard in January 2004,[4] taking up his appointment to head the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation in July 2005.[5] Between 2004 and 2005 O'Sullivan was concurrently a Commissioner of the National Crime Commission.[6]

O'Sullivan's appointment as Director-General of Security was criticised by former Australian Secret Intelligence Service officer Warren Reed, who claimed that O'Sullivan failed to protect Reed's cover while serving as deputy to the Australian Ambassador in Cairo, leading to the abduction of Reed's operational assistant by Egyptian security agents and the closure of the ASIS station in Cairo.[7][8] Within weeks of his appointment to lead ASIO, the series of Islamic suicide bombings of London occurred amid domestic calls for draconian counter-terrorism laws, followed some months later with the 2005 Bali bombings, leaving four Australian tourists dead.[9][10][11] In 2006, O'Sullivan warned that terrorists could carry out attacks on hotels and restaurants in Australia.[12] Following actions by two ASIO agents that a Supreme Court Justice stated was probably criminal and constituted kidnapping under the law, the court dismissed legal proceedings after assessing the ASIO interviews were inadmissible. O'Sullivan defended the actions by the ASIO agents, although he did admit that changes have been made to ASIO's procedures.[13]

Role in "Oil for Food" scandal[edit]

According to evidence presented, in March 2006, to the Cole Inquiry, an Australian Royal Commission into the "oil for food" scandal, in June 2005 while serving as senior international advisor to the Prime Minister, O'Sullivan advised executives of the Australian Wheat Board (AWB) against full co-operation with a United Nations inquiry into allegations that the AWB had breached UN sanctions by paying kickbacks to the regime of former Iraqi dictator Sadaam Hussein. Notes tendered to the Cole Inquiry showed that O'Sullivan told AWB executives to "[k]eep your responses narrow [and] technical. Do not blame US, complain about process." Prime Minister John Howard had previously ordered full co-operation with the UN inquiry.[14] O'Sullivan was gagged from commenting further in public, while the Cole Inquiry was in progress.[15]

Political advisor[edit]

On 1 November 2013, O'Sullivan commenced appointment as Chief of Staff to the Attorney-General, George Brandis QC.[16][17]

Honours[edit]

In 2010, O'Sullivan was appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia for service to public administration through significant contributions to the advancement of Australia's security and the development of international relations.[18] In 2012, O'Sullivan was appointed a Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit for services to Australia-New Zealand relations.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Family Notices.". The Sydney Morning Herald. NSW: National Library of Australia. 7 February 1948. p. 28. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  2. ^ Allard, Tom (28 October 2005). "Read all about it - soon it will be illegal". The Sydney Morning Herald. 
  3. ^ Downer, Alexander (2 February 1999). "Diplomatic Appointment: Ambassador To Germany". Minister for Foreign Affairs (Press release). 
  4. ^ "Speaker's biographical note". Australian Institute of Company Directors. 
  5. ^ Banham, Cynthia (11 July 2005). "Howard adviser lands top spy job". The Sydney Morning Herald. 
  6. ^ "Paul O'Sullivan AO CNZM". Keynote speakers. Australia India Youth Dialogue Limited. 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  7. ^ Allard, Tom (17 July 2005). "New ASIO chief 'blew Cairo spy's cover'". The Age. 
  8. ^ Reed, Warren (17 July 2005). "Interview: Warren Reed". Sunday (Interview). Interview with Laurie Oakes. Nine Network. 
  9. ^ Wilkinson, Marian (14 October 2005). "Spy chief gives little away at first outing". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  10. ^ Todd, Mark (14 October 2006). "ASIO chief warns of attacks in Australia". The Age. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  11. ^ Allard, Tom (13 March 2006). "Citizen to terrorist a quick step: ASIO chief". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  12. ^ Nicholson, Brendan (5 May 2006). "ASIO warns of domestic terror risks". The Age. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  13. ^ Sales, Leigh (5 December 2007). "ASIO boss defends agents over kidnapping". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  14. ^ Edwards, Michael (29 March 2006). "AWB told to be "small target"" (transcript). Lateline. Australia: ABC TV. 
  15. ^ "Spy chief gagged on AWB". The Age. AAP. 14 February 2006. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  16. ^ Brandis, George (17 October 2013). "Mr Paul O'Sullivan AO" (Press release). Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  17. ^ Keane, Bernard (18 October 2013). "Brandis' staffing coup points to 'national security focus'". Crikey. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  18. ^ "O'SULLIVAN, Paul Thomas". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 26 January 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "The Queen's Birthday and Diamond Jubilee Honours List 2012". Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Government of New Zealand. 4 June 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Dennis Richardson
Director-General of Security
2005–2009
Succeeded by
David Irvine
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
John Dauth
Australian High Commissioner to New Zealand
2009–2012
Succeeded by
Michael Potts
Preceded by
Max Hughes
Australian Ambassador to Germany
Australian Ambassador to Switzerland

1999–2002
Succeeded by
Pamela Fayle