Paul Oestreicher (born 29 September 1931, Meiningen) is an Anglican priest, Quaker, peace and human rights activist.
Life and work
In 1938, shortly after he began school, his family had to leave their home in Germany due to the Jewish ancestry of his father, the paediatrician Paul Oestreicher (1896–1981). They found asylum in New Zealand in 1939, where he grew up. He studied Political Science and German Literature at the University of Otago and the Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand from 1949-1955, completing an MA with a thesis on the history of conscientious objection to WWII in New Zealand (1955). Whilst he was at the University of Otago he was editor of its student newspaper, Critic. He then moved to the University of Bonn for a two-year Alexander von Humboldt research fellowship to study Christianity and Marxism under professor Helmut Gollwitzer. Between 1956 and 1958 he trained as an Anglican Priest at Lincoln Theological College, before spending 1958 and 1959 as assistant guest pastor to the German Protestant Church in Rǖsselsheim in the church province of Hessen-Nassau, at the invitation of Church President Martin Niemöller.
In 1959 he was ordained deacon in St Paul's Cathedral London and priest a year later. He served as curate in the parish of Holy Trinity Church, Dalston in east London, where he was trained by vicar Stanley Evans, a founding member of the Christian Socialist Movement, now Christians on the Left. From 1961 to 1964 he was a Features Producer in the BBC religious broadcasting department, winning an American Radio Award for a programme on abortion.
From 1964 to 1969 was the Secretary of the East-West Relations Advisory Committee of the British Council of Churches, continuing this role in an honorary capacity until 1985. He took an active part early on in the Christian Peace Conference (Prague) and in 1964 was elected to its executive committee. On account of his critique of Soviet policies he was expelled from the Executive in 1968. He said his 'parish' stretched from East Berlin to Vladivostok, and he paid 77 pastoral visits to East Germany before the fall of the Berlin Wall.
From 1968 to 1981 he was appointed the parish priest of the Church of the Ascension, Blackheath by John Robinson (bishop of Woolwich). During this time He appointed Deaconess Elsie Baker to lead the pastoral work of the parish, well ahead of the ordination of women to the priesthood. The Church of England eventually ordained her in her 85th year. Oestreicher was a founding member of the Movement for the Ordination of Women.
In 1974 in his personal capacity, he was invited by the West German Minister of Justice, and the families of the prisoners, to help bring to an end a long-lasting hunger strike by the imprisoned members of the Red Army Faction, which had led to deaths inside and, in retaliation, outside the prison system. This entailed mediating between Attorney-General Siegfried Buback and the prisoners. Although partially successful, this mission did not prevent the subsequent deaths of the leading RAF prisoners.
From 1981 to 1985 he was Director of the Division of International Affairs of the British Council of Churches. As part of this work, in cooperation with the South African Council of Churches, he was actively involved in the Anti-Apartheid Movement. Later, at the invitation of Desmond Tutu, he helped to bring an end to the armed conflict between the African National Congress and Mangosuthu Buthelezi's Inkatha Freedom Party. During this period he became a member of the Society of Friends. He made a substantial contribution to the work of the Dresden Trust, which raised funds in the UK for the reconstruction of the Frauenkirche in Dresden.
In 1985 the Diocesan Synod elected Oestreicher Bishop of Wellington, New Zealand. The Anglican Church leadership declined to ratify this election.
From 1985-1997, Oestreicher was Canon Residentiary and Director of the International Centre for Reconciliation at Coventry Cathedral UK. This enabled him to further the work of the Community of the Cross of Nails. After his retirement, he continued to work in an advisory role with his successor Andrew White (priest).
He retired from the Cathedral in 1998, remaining Canon Emeritus and moving to Brighton, where he lives with his second wife, the New Zealander Barbara Einhorn, a professor of Gender Studies at the University of Sussex. They married in 2002, having first met after Oestreicher helped get Einhorn released from arrest and imprisonment by the Stasi for befriending a women's dissident peace group. In 2010, Einhorn and Oestreicher both taught for one semester at the National Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Otago, of which they are still Research Affiliates. He and Einhorn are amongst the founding members of Jews for Justice for Palestinians.
From 2004 to 2009 Oestreicher was honorary Quaker chaplain to the University of Sussex.
A lifelong pacifist, Oestreicher was co-founder of the Anglican Pacifist Fellowship in New Zealand, and remains a Counsellor of APF UK. In 1959 he joined the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and is still one of its Vice-Presidents. He joined Amnesty International at its inception in 1961 and was Chair of AI UK from 1975-1979.
- Federal Service Cross first class (1995)
- Honorary Citizen, Meiningen, Germany (1995)
- Wartburg Prize for the Promotion of European Unity (1997) 
- Award of Merit, Coventry, UK (2002) 
- Order of Merit of the Free State of Saxony, Germany (2004) 
- DD Lambeth UK (2008)
- DLitt Coventry Polytechnic (1991) (honorary)
- LLD University of Sussex UK (2005) (honorary)
- DD University of Otago New Zealand (2009) (honorary)
- (Editor, English edn) Helmut Gollwitzer, The Demands of Freedom (1965)
- (Translator) H. J. Schultz, Conversion to the World (1967)
- (Co-editor, with J. Klugmann) What Kind of Revolution: A Christian-Communist Dialogue (1968)
- (Editor) The Christian-Marxist Dialogue (1969)
- (Joint author) The Church and the Bomb (1983)
- (Sole author) The Double Cross (1986); German version with a foreword by Desmond Tutu, Aufs Kreuz gelegt. Erfahrungen eines kämpferischen Pazifisten (1993)
- Frequent articles in The Times, The Guardian, the Church Times, and German publications