Paul P. Harris

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Paul Percy Harris on a 1968 stamp of Brazil
Sculpture of Paul P. Harris in Madrid.

Paul Percy Harris (April 19, 1868 – January 27, 1947) was a Chicago, Illinois, attorney. He founded Rotary International in 1905.[1]


Harris was born in Racine, Wisconsin. At age 3, when his family fell on hard times, they moved to Vermont to live with Harris' paternal grandparents. He attended Princeton University, the University of Vermont, and the University of Iowa. For the next five years, he worked odd jobs for a newspaper as a salesman and a reporter, on fruit farms, as an actor and cowboy, and on cattle ships that traveled to Europe. Harris settled in the Beverly neighborhood of Chicago, where he lived until his death in 1947.[2]

He began his law practice in 1896 in Chicago. In 1905, Harris organized the first Rotary Club "in fellowship and friendship" with three clients, Silvester Schele, Gustavus Loehr, and Hiram Shorey. His initial goal was to create a club of professional and business men for friendship and fellowship. Early on, Harris realized that Rotary needed a greater purpose. While Harris served as president of the Chicago Rotary Club in 1907, the club initiated its first public service project, the construction of public toilets in Chicago. This step transformed Rotary into the world's first Service Club.[3][4]

Harris had great ambitions for the growth of Rotary, and very early in the organization's history new clubs were started, first on the west coast, and then all over the US and in Europe.[2]


Rotary International[edit]

By the time of Harris' death at the age of seventy-nine, Rotary International had grown to more than 200,000 members in 75 countries.[1] Rotary International currently numbers 1.2 million members worldwide.

The motto of Rotary International is "Service Above Self". While the club provides a venue for both business and social networking, the primary focus is on local and international service projects.

Paul Harris Fellow[edit]

Paul Harris Fellow Pin and Paul Harris Society Hanger

Individuals who have contributed more than $1000 to the Annual Program Fund, the Polio Plus Fund or the Humanitarian Grants Program of the Rotary Foundation are recognized as Paul Harris Fellows. Additionally, individual Rotary clubs may from time to time honor individuals as Paul Harris Fellows. These honorees are individuals who meet high professional and personal standards set forth by Paul Harris. Paul Harris recognition is not limited to Rotarians.

A Paul Harris Fellow receives a special certificate and a gold pin. At the discretion of the Fellow's club, the Fellow may also receive a gold medallion on a blue-and-gold ribbon.

Multiple-time Paul Harris Fellows are recognized as they continue to contribute. Additionally, Paul Harris Fellows receive recognition points which they may contribute towards the recognition of other members as Paul Harris Fellows. [1][5]

Paul Harris Society[edit]

The Paul Harris Society is a special program administered by Rotary Districts. Paul Harris Society members make a commitment to contribute $1000 each year to the Annual Program Fund. A Paul Harris Society member receives a "hanger" for their Paul Harris Fellow Pin with the initials PHS.


  1. ^ a b c "Rotary Club gets its start", Laredo Morning Times, Laredo, Texas, November 29, 2009, p. 8f
  2. ^ a b Paul P. Harris (1948). My Road to Rotary. A. Kroch & Son. 
  3. ^ Paul Harris profile at The Extra Mile "Paul Harris profile" Check |url= scheme (help). Retrieved August 14, 2011. 
  4. ^ Rotary Timeline "Rotary Timeline" Check |url= scheme (help). Retrieved August 14, 2011. 
  5. ^ Rotary Foundation Individual Recognition "Individual Recognition" Check |url= scheme (help). Retrieved August 11, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
President of Rotary International
1910–1911, 1911–1912
Succeeded by
Glenn C. Mead