Paul Ramadier

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Paul Ramadier
Paul Ramadier en 1947.jpg
Ramadier in 1947.
Prime Minister of France
In office
22 January 1947 – 24 November 1947
Preceded byLéon Blum
Succeeded byRobert Schuman
Personal details
Born17 March 1888
La Rochelle, France
Died14 October 1961(1961-10-14) (aged 73)
Rodez, France
Political partySFIO

Paul Ramadier (17 March 1888 in La Rochelle – 14 October 1961 in Rodez) was a French statesman.


The son of a psychiatrist, Ramadier graduated in law from the University of Toulouse and started his profession as a lawyer in Paris. Then, in 1911, he gained his doctorate in Roman law. He became the mayor of Decazeville in 1919 and served as the first Prime Minister of the Fourth Republic in 1947.[1]

On 10 July 1940, he voted against the granting of the full powers to Marshal Philippe Pétain, who installed the Vichy regime the next day.

Ramadier took part in the Resistance and used the nom de guerre Violette.[2] His name was included in the Yad Vashem Jewish memorial after the war.

In the government of Charles de Gaulle (1944–1945), he was Minister for Provisions and earned a reputation as a hardworker, pragmatic and conciliatory politician.[3]

It was during his first ministry that the French Communist Party was forced out of the government in May 1947, which ended the coalition of "tripartisme" with the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO). Ramadier voted for the Marshall Plan.

From 1956 to 1957, Ramadier was Minister of Finance under Guy Mollet.


First Ministry (22 January – 22 October 1947)[edit]


  • 4 May 1947 – Pierre-Henri Teitgen succeeds Thorez as Vice President of the Council. The other Communist ministers (Croizat, Marranne, and Tillon) also resign.
  • 9 May 1947 – Daniel Mayer succeeds Croizat as Minister of Labour and Social Security. Robert Prigent succeeds Marranne as Minister of Public Health and Population. Jean Letourneau succeeds Tillon as Minister of Reconstruction and Town Planning. Eugène Thomas enters the Cabinet as Minister of Posts.
  • 11 August 1947 – Robert Lacoste succeeds Letourneau as Minister of Commerce, becoming thus Minister of Commerce and Industry.

Second Ministry (22 October – 24 November 1947)[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Minister of Justice
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of France
Succeeded by


  1. ^ Yvert, Benoît (2007). Premiers ministres et présidents du Conseil depuis 1815. Perrin-Tempus. p. 603
  2. ^ Mee, Charles L (11 February 2015). Saving a Continent: The Untold Story of the Marshall Plan. New Word CIty.
  3. ^ Yvert, Benoît (2007). Premiers ministres et présidents du Conseil depuis 1815. Perrin-Tempus. pp. 603–605.

External links[edit]