Paul Rose (political figure)
Paul Abigal Rose
October 16, 1943
|Died||March 14, 2013 (aged 69)|
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Cause of death||Stroke|
|Allegiance||Front de libération du Québec|
|Conviction(s)||Kidnapping and murder|
|Criminal charge||Kidnapping and murder|
Paul Rose (October 16, 1943 – March 14, 2013) was a Québécois nationalist and terrorist known for his role in the October Crisis. He was convicted of the kidnapping and murder by strangulation of Quebec Deputy Premier Pierre Laporte in 1970. A Quebec government commission later determined in 1980 that Rose was not present when Laporte was killed, despite a recorded confession. He was the leader of the Chenier cell of the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ), an armed group which was fighting what they considered the oppression of French Quebecers.
On October 10, 1970, the cell kidnapped Quebec Deputy Premier Pierre Laporte. Laporte's strangled body was found in the trunk of a car on October 17. Rose was among those convicted of the kidnapping and murder.
Rose was born in the Saint-Henri district of Montreal. At the age of eight, his family moved to Ville-Emard and later on his family moved to Ville Jacques-Cartier, now part of Longueuil, where he spent most of his teenage years.
A member of the Rassemblement pour l'indépendance nationale political party, Rose's involvement with radical groups began in 1968 after meeting Jacques Lanctôt, a member of the FLQ, during a rally against Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau at the Saint-Jean-Baptiste parade.
Role in October Crisis
During what became known as the October Crisis, on October 5, 1970, members of the FLQ's Liberation Cell kidnapped the British Trade Commissioner James Cross from his Montreal home as part of a violent attempt to overthrow the elected government and to establish a socialist Quebec state independent of Canada.
On October 10, Paul Rose as leader of the FLQ's Chénier Cell joined with members Jacques Rose (brother), Bernard Lortie, and Francis Simard to kidnap Quebec Vice Premier and cabinet minister, Pierre Laporte. Believing many others would follow in an uprising, their goal was to have Quebec live up to the fate wished for it by the Lower Canada rebellions of 1837-8, namely to become an independent country. However, the kidnapping did not work out as planned and they killed Laporte. Some say that FLQ killed him without hesitation in order to show to the population they were serious.  Another version of the story says that the minister died by strangulation by accident when two of the kidnappers (Paul Rose was not there) were about to release him and they tried to control him after he tried to run away. In 1971, Rose was convicted of the kidnapping and murder of Laporte and sentenced to life imprisonment.
In 1980, the Duchaine Report found that Rose was not present when Laporte was killed. He was released on parole in 1982.
Later evidence would prove the contrary. "A coroner’s inquest soon after the murder determined that Laporte had been strangled by a gold religious medal he wore around his neck. In a conversation wiretapped by police, Rose even admitted to his lawyer that he “finished” Laporte with the gold chain." However, the police officer who recorded the conversation told The Globe and Mail that Rose may have made the statement to cover up for another cell member. Another version, less "drastic", says rather that this secretly recorded conversation was between Paul Rose's brother, Jacques, and his lawyer, Robert Lemieux. Jacques Rose then told that Pierre Laporte was accidentally strangled during a struggle after he tried to escape while two of the kidnappers were about to release him. As this conversation was recorded without the consent of Rose and Lemieux, it could not be used as evidence.
Rose also remained unrepentant. In an interview he gave to Le Devoir, he said:
- I regret nothing: 1970, the abductions, the prison, the suffering, nothing. I did what I had to do. Placed before the same circumstances today, I would do exactly the same thing. I will never deny what I did and what happened. It was not a youthful indiscretion.
Later life and death
During the 1990s, he contributed to the monthly L'aut'journal. He was nominated as the New Democratic Party of Quebec's candidate in a 1992 provincial by-election. His nomination was controversial, and resulted in the federal New Democratic Party denouncing its former provincial wing (ties between the two parties had been severed in 1989) and seeking legal options in an attempt to force the provincial party to change its name.
The NDPQ changed its name to the Parti de la démocratie socialiste in 1994, and Rose was elected its leader in 1996. He led the party until 2002 when it joined the Union des forces progressistes. Rose worked for the Confédération des syndicats nationaux labour union. Rose remained a strong supporter of the Quebec sovereignty movement, which he likened to "a liberation nationalism. It’s a people being denied its existence that is trying to find its place in the sun, in the same way as Palestine and Ireland."
Even in death, Rose was the source of controversy. Amir Khadir, one of two deputies of the sovereigntist party Quebec solidaire, which had absorbed the UFP in 2006, proposed tabling a motion in the Quebec provincial legislature to honour his death. Khadir later withdrew the proposal, blaming anglophone media for nationalist hate-mongering, and claiming Rose had recanted and been rehabilitated.
- "PressReader.com - Connecting People Through News". www.pressreader.com. Retrieved 2018-09-18.
- "Paul Rose, 69, FLQ leader and a separatist to the end". Retrieved 2018-09-18.
- "FLQ terrorist Paul Rose, major figure in 1970 October Crisis, dies - Macleans.ca". Macleans.ca. 2013-03-14. Retrieved 2018-09-18.
- "Le felquiste Paul Rose est mort". Radio Canada nouvelles (in French). Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "FLQ terrorist Paul Rose dies at age 69". Toronto Star. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
- "Paul Rose, leader of cell that kidnapped, killed Quebec minister Pierre Laporte, has died". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. March 14, 2013.
- "FLQ wanted air time, not revolution". CBC News. September 23, 2010. Archived from the original on September 27, 2010.
- Tetley, William. The October Crisis, 1970: An Insider's View. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press (2006)
- "Crise d'octobre : La police et Québec savaient que Pierre Laporte était mort accidentellement aux mains du FLQ". Fr-ca.actualites.yahoo.com. Archived from the original on 9 October 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- "Chronology of the October Crisis, 1970, and its Aftermath". Marionopolis College, Quebec History. August 23, 2000. Retrieved 2009-07-31.
- Tristin Hopper (14 March 2013). "Paul Rose, man at centre of Quebec's October Crisis, dies in Montreal". National Post. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- Martin, Douglas (2013-03-25). "Paul Rose, Quebec Separatist Involved in Kidnapping, Dies at 69". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- "Tout le monde en parlait - Crise d'octobre 2 - Le dénouement". Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- "Hommage à Paul Rose 1943-2013" par Jean François Nadeau, Le Devoir, 15 mars 2013 (translated from the original)
- Harper, Tim, "Quebec NDP outrages McLaughlin," Toronto Star, December 12, 1991
- Canadian Press, "McLaughlin distances party from ex-terrorist," Hamilton Spectator, December 12, 1991
- "Paul Rose, 69, FLQ leader and a separatist to the end". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. March 14, 2013.
- "FLQ October Crisis figure Paul Rose dies". Cbc.ca. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- "CJAD 800 – News. Talk. Radio. :: Khadir blames English media for Rose firestorm - CJAD Local News :: CJAD Local News". CJAD 800. Retrieved 29 December 2014.