Paul Schäfer Schneider
4 December 1921
|Died||24 April 2010 (aged 88)|
|Occupation||Medic, leader of Colonia Dignidad|
Paul Schäfer Schneider (4 December 1921 – 24 April 2010) was the founder and former leader of a sect and agricultural commune of German immigrants called Colonia Dignidad (Dignity Colony)—later renamed Villa Baviera—located in the south of Chile, about 340 km (210 miles) south of Santiago, where Schäfer committed sexual abuse of children.
Life and career
Schäfer was born in Troisdorf, Germany, and joined the Hitler Youth movement at a young age. He served as a medic in the Wehrmacht during World War II, where he reached the rank of Corporal. Following the war, he set up a children's home and Baptist ministry. In 1959, he created the Private Social Mission, purportedly a charitable organization. That same year, he was charged with sexually abusing two children and fled West Germany with some of his followers.
Schäfer followed the teachings of American preacher, William M. Branham, one of the founders of the post-World War II healing revival who was also an influence on Jim Jones. Branham advocated "a strict adherence to the Bible, a woman's duty to obey her husband and apocalyptic visions, such as Los Angeles sinking beneath the ocean." 
Schäfer resurfaced in Chile in 1961, where the government at the time, led by conservative President Jorge Alessandri, granted him permission to create the Dignidad Beneficent Society on a farm outside of Parral. Founded primarily on Baptist principles and anti-communism, this society evolved into the Colonia Dignidad community.
Schäfer disappeared on 20 May 1997, fleeing child sex abuse charges, this time filed by Chilean authorities under Christian Democrat President Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle after 26 children who went to the commune's free clinic and school reported abuse. He was tried in Chile in his absence and found guilty in late 2004. Schäfer was found on 10 March 2005, nearly eight years after his disappearance, hiding in a town known as Las Acacias, 40 km (25 miles) from Buenos Aires, Argentina. Following two days of negotiations between Chilean and Argentine authorities, Schäfer was sent back to Chile to face a court hearing. There, he was charged with being involved in the 1976 disappearance of the political activist Juan Maino, and he remained in custody until his death. Schäfer was also under investigation in Chile in connection with the disappearance of Russian mathematician Boris Weisfeiler and alleged human rights abuses. He was also wanted in Germany and France in connection with earlier child abuse allegations. Investigations by Amnesty International and the Chilean National Commission for Truth and Reconciliation Report have verified that Colonia Dignidad was used by DINA, the Chilean secret police, as a torture and detention center during Augusto Pinochet's military dictatorship.
On 24 May 2006, Schäfer was sentenced to 33 years in jail for sexually abusing 25 children and was ordered to pay 770 million pesos (approximately US$1.5 million) to 11 minors whose representatives had filed claims against Schäfer. Schäfer was found guilty of 20 counts of dishonest abuses and five counts of child rape, all committed between 1993 and 1997.
On 24 April 2010, Schäfer died at the Santiago de Chile's Ex-Penitentiary's Hospital due to a heart failure. He was 88 years old. It was later revealed that he was suffering from a severe cardiac illness.
- Gero Gemballa: Colonia Dignidad: ein deutsches Lager in Chile. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1988. ISBN 3-499-12415-7. (Colonia Dignidad: A German camp in Chile)
- Friedrich Paul Heller: Lederhosen, Dutt und Giftgas: Die Hintergründe der Colonia Dignidad. Schmetterling Verlag, 2., erweiterte und aktualisierte Auflage, Stuttgart 2006. ISBN 3-89657-093-5. (Lederhosen, hair buns and poison gas: The backgrounds of the Colonia Dignidad)
- Ingo Lenz: Weg vom Leben. 36 Jahre Gefangenschaft in der deutschen Sekte, Ullstein Verlag, Berlin. ISBN 3-550-07613-4 (Away from life. 36 years' imprisonment in the German sect)
- Levenda, Peter: Unholy Alliance, a history of Nazi involvement with the Occult (1995) (makes trouble-fraught investigative trip to Colonia Dignidad). ISBN 0826414095
- Claudio R. Salinas/ Hans Stange: Los amigos del "Dr." Schäfer. La complicidad entre el Estado chileno y Colonia Dignidad. Santiago de Chile 2006, ISBN 956-8410-06-6.
- Colonia (film): Release, 2015; Director, Florian Gallenberger
- La Casa Lobo (film): Release, 2018; Director, Christòbal Leòn, Joaquìn Cociña
- "Muere en una prisión de Chile el nazi Paul Schaefer, fundador de Colonia Dignidad" (in Spanish). ABC.es. 24 April 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- "Chile cult leader Schaefer dies in Chile prison". BBC News. 24 April 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- Colonia Dignidad and Jonestown by John Collins, Alternative Considerations of Jonestown & Peoples Temple, San Diego State University
- "Insight: German sect victims seek escape from Chilean nightmare past". Reuters. 9 May 2012. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
- Harding, Luke (12 March 2005). "Fugitive Nazi cult leader arrested". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2 April 2008.
- "New charges for Chile cult head". BBC News. 22 March 2005. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
- "Tales of torture A former member of Chile's national intelligence agency describes some of the methods used against political prisoners". AlJazeera. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "The Colony: Chile's dark past uncovered". AlJazeera. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Chilean colony sex abuser jailed". BBC News. 24 May 2006. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
- "Chile cult leader Schaefer dies". BBC News. 24 April 2010.
- Branford, Becky (11 March 2005). "Secrets of ex-Nazi's Chilean fiefdom". BBC News. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
- "Argentina expels Chile cult head". BBC News. 13 March 2005. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
- "Judge questions Chile cult head". BBC News. 15 March 2005. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
- Garcia, Guy D.; James Graff; Bonn and Laura Lopez; Parral (16 May 1988). "Chile Colony of the Damned". Time. Retrieved 2 April 2008.
- Falconer, Bruce (Autumn 2008). "The Torture Colony". The American Scholar. 77 (4): 33–53. Retrieved 18 April 2016.