Paul Schimmel (curator)
Paul Schimmel (born 1954) is an American curator of contemporary art based in Los Angeles. Schimmel served as the chief curator of The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (MOCA), from 1990 until 2012, where he organized numerous exhibitions. From 2013 through 2017, he was a vice president and partner with the art gallery Hauser & Wirth and co-founder of Hauser Wirth & Schimmel in Los Angeles. In late February 2017, Schimmel departed from the Hauser & Wirth enterprise, including Hauser Wirth & Schimmel in Los Angeles, with no public comment on his behalf.
Early life and education
Schimmel was born in 1954 in New York City. His father, Stuart Schimmel, collected rare books, focusing on forgeries and publications from the Ashendene Press; he was also a member of the Grolier Club. His uncle, Herbert Schimmel, collected art and antiquities, focusing on Art Nouveau furniture, as well as works by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. Schimmel attended Syracuse University from 1972 until 1975, graduating with a BFA from the selective studies program in studio art, art history, and museum studies. During this time, he also interned at the Whitney Museum of American Art and René Block Gallery in New York. Schimmel attended the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University from 1977 until 1981. In 2013, San Francisco Art Institute granted him an honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts.
In 1974, Schimmel was appointed to the position of assistant curator at the Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston (CAMH). There he worked closely with the museum's director, James Harithas, with whom he had studied while at Syracuse University. Mentored by Harithas, Schimmel was eventually promoted to senior curator, organizing several exhibitions for CAMH along the way, including American Narrative/Story Art: 1967–1977; Terry Allen: Juárez Series; and James Surls: Recent Drawings (co-organized with Harithas).
In 1981, Schimmel was named chief curator/curator of exhibitions and collections at the Newport Harbor Art Museum (now Orange County Museum of Art). At age 27, he was the youngest chief curator in the museum's history. During his eight-year tenure, he sharpened the museum’s focus on contemporary California art, bringing works by John Altoon, John Baldessari, Chris Burden, Vija Celmins, Robert Irwin, Edward Kienholz, David Park, Charles Ray, Allen Ruppersberg, and James Turrell into the permanent collection. He also established The Newport Biennial and New California Artist Series, which brought attention to emerging artists in the region and exhibited their works alongside those of established national and international artists.
Schimmel’s exhibitions for Newport Harbor Art Museum include Action/Precision: The New Direction in New York, 1955–60; The Interpretive Link: Abstract Surrealism into Abstract Expressionism, Works on Paper 1938–48 ; Flemish Expressions: Twentieth Century Representational Painting; Chris Burden: A Twenty-Year Survey; The Figurative Fifties: New York Figurative Expressionism; Gunther Forg: Painting/Sculpture/Installation; Objectives: The New Sculpture; and Tony Cragg: Sculpture 1975–1990.
Years at MOCA
In 1990, Schimmel was appointed chief curator of The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (MOCA). During Schimmel's tenure, MOCA’s collection grew from 987 objects at the time of its founding to 6,735 objects at the time of Schimmel’s departure in 2012. Under his leadership, the museum acquired works by artists such as Diane Arbus, John Baldessari, Chris Burden, Marlene Dumas, Robert Gober, Jasper Johns, Mike Kelley, Paul McCarthy, Bruce Nauman, Charles Ray, Jason Rhoades, Nancy Rubins, Edward Ruscha, Franz West and Gregor Schneider. While at MOCA, Schimmel continued to spotlight trends in contemporary California art. His 1992 exhibition Helter Skelter: L.A. Art in the 1990s proved to be a “game-changer,” bringing the work of many young Los Angeles artists to international attention for the first time under the umbrella of themes of alienation, dispossession, and violence. Under the Big Black Sun: California Art 1974–1981 examined the proliferation of diverse and often overlooked art practices in California through the lens of the Nixon era’s political climate. In addition, he organized solo exhibitions of work by Los Angeles–based artists Laura Owens and Charles Ray.
In June 2012, amid highly publicized internal turmoil at the museum, Schimmel resigned from MOCA, finishing work on the exhibition Destroy the Picture: Painting the Void, 1949–1962 as an independent curator. On the occasion of his resignation, the museum’s Board of Trustees named an exhibition space at the Geffen Contemporary branch of the museum in his honor.
Hauser Wirth & Schimmel
In May 2013, Hauser & Wirth announced that Schimmel had joined the international gallery as a partner along with plans to open a new contemporary art space in Los Angeles, Hauser Wirth & Schimmel, which opened in 2016. Also in 2013, Schimmel organized the exhibition Re-View: Onnasch Collection for Hauser & Wirth, which opened in their London galleries and later traveled to their New York location. In February 2017, it was announced by Hauser & Wirth that Schimmel was no longer with the organization.
Impact and Influence
Schimmel is known for his close working relationships with artists. In an interview with Charles Desmarais, he remarked, “Boy, you want to poison the well, you start putting curators in front! If you make them the ones that are leading the pack of dogs, you're going to follow the scent right into a bog! Whereas, if you stick with artists—and that's my total and simple mantra—if you stick with artists, it will keep you moving forward. Not every day in the right direction, but overall in the right direction.” Schimmel served as a co-director and chair of the Mike Kelley Foundation for the Arts.
In addition to championing California art and artists, Schimmel is best known for organizing large-scale, speculative exhibitions that examine overlooked tendencies in art or the interstitial periods between established art movements. He has been particularly focused on art of the postwar era, especially Abstract Expressionism, Pop, and early performance art. In a 2005 interview, described his “interest in connecting different elements, and crossing boundaries through very large-scale thematic exhibitions that define a very specific aspect of who we are culturally.”
Exhibitions organized by Schimmel have won many awards, including seven from the International Association of Art Critics (AICA): Best Thematic Museum Show Nationally, Destroy the Picture: Painting the Void, 1949-1962 ; Best Monographic Museum Show Nationally, Robert Rauschenberg: Combines ; Best Exhibition and Best Catalogue, Out of Actions: Between Performance and the Object, 1949–1979; Best Photography Exhibition, Sigmar Polke Photoworks: When Pictures Vanish; Best Catalogue, Hand-Painted Pop: American Art in Transition, 1955–62; and Best Exhibition, The Interpretive Link: Abstract Surrealism into Abstract Expressionism, Works on Paper, 1938–1948. In 2005, Robert Rauschenberg: Combines won two awards from the Association of Art Museum Curators (AAMC): Outstanding Exhibition in the Pacific Mountain Time Zone and Outstanding Book. In 1990, California State University, Fullerton, awarded Schimmel the Museum Studies Program Lifetime Achievement Award. He received the Award for Curatorial Excellence from the Center for Curatorial Studies at Bard College in 2001.
- Muchnic, Suzanne (January 12, 2013). "Paul Schimmel: Contemporary art's ideas man". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Miranda, Carolina A. "Curator Paul Schimmel departs Hauser Wirth & Schimmel in Los Angeles". latimes.com. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
- "Stuart B. Schimmel Obituary". New York Times. January 8, 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Desmarais, Charles (Fall 2013). "Interview with Paul Schimmel". San Francisco Art Quarterly, v. 14. Archived from the original on 2013-09-15. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Muchnic, Suzanne (November 15, 1998). "No Stranger to Praise--or Critique". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- "Kathryn Bigelow and Paul Schimmel to Receive Honorary Degrees from the San Francisco Art Institute". SFAI News. Archived from the original on 2014-06-06. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- "With Paul Schimmel as new partner, Hauser & Wirth plans Los Angeles art space". Art Daily,artdaily.com. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- "Exhibition Archive". The Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- "Exhibition Archive". Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston. Retrieved 2014-05-16. Cite error: The named reference "CAMH" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- O'Dair, Barbara (December 7, 1989). "Newport Art Museum Curator to Take LA Post". The Orange County Register.
- Curtis, Cathy (March 8, 1994). "Long in Latitude : Given Ample Elbow Room, Curator Paul Schimmel Put Newport Harbor on the Map in the '80s". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Glueck, Grace (January 19, 1985). "Art: Gestural Approach, in Grey Gallery Show". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Muchnic, Suzanne (July 17, 1986). "Art Review : Exploring 'The Interpretive Link'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Ianco-Starrels, Josine (December 7, 1986). "Survey Of Flemish Works". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Herman, Jan (April 26, 1988). "Burden Takes Art From Crucifixion to Re-Creation". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Kimmelman, Michael (December 23, 1988). "Review/Art; Of the 50s, When Fortunes Shone". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Curtis, Cathy (January 31, 1989). "An Artist With an Attitude : If Nothing Else, the Obfuscation in Gunther Forg's Work Is Clear". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Harbrecht, Gene (April 10, 1990). "New Sculpture' Show Fuels Debate". Orange County Register.
- Knight, Christopher (October 16, 1990). "O.C. ART REVIEW : The Changing Landscape : Sculptor Tony Cragg's Urban Renewal of the Pastoral Tradition". Los Angeles Time. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Knight, Christopher (April 15, 1990). "Leaving a Safe Harbor for MOCA : Chief curator Paul Schimmel is the first member of the local art community to get a top Southland museum position". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Winter, Lyn. "MOCA Announces the Resignation of Paul Schimmel" (PDF). www.moca.org. moca.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 6/2/14. Check date values in:
- "MOCA PRESENTS HAUNTING WORK BY AWARD-WINNING GERMAN ARTIST GREGOR SCHNEIDER". www.moca.org/museum/exhibitioninfo_viewable.php?useGallery=1&id=338.
- Frank, Priscilla (July 26, 2012). "'Mike Kelley: 1954-2012' A Tribute Exhibition At The Watermill Center". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Buckley, Annie (December 22, 2011). "Under The Big Black Sun". Art Review, Art in America. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Finkel, Jori (June 30, 2012). "MOCA says chief curator Paul Schimmel resigned and wasn't fired". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Finkel, Jori (May 23, 2013). "Paul Schimmel joins gallery world, creating Hauser Wirth & Schimmel". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Johnson, Ken (February 20, 2014). "The Impact of Four Decades, Experienced Room by Room". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Miles, Christopher (October 27, 2005). "Curatorial Ecstasy". LA Weekly. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Muchnic, Suzanne (January 20, 2007). "MOCA's the place for award winners". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- "AICA-USA Exhibition Award Winners". International Association of Art Critics, AICAUSA.org. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- "AAMC Awards Its Third Annual Prizes for Outstanding Book, Article, and Exhibitions of 2005" (PDF). Association of Art Museum Critics, AAMC. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- "Paul Schimmel: 2001". CCS Bard, bard.edu. Retrieved 2014-05-16.