Paul Steven Miller
|Paul Steven Miller|
May 4, 1961|
Flushing, New York
|Died||October 19, 2010
Mercer Island, Washington
|Alma mater||University of Pennsylvania
Harvard Law School
Special Assistant to the U.S. President (2009)
|Employer||University of Washington School of Law (on leave 2009)|
|Spouse(s)||Jennifer Coletti Mechem|
Paul Steven Miller (May 4, 1961 – October 19, 2010) was the Henry M. Jackson Professor of Law at the University of Washington School of Law. He was a Commissioner of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) for almost 10 years, and in 2009 he was chosen to serve as a special assistant to President Barack Obama. Miller, who had the genetic condition achondroplasia (a type of dwarfism) was 4 feet 5 inches (135 cm) tall. He was known as a leader in the disability rights movement, and an expert on anti-discrimination law and international disability rights.
Miller was born in Flushing, New York and attended John Glenn High School in Elwood, New York. Miller attended the University of Pennsylvania, where he was active in the comedy troupe Mask and Wig, received his B.A. cum laude in 1983, and subsequently served as a university trustee. He went to Harvard Law School and received his J.D. in 1986.
When Miller graduated from Harvard Law, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 had not yet been adopted and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act did not do enough; despite his academic credentials of graduating near the top of his class, Miller encountered considerable resistance in his efforts to find a job. Initially he had over 40 firms seeking his application, but later said that he received 45 rejection letters without a single callback. He repeatedly found that law firms would show interest in him, based on his resume, and then lose interest when they discovered his height. He said that one firm told him they were afraid clients would consider his employment a "circus freak show". A hiring committee told him, "We're not going to hire you because we think our clients would think we are running a freak circus if they saw you." Miller eventually became a litigation associate at the Los Angeles law firm then known as Manatt, Phelps, Phillips & Kantor. (Miller's stint at Manatt Phelps has been identified as an inspiration for the character "Hamilton Schuyler", a dwarf lawyer portrayed by actor David Rappaport in the television series L.A. Law.)
In 1990 Miller became director of litigation for the Western Law Center for Disability Rights at Loyola Law School in Los Angeles. After the election of Bill Clinton as president in 1992, Miller worked for the transition team as a disability outreach and search manager. He subsequently held posts as deputy director of the U.S. Office of Consumer Affairs and White House liaison to the disability community.
In 1994 President Clinton appointed Miller to be a Commissioner of the EEOC, Miller served a total of ten years, one of the longest tenures of any commissioner in EEOC history. At the EEOC, he worked to develop an alternative dispute resolution program to resolve discrimination claims before litigation. In August 2004 Miller resigned to become a professor at the University of Washington (UW) Law School; his seat on the EEOC remained empty until January 2006, when it was finally filled by another noted disability activist, Christine M. Griffin. UW made Miller the Henry M. Jackson Professor of Law in January 2008. At the installation ceremony for this position, Miller's law school colleague Anna Mastroianni commented,"Paul Miller may have been born a dwarf, but in reality he is a giant. We are all better for seeing a little further from the perch of his shoulders."
In his later career, Miller wrote about the interplay of disability rights and genetic science, writing papers with titles such as "Is There a Pink Slip in My Genes?" and "Avoiding Genetic Genocide". Among other issues, Miller discussed the potential for people to lose their jobs because of the disclosure of their future health risks. Dr. Francis S. Collins, director of the National Institutes of Health and leader of the Human Genome Project, noted that Miller's "persistence paid off: after more than a decade of frustration, the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act was finally signed into law in 2008. Paul was one of its biggest heroes."
In February 2009, Miller was appointed as a special assistant to President Barack Obama, with responsibility for managing political appointments at the U.S. Department of Justice and other positions in the new administration, as well as for positions relating to disability programs.
Miller suffered from tumors in his arm during the last decade of his life. An amputation did not prevent the cancer's recurrence, and he died on October 19, 2010.
Early in his career Miller had become a leader of the Little People of America. In 2002 this organization presented Miller with its annual Award for Promoting Awareness of Individuals with Dwarfism.
Miller was a Phi Beta Kappa Visiting Scholar, Parsons Visiting Scholar at the University of Sydney Faculty of Law, and a Fellow of the British-American Project. In 2003 Miller was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws degree by City University of New York School of Law.
- Transcript of "Nomination : hearing of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, second session, on Gilbert F. Casellas, of Pennsylvania; Paul M. Igasaki, of California; and Paul Steven Miller, of California, to be members of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, July 21, 1994" (retrieved May 29, 2009).
- Dennis Hevesi, "Paul S. Miller, Advocate for Disabled, Dies at 49", New York Times, October 20, 2010.
- "Jennifer Mechem and Paul Miller", New York Times, May 25, 1997.
- "Civil Rights and American Values – Understanding the Legacy of Senator Henry M. Jackson and its Relationship to the Emergence of Disability Human Rights", transcript of installation ceremony and speech by Paul Steven Miller, January 24, 2008, at University of Washington School of Law website (retrieved May 29, 2009).
- "UW law professor to help Obama make political appointments", Seattle Times, February 18, 2009.
- Joel Connelly, "UW Prof Paul Miller to White House", Seattle Post-Intelligencer, February 17, 2009.
- Lewis Rice, "Signature Style", Pennsylvania Gazette, September 2004.
- Jake Ellison, "Professor fighting discrimination step by step", Seattle Post-Intelligencer, November 24, 2004.
- Nielsen, Kim E. (2012). A Disability History of the United States. Boston, Massachusetts: Beacon Press. p. 171.
- Curriculum Vitae of Paul Steven Miller at University of Washington School of Law website (retrieved May 28, 2009)
- "Paul Steven Miller '86 has made it his job to combat workplace discrimination", Civil Rights Profiles at Harvard Law School website.
- Betty M. Adelson, Julie Rotta, The Lives of Dwarfs: Their Journey from Public Curiosity Toward Social Liberation (Rutgers University Press, 2005), ISBN 978-0-8135-3548-7, pp.348ff, partial excerpt available at Google Books.
- Shapiro, T. Rees (October 21, 2010). "Paul S. Miller, 49, disability-rights expert fought employment discrimination". Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- See also Paul Steven Miller, "On Being Little But Not Belittled", New York Times, December 10, 1989.
- Biographies of the Commissioners and General Counsel Archived 2009-05-12 at the Wayback Machine. at EEOC website (retrieved May 28, 2009).
- "Griffin Sworn In at EEOC", Washington Post, January 5, 2006.
- Maureen O'Hagan, "Paul Miller was a giant among peers", Seattle Times, October 21, 2010.
- "EEOC Commissioner Paul Steven Miller Receives Honorary Doctor of Law Degree from CUNY", EEOC press release, May 23, 2003.
- Obituary of Paul Steven Miller at University of Washington School of Law website