Paul Vallas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Paul Vallas
Paul Vallas 2018.jpg
CEO of Chicago Public Schools
In office
July 10, 1995[1] – June 26, 2001
Appointed byRichard M. Daley
Preceded byArgie Johnson (as "Superintendent")
Succeeded byArne Duncan
Personal details
Born (1953-06-10) June 10, 1953 (age 67)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Sharon Vallas
Children3
EducationWestern Illinois University (BA, MA)

Paul Gust Vallas (born June 10, 1953) is an American politician and former superintendent of the Bridgeport Public Schools and the Recovery School District of Louisiana, former CEO of both the School District of Philadelphia and the Chicago Public Schools, and a former budget director for the city of Chicago.

Vallas unsuccessfully ran for the Democratic nomination for Governor of Illinois in 2002. He ran for Lieutenant Governor of Illinois in 2014 with then-incumbent Governor Pat Quinn, losing to the Republican ticket of Bruce Rauner and Evelyn Sanguinetti. In 2019 Vallas ran unsuccessfully for Mayor of Chicago, placing ninth out of fourteen candidates in the first round with 5.43% of the vote. Failing to advance to the runoff, he endorsed Lori Lightfoot.

Early life and education[edit]

Vallas was born on June 10, 1953. The grandson of Greek immigrants, Vallas grew up in the Roseland neighborhood on Chicago's South Side. He spent his teen years living in Palos Heights. He graduated from Carl Sandburg High School and attended Moraine Valley Community College and then Western Illinois University, where he received a bachelor's degree in history and political science, a master's degree in political science, and a teaching certificate.[2]

Chicago Public Schools[edit]

During his tenure as CEO of the Chicago Public Schools from 1995 to 2001, he led an effort to reform the school system, and his work was cited by President Bill Clinton for raising test scores, balancing the budget, and instituting several new programs including mandatory summer school, after school programs, and expanding alternative, charter, and magnet schools.

The position of CEO of the CPS was created by Mayor Richard M. Daley after he successfully convinced the Illinois State Legislature to place CPS under mayoral control. Vallas had previously directed the budget arm of the Illinois State Legislature and served as budget director for Daley.

2002 Illinois gubernatorial election[edit]

Following his tenure at CPS, Vallas ran for Governor of Illinois as a Democrat. Vallas placed second in the Democratic primary, losing narrowly to now-former-Governor Rod Blagojevich while running ahead of former state Attorney General Roland Burris.[3]

Philadelphia School District[edit]

Following the election, Vallas was appointed CEO of School District of Philadelphia. In this capacity, he presided over the nation's largest experiment in privatized management of schools, with the management of over 40 schools turned over to outside for-profits, nonprofits, and universities beginning in Fall 2002.

Return to Chicago[edit]

In 2005, Vallas considered challenging Blagojevich again for Illinois governor in the Democratic Primary but decided against it. He then signed a two-year contract (2007–2008) as superintendent of the Recovery School District of Louisiana. Vallas ultimately remained head of the Recovery School District through 2011.

On April 28, 2008 he appeared before the City Club of Chicago and on Chicago news shows discussing a possible run for governor in 2010.[4][5][6] In February 2009, Vallas gave an interview to Carol Marin in the Chicago Sun-Times and stated that he planned to return to Cook County, Illinois in 2009 and run as a Republican for Cook County Board president in 2010.[7]

On June 11, 2009, Vallas announced that he would not be a candidate for President of the Cook County Board of Commissioners in 2010. Vallas stated that he could not "begin a political campaign while trying to finish what he started—rebuild the school system there in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina."[8]

After Haiti's 2010 earthquake, President René Préval gave the Inter-American Development Bank the mandate to work with the Education Ministry and the National Commission preparing a major reform of the Education System in a 5-year plan to reconstruct; Mr. Vallas has been working with the bank in this effort.

Bridgeport Public Schools[edit]

In 2013, Vallas became Superintendent of the Bridgeport Public Schools. On June 28, 2013, a state superior court judge ruled that Vallas did not complete a state-mandated school leadership program and was therefore not qualified to be superintendent in Connecticut. On July 17, 2013 the State Supreme Court agreed to hear an appeal of the ruling and to decide if he should remain in office. This followed several months of controversy over Vallas' credentials to serve as superintendent in the state of Connecticut.[9]

2014 lieutenant gubernatorial nominee[edit]

In November 2013, Illinois Governor Pat Quinn tapped Vallas to be his running mate in the 2014 election, after incumbent lieutenant governor Sheila Simon chose to unsuccessfully run for Comptroller.[10] Quinn and Vallas lost the election to the Republican ticket of Bruce Rauner and Evelyn Sanguinetti.

2019 Chicago mayoral candidacy[edit]

In March 2018, Vallas formally filed to become a candidate in the 2019 Chicago mayoral election.[11]

When he entered the race, Vallas was seen to be a potentially strong opponent to incumbent Rahm Emanuel, who was seeking reelection at the time.[12][13] [14] In September, Emanuel dropped out of the race, and the field for mayor grew, with many high-profile candidates entering the race.[15]

Among the numerous candidates to enter the race after Emanuel withdrew was Gery Chico, Vallas' one-time political ally, with whom he oversaw Chicago Public Schools.[16][17][18] Vallas had endorsed Chico for mayor in 2011.[19] Despite this history, Vallas did not hesitate to criticize Chico as a mayoral opponent.[16]

Vallas staked a large part of his candidacy on his record as head of Chicago Public Schools, arguing that he helped to turn around the school system, and that his leadership left the system in better shape.[20] Vallas claimed that the Chicago Public Schools were healthier under his leadership than then were in 2019.[20] PolitiFact rated this claim as "mostly true".[21]

As a candidate, Vallas pledged to combat political corruption in Chicago's City Hall.[22]

Vallas' campaign sent unsolicited text messages.[23] The campaign employed North Carolina-based firm Link2Tek to accomplish this.[24] In mid-January, a class-action lawsuit was filed against the Vallas campaign, alleging that it had violated the Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991, which prohibits calling or texting a person using an automatic telephone dialing system without their consent.[25] Vallas accused the lawsuit of being, "a dirty trick" orchestrated by the "political machine".[25]

In the first round of the election, Vallas placed ninth out of fourteen candidates, receiving 30,236 votes (5.43% of the votes cast).[26] Failing to advance to the runoff, Vallas endorsed Lori Lightfoot.[27]

Electoral history[edit]

2002 Illinois gubernatorial Democratic primary[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Rod Blagojevich 457,197 36.50
Democratic Paul Vallas 431,728 34.47
Democratic Roland Burris 363,591 29.03
Total votes 1,252,516 100.00
2014 Illinois gubernatorial election[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bruce Rauner/ Evelyn Sanguinetti 1,823,627 50.27%
Democratic Pat Quinn (incumbent)/ Paul Vallas 1,681,343 46.35%
Libertarian Chad Grimm/ Alex Cummings 121,534 3.35%
Write-in 1,186 0.03%
Total votes 3,627,690 100%
2019 Chicago mayoral election
Candidate General Election[30] Runoff Election[31]
Votes % Votes %
Lori Lightfoot 97,667 17.54 386,039 73.70
Toni Preckwinkle 89,343 16.04 137,765 26.30
William Daley 82,294 14.78
Willie Wilson 59,072 10.61
Susana Mendoza 50,373 9.05
Amara Enyia 44,589 8.00
Jerry Joyce 40,099 7.20
Gery Chico 34,521 6.20
Paul Vallas 30,236 5.43
Garry McCarthy 14,784 2.66
La Shawn K. Ford 5,606 1.01
Robert "Bob" Fioretti 4,302 0.77
John Kolzar 2,349 0.42
Neal Sales-Griffin 1,523 0.27
Write-ins 86 0.02
Total 556,844 100 523,804 100

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schools Aren't Out Of Budget Woods Yet Chicago Tribune (August 20, 1995)
  2. ^ https://www.cityclub-chicago.org/event/2/920/paul-vallas retrieved October 23, 2018
  3. ^ "IL Governor - D Primary, March 19, 2002". OurCampaigns.com. December 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2009.
  4. ^ Greg Hinz. "Vallas interested in running for Illinois guv". April 28, 2008. Crain's Chicago Business.
  5. ^ David Mendell. "Vallas "open" to run for governor in 2010". April 28, 2008. Chicago Tribune.
  6. ^ Rosalind Rossi. "Former CPS CEO considering run for governor". April 28, 2008. Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on May 2, 2008.
  7. ^ Marin, Carol (2009-02-04). "Vallas targets County Board run". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 2009-02-07. Retrieved 2009-02-08.
  8. ^ John Kass. "Kass: Vallas staying put in New Orleans". June 11, 2009. Chicago Tribune.
  9. ^ Danielle Dreilinger. "Former Recovery School District superintendent Paul Vallas under attack in Connecticut". The New Orleans "Times-Picayune".
  10. ^ Moser, Whet (8 November 2013). "Paul Vallas Is With Quinn. But Why Do We Even Have a Lieutenant Governor?". Chicago magazine. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  11. ^ Former CPS CEO Paul Vallas Officially Files to Run for Mayor
  12. ^ Kass, John (24 August 2018). "The one thing Rahm Emanuel doesn't want: Paul Vallas in a runoff". chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Former CPS CEO Paul Vallas Launches Mayoral Campaign, Calls Emanuel 'Trump-Like'". NBC Chicago. 4 May 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  14. ^ "Vallas says he's 'seriously considering' race against Emanuel". Crain's Chicago Business. 17 January 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  15. ^ Slevin, Peter (February 22, 2019). "In Chicago's Mayoral Race, the Establishment Leads the Outsiders". Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  16. ^ a b Kass, John (21 September 2018). "Paul Vallas tees off on Bill Daley and Gery Chico". chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  17. ^ Spielman, Fran (14 March 2019). "Chico joins his former CPS partner Vallas in endorsing Lightfoot". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  18. ^ Spielman, Fran (8 November 2018). "Chico ad takes a bow for CPS tenure — but doesn't say he worked alongside Vallas". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  19. ^ "Gery Chico Gets Mayoral Endorsement From Paul Vallas". 23 November 2010. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  20. ^ a b Sepeda-Miller, Kiannah (6 January 2019). "Fact-check: Mayoral candidate Paul Vallas claims CPS healthier under him". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  21. ^ Sepeda-Miller, Kiannah. "Vallas claims CPS healthier under his watch". PolitiFact. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Reform, once avoided, now embraced in Chicago mayor's race". ABC News. Associated Press. 16 February 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  23. ^ Hendrickson, Matthew (3 January 2019). "How to opt out of those Paul Vallas campaign text messages". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  24. ^ "Final price tag for unsolicited texts from Vallas' mayoral campaign: $885K". The Daily Line. 30 September 2019. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  25. ^ a b Hendrickson, Matthew (16 January 2019). "Paul Vallas calls lawsuit over mayoral campaign's text messages 'a dirty trick'". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  26. ^ "TABULATED STATEMENT OF THE RETURNS AND PROCLAMATION OF THE RESULTS OF THE CANVASS OF THE ELECTION RETURNS FOR THE FEBRUARY 26, 2019 MUNICIPAL GENERAL ELECTION HELD IN EACH OF THE PRECINCTS IN ALL OF THE WARDS IN THE CITY OF CHICAGO" (PDF). Chicago Board of Elections. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  27. ^ Carlin, Jeff (13 March 2019). "EXCLUSIVE: Paul Vallas Endorses Lori Lightfoot for Chicago Mayor". WGN Radio. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  28. ^ "Ballots Cast". Illinois State Board of Elections. 19 March 2002. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  29. ^ "November 4, 2014 General election Official results" (PDF). Illinois Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 28, 2015. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  30. ^ "TABULATED STATEMENT OF THE RETURNS AND PROCLAMATION OF THE RESULTS OF THE CANVASS OF THE ELECTION RETURNS FOR THE FEBRUARY 26, 2019 MUNICIPAL GENERAL ELECTION HELD IN EACH OF THE PRECINCTS IN ALL OF THE WARDS IN THE CITY OF CHICAGO" (PDF). Chicago Board of Elections. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  31. ^ "2019 Municipal Runoffs - 4/2/19". Chicago Board of Elections. Retrieved April 17, 2019.

External links[edit]