Paul Washington

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Paul Washington (1921–2002) was an Episcopal priest and community activist in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


Washington was born in Charleston, South Carolina, United States on May 26, 1921. He attended the Avery Institute and subsequently Lincoln University. Washington graduated from the Philadelphia Divinity School of the Episcopal Church. He did his pastoral work at the Church of The Crucifixion at 8th and Bainbridge Streets in South Philadelphia, where he met his future wife Christine.

Immediately after marriage in 1947, Washington and his wife went to Liberia as missionaries. There, Washington served as business manager of Cuttington College during its post-war revival and rebuilding,[1] Cuttington went on to educate many African leaders. For a time Washington was its acting president. The couple returned from Liberia to Philadelphia in 1954 because their son Paul Marc was suffering from repeated malaria attacks.[2] At this time, he was appointed Vicar of St. Cyprian's Episcopal Church in the Elmwood (now Eastwick) section of Philadelphia.

In 1962, Washington was made rector of the George W. South Memorial Church of the Advocate in Philadelphia,[3] a position he held for 25 years until his retirement in 1987.[4]

During his years at the Advocate, Washington served as Episcopal Chaplain at Eastern State Penitentiary. He served on the MOVE Commission established by then-Mayor Wilson Goode to investigate the May 13, 1985 aerial bombing by Philadelphia police of a rowhouse fortified by MOVE members and the ensuing conflagration that killed 11 people and destroyed 61 homes. The Commission found the bombing "unconscionable" and suggested methods the city of Philadelphia might use to prevent similar future situations.[5] Washington also served as the chaplain of the Advocate Communities Development Corporation's (ACDC) Board of Directors. He continued to serve ACDC until the fall of 1998. ACDC was established by his wife, Christine, and constructed multimillion-dollar projects, rehab and new construction for those in need. Over 400 units of housing have been added to the North Philadelphia community.

In 1994, the Temple University Press published "Other Sheep I Have:" the Autobiography of Father Paul M. Washington, written with David McI. Gracie.[6]

Washington died October 7, 2002. He was known and revered in particular for his advocacy of the oppressed and disadvantaged. He was called the "conscience of the city".[7]

Career as social and religious advocate[edit]

During his 25 years at the Advocate, he was recognized as one of the key leaders of the Black Power movement. When there was nowhere else for gatherings to be held, Washington would allow them to meet at the Advocate. He hosted the third National Conference on Black Power in 1968, attended by thousands of delegates from across the U.S.[8] Two years later he hosted the Convention of the Black Panther Party. Huey Newton was one of the speakers. In 1971, the Church of the Advocate was the site for the rally to raise money for the Angela Davis Defense Fund.

The 1970s also marked Washington's increasing involvement in another area of inequality, the role of women in the Episcopal Church. At the Church of the Advocate on July 29, 1974, Washington participated in the irregular ceremony in which the first eleven women were ordained into the priesthood in this denomination, as the Philadelphia Eleven.[9] The ordination sermon was, however, delivered by a layman, Charles V. Willie who, at the time, was Vice President of the House of Deputies of the Episcopal Church.[10] The ordination proved highly controversial as many members of the Episcopal Church were reluctant to acknowledge the priesthood of women. Washington was formally admonished by the bishop of Pennsylvania, Lyman Ogilvy, for allowing the Church of the Advocate to be used as the venue for the ordination,[11] and the validity of the ordination itself was disputed. Meeting in emergency session in Chicago, the House of Bishops of the Episcopal Church invalidated the ordination by a vote of 128 to 9 because the four officiating bishops had "not fulfilled constitutional and canonical requirements".[12] This event marked a new era for both the Episcopal Church and the Church of the Advocate. Ultimately, in 1977, the Episcopal church did make rules changes to accept women priests.[13] In 1989, Washington delivered the principal address at the consecration in Boston, Massachusetts, of the Reverend Barbara C. Harris, a protege of Washington's,[14] as the first female Episcopal bishop.[15]

During the Iran Hostage Crisis, at the request of former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark, Washington was one of ten Americans who participated in a June 1980 international peace conference entitled "Crimes of America" in Iran. The group's trip was in conscious defiance of a ban on travel to Iran and exposed each delegate to fines of up to $50,000 and imprisonment for up to 10 years.[16] There were calls across the country for investigation and prosecution of the delegates.[17]


Honorary Doctorate, Temple University, May 1988.[18]

In 1985, Washington received the Philadelphia Bowl from Mayor Wilson Goode before 1,200 assembled at a tribute banquet at the Bellevue Stratford Hotel[19]

In 1986 Washington received the Philadelphia Award, an annual award for community service bearing a $25,000 cash prize.[20]

2002 Pennsylvania Senate Resolution #298 of the 2002 session extended condolences to the family.[21]

See also[edit]

The Father Paul M. Washington Papers are held by the Charles L. Blockson Afro-American Collection, Temple University Libraries. The finding aid to the papers is at:


  1. ^ "Episcopal Church Doing Great Work In African Field" Philadelphia Tribune (Aug 15, 1950) p.13, col.1, accessed March 18, 2013.
  2. ^ Corr, J. (1987, Jun 29). 'God is not finished with me yet' in stepping down yesterday at the church of the advocate, the rev. paul washington left only his duties as rector, not his ministry. Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved from Accessed March 18, 2013
  3. ^ "Rector Instituted In Colorful Rites" Philadelphia Tribune (Sep 15, 1962) p.14, col.2 Accessed March 18, 2013.
  4. ^ Corr, John. 1987. "'God is Not Finished with Me Yet' in Stepping Down Yesterday at the Church of the Advocate, the Rev. Paul Washington Left Only His Duties as Rector, Not His Ministry." Philadelphia Inquirer, Jun 29, ( Accessed March 18, 2013.
  5. ^ Gonzalez, Juan. 1985. "Move Panel Named." Philadelphia Daily News, May 22, ( Accessed March 18, 2013.
  6. ^ . Accessed March 18, 2013
  7. ^ JOHN, F. M. m. (2002, Oct 09). 'Conscience of the city'succumbs at age 81 rev. paul washington fought for the oppressed. Philadelphia Daily News, pp. 3. Retrieved from accessed March 11, 2013
  8. ^ Wilder, John Brantley, "Thosdands Attends Black Power Meet," Philadelphia Tribune August 31, 1968, p. 1 Accessed March 18, 2013.
  9. ^ ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-05-03. Retrieved 2009-11-17.  accessed 11/17/09
  10. ^ ^ Charles V. Willie, "The Priesthood of All Believers, a sermon ..." in Betty Bone Schiess, Why Me Lord?: One Woman's Ordination to the Priesthood with Commentary and Complaint (Syracuse,NY: Syracuse University Press, 2003) pp. 145-??
  11. ^ Amana, Harry. 1974. "Father Washington may be Adminished by Bishop Ogilby." Philadelphia Tribune (1912-2001), Aug 06, ( Accessed March 18, 2013.
  12. ^ Eleanor Blau 11 Women Ordained Episcopal Priests; Church Law Defied :Women Become Episcopal Priests; Tenets Defied. New York Times (1857-Current file), p. 69. from ProQuest Historical Newspapers New York Times (1851-2006) w/ Index (1851-1993). (Document ID: 79623490). Accessed November 17, 2009,
  13. ^ Kendall Wilson, "Washington spoke up for the voiceless: 1921-2002" The Philadelphia Tribune, October 11, 2002 page 1A Online, accessed March 11, 2013
  14. ^ Welles, E. (2002, Oct 15). Beloved pastor is laid to rest. Philadelphia Tribune, pp. 0-1A. Retrieved from Accessed March 11, 2013
  15. ^ Kendall Wilson, "Washington spoke up for the voiceless: 1921-2002" The Philadelphia Tribune, October 11, 2002 page 1A Online accessed March 11, 2013
  16. ^ U. S. group ignore ban, go to iran. (1980, Jun 02). Chicago Tribune (1963-Current File), pp. 2-2. Retrieved from Accessed March 11, 2013.
  17. ^ US probing clark's trip to tehran. (1980, Jun 08). Boston Globe (1960-1981), pp. 1. Retrieved from Accessed March 11, 2013.
  18. ^ Accessed March 18, 2013.
  19. ^ Lewis, Claude. 1985. "Mayor's Tribute Friends Turn Out for Father Paul." Philadelphia Inquirer, Feb 25, ( Accessed March 18, 2013.
  20. ^ Randolph, I. (1986, Apr 18). Father paul washington gets phila. award. Philadelphia Tribune (1912-2001). Retrieved from Accessed March 18, 2013.
  21. ^ Accessed March 18, 2013.


  • Father Paul Washington Papers at Temple University Libraries [1]
  • Drama Review, 12 (Summer 1968), pp. 29–39.