Winfield in The High Chaparral, 1969
Paul Edward Winfield
May 22, 1939
|Died||March 7, 2004 (aged 64)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills, California, U.S.|
|Other names||Paul E. Winfield|
|Partner(s)||Charles Gillan Jr. (1972–2002; Gillan's death)|
Paul Edward Winfield (May 22, 1939 – March 7, 2004) was an American television, film and stage actor. He was known for his portrayal of a Louisiana sharecropper who struggles to support his family during the Great Depression in the landmark film Sounder (1972), which earned him an Academy Award nomination. He portrayed Martin Luther King Jr. in the 1978 television miniseries King, for which he was nominated for an Emmy Award. Winfield was also known for his roles in The Terminator, Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, and Star Trek: The Next Generation. He received five Emmy nominations overall, winning for his 1994 guest role in Picket Fences.
Winfield was the son of Lois Beatrice Edwards, a single mother who was a union organizer in the garment industry. Although published obituaries stated he was born in Los Angeles on May 22, 1941, some primary sources indicate he was born May 22, 1939 in Dallas, Texas.[a] His stepfather from the age of eight was Clarence Winfield, a city trash collector and construction worker. He graduated from Manual Arts High School in Los Angeles. From there, he attended the University of Portland, 1957–59; Stanford University, 1959; Los Angeles City College, 1959–63; University of California, Los Angeles, 1962–64; University of Hawaii, 1965 and the University of California, Santa Barbara, 1970-71.
A lifetime member of The Actors Studio, Winfield carved out a diverse career in film, television, theater and voiceovers by taking groundbreaking roles at a time when black actors were rarely cast. He first appeared in the 1965 Perry Mason episode, "The Case of the Runaway Racer," as Mitch, a race car mechanic. His first major feature film role was in the 1969 film The Lost Man starring Sidney Poitier. Winfield first became well known to television audiences when he appeared for several years opposite Diahann Carroll on the groundbreaking television series Julia. Filmed during a high point of racial tensions in the United States, the show was unique in featuring a black female as the central character. He also starred as Martin Luther King Jr. in the 1978 miniseries King.
In 1973, Winfield was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for the 1972 film Sounder, and his co-star in that film, Cicely Tyson, was nominated for Best Actress. Prior to their nominations and Diana Ross's for Lady Sings the Blues the same year, only three other black Americans – Dorothy Dandridge, Sidney Poitier and James Earl Jones – had ever been nominated for a leading role. He also appeared, in a different role, in the 2003 Disney-produced television remake of Sounder, which was directed by Kevin Hooks, his co-star from the original. Winfield played the part of "Jim the Slave" in Huckleberry Finn (1974) which was a musical based on the novel by Mark Twain. Winfield would recall late in his career that as a young actor he had played one of the two leads in Of Mice and Men in local repertory, made up in whiteface, since a black actor playing it would have been unthinkable. Winfield also starred in miniseries, including Scarlett, and two based on the works of novelist Alex Haley: Roots: The Next Generations and Queen: The Story of an American Family.
Winfield gained a new segment of fans for his brief but memorable roles in several science fiction television series and movies. He portrayed Starfleet Captain Clark Terrell of the USS Reliant, an unwilling minion of Khan Noonien Singh, in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan and Lieutenant Ed Traxler, a friendly but crusty cop partnered with Lance Henriksen in The Terminator starring Arnold Schwarzenegger. In 1996, he was part of the 'name' ensemble cast in Tim Burton's comic homage to 1950s science fiction Mars Attacks!, playing the complacently self-satisfied Lt. General Casey. On the small screen Star Trek franchise, he appeared as Dathon, an alien captain who communicates in metaphor, in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Darmok". He also appeared in the second season Babylon 5 episode "Gropos" as General Richard Franklin, the father of regular character Dr. Stephen Franklin, and on the fairy tale sitcom The Charmings as The Evil Queen's wise-cracking Magic Mirror. He also portrayed the character of Julian Barlow in the television series 227 during its last two seasons.
Winfield also took on roles as homosexual characters in the films Mike's Murder in 1984 and again in 1998 in the film Relax...It's Just Sex. He found success off-camera due to his unique voice. He provided voices on the cartoons Spider-Man, The Magic School Bus, Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child, Batman Beyond, Gargoyles, K10C, and The Simpsons, on the latter voicing the Don King parody Lucius Sweet. In his voiceover career, he is perhaps best known as the narrator for the A&E true crime series City Confidential, a role he began in 1998 and continued with until his death in 2004. Throughout his career, Winfield frequently managed to perform in the theater. His only Broadway production, Checkmates, in 1988, co-starring Ruby Dee, was also the Broadway debut of Denzel Washington. He also appeared in productions at the Mark Taper Forum in Los Angeles, and The Shakespeare Theatre in Washington, D.C. Winfield was nominated for an Emmy Award for his performances in King and Roots: The Next Generations. He won an Emmy Award, in 1995, for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series, for his appearance as Judge Harold Nance in an episode of the CBS drama Picket Fences.
Personal life and death
Winfield was gay, but remained discreet about it in the public eye. Prior to realizing his sexuality, he had a relationship with his Sounder co-star Cicely Tyson for 18 months. His partner of 30 years, architect Charles Gillan Jr., died on March 5, 2002, of bone cancer. Winfield long battled obesity and diabetes. He died of a heart attack in 2004 at age 64, at Queen of Angels – Hollywood Presbyterian Medical Center in Los Angeles. Winfield and Gillan are interred together at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Los Angeles.
|1967||The Perils of Pauline||African Servant||Uncredited|
|1967||Who's Minding the Mint?||Garbage man||Uncredited|
|1969||The Lost Man||Orville Turner|
|1970||R. P. M.||Steve Dempsey|
|1971||Brother John||Henry Birkart|
|1972||Sounder||Nathan Lee Morgan|
|1972||Trouble Man||Chalky Price|
|1973||Gordon's War||Gordon Hudson|
|1975||Hustle||Sergeant Louis Belgrave|
|1977||Green Eyes||Lloyd Dubeck|
|1977||Twilight's Last Gleaming||Willis Powell|
|1978||A Hero Ain't Nothin' but a Sandwich||Butler|
|1981||Carbon Copy||Bob Garvey|
|1982||Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan||Captain Clark Terrell|
|1983||On the Run||Harry|
|1984||Mike's Murder||Philip Green|
|1984||The Terminator||Lt. Ed Traxler|
|1986||Blue City||Luther Reynolds|
|1987||Death Before Dishonor||Ambassador|
|1987||Big Shots||Johnnie Red|
|1988||The Serpent and the Rainbow||Lucien Celine|
|1990||Presumed Innocent||Judge Larren Lyttle|
|1993||Dennis the Menace||Chief of Police|
|1994||The Killing Jar||Judge||Alternative title: Trapped|
|1995||In the Kingdom of the Blind, the Man with One Eye Is King||Papa Joe|
|1995||In the Flesh||William Stone|
|1996||Original Gangstas||Reverend Dorsey||Alternative title: Hot City|
|1996||Mars Attacks!||Lt. General Casey|
|1996||Dead of Night||Vernon|
|1996||The Legend of Gator Face||Bob|
|1998||Relax...It's Just Sex||Auntie Mahalia|
|1998||Assignment Berlin||Al Spector|
|1999||Catfish in Black Bean Sauce||Harold Williams|
|2001||Vegas, City of Dreams||Edgar Jones|
|2002||Second to Die||Detective Grady|
|1965||Perry Mason||Mitch||1 episode|
|1966||The Man from U.N.C.L.E.||Military M.P.||Episode: "The Minus x Affair"|
|1966||Daktari||Roy Kimba||2 episodes|
|1967||Cowboy in Africa||Kabutu||1 episode|
|1968||Death Valley Days||Bart||1 episode|
|1968||Mission: Impossible||Klaus||1 episode|
|1969||Mannix||Walter Lucas||1 episode|
|1969||The High Chaparral||Graham Jessup||1 episode|
|1969–1970||Julia||Paul Cameron||4 episodes|
|1970||The Young Rebels||Pompey||1 episode|
|1973||The Horror at 37,000 Feet||Dr. Enkalla||Television movie|
|1974||It's Good to Be Alive||Roy Campanella||Television movie|
|1977||Green Eyes||Lloyd Dubeck||Television movie|
|1978||King||Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.||Miniseries|
|1979||Backstairs at the White House||Emmett Rogers Sr.||Miniseries|
|1979||Roots: The Next Generations||Dr. Horace Huguley||Episode #1.5|
|1980||Angel City||Cy||Television movie|
|1981||The Sophisticated Gents||Richard "Bubbles" Wiggins||Television movie|
|1982||The Blue and the Gray||Jonathan Henry||Miniseries|
|1983||For Us the Living: The Medgar Evers Story||Sampson||Television movie|
|1984||Go Tell It on the Mountain||Gabriel Grimes||Television movie|
|1984||The Fall Guy||Bert Perkins||1 episode|
|1985||Murder, She Wrote||Det. Lieutenant Starkey||1 episode|
|1986||Under Siege||Andrew Simon||Television movie|
|1987||Mighty Pawns||Mr. Wright||Television movie|
|1987–1988||The Charmings||The Magic Mirror||19 episodes|
|1988–1990||227||Julian C. Barlow||24 episodes|
|1989||The Women of Brewster Place||Sam Michael||Miniseries|
|1989||Wiseguy||Isaac Twine||6 episodes|
|1990||L.A. Law||Derron Holloway||4 episodes|
|1991||Family Matters||Jimmy Baines||1 episode|
|1991||Star Trek: The Next Generation||Captain Dathon||1 episode, "Darmok"|
|1993||Irresistible Force||Commander Toole||Television movie|
|1994||Picket Fences||Judge Harold Nance||2 episodes|
|1995||Tyson||Don King||Television movie|
|1995||Babylon 5||General Richard Franklin||1 episode|
|1995||White Dwarf||Dr. Akada||Television movie|
|1995–1996||Gargoyles||Jeffrey Robbins||Voice, 3 episodes|
|1995–2003||Touched by an Angel||Sam||13 episodes, (final appearance)|
|1996||Second Noah||Ramses||1 episode|
|1996–1997||The Magic School Bus||Mr. Ruhle||Voice, 4 episodes|
|1996–1998||The Simpsons||Lucius Sweet||Voice, 2 episodes|
|1997||Spider-Man||Omar Mosely / Black Marvel||Voice, 3 episodes|
|1998||Walker, Texas Ranger||Pastor Roscoe Jones||1 episode|
|1999–2000||Batman Beyond||Sam Young||Voice, 3 episodes|
|1999–2004||City Confidential||Narrator||94 episodes|
|1999||Strange Justice||Thurgood Marshall||Television movie|
|2002||Crossing Jordan||Dr. Phillip Sanders||1 episode|
|2003||Sounder||The Teacher||Television movie|
Awards and nominations
|Year||Award||Result||Category||Film or series|
|1973||Academy Award||Nominated||Best Actor in a Leading Role||Sounder|
|1978||Primetime Emmy Award||Nominated||Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or a Special||King|
|1979||Roots: The Next Generations|
(For episode V)
|1982||NAACP Image Awards||Won||Best Performance by an Actor in a Dramatic Series or Miniseries or Television Movie||The Sophisticated Gents|
|1995||Primetime Emmy Award||Won||Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series||Picket Fences|
(For episode "Enemy Lines")
|1997||Daytime Emmy Award||Nominated||Outstanding Performer in a Children's Special||The Legend of Gator Face|
|1999||St. Louis International Film Festival||Won||Lifetime Achievement Award|
|2004||Black Reel Awards||Nominated||Television: Best Supporting Actor||Sounder|
- Martin, Douglas (March 9, 2004). "Paul Winfield Is Dead at 62; Known for Film and TV Roles". The New York Times.
- Adenekan, Shola (April 2, 2004). "Obituary: Paul Winfield". The Guardian.
- "U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
- "Paul Winfield Biography". filmreference. 2008. Retrieved 2007-06-23.
- "Paul Winfield Biography". yahoo! Movies. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- "Paul Winfield". Contemporary Black Biography. The Gale Group, Inc. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- Garfield, David (1980). "Appendix: Life Members of The Actors Studio as of January 1980". A Player's Place: The Story of The Actors Studio. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. p. 280. ISBN 0-02-542650-8.
- Greenspun, Roger (25 September 1972). "Screen: 'Sounder' Opens:Story of a Negro Boy in Louisiana of 1930's". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on 30 January 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- Bogost, Ian (18 June 2014). "A "Star Trek" Episode Shows the Next Phase of Human Communication". The Atlantic.
- Linda Rapp (2005). "Winfield, Paul". glbtq encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2007-02-05. Retrieved 2007-01-28.
- King, Susan (2004-03-09). "Oscar-nominated actor Paul Winfield dies". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Locations 51529-51530). McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Kindle Edition.