Paul Yü Pin
Paul Yü Pin
|Cardinal, Archbishop of Nanking|
|See||Archdiocese of Nanking|
|Ordination||22 December 1928|
by Giuseppe Palica
|Consecration||20 September 1936|
by Mario Zanin
|Created cardinal||28 April 1969|
by Pope Paul VI
|Rank||Cardinal-Priest of Gesù Divin Lavoratore|
|Born||April 13, 1901|
|Died||August 16, 1978 (aged 77)|
|Motto||restaurare omnia in christo|
|Coat of arms|
Paul Yü Pin
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Cardinal Paul Yü Pin (Chinese: 于斌; pinyin: Yú Bīn; 13 April 1901 – 16 August 1978) was a Chinese Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Nanking from 1946 until his death, having previously served as its Apostolic Vicar, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1969.
Paul Yü Pin (Yu Bin) was born in Hailun, North East China, to Yu Shuiyuan (于水源) and Xiao Aimei. Orphaned at age 7, he was baptized in 1914 after encountering the missionary priests near Lansi, where he lived with his grandfather. Yu attended the provincial normal school in Heilongjiang, the Jesuit Aurora University in Shanghai, and the seminary in Kirin before going to Rome, where he studied at the Pontifical Urbaniana University (earning his doctorate in theology) and Pontifical Roman Athenaem S. Apollinare. He also studied at the Royal University in Perugia, from where he obtained a doctoral degree in politics.
Yu was ordained to the priesthood on 22 December 1928 by Archbishop Giuseppe Palica, and then taught at the Urbaniana University until 1933, when he returned to China. Upon his return, he was named National Director of Catholic Action, secretary of the Chinese nunciature, and Inspector General of Catholic schools in China.
On 17 July 1936, Yu was appointed Apostolic Vicar of Nanking and Titular Bishop of Sozusa in Palaestina by Pope Pius XI. He received his episcopal consecration on the following September 20 from Archbishop Mario Zanin, with Bishops Simon Tchu, SJ, and Paul Montaigne, CM, serving as co-consecrators, in Beijing. In 1937, the Imperial Japanese Army took Nanking and a reward of $100,000 was placed for the capture of Yu, who spent World War II in the United States. There he planned in 1943 to establish employment bureaus, available to American teachers, doctors, and technicians, in China. Also that year, the Chinese cleric supported two bills before the House Immigration Committee that allowed Chinese to enter and become citizens of the United States under the quota system. Yu, following his return to China, was promoted to the rank of a Metropolitan Archbishop when his vicariate was elevated as such by Pope Pius XII on 11 April 1946.
In 1949, the new Communist regime expelled him from his see, and he was yet again forced to leave the country, resuming his exile in the United States. During this time, the Archbishop dedicated himself to helping Chinese Americans and raising funds for refugees from Communist China in Taiwan, where he was made rector magnifico of Fu Jen Catholic University in 1961. Yu attended the Second Vatican Council from 1962 to 1965, and was created Cardinal Priest of Gesù Divin Lavoratore by Pope Paul VI in the consistory of 28 April 1969. Upon his resignation as Fu Jen's rector on 5 August 1978, the Cardinal was named its Grand Chancellor. In 1976 he had become the first director of Dharma Realm Buddhist University's Institute for World Religions (now attached to Berkeley Buddhist Monastery).
He died from a heart attack at age 77 in Rome, where he had gone to participate in the conclave following Pope Paul VI's death in August 1978. Yu is interred in a mausoleum on the campus of Fu Jen Catholic University in Xinzhuang, Taipei County.
- While studying in Rome, Yu received a doctorate in philosophy from the Angelicum.
- President Franklin Roosevelt met with Bishop Yu in February 1944.
- He once sat on the All-China Interreligious Association.
- Yu was expected to have voted for a conservative candidate at the August 1978 conclave.
- The Cardinal, second from China, was 6 feet (1.8 m) and 3 inches (76 mm) tall.
In European languages
- Paul Yu-Pin, Un Problème psychique international: appel aux hommes de bonne foi aux hommes de bonne volonté. Bruxelles: Éd. de la Cité chrétienne, 1937.
- The Voice of the Church in China, 1931–1932, 1937-1938, by Archbishop Marius Zanin, Bishop Auguste Haouisée and Bishop Paul Yu-Pin; with a preface by Dom Pierre-Célestin Lou Tseng-Tsiang. London and New York: Longmans, Green and co., 1938.
- Eyes East: Selected Pronouncements of the Most Reverend Paul Yu-Pin. Paterson, N.J.: St. Anthony Guild Press, 1945.
- Raymond De Jaegher, Vie de Mgr. Paul Yu Pin. Vietnam: Ed. du Pacifique libre, 1959.
- TIME Magazine. A Mission for the Archbishop September 12, 1960
- TIME Magazine. Employment Available June 7, 1943
- TIME Magazine. 105 Chinese June 14, 1943
- Dharma Realm Buddhist University Archived 2007-07-31 at the Wayback Machine.
- TIME Magazine. Milestones August 28, 1978
- Free Church for China. Cardinal Yu-Pin
- TIME Magazine. The President's Week February 21, 1944
- TIME Magazine. Chungking Meeting June 14, 1943
- TIME Magazine. In Rome, a Week off Suspense August 28, 1978
|Catholic Church titles|
Auguste Haouisée SJ
|Archbishop of Nanking||Succeeded by|
Francis Xavier Lu Xinping
Chen Yuan (historian)
| President of Fu Jen Catholic University
Stanislaus Lo Kuang