Paule Gobillard

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Paule Gobillard
Berthe Morisot - Paule Gobillard en robe de bal.jpg
Berthe Morisot, Paule Gobillard en robe de bal, 1887
Born Paule Gobillard
(1867-12-03)December 3, 1867
Quimperlé, Brittany, France
Died 1946
Nationality French
Education Berthe Morisot
Known for Painting
Movement Post-Impressionism

Paule Gobillard (December 3, 1867 – 1946) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter who was heavily influenced by the Impressionists. She is the niece of Berthe Morisot and Eugène Manet, the brother of Édouard Manet, taught her lessons in painting as part of her education upon being orphaned at an early age. Relatively unknown in the art scene contrary to her relatives, she exhibited with the Société des Indépendants, respectively in 1904 and in 1926.[1]

Life and works[edit]

Few details on Gobillard are extant on her personal life in the present day, largely based on the memoirs of her cousin Julie Manet. Born in the town of Quimperlé, in the southern coast of the region of Brittany of France. She is the eldest daughter of Théodore Gobillard (1833–1879) and Yves Morisot (1838–1893), the sister of Berthe Morisot, the noted female Impressionist painter. She had two siblings namely, Marcel and Jeanne.[2]

At the age of 26, Gobillard stood orphaned along with her siblings as their mother passed away in 1893 and resided with her aunt, Berthe in Paris. During their stay with her aunt, she and her sister Jeanne stood initially as models for her paintings. Favored by her aunt as a model in her works, Berthe taught her painting. Impressed by her Impressionistic tutelage, she painted the everyday life of children, women and the outdoors with the tenderness of light pastels notably in the depiction in her still-lifes of flowers in their vases. She also drew upon the color hues from her other mentor, Pierre-Auguste Renoir who brought sensuality to the style of Impressionism. Renoir would often implore the Gobillard sisters to pose for him as models and teach them on the side, painting during his encounters in the southern coast of France, notably in Brittany.[3] In 1894, she held her first exhibition of her works and was subsequently exhibited with other prominent artists during that period at the Société des Indépendants, respectively in 1904 and in 1926. Gobillard continued painting and lived until 1946, when she died in Paris.[4]


In 1983, then-Philippine First Lady Imelda Marcos reportedly bought fifty-two paintings of Gobillard for US$273,000 (US$640,141.14 in 2013 dollars) from the Hammer Galleries, a New York-based art gallery as part of her extravagant overseas spending sprees during her husband's political reign. The dealer who was connected to the purchase stated, "It was a nice way to get rid of paintings you didn't want". The paintings are presently being litigated by the Presidential Commission on Good Government until the present day.[5] On 30 June 2004, more than 100 of her paintings and drawings from the collection of her nephew, François Valéry were auctioned by the Parisian auction house Calmels–Cohen.[6]


  1. ^ Klotz, Jody. "Paule Gobillard (1867-1946)". Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Johnston, Wesley (2007). "Paule Gobillard (1867-1946)". Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Klotz, Jody. "Paule Gobillard (1867-1946)". Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Johnston, Wesley (2007). "Paule Gobillard (1867-1946)". Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Much Marcos Art is Said to be Bogus". The New York Times. 27 April 1986. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  6. ^ Johnston, Wesley (2007). "Paule Gobillard (1867-1946)". Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  • Manet, Julie (1987). Growing Up with the Impressionists: The Diary of Julie Manet. London & New York: Sotheby's Publications. ISBN 0-8566-7340-4.