Paulus Edward Pieris Deraniyagala
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He was born in Colombo, the son of Sir Paul Edward Pieris, civil servant and scholar, and was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he gained a BA in 1922 and an MA in 1923. He entered Harvard University for a year where he was awarded MA in 1924.
He specialised in fauna and human fossils of the Indian subcontinent. From 1939 to 1963 he was the Director of the National Museum of Ceylon, and from 1961 to 1964 he was also the Dean of the Faculty of Arts at the Vidyodaya University.
Among the fossils and species he described, there are:
- The cannibalistic Balangoda Man, Homo sapiens balangodensis
- The extinct Sri Lanka lion (Leo leo sinhaleyus 1939)
- The extinct Sri Lankan gaur (Bibos sinhaleyus 1962)
- The extinct Sri Lankan hippopotamus (Hexaprotodon sinhaleyus 1937)
- The extinct Sri Lankan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sinhaleyus 1936)
- The extinct Sri Lankan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros kagavena 1956)
- An alleged African subspecies of tiger (Panthera tigris sudanensis 1951).
- "Deraniyagala". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
- "Past Presidents". Royal Asiatic Society of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Deraniyagala", p. 70).
- Genealogy of the Deraniyagala family, including a photo of Dr. Paul E. P. Deraniyagala
- Dr. Paul E. P. Deraniyagala and his son's work, including two drawings by the former
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