Paulin Obame-Nguema (born 28 December 1934) is a Gabonese politician who was the Prime Minister of Gabon from 2 November 1994 to 23 January 1999. He is currently a Deputy in the National Assembly of Gabon.
Prime Minister (1994–1999)
Obame-Nguema was born in Libreville. Following 1994 negotiations between the government and the opposition, which resulted in the signing of the Paris Accords on 7 October 1994, President Omar Bongo appointed Obame-Nguema—a Fang and member of the Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG)—as Prime Minister. Although some members of the opposition were included in his government, the two key opposition leaders, Paul Mba Abessole and Pierre-Louis Agondjo-Okawe, refused to participate.
Obame-Nguema offered his resignation in June 1996, but he was retained in his post by President Bongo. In the December 1996 parliamentary election, he was elected to the National Assembly as a PDG candidate in Estuaire Province; following that election, Bongo reappointed him as Prime Minister on 27 January 1997, and a new government under Obame-Nguema was appointed on 28 January.
Political activities since 1999
Bongo appointed Jean-François Ntoutoume-Emane to replace Obame-Nguema as Prime Minister in January 1999. Obame-Nguema was then appointed as Minister of State for Public Health, Population, and Social Affairs in late January 1999 before being moved to the post of Minister of Social Affairs on February 10, 1999. He was again elected to the National Assembly as a Deputy from Estuaire Province in the December 2001 parliamentary election.
In the December 2006 parliamentary election, Obame-Nguema was re-elected to the National Assembly as the PDG candidate in Kango constituency, located in the Komo Kango Department of Estuaire Province. Due to his status as the oldest Deputy in the National Assembly, Obame-Nguema presided over the first meeting of the new parliamentary term, at which the Bureau of the National Assembly was elected, in January 2007. Guy Nzouba-Ndama was re-elected as President of the National Assembly, but Obame-Nguema encountered resistance from opposition deputies regarding the method of election for the other members of the Bureau. The opposition deputies left the chamber and did not participate in those votes. Obame-Nguema then invited Nzouba-Ndama to take his seat as President of the National Assembly.
At the PDG's 9th Ordinary Congress in September 2008, Obame-Nguema was designated as President Bongo's Personal Representative.
- CV at National Assembly website at the Wayback Machine (archived November 9, 2004) (French).
- David E. Gardinier, "Gabon: Limited Reform and Regime Survival", Political Reform in Francophone Africa (1997), ed. Clark and Gardinier, Westview Press, page 157.
- "Décret N° 136/PR, portant nomination d'un Premier Ministre, Chef du Gouvernement.", Journal Officiel de la République Gabonaise, January 1997, page 2 (French).
- "Décret N° 144/PR, fixant la composition du Gouvernement.", Journal Officiel de la République Gabonaise, January 1997, pages 2–3 (French).
- "Nouveau vieux gouvernement gabonais" at the Wayback Machine (archived October 27, 2004), bdpgabon.org (French).
- "ASSEMBLEE NATIONALE (LEGISLATURE 2001-2006)", Africa Intelligence, GABON: LES HOMMES DE POUVOIR N°4, 5 March 2002 (French).
- "Liste des Députés par Circonscription", National Assembly website (accessed 5 January 2009) (French).
- "Guy Nzouba Ndama réélu", L'Union, 25 January 2007 (French).
- "PDG: Faustin Boukoubi au gouvernail", Croissance Saine Environnement, September 22, 2008 (French).