Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis
Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis.jpg
BornPaulina Kellogg
(1813-08-07)August 7, 1813
Bloomfield, New York
DiedAugust 24, 1876(1876-08-24) (aged 63)
Providence, Rhode Island
OccupationSuffragist
Abolitionist
Educator
Spouse(s)Francis Wright
(m. 1833, 1845 his death)
Thomas Davis
(m. 1849, 1876 her death)
Parent(s)Ebenezer Kellogg
Polly Saxton

Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis (August 7, 1813 – August 24, 1876) was an American abolitionist, suffragist, and educator. She was one of the founders of the New England Woman Suffrage Association.

Early life[edit]

Davis was born in Bloomfield, New York to Captain Ebenezer Kellogg and Polly (Saxton) Kellogg. The family moved to the frontier near Niagara Falls in 1817. Both her parents died, and she went to live with her aunt in 1820 in Le Roy, New York. She joined the Presbyterian church, although she found it hostile to outspoken women. She wanted to become a missionary, but the church did not allow single women to become missionaries.[1]

Later life[edit]

Davis married Francis Wright in 1833, who was a merchant from a prosperous family from Utica, New York.[2] They had similar values and both resigned from their church to protest its pro-slavery stance, and they served on the executive committee of the Central New York Anti-Slavery Society. In 1835, Davis and her husband organized an anti-slavery convention in Utica. They also supported women's rights reforms, associating with Susan B. Anthony,[3] Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Ernestine Rose. During this period, Davis studied women's health. Francis Wright died in 1845, and the couple had no children.[4]

Davis moved to New York to study medicine following her husband's death. In 1846, she gave lectures on anatomy and physiology to women only.[5] She imported a medical mannequin and toured the eastern United States teaching women and urging them to become physicians. In 1849, she married Thomas Davis, a Democrat from Providence, Rhode Island, and they adopted two daughters.[6][7]

In 1850, Davis started to focus her energies on women's rights. She stopped lecturing and helped to arrange the first National Women's Rights Convention in Worcester, Massachusetts, at which she presided and delivered the opening address.[8] She was president of the National Woman's Rights Central Committee from 1850 to 1858. In 1853, she began editing the women's newspaper The Una, handing over the responsibility to Caroline Healey Dall in 1855.[9]

Davis was one of the founders of the New England Woman Suffrage Association in 1868. When the group splintered, she and Susan B. Anthony became involved in the National Woman Suffrage Association.[10] In 1870, she arranged the twentieth anniversary of the Women's Suffrage Movement meeting and published The History of the National Woman's Rights Movement.[11]

Death and honors[edit]

Davis died on August 24, 1876 in Providence, Rhode Island and was eulogized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton.[12] She was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame in 2002.[13] In 2003, she was inducted into the Rhode Island Heritage Hall of Fame, along with her husband.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Davis, Paulina Kellogg Wright". American National Biography Online. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  2. ^ "Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis". Rhode Island Heritage Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  3. ^ "Women's Rights National Park, Seneca Falls, NY". New York Traveler.net. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  4. ^ Talcott, Sebastian Visscher (1883). Genealogical Notes of New York and New England Families. Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 743.
  5. ^ "Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  6. ^ James, Edward T. and Wilson, Janet (1971). Notable American Women, 1607–1950: A Biographical Dictionary, Volume 2. Harvard University Press. p. 444.
  7. ^ Danforth, Charolotte (2006). American Heirloom Baby Names. Penguin.
  8. ^ "2002 National Women's Hall of Fame Inductees". The Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  9. ^ "Davis, Paulina Kellogg Wright". American National Biography Online. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  10. ^ "Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  11. ^ "Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis". National Women’s Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  12. ^ "Davis, Paulina Kellogg Wright". American National Biography Online. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  13. ^ "Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis". National Women’s Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  14. ^ "Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis". Rhode Island Heritage Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 4, 2014.

Further reading[edit]

  • Lederman, S. H. Davis, Paulina Kellogg Wright. American National Biography Online Feb. 2000.

External links[edit]