|The Venerable Pauline-Marie Jaricot|
22 July 1799|
9 January 1862|
|Venerated in||Roma Catolica Church|
Pauline-Marie Jaricot (22 July 1799; died there, 9 January 1862) was a French laywoman, the foundress of the Society of the Propagation of the Faith and the Living Rosary Association.
Pauline was born 22 July 1799, the youngest of seven children of Antoine and Jeanne Jaricot in 19th-century Lyon, France. Her father owned a silk factory in Lyon, France. Her brother, Philéas, was a missionary in Quangnam. At fifteen years of age she was introduced into the social life of the city. Subsequently, a sermon on vanity made a deep impression on her.
At the age of seventeen, after a serious fall and the death of her mother, she began to lead a life of intense prayer, and on Christmas Day, 1816, took a vow of perpetual virginity. She established a union of prayer among pious servant girls, the members of which were known as the "Réparatrices du Sacré-Coeur de Jésus-Christ".
As a member of an association founded by the Fathers of the Foreign Missions of Paris, she was a pioneer of organized missionary co-operation. With the women employees in the silk factory run by her sister and brother-in-law, she resolved to help the missions with prayers and a small weekly contribution of one penny a week from each person involved. The seed grew and other groups joined to help all missions.This eventually led to the founding of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith in 1822, dedicated to helping missionary efforts worldwide. On May 3, 1922 Pope Pius XI declared the Society for the Propagation of the Faith "Pontifical".
A member of the lay Dominicans, her spiritual director for many years was Jean-Marie Vianney. In 1822, she arranged the printing and distribution of religious literature. She believed that information about the missions should be publicized. Later, the future Society would publish the Annals which contained reports from various mission territories aimed at increasing interest in the Society and the missions.
Around 1845 Jaricot purchased a blast furnace plant to be run as a model of Christian social reform. A building adjacent to the plant accommodated the families, and close by was a school and a chapel. She left the management to people who proved to be dishonest, and she was forced to declare bankruptcy in 1862. Having exhausted all her money, she spent the rest of her life destitute. She died on January 9, 1862 in Lyon.
Since 1935 the mortal remains of Pauline-Marie Jaricot lie in the Church of Saint-Nizier in Lyon.
In a homily on 9 January 2013, at the end of the celebrations commemorating on the 150th anniversary of her death, Cardinal Fernando Filoni, Prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, stated,"Jaricot’s heroic virtues do not consist in a series of miraculous events, but in that fruitful fidelity to Christ, to whom she devoted herself both in good times and in ... difficult ...moments...."
Living Rosary Association
In 1826 Jaricot founded the Living Rosary Association. The fifteen decades of the Rosary were divided among fifteen associates, each of whom had to recite daily only one determined decade. Pauline expanded the organization's work to include the distribution of prayer leaflets, holy pictures, medals and rosaries. The Living Rosary Association, founded by Pauline Jaricot in 1826, grew rapidly in France and spread to other countries during her lifetime and for years thereafter. In 1832, Pope Gregory XVI gave canonical status to the Living Rosary Association.
By the mid-20th century, however, the number of members had markedly decreased, especially in the United States. The organization was revived through the efforts of Patti and Richard Melvin of Dickinson, Texas and 28 other devotees who renewed the practice of organizing 15 persons to each pray one of the 15 Decades of the Rosary.
By the year 2014, the Living Rosary membership numbers nearly 16 million persons of all ages, with substantial numbers in Third World countries. The organization maintains an internet website at philomena.org, authored by Patti Dickinson, who is universal director of the Living Rosary. A Facebook page, "Universal Living Rosary Association," is authored by apostolate promoter Brian J. Costello of New Roads, Louisiana.
- "Celebrating a Legacy", Society for the Propagation of the Faith
- Brinker, Jennifer."Society for the Propagation of the Faith foundress is example of worldwide missionary vision", St. Louis Review, 23 May 2012
- Weber, Nicholas. "Pauline-Marie Jaricot." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 4 Apr. 2013
- Windeatt, Mary F.: Pauline Jaricot: Foundress of the Living Rosary and the Society for the Propagation of the Faith (Rockford, IL: Tan Books and Publishers, Inc.: 1993)
- Address of John Paul II to Mission Societies, 15 May 1997
- "Commemoration Day for Pauline Jaricot, foundress of the Pontifical Society for the Propagation of the Faith: 9 January in Lyon", Agenzia Fides, 9 January 2012
- "150th Anniversary of Pauline-Marie Jaricot’s death", Agenzia Fides, 9 January 2013.
- "Pauline Jaricot, fruitful fidelity to Christ and farsighted commitment to evangelization", Agenzia Fides, 10 January 2013
- Emmons, D.D., "The lasting legacy of Ven. Pauline Jaricot", Our Sunday Visitor, October 8, 2014
- Universal Living Rosary Association.