Pauline Gardiner

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For Olympic gymnast, see Pauline Gardiner (gymnast).

Pauline Mona Gardiner (née Wayman, born 27 September 1947) is a former New Zealand Member of Parliament, first for New Zealand National Party and then for United New Zealand. She was married to soldier, writer and public servant Wira Gardiner.

Early life[edit]

Pauline Wayman was born in Christchurch in 1947.[1] She received her education at New Brighton School (1952–1960) and Christchurch West High School (1961–1963). After school, she joined the New Zealand Women's Royal Army Corps (NZWRAC) for three years.[2]

Member of Parliament[edit]

Parliament of New Zealand
Years Term Electorate Party
1993–1995 44th Wellington-Karori National
1995–1996 Changed allegiance to: United NZ

Gardiner contested the Wellington Central electorate for National in the 1990 election against Fran Wilde, the incumbent of the Labour Party. On election night, Gardiner had a lead, but Wilde won when the special votes had been counted.[3]

Wilde was elected Mayor of Wellington in 1992, and her resignation from parliament caused the 1992 Wellington Central by-election. Gardiner again contested the seat, but was beaten by Labour's Chris Laidlaw by a vote margin of just over 1%.[4]

In the 1993 election, Gardiner in turn defeated Laidlaw in the new Wellington-Karori electorate.[5] This was the only seat Labour lost at this election, which allowed National to govern with a majority of one. However, in 1995, Gardiner left the National Party to join six other MPs in the establishment of centrist party United New Zealand.[6] Like all United MPs but Peter Dunne, she was defeated in the 1996 election; she contested the Wellington Central electorate, where she came fourth.[7][8]

In 1998 she ran for United in the Taranaki-King Country by election following the resignation of Jim Bolger. She came a distant ninth place with less than 1% of the votes.[9]

Interest outside parliament[edit]

Gardiner is most well known for her campaign against drug abuse.[10] She is particularly critical of New Zealand's harm minimisation policy, which was introduced in 1990, and during this time, the country has become one of the highest users of drugs.[11]

Family[edit]

Gardiner has three children by her former husband Wira Gardiner. Their daughter Ainsley Gardiner is a film producer who became well-known through her 2010 film Boy.[12] She now lives in Whakatane.[2] She is now married to real estate agent Gordon Fridge.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Temple, Philip (1994). Temple's Guide to the 44th New Zealand Parliament. Dunedin: McIndoe Publishers. p. 64. ISBN 0 86868 159 8. 
  2. ^ a b "Lay Advocates Conference" (PDF). New Zealand Law Society. p. 10. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Bassett, Michael (2008). Working with David: Inside the Lange Cabinet. Auckland: Hodder Moa. p. 538. ISBN 978-1-86971-094-1. 
  4. ^ "By-election Special". The Evening Post. 14 December 1992. pp. 23–24. 
  5. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. p. 134. 
  6. ^ James, Colin. "Watch out for the elephants". Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  7. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Wellington Central" (PDF). Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "Women in parliament 1933–2005". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "1998 Taranaki-King Country By-election – 2 May 1998". Chief Electoral Office. Retrieved 19 July 2009. 
  10. ^ Gardiner, Pauline (7 May 2006). "A Magnifying Glass over Harm Minimisation". NZCPR. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  11. ^ "Coroner blasts drug education". Television New Zealand. 4 October 2005. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  12. ^ Stuart, Sarah (6 February 2014). "Twelve Questions: Ainsley Gardiner". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  13. ^ Crombie, Nathan (11 December 2006). "$7000 raised at Catwalk charity auction". Wairarapa Times-Age. Retrieved 27 June 2015.