Hanson in 2007
|Federal President of
Pauline Hanson's One Nation
29 November 2014
|Vice President||Ian Nelson
Steve Dickson (QLD Leader)
|Preceded by||Jim Savage|
11 April 1997 – 27 January 2002
|Vice President||David Oldfield
|Preceded by||Party created|
|Succeeded by||John Fischer|
|Senator for Queensland|
2 July 2016
|Preceded by||Glenn Lazarus|
|Federal President of Pauline Hanson's
United Australia Party
24 May 2007 – 31 March 2010
|Vice President||Brian Burston|
|Preceded by||Party created|
|Succeeded by||Party dissolved|
|State Leader of Pauline Hanson's
One Nation in Queensland
29 November 2014 – 23 January 2017
|Preceded by||Jim Savage|
|Succeeded by||Steve Dickson|
13 December 1999 – 6 March 2001
|Preceded by||Bill Feldman|
|Succeeded by||Bill Flynn|
11 April 1997 – 21 May 1998
|Preceded by||Party created|
|Succeeded by||Heather Hill|
|Member of the Australian Parliament
2 March 1996 – 3 October 1998
|Preceded by||Les Scott|
|Succeeded by||Bernie Ripoll|
|Member of the Ipswich City Council
for Division 7
3 April 1994 – 22 March 1995
|Preceded by||Paul Pissale|
|Succeeded by||Denise Hanly|
|Born||Pauline Lee Seccombe
27 May 1954
|Political party||Pauline Hanson's One Nation (1997–02; 2013–)|
|Independent (before 1994; 1996–97; 2010–13)
United Australia (2007–10)
(m. 1971; div. 1977)
(m. 1980; div. 1987)
|Education||Buranda Girls' School,
Coorparoo State School 
|Occupation||Catering service director
(Marsden's Seafood Pty Ltd)
(Taylors Elliotts Ltd)
Pauline Lee Hanson (née Seccombe, formerly Zagorski; born 27 May 1954) is an Australian politician.
Hanson first entered politics as a member of Ipswich City Council in 1994. She joined the Liberal Party of Australia in 1995 and was preselected for the Division of Oxley at the 1996 federal election, but was disendorsed shortly before the election. Although listed on the ballot paper as the Liberal Party candidate, she won Oxley as an independent.
After leaving federal parliament, Hanson contested several state and federal elections as the leader of One Nation, as the leader of Pauline Hanson's United Australia Party and as an independent. She was expelled from One Nation in 2002. A Brisbane District Court jury found Hanson guilty of electoral fraud in 2003 though the convictions were later overturned by three judges on the Queensland Court of Appeal. As a result of the convictions, Hanson spent 11 weeks in jail prior to the appeal being heard.
Hanson rejoined One Nation in 2013, becoming leader again the following year. At the 2016 Australian federal election she was elected to the Senate, representing Queensland, together with three other senators of her party.
- 1 Early life and career
- 2 Political offices
- 3 Racism allegations
- 4 Political career
- 5 Ouster from One Nation and launch of Pauline's United Australia Party
- 6 Return as One Nation leader
- 7 Activity between offices
- 8 Published books
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Early life and career
Hanson was born on 27 May 1954 in Brisbane, Queensland. Her parents, Jack Seccombe and Hannorah Webster, owned a milk bar in Ipswich, Queensland, in which Hanson and her siblings worked. She is the fifth of seven children, and the youngest daughter.
Hanson met Walter Zagorski, a Polish refugee, in 1970, at 15 after she left school. The pair married a year later, when Hanson was 16, after they discovered that she was pregnant with their son, Anthony (born 1972). Zagorski worked away in central Queensland, leaving Hanson to raise their children alone. In 1975, Zagorski left Hanson for another woman, after months of several extramarital affairs. Hanson was heavily pregnant with their second child, Steven (born 1975). They reconciled briefly in 1977, but later divorced that same year. Zagorski has claimed to doubt that he is the father of Steven. Hanson repeatedly requested a paternity test, however Zagorski refused, claiming that the result would be inconclusive.
In 1978, Hanson met Mark Hanson, a tradesman on the Gold Coast. They married in 1980 after Hanson became pregnant with their son, Adam, and honeymooned in South-East Asia. Their daughter Lee was born in 1984. They started a plumbing and roofing business, settling in Ipswich. After the couple divorced, Hanson opened a fish and chip shop in Ipswich. Mark Hanson made claims that "[he] was blackmailed" into marrying Hanson because of her pregnancy and that she made racist and derogatory remarks about their Aboriginal clients.
Hanson was a member of the Australian Parliament from 1996 to 1998. In 1996 she joined the Liberal Party of Australia and was endorsed as the Liberal candidate for the House of Representatives electorate of Oxley (based in Ipswich) for the March 1996 Federal election. At the time, the seat was thought of as a Labor stronghold. Hanson's Labor predecessor, Les Scott, held it with an almost 15% two-party majority, making it the safest Labor seat in Queensland.
The boundaries of the Oxley electorate were significantly altered following a redistribution in 1997, with Hanson's support base in Ipswich between split between Oxley and a newly created electorate of Blair. Having created the One Nation party after her election to parliament, Hanson decided to contest Blair at the next federal election in 1998 but, despite winning a plurality (36%) of the primary vote, the distribution of preferences led to her losing to the Liberal candidate.
Despite Hanson's repeated denials of charges of racism, her views on race, immigration and Islam have been discussed widely in Australia.
In her maiden speech to Parliament in 1996, Hanson appealed to economically disadvantaged white Australians by expressing dissatisfaction with government policy on indigenous affairs, saying that, "Present governments are encouraging separatism in Australia by providing opportunities, land, moneys and facilities available only to Aboriginals. Along with millions of Australians, I am fed up to the back teeth with the inequalities that are being promoted by the government and paid for by the taxpayer under the assumption that Aboriginals are the most disadvantaged people in Australia. [...] I have done research on benefits available only to Aboriginals and challenge anyone to tell me how Aboriginals are disadvantaged when they can obtain three and five per cent housing loans denied to non-Aboriginals. This nation is being divided into black and white, and the present system encourages this. I am fed up with being told, ‘This is our land.’ Well, where the hell do I go? I was born here, and so were my parents and children. I will work beside anyone and they will be my equal but I draw the line when told I must pay and continue paying for something that happened over 200 years ago. Like most Australians, I worked for my land; no-one gave it to me."
Anti-immigration and anti-multiculturalism
In her maiden speech, Hanson envisioned a drastic reduction in immigration with particular reference to immigrants from Asia, saying that, "I and most Australians want our immigration policy radically reviewed and that of multiculturalism abolished. I believe we are in danger of being swamped by Asians." Hanson criticised the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC), saying "Anyone with a criminal record can, and does, hold a position with ATSIC"."
Condemning multiculturalism as a "threat to the very basis of the Australian culture, identity and shared values", One Nation rallied against government immigration and multicultural policies which, it argued, were leading to "the Asianisation of Australia."
After Hanson was elected to Parliament in 1996, journalist Tracey Curro asked her on 60 Minutes whether she was xenophobic. Hanson replied, "Please explain?" This response became a much-parodied catchphrase within Australian culture and was included in the title of the 2016 SBS documentary film Pauline Hanson: Please Explain!.
In 2006 Hanson asserted that Africans bring disease into Australia, saying she was concerned by the ease with which people were able to gain Australian citizenship, especially Muslims and Africans. In relation to African immigration, Hanson said, "Do you want to see your daughter or a family member end up with AIDS or anyone for that matter?". In relation to this, the Federation of African Communities Council said that the group's lawyers were lodging a complaint of racial discrimination with the Australian Human Rights Commission. Ten years after her maiden speech, its effects were still being discussed within a racism framework, and were included in resources funded by the Queensland Government on 'Combating racism in Queensland'.
After the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting, Hanson posted a video on her Facebook page calling for a ban on Muslim immigration to Australia. Stating that, "We have laws here that we don’t bring in pitbull terriers because they are a danger to our society… we have laws to protect Australians," Hanson stated that Australia had to take a strong stance against Muslims, Islam, its teaching and its beliefs.
The same year Hanson announced policies including a ban on building new mosques until a royal commission into whether Islam is a religion or a political ideology has been held, and installing CCTV cameras in all existing mosques. She has called for a “moratorium” on accepting Muslim immigrants into Australia. In Pauline Hanson's 2016 maiden speech in the Senate, she said that "We are in danger of being swamped by Muslims who bear a culture and ideology that is incompatible with our own" and called for banning Muslim migration. The speech prompted a walk out by Senate members of the Australian Greens.
After the 2017 Westminster attack she repeated her stance on Banning Muslims from coming into Australia by saying #Pray4MuslimBan.
After her election in 1996, an estimated 10,000 people marched in protest against racism in Melbourne, and other protests followed, while Anglican and Catholic church leaders warned that the "ill-conceived controversy" threatened the stability of Australia's multicultural society. Also repudiating Hanson's views on immigration and multiculturalism were Victorian Premier Jeff Kennett, the Queensland National Senator Ron Boswell, Sir Ronald Wilson and former Prime Minister Paul Keating. At the 1997 annual conference of the Australian and New Zealand Communications Association (ANZCA) at La Trobe University, a paper was presented with the title 'Phenomena and Epiphenomena: is Pauline Hanson racist?'. In 1998, social commentator Keith Suter argued that Hanson's views were better understood as an angry response to globalisation. A poll in The Bulletin magazine at this time suggested that if Hanson formed a political party, it would win 18 percent of the vote. After months of silence, then-Prime Minister John Howard and Opposition Leader Kim Beazley forwarded a bipartisan motion against racial discrimination and reaffirming support for a nondiscriminatory immigration policy. The motion was carried on the voices. Howard later said that Hanson was plainly wrong and was "an empty popularist offering a cure worse than the disease". Hanson did not relent in articulating her views and continued to address public meetings around Australia. The League of Rights offered financial and organisational support for her campaign against Asian immigration, and in December she announced she was considering forming a political party to contend the next election. Alexander Downer, Minister for Foreign Affairs under John Howard, issued a media release calling on Pauline Hanson, David Oldfield and David Ettridge to "disassociate themselves from the racist slurs being promoted in the Asian media by people claiming to be their closest supporters". Fiona Probyn notes that several of Hanson's views were shared by Graeme Campbell, a "right-wing Labor dissident" and Hanson attracted much more media attention and this became a moral panic, but Campbell's views were largely written off. In 2000, the University of NSW Press published the book Race, Colour and Identity in Australia and New Zealand, which identified Hanson as a central figure in the 'racism debate' in Australia of the 1990s, noting that senior Australian academics such as Jon Stratton, Ghassan Hage and Andrew Jakubowicz had explored Hanson's significance in an international as well as national context.
Following Hanson's maiden speech her views received negative coverage across Asian news media in 1996, and National Party Deputy and Trade Minister, Tim Fischer, criticised the race "debate" initiated by Hanson, saying it was putting Australian exports and jobs at risk. Other ministers and state and territory leaders followed Fischer's lead in attacking Hanson. In December, then-Prime Minister of Malaysia Mahathir Mohamad, said he would recall more than 11,000 Malaysian students from Australia after a girl who returned from the country reported to Malaysian media that Asian students were becoming targets of racial abuse at car parks and bus stops in Melbourne.
In 1998, the resurgence of popularity of Hanson was met with disappointment in Asian media, with the South China Morning Post reporting, "The sudden resurgence of support for Australia’s obnoxious One Nation Party is disheartening, but should not come as a surprise". Her resignation from politics in 2002 was met with support from academics, politicians and the press across Asia. KP Waran, the former Executive Editor of the Malaysian newspaper, New Straits Times told the ABC, "good riddance to bad rubbish" while Singaporean, Dr. Bilveer Singh and the former adviser to former Indonesian president B.J. Habibie, Dewi Fortuna Anwar also expressed their agreement of Hanson's resignation.
Enough Rope interview
In 2004, Hanson appeared on the nationally televised ABC interview show Enough Rope. Archival footage from a 60 Minutes program shot on the streets of Ipswich was used to introduce claims about racism and bigotry in Hanson's views. Hanson challenged interviewer Andrew Denton to show her things that she had said that were racist. Denton instead responded with an example of an abusive letter sent to an Asian girl after Hanson's speeches. The letter included a racist tirade. Hanson was then challenged about derogatory comments about Aboriginals made by her "fellow travellers". Hanson distanced herself from the comments, by countering that several elected candidates of One Nation were "radicals that tagged themselves to me". She also stated that she had limited knowledge of her book, Pauline Hanson -- the Truth: On Asian Immigration, the Aboriginal Question, the Gun Debate and the Future of Australia and its contents.
Founding of Pauline Hanson's One Nation
In February 1997, Hanson, David Oldfield and David Ettridge founded the Pauline Hanson's One Nation political party. Disenchanted rural voters attended her meetings in regional centres across Australia as she consolidated a support base for the new party. An opinion poll in May of that year indicated that the party was attracting the support of 9 per cent of Australian voters and that its popularity was primarily at the expense of the Liberal Party-National Party Coalition's base.
Hanson's presence in the suburb of Dandenong, Victoria, to launch her party was met with demonstrations on 7 July 1997, with 3000-5000 people rallying outside. A silent vigil and multicultural concert was organised by the Greater Dandenong City Council in response to Hanson's presence, while a demonstration was organised by an anti-racism body. The majority of attendees were of Asian origin, where an open platform attracted leaders of the Vietnamese, Chinese, East Timorese and Sri Lankan communities. Representatives from churches, local community groups, lesbian and gay and socialist organisations also attended and addressed the crowd.
In its late 1990s incarnation, One Nation called for zero net immigration, an end to multiculturalism and a revival of Australia's Anglo-Celtic cultural tradition which it says has been diminished, the abolition of native title and the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC), an end to special Aboriginal funding programs, opposition to Aboriginal reconciliation which the party says will create two nations, and a review of the 1967 constitutional referendum which gave the Commonwealth power to legislate for Aborigines. The party's economic position was to support protectionism and trade retaliation, increased restrictions on foreign capital and the flow of capital overseas, and a general reversal of globalisation's influence on the Australian economy. Domestically, One Nation opposed privatisation, competition policy, and the GST, while proposing a government subsidised people's bank to provide 2 per cent loans to farmers, small business, and manufacturers. On foreign policy, One Nation called for a review of Australia's United Nations membership, a repudiation of Australia's UN treaties, an end to foreign aid and to ban foreigners from owning Australian land.
One Nation attracted nearly one-quarter of the vote in the 1998 state election and won 11 of 89 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. During this period, new right-wing parties emerged in most states, running on platforms which were equally anti-elitist but not as populist as One Nation. Australia First, led by Graeme Campbell, built support in Newcastle and the southern suburbs of Sydney. The United Australia Party fielded candidates in the 1997 state election in South Australia; the Australian Reform Party was active in rural Victoria and New South Wales; The Australians formed out of the defunct Confederate Action Party in Queensland; and Tasmania First fielded candidates in the 1998 state election.
1996 election campaign
Leading up to the 1996 election, Hanson advocated the abolition of special government assistance for Aborigines, and she was disendorsed by the Liberal Party. Ballot papers had already been printed listing Hanson as the Liberal candidate, and the Australian Electoral Commission had closed nominations for the seat. As a result, Hanson was still listed as the Liberal candidate when votes were cast, even though Liberal leader John Howard had declared she would not be allowed to sit with the Liberals if elected. On election night, Hanson took a large lead on the first count and picked up enough Democrat preferences to defeat Scott on the sixth count. She won 54 percent of the two-candidate preferred vote. Had she still been running as a Liberal, the 19.3 percent swing would have been the largest two-party swing of the election.[unreliable source?] Due to her disendorsement, she entered parliament as an independent.
On 10 September 1996, Hanson gave her maiden speech to the House of Representatives, which was widely reported in the media. In her opening lines, Hanson said that "I won the seat of Oxley largely on an issue that has resulted in me being called a racist. That issue related to my comment that Aboriginals received more benefits than non-Aboriginals". Hanson then asserted that Australia was in danger of being "swamped by Asians", and that these immigrants "have their own culture and religion, form ghettos and do not assimilate". Hanson argued that "mainstream Australians" were instead subject to "a type of reverse racism ... by those who promote political correctness and those who control the various taxpayer funded 'industries' that flourish in our society servicing Aboriginals, multiculturalists and a host of other minority groups". This theme continued with the assertion that "present governments are encouraging separatism in Australia by providing opportunities, land, moneys and facilities available only to Aboriginals". Among a series of criticisms of Aboriginal land rights, access to welfare and reconciliation, Hanson criticised the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC), saying "Anyone with a criminal record can, and does, hold a position with ATSIC". There then followed a short series of statements on family breakdown, youth unemployment, international debt, the Family Law Act, child support, and the privatisation of Qantas and other national enterprises. The speech also included an attack on immigration and multiculturalism, a call for the return of high-tariff protectionism, and criticism of economic rationalism. Her speech was delivered uninterrupted by her fellow parliamentarians as it was the courtesy given to MPs delivering their maiden speeches.
Time in office
Hanson became a familiar face in Australian politics, gaining extensive media coverage during her campaign and once she took her place in the House. Her first speech attracted considerable attention for the views it expressed on Aboriginal benefits, welfare, immigration and multiculturalism. During her term in Parliament, Hanson spoke on a wide range of social and economic issues including the need for a fairer child support scheme and concern for the emergence of the working class poor. She also called for more accountable and effective administration of Indigenous affairs. Hanson's supporters viewed her as an ordinary person who challenged ‘political correctness’ as a threat to Australia's identity.
The reaction of the mainstream political parties was negative, with parliament passing a resolution (supported by all members except Graeme Campbell) condemning her views on immigration and multiculturalism. However, the Prime Minister at the time, John Howard, refused to censure Hanson or speak critically about her, acknowledging that her views were shared by many Australians, commenting that he saw the expression of such views as evidence that the "pall of political correctness" had been lifted in Australia, and that Australians could now "speak a little more freely and a little more openly about what they feel".
Hanson immediately labelled Howard a "strong leader" and said Australians were now free to discuss issues without "fear of being branded as a bigot or racist". Over the next few months, Hanson featured prominently on television and talkback radio, attracting populist anti-immigration sentiment and the attention of the Citizens' Electoral Council, the Australian League of Rights and other right-wing groups. Then-Immigration Minister Phillip Ruddock announced a tougher government line on refugee applications, and cut the family reunion intake by 10,000, despite an election promise to maintain immigration levels. Various academic experts, business leaders and several state premiers attacked the justification offered by Ruddock, who had claimed that the reduction had been forced by continuing high unemployment. Various ethnic communities complained that this attack on multiculturalism was a cynical response to polls showing Hanson's rising popularity. Hanson herself claimed credit for forcing the government's hand.
1998 re-election campaign
In 1999, The Australian reported that support for One Nation had fallen from 22% to 5%. One Nation Senate candidate Lenny Spencer blamed the press together with party director David Oldfield for the October 1998 election defeat, while the media reported the redirecting of preferences away from One Nation as the primary reason, with a lack of party unity, poor policy choices and an "inability to work with the media" also responsible.
Ahead of the 1998 federal election, an electoral redistribution essentially split Oxley in half. Oxley was reconfigured as a marginal Labor seat, while a new seat of Blair was created in the rural area surrounding Ipswich. Hanson knew her chances of holding the reconfigured Oxley were slim, especially after former Labor state premier Wayne Goss won preselection for the seat. Hanson launched her 1998 election campaign with a focus on jobs, rather than a focus on race/ethnicity or on "the people" against "the elites". Instead Hanson focused on unemployment and the need to create more jobs not through government schemes but by "cheap loans to business, by more apprenticeships, and by doing something about tariffs". She opted to contest Blair, where most of her support was now located. On paper, Blair was a very safe Liberal seat with a notional majority of 18.7 percent. Hanson won 36 percent of the primary vote, slightly over 10% more than her nearest rival. However, preferences were enough to elect the Liberal candidate, Cameron Thompson, who had been third in the primary vote. Because all three major parties preferenced each other ahead of Hanson, Thompson overtook the Labor candidate on National preferences and defeated Hanson on Labor preferences. It has been suggested by Thompson that Hanson's litigation against parodist Pauline Pantsdown was a distraction from the election which contributed to her loss.
Nationally, One Nation gained 8.99 percent of the Senate vote and 8.4% of the Representatives vote, but only one MP was elected – Len Harris as a Senator for Queensland. Heather Hill had been elected to this position, but the High Court of Australia ruled that, although she was an Australian citizen, she was ineligible for election to sit as a Senator because she had not renounced her British citizenship, which the Court assumed she possessed because she had been born in Britain. Hanson alleged in her 2007 autobiography Pauline Hanson: Untamed & Unashamed that a number of other politicians had dual citizenship yet this did not prevent them from holding positions in Parliament.
In 1998, Tony Abbott had established a trust fund called "Australians for Honest Politics Trust" to help bankroll civil court cases against the One Nation Party and Hanson herself. John Howard denied any knowledge of the existence of such a fund. Abbott was also accused of offering funds to One Nation dissident Terry Sharples to support his court battle against the party. However, Howard defended the honesty of Abbott in this matter. Abbott conceded that the political threat One Nation posed to the Howard Government was "a very big factor" in his decision to pursue the legal attack, but he also said he was acting "in Australia's national interest". Howard also defended Abbott's actions saying "It's the job of the Liberal Party to politically attack other parties – there's nothing wrong with that."
Unsuccessful state and federal election campaigns
At the next federal election on 10 November 2001, Hanson ran for a Queensland senate seat but narrowly failed. She accounted for her declining popularity by claiming that the Liberals under John Howard had stolen her policies.
"It has been widely recognised by all, including the media, that John Howard sailed home on One Nation policies. In short, if we were not around, John Howard would not have made the decisions he did."
Other interrelated factors that contributed to her political decline from 1998 to 2002 include her connection with a series of advisors with whom she ultimately fell out (John Pasquarelli, David Ettridge and David Oldfield); disputes amongst her supporters; and a lawsuit over the organisational structure of One Nation.
In 2003, following her release from prison after a reversal of an electoral fraud conviction, Hanson unsuccessfully contested the New South Wales state election, running for a seat in the upper house. In January 2004, Hanson announced that she did not intend to return to politics. but then stood as an independent candidate for one of Queensland's seats in the Senate in the 2004 federal election. At the time Hanson declared, "I don't want all the hangers on. I don't want the advisers and everyone else. I want it to be this time Pauline Hanson." She was unsuccessful, receiving only 31.77% of the required quota of primary votes, and did not pick up enough additional support through preferences. However, she attracted more votes than the One Nation party (4.54% compared to 3.14%) and, unlike her former party, recovered her deposit from the Australian Electoral Commission and secured $150,000 of public electoral funding. Hanson claimed to have been vilified over campaign funding.
Hanson contested the electoral district of Beaudesert as an independent at the 2009 Queensland state election. After an election campaign dominated by discussion over hoax photographs, she was placed third behind the Liberal National Party's Aidan McLindon and Labor's Brett McCreadie. There were conflicting media reports as to whether she had said she would not consider running again.
On 23 July 2010, while at an event promoting her new career as a motivational speaker, Hanson expressed interest in returning to the political stage as a Liberal candidate if an invitation were to be offered by the leader Tony Abbott in the 2010 federal election. No such offer was made.
In March 2011, Hanson ran as an independent candidate for the New South Wales Legislative Council in the 2011 state election, but was not elected, receiving 2.41 percent of the primary statewide vote but losing on preferences. Following the election, Hanson alleged that "dodgy staff" employed by the NSW Electoral Commission put 1,200 votes for her in a pile of blank ballots, and she claimed that she had a forwarded NSW Electoral Commission internal email as evidence of this. Hanson then commenced legal proceedings to challenge the outcome of the election in the NSW Supreme Court, which sat as the Court of Disputed Returns.
From the start of proceedings, the NSW Electoral Commissioner maintained the view that Hanson's claims lacked substance. The man who alerted Hanson to the alleged emails, who identified himself as "Michael Rattner", failed to appear in court on 8 June 2011 "Rattner" was revealed to be Shaun Castle, a history teacher who posed as a journalist to obtain embargoed progressive poll results.
After having refused to answer questions on the grounds of self-incrimination, Castle apologised to the court and was granted protection from prosecution by Justice McClellan, before being compelled to answer questions relating to the fraudulent email. The judge ordered that Hanson's legal costs of more than $150,000 be paid by the State of New South Wales – a move which outraged Greens MP Jeremy Buckingham, who would have been replaced by Hanson had her challenge been successful. Questioning whether Hanson's legal action should have gone ahead at all given the nature of the evidence, Buckingham said that "This lack of judgement shows that she's unfit for public office." Earlier, the judge, Justice McClellan, said Hanson had no other remedy but to take legal action after receiving the fraudulent email.
Election to Senate, 2016
In mid-2015, Hanson announced that she would contest the Senate for Queensland at the 2016 federal election, and also announced several other candidature endorsements throughout Australia. Hanson began campaigning in a tour she called "Fed Up" in 2015, and spoke at a Reclaim Australia rally. Hanson won a seat in the Senate. One Nation won 9% of the vote in Queensland. According to the rules governing double dissolution elections, Hanson will serve a full 6-year term in the senate. Hanson has secured a spot on the National Broadband Network parliamentary committee.
Ouster from One Nation and launch of Pauline's United Australia Party
At the 1999 election, One Nation politician David Oldfield was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Council, the state parliament's upper house. However, in 2000, Oldfield was expelled from One Nation for an alleged verbal dispute with Hanson. Within weeks, Oldfield had established the splinter group, One Nation NSW, an organisation similar to the historical Lang Labor and Democratic Labor parties, which were splinter groups of the original Australian Labor Party.
One Nation won three seats in the Western Australian Legislative Council at the 2001 state election, but the electoral success of One Nation began to deteriorate after this point because the split-away of One Nation NSW began to spark further lack of party unity, and a series of gaffes by One Nation members and candidates, particularly in Queensland.
On 24 May 2007, Hanson launched Pauline's United Australia Party. Under that banner, Hanson again contested one of Queensland's seats in the Senate in the 2007 federal election, when she received over 4 percent of total votes. The party name invokes that of the historic United Australia Party. Speaking on her return to politics, she stated: "I have had all the major political parties attack me, been kicked out of my own party and ended up in prison, but I don't give up." In October 2007, Hanson launched her campaign song, entitled "Australian Way of Life", which included the line: "Welcome everyone, no matter where you come from."
After an unsuccessful campaign in the 2009 Queensland state election, Hanson announced in 2010 that she planned to deregister Pauline's United Australia Party, sell her Queensland house and move to the United Kingdom. The announcement was warmly welcomed by Nick Griffin, leader of the far-right British National Party (BNP). When considering moving, Hanson said that she would not sell her house to Muslims. However, following an extended holiday in Europe, Hanson said in November 2010 that she had decided not to move to Britain because it was "overrun with immigrants and refugees." Hanson lives in Beaudesert, Queensland.
Return as One Nation leader
In 2013 Hanson announced that she would stand in the 2013 federal election. She rejoined the One Nation party and was a Senate candidate in New South Wales. She did not win a seat, attracting 1.22% of first preferences.
In November 2014, Hanson announced that she had returned as One Nation leader, prior to the party's announcement, following support from One Nation party members. She announced that she would contest the seat of Lockyer in the 2015 Queensland state election. One Nation held the Queensland seat of Lockyer from 1998 to 2004. In February 2015, Hanson took the lead in early vote counts for the seat, before losing by a narrow margin.
Activity between offices
After a civil suit in 1999 that reached the Queensland Court of Appeal in 2000, involving disgruntled former One Nation member Tony Sharples and a finding of fraud when registering One Nation as a political party, Hanson was facing bankruptcy. She made an appeal to supporters for donations. Shaun Nelson, who had been a One Nation member of the Queensland parliament, attacked Hanson, saying, "She can afford to live in a $700,000 mansion just outside of Rosewood. The people up here that she's asking to give money to are pensioners and farmers that are doing it tough." Hanson, however, claimed that she had considered selling her home.
Fraud conviction and reversal
On 20 August 2003, a jury in the District Court of Queensland convicted Hanson and David Ettridge of electoral fraud. Both Hanson and Ettridge were sentenced to three years imprisonment for falsely claiming that 500 members of the Pauline Hanson Support Movement were members of the political organisation Pauline Hanson's One Nation in order to register that organisation in Queensland as a political party and apply for electoral funding. Because the registration was found to be unlawful, Hanson's receipt of electoral funding worth $498,637 resulted in two further convictions for dishonestly obtaining property, each with three-year sentences, to run concurrently with the first. Hanson's initial reaction to the verdict was "Rubbish, I'm not guilty. It's a joke."
The prime minister, John Howard, said that it was "a very long, unconditional sentence" and Bronwyn Bishop said that Hanson was a political prisoner, comparing her conviction with Robert Mugabe's treatment of Zimbabwean opponents. The sentence was widely criticised in the media as being too harsh.
On 6 November 2003, delivering judgment the day after hearing the appeal, the Queensland Court of Appeal quashed all of Hanson and Ettridge's convictions. Hanson, having spent 11 weeks in jail, was immediately released along with Ettridge. The court's unanimous decision was that the evidence did not support a conclusion beyond reasonable doubt that the people on the list were not members of the Pauline Hanson's One Nation party and that Hanson and Ettridge knew this when the application to register the party was submitted. Accordingly, the convictions regarding registration were quashed. The convictions regarding funding, which depended on the same facts, were also quashed. This decision did not specifically follow the Sharples case, where the trial judge's finding of such fraud had not been overturned in the appeal by Hanson and Ettridge. That case was distinguished as a civil suit – in administrative law, as to the validity of the decision by Electoral Commissioner O'Shea to register the party – in which proof had been only on the balance of probabilities. Chief Justice Paul de Jersey, with whom the other two judges agreed overall, suggested that if Hanson, Ettridge and especially the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions had used better lawyers from the start, the whole matter might not have taken so long up to the appeal hearing, or might even have been avoided altogether. The Court of Appeal president, Margaret McMurdo, rebuked many politicians, including John Howard and Bronwyn Bishop MHR. Their observations, she said, demonstrated at least "a lack of understanding of the Rule of Law" and "an attempt to influence the judicial appellate process and to interfere with the independence of the judiciary for cynical political motives", although she praised other leading Coalition politicians for accepting the District Court's decision.
In 2004, Hanson appeared in multiple television programs such as Dancing with the Stars, Enough Rope, Who wants to be a Millionaire and This is Your Life.
In 2011, Hanson was a contestant on Celebrity Apprentice.
Following her successful relaunch of Pauline Hanson's One Nation party at the 2016 federal Senate election, with four senators elected, including herself, a documentary was made by the Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) entitled Pauline Hanson: Please Explain!
Soon after her election to Parliament, Hanson's book, Pauline Hanson -- the truth : on Asian immigration, the Aboriginal question, the gun debate and the future of Australia, was published. In it she makes claims of Aboriginal cannibalism, in particular that Aboriginal women ate their babies and tribes cannibalised their members. Hanson told the media that the reason for these claims of cannibalism was to "demonstrate the savagery of Aboriginal society". David Ettridge, the One Nation party director, said that the book's claims were intended to correct "misconceptions" about Aboriginal history. These alleged misconceptions were said to be relevant to modern-day Aboriginal welfare funding. He asserted that "the suggestion that we should be feeling some concern for modern day Aborigines for suffering in the past is balanced a bit by the alternative view of whether you can feel sympathy for people who eat their babies". The book predicted that in 2050 Australia would have a lesbian president of Chinese-Indian background called Poona Li Hung who would be a cyborg. In 2004, Hanson said that the book was "written by some other people who actually put my name to it" and that while she held the copyright over The Truth, she was unaware that much of the material was being published under her name.
- "History – Pauline Hanson's One Nation". Retrieved 12 April 2016.
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- Hanson, Pauline (2007). Untamed & Unashamed. p. 34.
- "Senators and Members, by Date of Birth". Parliament of Australia, Parliamentary Library. Archived from the original on 14 September 2010. Retrieved 10 March 2009.
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- "ENOUGH ROPE with Andrew Denton – episode 60: Pauline Hanson (20/09/2004)". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 20 September 2004. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
- Pauline Hanson CANDID on Personal Life Stories. 29 July 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2016 – via YouTube.
- Leser, David (17 September 2014) [30 November 1996]. "Pauline Hanson's bitter harvest". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- Gould, Joel (24 January 2015). "Hanson back to where it all began at old fish and chip shop". The Queensland Times. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- Tony Moore (7 July 2016). "The rise and fall and rise of Pauline Hanson". Brisbanetimes.com.au. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- AAP, and Glenda Kwek. "I'm Not a Racist, Says Pauline Hanson." The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media, 9 March 2011. Web. 8 August 2016. http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/state-election-2011/im-not-a-racist-says-pauline-hanson-20110308-1bn04.html
- Pauline Hanson, Member for Oxley (10 September 1996). "APPROPRIATION BILL (No. 1) 1996-97 Second Reading". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Commonwealth of Australia: House of Representatives. p. 3859.
- "Revisit Pauline Hanson's infamous maiden speech | Guide". SBS Australia. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
- One Nation's Immigration, Population and Social Cohesion Policy 1998 Archived 29 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
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- ABC news Hanson supports African refugee reduction
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- 10 years after Pauline Hanson's maiden speech, still lessons to be learned Archived 28 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Combating racism in Queensland". Multiculturalaustralia.edu.au. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- Heywood, Lachlan (5 October 2007). "Pauline Hanson backs Kevin Andrews on migrants". News.com.au. Archived from the original on 28 February 2009. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- "How does Halal Certification work?". 13 April 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
- Hanson, Pauline (14 June 2016). "Let's have a serious chat about this latest terrorism attack.". Facebook. Pauline Hanson's Please Explain. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
- Ross, Monique (14 June 2016). "Election live: Malcolm Turnbull pledges 'zero tolerance' for anti-gay preacher". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
- Doherty, Ben. "Pauline Hanson Publicly Derided as 'racist Redneck' by Indigenous Activist." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 16 July 2016. Web. 8 August 2016. https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2016/jul/17/pauline-hanson-publicly-derided-as-racist-redneck-by-indigenous-activist
- Reynolds, Emma. "Hanson's Argument on Islam, Fact Checked." News.com.au. N.p., 18 July 2016. Web. 8 August 2016. http://www.news.com.au/national/politics/pauline-hansons-claims-on-islam-broken-down/news-story/d7ad1647435a81cd81a6a1f7c7b92229
- "Pauline Hanson calls for Muslim immigration ban in maiden speech to Senate - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au. 14 September 2016. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- Ward, Ian (August 1997), "Australian Political Chronicle: June–December 1996", Australian Journal of Politics and History, 43 (2): 216–224, doi:10.1111/j.1467-8497.1997.tb01389.x
- "Phenomena and Epiphenomena: is Pauline Hanson racist?". Espace.library.uq.edu.au. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- "Australia, the media and the politics of anger". Wacc.org.uk. March 1998. Retrieved 9 July 2010.[dead link]
- Ward, Ian (August 1997), "Australian Political Chronicle: June–December 1996", Australian Journal of Politics and History, 43 (2): 216–224, doi:10.1111/j.1467-8497.1997.tb01389.x
- Ward, Ian (December 1997), "Australian Political Chronicle: January–June 1997", Australian Journal of Politics and History, 43 (3): 374
- foreignminister.gov.au Hanson Must Disassociate Herself From Racist Slurs
- Probyn, Fiona (April 1999). "'That Woman': Pauline Hanson and Cultural Crisis". Australian Feminist Studies. 14 (29): 161–171. doi:10.1080/08164649993416.
- Race, colour, and identity in ... – Google Books. Books.google.com.au. April 2000. ISBN 978-0-86840-538-4. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- The Racism Debate. Books.google.com.au. April 2000. ISBN 978-0-86840-538-4. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- Stephen W. Litvin (May 2003). "Tourism and Politics: The impact of Pauline Hanson's One Nation Party on Australian visitor arrivals" (PDF). The Journal of Tourism Studies. 14 (1): 124–133. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- "Backlash to race attack". Timeshighereducation.com. 27 December 1996. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- Chris Pash (4 July 2016). "I remember how Pauline Hanson sent a wave of anxiety through Asia 20 years ago". Businessinsider.com.au. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- Michael Vincent (15 January 2002). "Reaction in Asia to Pauline Hanson's resignation". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- "Pauline Hanson: One Nation party's resurgence after 20 years of controversy - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
- Susan Price (16 July 1997). "Thousands demonstrate against Hanson in Dandenong". Greenleft.org.au. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- Kelly, Paul (2000). Paradise Divided: The Changes, the Challenges, the Choices for Australia. St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. pp. 143–144. ISBN 1-86508-291-0.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 January 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- Mike Steketee described all five of these parties as "new right-wing parties" in May 1997. See:
- Steketee, Mike (3 May 1997). "Messiahs of the right". The Weekend Australian. p. 22.
- Liberal candidate Kevin Baker quits race for Charlton over lewd website. ABC News, 20 August 2013.
- Ward, Ian (December 1996), "Australian Political Chronicle: January–June 1996", Australian Journal of Politics and History, 42 (3): 402–408, doi:10.1111/j.1467-8497.1996.tb01372.x
- "Pauline Hanson pulls the plug as One Nation president". ABC. 14 January 2002. Retrieved 29 August 2007.
- Emerson, Scott (24 March 1999). "One Nation loses its heartland". The Australian. p. 6.
- Penberthy, David (17 October 1998). "Outcasts asunder". The Advertiser. p. 58.
- Scott, Leisa (5 October 1998). "It's my party and I'll cry if I want to / ONE NATION". The Australian. p. 3.
- Green, Antony. 2010 election preview: Queensland. ABC News, 2010.
- Goot, Murray. Pauline Hanson's One Nation: Extreme Right, Centre Party or Extreme Left? Labour History, No. 89, Nov 2005: 101-119. ISSN 0023-6942.
- "Federal Elections 1998 (Research Paper 9 1998–99)". Aph.gov.au. Archived from the original on 13 July 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- Johnson, Bruce (January 2003). "Two Paulines, Two Nations: An Australian Case Study in the Intersection of Popular Music and Politics". Popular Music and Society. 26 (1): 53–72. doi:10.1080/0300776032000076397.
- "(Research Paper 8 1998–99)". Aph.gov.au. 27 September 2001. Archived from the original on 19 March 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- Sue v Hill  HCA 30 . The High Court found that, at least since 1986, Britain had counted as a 'foreign power' within the meaning of the Australian federal constitution, section 44(i).
- "Howard knew of slush fund to target Hanson". Sydney Morning Herald. 27 August 2003 – via News Online.
- "Abbot denies lying over anti-Hanson fund". News Online. Lateline (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 27 August 2003.
- "Honest Tony's too up front, says PM". Sydney Morning Herald. 28 August 2003. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- Seccombe, Mike; Murphy, Damien (28 August 2003). "Watchdog rethinks Liberal links to Abbott's slush fund". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- "It's porridge for Pauline". Melbourne: The Age. 20 August 2003. Retrieved 12 September 2007.
- "Hanson rules out return to politics". The Age. Melbourne. 16 January 2004. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- Australian Electoral Commission (9 November 2005). "First Preferences by Candidate – Queensland". Retrieved 7 August 2007.
- "Top payout for running". The Northern Times. 15 October 2004. p. 12.
- Strutt, Sam (27 December 2007). "Hanson will party on Back under a new name in new year". Herald Sun. p. 13.
- Hanson election bid will have voters groaning: Bligh (ABC, 25 February 2009).
- I'll quit politics, says Hanson (Sydney Morning Herald, 22 March 2009).
- Hanson defeated, blames hoax photos: The Advertiser.
- "Pauline Hanson considering a return to politics... if Tony Abbott asks her to". News.com.au. 23 July 2010. Archived from the original on 26 July 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- Nicholls, Sean (8 March 2011). "Pauline Hanson running in NSW election". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
- "Hanson fails to win seat in NSW". Sydney Morning Herald. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- "Legislative Council Results". Retrieved 12 April 2016.
- "Pauline Hanson misses out on NSW seat in distribution of preferences". The Australian. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- "Hanson cries sabotage over 'hidden' votes". Sydney Morning Herald. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- "Hanson to challenge NSW vote count". The Sydney Morning Herald. 4 May 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- Bennett, Adam (17 May 2011). "Commissioner backs staff in Hanson row". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- Wallace, Rick (8 June 2011). "Key witness for Pauline Hanson a no-show". news.com.au. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- Knott, Matthew (10 June 2012). "Rattnergate revelation: Hanson's mole was a fraud". crikey.com.au. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- Wallace, Rick (23 June 2011). "Hanson hoaxer speaks out: and the trail leads to... Mickey Mouse". crikey.com.au. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- Wallace, Rick (14 June 2011). "Pauline Hanson fraudster Shaun Castle admits deception". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- Godfrey, Miles (25 June 2011). "Taxpayers hit for Hanson's failed election challenge". brisbanetimes.com.au. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- "Pauline Hanson had no choice but to challenge election loss, a judge says". The Australian. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
- Anna Broinowski (director) "Pauline Hanson: Please Explain!" Documentary aired 31 July 2016, SBS Australia. timestamp:21 min, 40 sec.
- Adrian Beaumont. "After messy night, Coalition more likely to form government – but Pauline Hanson is in the Senate". Theconversation.com. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- "Election 2016: How Pauline Hanson made her political comeback - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au. 4 July 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
- "Election 2016: Pauline Hanson secures six-year Senate term, Derryn Hinch has three years until re-election". ABC News. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
- Now Pauline's for a united Australia, Sydney Morning Herald, 24 May 2007. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
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- Hanson flying below radar for one last shot at Senate (The Age, 20 November 2007).
- Hanson launches campaign song (The Age, 5 October 2007)
- Pauline Hanson says goodbye to Australia Archived 17 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine. (Woman's Day, 15 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- I won't call Australia home: Hanson plans to emigrate (Sydney Morning Herald, 15 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- Right-wing Australian politician Pauline Hanson to move to Britain (Telegraph (UK), 15 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- Buyers intrigued by Pauline's paradise (Brisbane Times, 15 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- British far-right leader welcomes Hanson (Sydney Morning Herald, 17 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- Clique July 2016 Challenge - Black and White (28 April 2010). "Pauline Hanson Won't Sell House / Home To Muslims". Smh.com.au. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- "UK too full of immigrants, says Pauline Hanson". news.com.au. 14 November 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- Kate Dennehy (14 November 2010). "Pauline's paradise lost". Smh.com.au. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- "Pauline Hanson to run again in federal election". The Australian. 7 March 2013.
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- "Pauline Hanson to run for seat of Lockyer in Queensland election". ABC News. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
- "Queensland election 2015: One Nation leader Pauline Hanson takes lead in vote count of Lockyer". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2 February 2015.
- "Pauline Hanson making impact in race for seat of Lockyer". Courier Mail. 2 February 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- "Queensland Election 2015: Lockyer Results". ABC Elections. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- Antony Green (2 February 2015). "Queensland Election Result Update - 2 February". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- Sharples v O'Shea & Hanson  QCA 23 [dead link].
- "AM Archive – Hanson faces bankruptcy". Abc.net.au. 23 March 2000. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- "Hanson and Ettridge jailed for three years". Sydney Morning Herald. 20 August 2003. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- Both quoted in the Queensland Court of Appeal's 2003 judgment, cited below.
- Mackenzie, Geraldine. "The Hanson trial: please explain?", Southern Cross University Law Review, Vol. 8, 2004, pp. 162-176. ISSN 1329-3737.
- "Hanson release causes upheaval in Qld". Lateline, ABC Television. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 7 November 2003. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- "R v Hanson; R v Ettridge  QCA 488 (6 November 2003)". Supreme Court of Queensland - Court of Appeal. 7 November 2003. Retrieved 8 July 2016.[dead link]
- The Queensland Court of Appeal was similarly composed in the 2000 and 2003 cases. In order of seniority: (2000) de Jersey CJ, McMurdo P and Helman J; (2003) de Jersey CJ, McMurdo P and Davies JA.
- Goldsworthy, Kerryn. This is your afterlife [Pauline Hanson's post-politics rebirth as TVs sweetheart.] Monthly, The, Sept 2005: 16-17. ISSN 1832-3421.
- Pauline Hanson says she felt betrayed and set up after being fired from Celebrity Apprentice at news.com.au, 15 November 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2016
- "Watch now: Pauline Hanson: Please Explain!". SBS. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Murdoch University The International Prohibition Of Racist Organisations: An Australian Perspective
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- Pal Ahluwalia and Greg McCarthy, (1998) "‘Political Correctness’: Pauline Hanson and the Construction of Australian Identity." Australian Journal of Public Administration 57#3 (1998): 79-85.
- Scott Balson (2000), Inside One Nation. The inside story on a people's party born to fail, Interactive Presentations, Mt Crosby News (Queensland), ISBN 0-9577415-2-9
- Helen J Dodd (1997), Pauline. The Hanson Phenomenon, Boolarong Press, Moorooka (Queensland), ISBN 0-646-33217-1
- David Ettridge (2004), Consider Your Verdict, New Holland Publishers, Frenchs Forest (New South Wales) ISBN 1-74110-232-4
- Bligh Grant (ed.) (1997), Pauline Hanson. One Nation and Australian Politics, University of New England Press, Armidale (NSW), ISBN 1-875821-38-4
- Pauline Hanson (2007), Untamed and Unashamed — Pauline Hanson's autobiography, Jo–Jo Publishing, Docklands (Victoria) ISBN 978-0-9802836-2-4
- James Jupp (1998), 'Populism in the land of Oz,' in Meanjin, Vol.57, No.4, pp. 740–747
- Margo Kingston (1999), Off the Rails. The Pauline Hanson Trip, Allen and Unwin, St Leonards (NSW) ISBN 1-86508-159-0
- Michael Leach, Geoffrey Stokes, Ian Ward (eds.) (2000), The Rise and Fall of One Nation, University of Queensland Press, St Lucia (Queensland) ISBN 0-7022-3136-3
- George J Merritt (1997), Pauline Hanson. The Truth, St George Publications, Parkholme (South Australia), ISBN 0-646-32012-2
- John Pasquarelli (1998), The Pauline Hanson Story by the Man Who Knows, New Holland Publishers, Frenchs Forest (NSW), ISBN 1-86436-341-X
- Deutchman, Iva; Ellison, Anne (January 2004). "When Feminists Don't Fit The Case of Pauline Hanson". International Feminist Journal of Politics. 6 (1): 29–52. doi:10.1080/1461674032000165923.
- Hill, Lisa (January 1998). "Pauline Hanson, free speech and reconciliation". Journal of Australian Studies. 22 (57): 10–22. doi:10.1080/14443059809387376.
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