Hanson in 2007
|Leader and President of
Pauline Hanson's One Nation
29 November 2014
Jim Savage (2014–2015)
|Preceded by||Jim Savage (as President)
Rosa Long (as Leader)
11 April 1997 – 27 January 2002
|Vice President||John Fischer
David Oldfield (1997–2000)
|Preceded by||Party created|
|Succeeded by||John Fischer|
|President of Pauline Hanson's
United Australia Party
24 May 2007 – 31 March 2010
|Vice President||Graham MacDonald
|Preceded by||Party created|
|Succeeded by||Party dissolved|
|Senator-elect for Queensland|
|Preceded by||Glenn Lazarus|
|Member of the Australian Parliament
2 March 1996 – 3 October 1998
|Preceded by||Les Scott|
|Succeeded by||Bernie Ripoll|
|Born||Pauline Lee Seccombe
27 May 1954
|Political party||Pauline Hanson's One Nation (1997–02; 2013–)
Independent (before 1994; 1996–97; 2010–12)
United Australia (2007–10)
|Education||Brisbane State High School|
Pauline Lee Hanson (née Seccombe, formerly Zagorski; born 27 May 1954) is an Australian politician.
Hanson entered politics as a member of Ipswich City Council in 1994. She joined the Liberal Party in 1995 and was preselected for the Division of Oxley at the 1996 federal election, but was disendorsed before the election. She won the election, however, becoming the first female independent to be elected to the House of Representatives. In 1997, Hanson co-founded Pauline Hanson's One Nation, a right-wing political party with a populist, conservative, and anti-multiculturalism platform. She lost her seat at the 1998 federal election.
After leaving federal parliament, Hanson contested several state and federal elections as the leader of One Nation, as the leader of Pauline Hanson's United Australia Party, and as an independent. She was expelled from One Nation in 2002. A Brisbane District Court jury found Hanson guilty of electoral fraud in 2003 though the convictions were later overturned by three judges on the Queensland Court of Appeal. As a result of the convictions, Hanson spent 11 weeks in jail prior to the appeal being heard.
- 1 Early life and career
- 2 Member of Parliament, 1996–98
- 3 Activity between offices
- 4 Senator, 2016–
- 5 Political positions
- 6 Published books
- 7 Public image
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
Early life and career
Hanson was born on 27 May 1954 in Brisbane, Queensland. Her parents, Jack Seccombe and Hannorah Webster Seccombe, owned a fish and chip shop in Ipswich, Queensland, in which Hanson and her siblings worked. She is the fifth of seven children.
Hanson (then known as Pauline Seccombe) met Walter Zagorski, a Polish refugee, in 1970, at 15 after she left school. The pair married a year later, when Hanson was 16, after they discovered that she was pregnant with their son, Anthony (born 1972). Zagorski worked away in central Queensland, leaving Hanson to raise their children alone. In 1975, Zagorski left Hanson for another woman, after months of several extramarital affairs. Hanson was heavily pregnant with their second child, Steven (born 1975). They reconciled briefly in 1977, but later divorced that same year. Zagorski has claimed to doubt that he is the father of Steven. Hanson repeatedly requested a paternity test, however Zagorski refused, claiming that the result would be inconclusive.
In 1978, Hanson (then known as Pauline Zagorski) met Mark Hanson, a tradesman on the Gold Coast. They married in 1980 after Hanson became pregnant with their son, Adam, and honeymooned in South-East Asia. Their daughter Lee was born in 1984. They started a plumbing and roofing business, settling in Ipswich. Hanson had two more children before the couple divorced, after which Hanson opened a fish and chip shop in Ipswich. Mark Hanson made claims that "[he] was blackmailed" into marrying Hanson, because of her pregnancy, and that she individually made racist and derogatory remarks about their Aboriginal clients.
Member of Parliament, 1996–98
1996 election campaign
She joined the Liberal Party of Australia and was endorsed as the Liberal candidate for the House of Representatives electorate of Oxley (based in Ipswich) for the March 1996 Federal election. At the time, the seat was thought of as a Labor stronghold. Hayden's successor, Les Scott, held it with a 12.6% two-party majority, making it the safest Labor seat in Queensland.
Leading up to the election, Hanson advocated the abolition of special government assistance for Aborigines, and she was disendorsed by the Liberal Party. Ballot papers had already been printed listing Hanson as the Liberal candidate, and the Australian Electoral Commission had closed nominations for the seat. As a result, Hanson was still listed as the Liberal candidate when votes were cast, even though Liberal leader John Howard had declared she would not be allowed to sit with the Liberals if elected. On election night, Hanson took a large lead on the first count and picked up enough Democrat preferences to defeat Scott on the sixth count. She won 54 percent of the two-candidate preferred vote. Had she still been running as a Liberal, the 19.3 percent swing would have been the largest two-party swing of the election.[unreliable source?] Due to her disendorsement, she entered parliament as an independent.
Hanson became a familiar face in Australian politics, gaining extensive media coverage during her campaign and once she took her place in the House. Her first speech attracted considerable attention for the views it expressed on Aboriginal benefits, welfare, immigration and multiculturalism. During her term in Parliament, Hanson spoke on a wide range of social and economic issues including the need for a fairer child support scheme and concern for the emergence of the working class poor. She also called for more accountable and effective administration of Indigenous affairs. Hanson's supporters viewed her as an ordinary person who challenged ‘political correctness’ as a threat to Australia's identity.
On 10 September 1996, Hanson gave her maiden speech to the House of Representatives, which was widely reported in the media. In her opening lines, Hanson said that "I won the seat of Oxley largely on an issue that has resulted in me being called a racist. That issue related to my comment that Aboriginals received more benefits than non-Aboriginals". Hanson then asserted that Australia was in danger of being "swamped by Asians", and that these immigrants "have their own culture and religion, form ghettos and do not assimilate". Hanson argued that "mainstream Australians" were instead subject to "a type of reverse racism ... by those who promote political correctness and those who control the various taxpayer funded 'industries' that flourish in our society servicing Aboriginals, multiculturalists and a host of other minority groups". This theme continued with the assertion that "present governments are encouraging separatism in Australia by providing opportunities, land, moneys and facilities available only to Aboriginals". Among a series of criticisms of Aboriginal land rights, access to welfare and reconciliation, Hanson criticised the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC), saying "Anyone with a criminal record can, and does, hold a position with ATSIC". There then followed a short series of statements on family breakdown, youth unemployment, international debt, the Family Law Act, child support, and the privatisation of Qantas and other national enterprises. The speech also included an attack on immigration and multiculturalism, a call for the return of high-tariff protectionism, and criticism of economic rationalism. Her speech was delivered uninterrupted by her fellow parliamentarians as it was the courtesy given to MPs delivering their maiden speeches.
After her speech, Hanson was, for a period of time, the subject of significant media and political attention. On 13 October 1996, asked by Tracey Curro on 60 Minutes if she was xenophobic, she replied, "Please explain?" This response became a much-parodied catchphrase within Australian culture.
The reaction of the mainstream political parties was negative, with parliament passing a resolution (supported by all members except Graeme Campbell) condemning her views on immigration and multiculturalism. However, the Prime Minister at the time, John Howard, refused to censure Hanson or speak critically about her, acknowledging that her views were shared by many Australians, commenting that he saw the expression of such views as evidence that the "pall of political correctness" had been lifted in Australia, and that Australians could now "speak a little more freely and a little more openly about what they feel".
Hanson immediately labelled Howard as a "strong leader" and said Australians were now free to discuss issues without "fear of being branded as a bigot or racist". Over the next few months, Hanson featured prominently on television and talkback radio, attracting popularist anti-immigration sentiment and the attention of the Citizens' Electoral Council, the Australian League of Rights and other right-wing groups. Opinion polls suggested that up to two in three Australians thought immigration levels too high, and with popularist anti-immigration sentiment obtaining expression around Hanson. In the face of this political climate, the Immigration Minister announced a tougher government line on refugee applications, and cut the family reunion intake by 10,000 despite an election promise to maintain immigration levels. Various academic experts, business leaders and several state premiers attacked the justification offered by Immigration Minister Phillip Ruddock who had claimed that the reduction had been forced by continuing high unemployment. Ethnic communities complained that this attack on multiculturalism was a cynical response to polls showing Hanson's rising popularity. Hanson herself claimed credit for forcing the government's hand.
Hanson's views received negative coverage across Asian news media, and National Party Deputy and Trade Minister, Tim Fischer, criticised the race "debate" initiated by Hanson saying it was putting Australian exports and jobs at risk. A LexisNexis boolean search using the combined words of "racist", "Hanson" and "Australia" from 1996–present showed a higher number of hits among newspapers in Singapore and China than newspapers in the United Kingdom or United States, with Prithpal Singh, a well known Singaporean hotelier saying, "stories... which receive little attention in Australia, are presented in a larger than life manner and exaggerated to Godzillian proportions in our various newspapers" highlighting the negative impact her views had throughout Asia. In October other ministers and state and territory leaders followed Fischer's lead in attacking Hanson. In November, about 10,000 people marched in protest against racism in Melbourne, and other protests followed, while Anglican and Catholic church leaders warned that the "ill-conceived controversy" threatened the stability of Australia's multicultural society. Also repudiating Hanson's views on immigration and multiculturalism in 1996 were Victorian Premier Jeff Kennett, the Queensland National Senator Ron Boswell, Sir Ronald Wilson and former PM Paul Keating. In December 1996, Mahathir Mohamad then prime minister of Malaysia, said he would recall more than 11,000 Malaysian students from Australia after a girl who returned from the country reported to Malaysian media that Asian students were becoming targets of racial abuse at car parks and bus stops in Melbourne.
A poll in The Bulletin magazine at this time suggested that if Hanson formed a political party, it would win 18 percent of the vote. After months of silence, Howard forwarded a bipartisan motion (along with Opposition Leader Kim Beazley) against racial discrimination and reaffirming support for a nondiscriminatory immigration policy. The motion was carried on the voices. Howard later said that Hanson was plainly wrong and was "an empty popularist offering a cure worse than the disease". Hanson did not relent in articulating her views and continued to address public meetings around Australia. The League of Rights offered financial and organisational support for her campaign against Asian immigration, and in December she announced she was considering forming a political party to contend the next election.
Her presence in Dandenong, Victoria to launch her party in the suburb was met demonstrations on July 7, 1997 with 3000-5000 people rallying outside the Dandenong launch. A silent vigil and multicultural concert was organised by the Greater Dandenong City Council in response to Hanson's presence in the suburb while a demonstration was organised by an anti-racism body. The majority of attendees were of Asian origin, where an open platform attracted leaders of the Vietnamese, Chinese, East Timorese and Sri Lankan communities. Representatives from churches, local community groups, lesbian and gay and socialist organisations also attended and addressed the crowd. In 1998, the resurgence of popularity of Hanson was met with disappointment in Asian media, with the South China Morning Post reporting, "The sudden resurgence of support for Australia’s obnoxious One Nation Party is disheartening, but should not come as a surprise". Her resignation from politics in 2002 was met with support from academics, politicians and the press across Asia. KP Waran, the former Executive Editor of the Malaysian newspaper, New Straits Times told the ABC, "good riddance to bad rubbish" while Singaporean, Dr. Bilveer Singh and the former adviser to former Indonesian president B.J. Habibie, Dewi Fortuna Anwar also expressed their agreement of Hanson's resignation.
Founding of Pauline Hanson's One Nation
In February 1997, Hanson, David Oldfield, and David Ettridge, founded the Pauline Hanson's One Nation political party. Disenchanted rural voters attended her meetings in regional centres across Australia as she consolidated a support base for the new party. An opinion poll in May of that year indicated that the party was attracting the support of 9 per cent of Australian voters and that its popularity was primarily at the expense of the Liberal Party-National Party Coalition's base.
In its late 1990s incarnation, One Nation called for zero net immigration, an end to multiculturalism and a revival of Australia's Anglo-Celtic cultural tradition which it says has been diminished, the abolition of native title and the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC), an end to special Aboriginal funding programs, opposition to Aboriginal reconciliation which the party says will create two nations, and a review of the 1967 constitutional referendum which gave the Commonwealth power to legislate for Aborigines. The party's economic position was to support protectionism and trade retaliation, increased restrictions on foreign capital and the flow of capital overseas, and a general reversal of globalisation's influence on the Australian economy. Domestically, One Nation opposed privatisation, competition policy, and the GST, while proposing a government subsidised people's bank to provide 2 per cent loans to farmers, small business, and manufacturers. On foreign policy, One Nation called for a review of Australia's United Nations membership, a repudiation of Australia's UN treaties, an end to foreign aid and to ban foreigners from owning Australian land.
One Nation attracted nearly one-quarter of the vote in the 1998 state election and won 11 of 89 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. During this period, new right-wing parties emerged in most states, running on platforms which were equally anti-elitist but not as populist as One Nation. Australia First, led by Graeme Campbell, built support in Newcastle and the southern suburbs of Sydney. The United Australia Party fielded candidates in the 1997 state election in South Australia; the Australian Reform Party was active in rural Victoria and New South Wales; The Australians formed out of the defunct Confederate Action Party in Queensland; and Tasmania First fielded candidates in the 1998 state election.
At the 1999 election, David Oldfield was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Council, the state parliament's upper house. However, in 2000, Oldfield was expelled from One Nation for an alleged verbal dispute with Pauline Hanson. Within weeks, Oldfield established the splinter group, One Nation NSW, an organisation similar to the historical Lang Labor and Democratic Labor parties, which were splinter groups of the original Australian Labor Party.
One Nation won three seats in the Western Australian Legislative Council at the 2001 state election. The electoral success of One Nation began to deteriorate after this point because the split-away of One Nation NSW began to spark further lack of party unity, and a series of gaffes by One Nation members and candidates, particularly in Queensland.
1998 re-election campaign
In 1999, The Australian reported that support for One Nation had fallen from 22% to 5%. One Nation Senate candidate Lenny Spencer blamed the press together with party director David Oldfield for the October 1998 election defeat, while the media reported the redirecting of preferences away from One Nation as the primary reason, with a lack of party unity, poor policy choices and an "inability to work with the media" also responsible.
Ahead of the 1998 federal election, an electoral redistribution essentially split Oxley in half. Oxley was reconfigured as a marginal Labor seat, while a new seat of Blair was created in the rural area surrounding Ipswich. Hanson knew her chances of holding the reconfigured Oxley were slim, especially after former Labor state premier Wayne Goss won preselection for the seat. Hanson launched her 1998 election campaign with a focus on jobs, rather than a focus on race/ethnicity or on "the people" against "the elites". Instead Hanson focused on unemployment and the need to create more jobs not through government schemes but by "cheap loans to business, by more apprenticeships, and by doing something about tariffs". She opted to contest Blair, where most of her support was now located. On paper, Blair was a very safe Liberal seat with a notional majority of 18.7 percent. Hanson won 36 percent of the primary vote, slightly over 10% more than her nearest rival. However, preferences were enough to elect the Liberal candidate, Cameron Thompson, who had been third in the primary vote. Because all three major parties preferenced each other ahead of Hanson, Thompson overtook the Labor candidate on National preferences and defeated Hanson on Labor preferences. It has been suggested by Thompson that Hanson's litigation against parodist Pauline Pantsdown was a distraction from the election which contributed to her loss.
Nationally, One Nation gained 8.99 percent of the Senate vote and 8.4% of the Representatives vote, but only one MP was elected – Len Harris as a Senator for Queensland. Heather Hill had been elected to this position, but the High Court of Australia ruled that, although she was an Australian citizen, she was ineligible for election to sit as a Senator because she had not renounced her British citizenship, which the Court assumed she possessed because she had been born in Britain. Hanson alleged in her 2007 autobiography Pauline Hanson: Untamed & Unashamed that a number of other politicians had dual citizenship yet this did not prevent them from holding positions in Parliament.
Activity between offices
After a civil suit in 1999 that reached the Queensland Court of Appeal in 2000, involving disgruntled former One Nation member Tony Sharples and a finding of fraud when registering One Nation as a political party, Hanson was facing bankruptcy. She made an appeal to supporters for donations. Shaun Nelson, who had been a One Nation member of the Queensland parliament, attacked Hanson, saying, "She can afford to live in a $700,000 mansion just outside of Rosewood. The people up here that she's asking to give money to are pensioners and farmers that are doing it tough." Hanson, however, claimed that she had considered selling her home.
State and federal election campaigns
At the next Federal election on 10 November 2001, Hanson ran for a Queensland Senate seat but narrowly failed. She has accounted for her declining popularity by claiming the Liberals under Howard stole her policies.
"It has been widely recognised by all, including the media, that John Howard sailed home on One Nation policies. In short, if we were not around, John Howard would not have made the decisions he did."
In October 2000, Hanson expelled David Oldfield from the party. Oldfield created One Nation NSW in 2001, achieving registration mid-2002. She resigned in January 2002 and John Fischer was elected the Leader of One Nation in Western Australia.
In 2002, Hanson was expelled from One Nation.
Other interrelated factors that contributed to her political decline from 1998 to 2002 include her connection with a series of advisors with whom she ultimately fell out (John Pasquarelli, David Ettridge and David Oldfield); disputes amongst her supporters; and a lawsuit over the organisational structure of One Nation.
In 2003, Hanson claimed to have been vilified over campaign funding.
In 2003, following her release from prison, Hanson was an unsuccessful candidate for the NSW State Election, running for a seat in the Upper House. In January 2004, Hanson announced that she did not intend to return to politics. but then stood as an independent candidate for one of Queensland's seats in the Senate in the 2004 federal election. She declared, "I don't want all the hangers on. I don't want the advisers and everyone else. I want it to be this time Pauline Hanson." She was unsuccessful, receiving only 31.77% of the required quota of primary votes, and did not pick up enough additional support through preferences. However, she attracted more votes than the One Nation party (4.54% compared to 3.14%) and, unlike her former party, recovered her deposit from the Australian Electoral Commission and secured $150,000 of public electoral funding. In 2004, Hanson appeared in multiple television programs such as Dancing with the Stars, Enough Rope, Who wants to be a Millionaire and This is Your Life.
In 2006, she began a new career selling real estate in Queensland, working with her son Tony at the real estate firm The Professionals.
On 24 May 2007 Hanson launched Pauline's United Australia Party. Under that banner, Hanson again contested one of Queensland's seats in the Senate in the 2007 federal election, when she received over 4 percent of total votes. The party name invokes that of the historic United Australia Party. Speaking on her return to politics, she stated: "I have had all the major political parties attack me, been kicked out of my own party and ended up in prison, but I don't give up." In October 2007, Hanson launched her campaign song, entitled "Australian Way of Life", which included the line: "Welcome everyone, no matter where you come from."
Hanson contested the electoral district of Beaudesert as an independent at the 2009 Queensland state election. After an election campaign dominated by discussion over hoax photographs, she was placed third behind the Liberal National Party's Aidan McLindon and Labor's Brett McCreadie. There were conflicting media reports as to whether she had said she would not consider running again.
On 15 February 2010, Hanson announced that she planned to deregister Pauline's United Australia Party, sell her Queensland house and move to the United Kingdom. The announcement was warmly welcomed by Nick Griffin, leader of the far-right British National Party (BNP). When considering moving, Hanson said that she would not sell her house to Muslims. However, following an extended holiday in Europe, Hanson said in November 2010 that she had decided not to move to Britain because it was "overrun with immigrants and refugees." Hanson lives in Beaudesert, Queensland..
On 23 July 2010, while at an event promoting her new career as a motivational speaker, Hanson expressed interest in returning to the political stage as a Liberal candidate if an invitation were to be offered by the leader Tony Abbott in the 2010 federal election. No such offer was given.
In 2011, Hanson was a contestant on Celebrity Apprentice.
On 7 March 2013 Hanson announced that she would stand in the 2013 federal election. She rejoined the One Nation party and was a Senate candidate in New South Wales. She did not win a seat, attracting 1.22% of first preferences.
Fraud conviction and reversal
On 20 August 2003, in a separate and this time criminal case, a jury in the District Court of Queensland convicted Hanson and Ettridge of electoral fraud. Both of them were sentenced to three years imprisonment for falsely claiming that 500 members of the 'Pauline Hanson Support Movement' were members of the political organisation 'Pauline Hanson's One Nation', in order to register that organisation in Queensland as a political party and apply for electoral funding. Because the registration was found to be unlawful, Hanson's receipt of electoral funding worth A$498,637 resulted in two further convictions for dishonestly obtaining property – each with three-year sentences, to run concurrently with the first. Hanson's initial reaction to the verdict was: "Rubbish, I'm not guilty. It's a joke."
Prime Minister John Howard said it was "a very long, unconditional sentence" and Bronwyn Bishop said Hanson was a political prisoner, comparing her conviction with Robert Mugabe's treatment of Zimbabwean opponents. The sentence was widely criticised in the media as being too harsh.
On 6 November 2003 (delivering judgment the day after hearing the appeal), the Queensland Court of Appeal quashed all of Hanson and Ettridge's convictions. Hanson, having spent 11 weeks in jail was immediately released along with Ettridge. The Court's unanimous decision was that the evidence did not support a conclusion beyond reasonable doubt that the people on the list were not members of the 'Pauline Hanson's One Nation' party and that Hanson and Ettridge knew this when the application to register the party was submitted. Accordingly, the convictions regarding registration were quashed. The convictions regarding funding, which depended on the same facts, were also quashed. This decision did not specifically follow the Sharples case, where the trial judge's finding of such fraud had not been overturned in the appeal by Hanson and Ettridge. That case was distinguished as a civil suit – in administrative law, as to the validity of the decision by Electoral Commissioner O'Shea to register the party – in which proof had been only on the balance of probabilities. Chief Justice Paul de Jersey, with whom the other two judges agreed overall, suggested that if Hanson, Ettridge and especially the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions had used better lawyers from the start, the whole matter might not have taken so long up to the appeal hearing, or might even have been avoided altogether. Court of Appeal President Margaret McMurdo rebuked many politicians, including Prime Minister John Howard and Bronwyn Bishop MHR. Their observations, she said, demonstrated at least "a lack of understanding of the Rule of Law" and "an attempt to influence the judicial appellate process and to interfere with the independence of the judiciary for cynical political motives", although she praised other leading Coalition politicians for accepting the District Court's decision.
In 1998, Tony Abbott had established a trust fund called "Australians for Honest Politics Trust" to help bankroll civil court cases against the One Nation Party and its leader Pauline Hanson. Prime Minister John Howard denied any knowledge of existence of such a fund. Abbott was also accused of offering funds to One Nation dissident Terry Sharples to support his court battle against the party. However, Howard defended the honesty of Abbott in this matter. Abbott conceded that the political threat One Nation posed to the Howard Government was "a very big factor" in his decision to pursue the legal attack, but he also claimed to be acting "in Australia's national interest". Howard also defended Abbott's actions saying "It's the job of the Liberal Party to politically attack other parties – there's nothing wrong with that."
In March 2011, Hanson ran as an independent candidate for the New South Wales Legislative Council in the 2011 state election, but was not elected, receiving 2.41 percent of the primary statewide vote but losing on preferences. Following the election, Hanson alleged that "dodgy staff" employed by the NSW Electoral Commission put 1,200 votes for her in a pile of blank ballots, and she claimed that she had a forwarded NSW Electoral Commission internal email as evidence of this. Hanson then commenced legal proceedings to challenge the outcome of the election in the NSW Supreme Court, which sat as the Court of Disputed Returns.
From the start of proceedings, the NSW Electoral Commissioner maintained the view that Hanson's claims lacked substance. The man who alerted Hanson to the alleged emails, who identified himself as "Michael Rattner", failed to appear in court on 8 June 2011 "Rattner" was revealed to be Shaun Castle, a history teacher who posed as a journalist to obtain embargoed progressive poll results. "Michael Rattner", was a pun on Mickey Mouse, and reports linked the pseudonym to an "anti-voter-fraud" organisation led by Amy McGrath and Alasdair Webster.
After having refused to answer questions on the grounds of self-incrimination, Castle apologised to the court and was granted protection from prosecution by Justice McClellan, before being compelled to answer questions relating to the fraudulent email. The judge ordered that Hanson's legal costs of more than $150,000 be paid by the State of NSW – a move which outraged Greens MP, Jeremy Buckingham, who would have been replaced by Hanson had her challenge been successful. Questioning whether Hanson's legal action should have gone ahead at all given the nature of the evidence, Buckingham said that: "This lack of judgement shows that she's unfit for public office." Earlier, the judge, Justice McClellan, said Hanson had no other remedy but to take legal action after receiving the fraudulent email.
Return as One Nation leader
On 18 November 2014, Hanson announced that she had returned as One Nation leader, prior to the party's announcement, following support from One Nation party members. Hanson commented about contesting future elections under the One Nation banner, preferably the upcoming Queensland state election, and that the party would stage candidates for the Queensland election and other elections in the future.
On 16 December 2014 Hanson announced that she would contest the seat of Lockyer in the 2015 Queensland state election. One Nation held the Queensland seat of Lockyer from 1998 to 2004. In February 2015, Hanson took the lead in early vote counts for the seat, before losing by a narrow margin.
2016 election campaign
In mid-2015, Hanson announced that she would contest the Senate for Queensland at the 2016 federal election, and also announced several other candidature endorsements throughout Australia. Hanson won a seat in the senate.
Despite repeated denials of the racism charge by Hanson, her views on race have been discussed widely in Australia. For example, at the 1997 annual conference of the Australian and New Zealand Communications Association (ANZCA) at La Trobe University, a paper was presented with the title 'Phenomena and Epiphenomena: is Pauline Hanson racist?'. In 1998, Keith Suter argued that Hanson's views were better understood as an angry response to globalisation. By August 1998 perceptions in Asia of Hanson's popularity being related to racism were affecting international relations, and this prompted Alexander Downer, Minister for Foreign Affairs under John Howard to issue a media release calling on Pauline Hanson, David Oldfield and David Ettridge to "disassociate themselves from the racist slurs being promoted in the Asian media by people claiming to be their closest supporters". Fiona Probyn notes that several of Hanson's views were shared by Graeme Campbell, a "right-wing Labor dissident" and Hanson attracted much more media attention and this became a moral panic, but Campbell's views were largely written off. In 2000, the University of NSW Press published the book Race, Colour and Identity in Australia and New Zealand, which identified Hanson as a central figure in the 'racism debate' in Australia of the 1990s, noting that senior Australian academics such as Jon Stratton, Ghassan Hage and Andrew Jakubowicz had explored Hanson's significance in an international as well as national context.
In 2004, Hanson appeared on the nationally televised ABC interview show Enough Rope. Archival footage from a 60 Minutes program shot on the streets of Ipswich was used to introduce claims about racism and bigotry in Hanson's views. Hanson challenged interviewer Andrew Denton to show her things that she had said that were racist. Denton instead responded with an example of an abusive letter sent to an Asian girl after Hanson's speeches. The letter included a racist tirade. Hanson was then challenged about derogatory comments about Aboriginals made by her "fellow travellers". Hanson distanced herself from the comments, by countering that several elected candidates of One Nation were "radicals that tagged themselves to me". She also stated that she had limited knowledge of her book, Pauline Hanson -- the Truth: On Asian Immigration, the Aboriginal Question, the Gun Debate and the Future of Australia and its contents.
In 2006, as an ex-politician, Hanson again achieved notoriety by asserting that Africans bring disease into Australia. Ten years after her maiden speech, its effects were still being discussed within a racism framework, and were included in resources funded by the Queensland Government on 'Combating racism in Queensland'. Also, in December 2006 The Age reported that Australian Greens leader, Senator Bob Brown had labelled Hanson a "bloodsucker" over her suggestion that Africans are bringing AIDS into Australia. She also said she was concerned by the ease with which people were able to gain Australian citizenship, especially Muslims and Africans. She also made claims that "You can't have schools not sing Christmas carols because it upsets others". Liberal Bruce Baird said Hanson had her facts wrong in her suggestions of immigrants bringing disease into Australia. He also said "Ms Hanson will never let the truth get in the way of a good story". In relation to African immigration, Hanson also said: "Do you want to see your daughter or a family member end up with AIDS or anyone for that matter?". In relation to this, the Federation of African Communities Council said that the group's lawyers were lodging a complaint of racial discrimination with the Australian Human Rights Commission. In 2007, Hanson publicly backed Kevin Andrews, then Minister for Immigration under John Howard, in his views about African migrants and crime.
After the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting, Hanson posted a video to her Facebook site calling for a ban on Muslim immigration to Australia. Stating that, "We have laws here that we don’t bring in pitbull terriers because they are a danger to our society… we have laws to protect Australians", she stated that Australia had to take a strong stance against Muslims, Islam, its teaching and its beliefs.
Soon after her election to Parliament, Hanson's book, Pauline Hanson -- the truth : on Asian immigration, the Aboriginal question, the gun debate and the future of Australia, was published. In it she makes claims of Aboriginal cannibalism, and in particular, that Aboriginal women ate their babies and tribes cannibalised their members. Hanson told the media that the reason for these claims of cannibalism was to "demonstrate the savagery of Aboriginal society". David Ettridge, the One Nation party director, explained that the book's claims were intended to correct 'misconceptions' about Aboriginal history. These 'misconceptions' were said to be relevant to modern-day Aboriginal welfare funding. He asserted that "the suggestion that we should be feeling some concern for modern day Aborigines for suffering in the past is balanced a bit by the alternative view of whether you can feel sympathy for people who eat their babies". The book predicted that in 2050 Australia would have a lesbian president of Chinese-Indian background called Poona Li Hung who would be a cyborg. In 2004, Hanson said that the book was "written by some other people who actually put my name to it" and that while she held the copyright over The Truth, she was unaware that much of the material was being published under her name.
Many books and scholarly works have been written about Pauline Hanson, from many perspectives. The Bulletin magazine included Hanson in its list of 100 Most Influential Australians in July 2006.
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- Stephen W. Litvin (May 2003). "Tourism and Politics: The impact of Pauline Hanson's One Nation Party on Australian visitor arrivals" (pdf). The Journal of Tourism Studies 14 (1): 124–133. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- Ward, Ian (August 1997), "Australian Political Chronicle: June–December 1996", Australian Journal of Politics and History 43 (2): 216–224, doi:10.1111/j.1467-8497.1997.tb01389.x
- Backlash to race attack
- Thousands demonstrate against Hanson in Dandenong
- I remember how Pauline Hanson sent a wave of anxiety through Asia 20 years ago
- Reaction in Asia to Pauline Hanson's resignation
- Kelly, Paul (2000). Paradise Divided: The Changes, the Challenges, the Choices for Australia. St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. pp. 143–144. ISBN 1-86508-291-0.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 January 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- Mike Steketee described all five of these parties as "new right-wing parties" in May 1997. See:
- Steketee, Mike (3 May 1997). "Messiahs of the right". The Weekend Australian. p. 22.
- Emerson, Scott (24 March 1999). "One Nation loses its heartland". The Australian. p. 6.
- Penberthy, David (17 October 1998). "Outcasts asunder". The Advertiser. p. 58.
- Scott, Leisa (5 October 1998). "It's my party and I'll cry if I want to / ONE NATION". The Australian. p. 3.
- Green, Antony. 2010 election preview: Queensland. ABC News, 2010.
- Goot, Murray. Pauline Hanson's One Nation: Extreme Right, Centre Party or Extreme Left? Labour History, No. 89, Nov 2005: 101-119. ISSN 0023-6942.
- "Federal Elections 1998 (Research Paper 9 1998–99)". Aph.gov.au. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- Johnson, Bruce (January 2003). "Two Paulines, Two Nations: An Australian Case Study in the Intersection of Popular Music and Politics". Popular Music and Society 26 (1): 53–72. doi:10.1080/0300776032000076397.
- "(Research Paper 8 1998–99)". Aph.gov.au. 27 September 2001. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- Sue v Hill  HCA 30 . The High Court found that, at least since 1986, Britain had counted as a 'foreign power' within the meaning of the Australian federal constitution, section 44(i).
- Sharples v O'Shea & Hanson  QCA 23 .
- "AM Archive – Hanson faces bankruptcy". Abc.net.au. 23 March 2000. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- "It's porridge for Pauline". Melbourne: The Age. 20 August 2003. Retrieved 12 September 2007.
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- Australian Electoral Commission (9 November 2005). "First Preferences by Candidate – Queensland". Retrieved 7 August 2007.
- "Top payout for running". The Northern Times. 15 October 2004. p. 12.
- Goldsworthy, Kerryn. This is your afterlife [Pauline Hanson's post-politics rebirth as TVs sweetheart.] Monthly, The, Sept 2005: 16-17. ISSN 1832-3421.
- "Hanson to sell houses – National". www.smh.com.au. 28 February 2005. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- Now Pauline's for a united Australia, Sydney Morning Herald, 24 May 2007. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- "Senate State First Preferences By Group". Results.aec.gov.au. 14 December 2007. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- "Current List of Political Parties". Aec.gov.au. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- Hanson flying below radar for one last shot at Senate (The Age, 20 November 2007).
- Hanson launches campaign song (The Age, 5 October 2007)
- Hanson election bid will have voters groaning: Bligh (ABC, 25 February 2009).
- I'll quit politics, says Hanson (Sydney Morning Herald, 22 March 2009).
- Hanson defeated, blames hoax photos: The Advertiser.
- Pauline Hanson says goodbye to Australia (Woman's Day, 15 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- I won't call Australia home: Hanson plans to emigrate (Sydney Morning Herald, 15 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- Right-wing Australian politician Pauline Hanson to move to Britain (Telegraph (UK), 15 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- Buyers intrigued by Pauline's paradise (Brisbane Times, 15 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- British far-right leader welcomes Hanson (Sydney Morning Herald, 17 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- Clique July 2016 Challenge - Black and White (28 April 2010). "Pauline Hanson Won't Sell House / Home To Muslims". Smh.com.au. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
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- Both quoted in the Queensland Court of Appeal's 2003 judgment, cited below.
- Mackenzie, Geraldine. The Hanson trial: please explain? Southern Cross University Law Review, Vol. 8, 2004: 162-176. ISSN 1329-3737.
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- "R v Hanson; R v Ettridge  QCA 488 (6 November 2003)". Supreme Court of Queensland - Court of Appeal. 7 November 2003. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- The Queensland Court of Appeal was similarly composed in the 2000 and 2003 cases. In order of seniority: (2000) de Jersey CJ, McMurdo P and Helman J; (2003) de Jersey CJ, McMurdo P and Davies JA.
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- "Queensland election 2015: One Nation leader Pauline Hanson takes lead in vote count of Lockyer". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2 February 2015.
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- "Queensland Election 2015: Lockyer Results". ABC Elections. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
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- "Australia, the media and the politics of anger". Wacc.org.uk. March 1998. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- foreignminister.gov.au Hanson Must Disassociate Herself From Racist Slurs
- Probyn, Fiona (April 1999). "'That Woman': Pauline Hanson and Cultural Crisis". Australian Feminist Studies 14 (29): 161–171. doi:10.1080/08164649993416.
- Race, colour, and identity in ... – Google Books. Books.google.com.au. April 2000. ISBN 978-0-86840-538-4. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- The Racism Debate. Books.google.com.au. April 2000. ISBN 978-0-86840-538-4. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- "Hanson turns on 'diseased' Africans". Sydney Morning Herald. 6 December 2006. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
- 10 years after Pauline Hanson's maiden speech, still lessons to be learned Archived 28 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Combating racism in Queensland". Multiculturalaustralia.edu.au. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- The Age Hanson a 'bloodsucker': Brown
- ABC news Hanson supports African refugee reduction
- Heywood, Lachlan (5 October 2007). "Pauline Hanson backs Kevin Andrews on migrants". News.com.au. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- Hanson, Pauline (14 June 2016). "Let's have a serious chat about this latest terrorism attack.". Facebook. Pauline Hanson's Please Explain. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
- Ross, Monique (14 June 2016). "Election live: Malcolm Turnbull pledges 'zero tolerance' for anti-gay preacher". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
- Murdoch University The International Prohibition Of Racist Organisations: An Australian Perspective
- Books Google Subjectivity By Nick Mansfield, The Subject and Technology Page 161
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- Scott Balson (2000), Inside One Nation. The inside story on a people's party born to fail, Interactive Presentations, Mt Crosby News (Queensland), ISBN 0-9577415-2-9
- Helen J Dodd (1997), Pauline. The Hanson Phenomenon, Boolarong Press, Moorooka (Queensland), ISBN 0-646-33217-1
- David Ettridge (2004), Consider Your Verdict, New Holland Publishers, Frenchs Forest (New South Wales) ISBN 1-74110-232-4
- Bligh Grant (ed.) (1997), Pauline Hanson. One Nation and Australian Politics, University of New England Press, Armidale (NSW), ISBN 1-875821-38-4
- Pauline Hanson (2007), Untamed and Unashamed — Pauline Hanson's autobiography, Jo–Jo Publishing, Docklands (Victoria) ISBN 978-0-9802836-2-4
- James Jupp (1998), 'Populism in the land of Oz,' in Meanjin, Vol.57, No.4, pp. 740–747
- Margo Kingston (1999), Off the Rails. The Pauline Hanson Trip, Allen and Unwin, St Leonards (NSW) ISBN 1-86508-159-0
- Michael Leach, Geoffrey Stokes, Ian Ward (eds.) (2000), The Rise and Fall of One Nation, University of Queensland Press, St Lucia (Queensland) ISBN 0-7022-3136-3
- George J Merritt (1997), Pauline Hanson. The Truth, St George Publications, Parkholme (South Australia), ISBN 0-646-32012-2
- John Pasquarelli (1998), The Pauline Hanson Story by the Man Who Knows, New Holland Publishers, Frenchs Forest (NSW), ISBN 1-86436-341-X
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