Paulino Soares de Sousa, 1st Viscount of Uruguai

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The Viscount of Uruguai
Visconde de uruguai 1857.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
8 October 1849 – 6 September 1853
Preceded by The Marquess of Olinda
Succeeded by The Viscount of Abaeté
In office
8 June 1843 – 2 February 1844
Preceded by The Marquess of Paraná
Succeeded by Ernesto Ferreira França
Personal details
Born (1807-10-04)4 October 1807
Paris, French Empire
Died 15 July 1866(1866-07-15) (aged 58)
Rio de Janeiro, Empire of Brazil
Political party Conservative Party (1836-1866)
Occupation Politician

Paulino José Soares de Sousa, the Viscount of Uruguai (4 October 1808 – 15 July 1866), was a congressman, a senator, a State Adviser and a skilful diplomat.

Born in Paris, he distinguished himself during the 1850s when, as Minister of Foreign Affairs for Brazil, he organized the Brazilian Diplomatic Corps and structured the entire Brazilian policy of intervention in the River Plate against Juan Manuel de Rosas from Argentina, and Manuel Oribe from Uruguay.

A cautious diplomat, he knew how to take advantage of favourable circumstances, excluding unilateral action by Brazil and acting only at the request of the constitutional governments in the region. Success also came from his part in Franco-English involvement. He took on the financial burden incurred by France in maintaining the government of Montevideo and in relation to England, took steps towards the abolition of the slave traffic, creating favourable conditions for involvement by Brazil and its allies. In Paris in 1855 he negotiated the issue of Brazilian borders with French Guiana, which resulted in the matter being finally resolved in 1900, by the Baron of Rio Branco.

The Viscount died in Rio de Janeiro, aged 57.