Paulistano dialect

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Paulistano dialect
Paulistano
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Brazil Sao Paulo Sao Paulo location map.svg

Paulistano (Portuguese pronunciation: [paw.lis.ˈtɐ.nu]) is the Brazilian Portuguese term for the characteristic accent spoken in São Paulo, Brazil's largest and richest city, and some neighboring areas in the São Paulo Macrometropolis. It's the most influential accent in the country, recognizable as "correct" by 93% of Brazilians according to a 1997 study.[1] The Paulistano accent is dominant in Brazilian mass media and is often associated with "standard" Brazilian Portuguese.

History[edit]

The Paulistano dialect was influenced by immigrants who arrived in the city from the late 19th century onwards, chiefly the Italians. In the early 20th century, Italian and its dialects were widely spoken in São Paulo and they eventually merged into locally spoken Portuguese. There was also some Syrian-Lebanese, Japanese and Spanish influence on the dialect.

Phonological features[edit]

  • Phonemes /ti/ and /di/ are pronounced [tʃi] and [dʒi], like in most Central-Southern states.
  • Phonemes /s/ and /z/ are never palatized, for example in "isto" ['istu] and "desde" ['dezdʒi].
  • The S in codas is never pronounced /ʃ/. Example: "véspera" ['vɛspeɾa].
  • Final Rs in infinitives are often not pronounced at all. Example: "cantar" [kɐ̃ˈta].

References[edit]

  1. ^ RAMOS, Jania M. "Avaliação de dialetos brasileiros: o sotaque." In: Revista de Estudos da Linguagem. Belo Horizonte: UFMG. jan.-jun. 1997 p 116, 118.

See also[edit]