|Pronunciation||Portuguese pronunciation: [pawlisˈtɐnu]|
Paulistano (Portuguese pronunciation: [pawlisˈtɐnu]) is the Brazilian Portuguese term for the characteristic accent spoken in São Paulo, Brazil's largest and richest city, and some neighboring areas in the São Paulo Macrometropolis. It is the most influential accent in the country, recognizable as "correct" by 93% of Brazilians according to a 1997 study. The Paulistano accent is dominant in Brazilian mass media and is often associated with "standard" Brazilian Portuguese.
The Paulistano dialect was influenced by immigrants who arrived in the city from the late 19th century onwards, chiefly the Italians. In the early 20th century, Italian and its dialects were widely spoken in São Paulo and they eventually merged into locally spoken Portuguese.
- The phonemes /ti/ and /di/ are pronounced [tᶴi] and [dᶾi] respectively, like in most varieties from Central-Southern Brazil.
- The phonemes /s/ and /z/ are never palatalized. Examples: véspera [ˈvɛspeɾɐ], isto [ˈistu], desde [ˈdezdʒi].
- ⟨r⟩ in mid-word coda position is pronounced either as /ɾ/ or /ɹ/, with the former being more prestigious. Example: carta [ˈkaɾtɐ] / [ˈkaɹtɐ]
- Word-final ⟨r⟩ in infinitives is often not pronounced at all. Example: cantar [kɐ̃ˈta].
- ^ Ramos, Jania M. (1997). "Avaliação de dialetos brasileiros: o sotaque" [Evaluation of Brazilian Dialects: The Accent]. Revista de Estudos da Linguagem (in Portuguese). 5 (1): 116, 118. doi:10.17851/2237-2083.5.1.103-125.
- ^ OUSHIRO, Livia (24 December 2011). "A pronúncia de (–r) em coda silábica no português paulistano". Revista do Gel. 8 (2): 66–95. Retrieved 7 September 2021.