Paulo Muwanga

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Paulo Muwanga
6th President of Uganda
In office
12 May 1980 – 22 May 1980
Preceded byGodfrey Binaisa
Succeeded byPresidential Commission
4th Vice President of Uganda
In office
December 1980 – July 1985
PresidentMilton Obote
Preceded byMustafa Adrisi
Succeeded bySamson Kisekka
3rd Prime Minister of Uganda
In office
1 August 1985 – 25 August 1985
Preceded byOtema Allimadi
Succeeded byAbraham Waligo
Personal details
Paulo Frobisher Muwanga Seddugge Muyanja

(1924-04-04)4 April 1924
Died1 April 1991(1991-04-01) (aged 66)
Kampala, Uganda
Political partyUganda People's Congress

Paulo Frobisher Muwanga Seddugge Muyanja (4 April 1924 – 1 April 1991) commonly known as Paulo Muwanga was a Ugandan politician who served briefly as de facto president, and later as prime minister, of Uganda.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

Paulo Muwanga was born in Uganda on April 4, 1924. He began his career in the East African Posts and Telecommunications Administration, where he worked from 1943 to 1950. In 1950, Muwanga transitioned into politics, marking the start of his political journey.[2]

During his early years, Muwanga demonstrated a strong commitment to public service and political engagement. His experiences in the East African Posts and Telecommunications Administration provided him with valuable insights and skills that would later shape his political career.[3]

Muwanga served as a Member of Parliament from 1962 to 1964 before assuming diplomatic positions as Uganda's ambassador to Egypt (1964–1970) and France (1970–1972). These diplomatic postings allowed him to engage with international affairs and represent Uganda's interests on a global stage.[4]

Following a period of exile in England from 1972 to 1978, Muwanga returned to Uganda during the Uganda–Tanzania War (1978–1979). He actively participated in the conflict, aligning himself with forces opposing the regime of Idi Amin.[5]

In the aftermath of the war, Muwanga held several government positions. He served as Minister of Internal Affairs under the leadership of both Yusuf Lule and Godfrey Binaisa. Despite facing challenges within the government, Muwanga's resilience and political acumen allowed him to navigate through turbulent times.[6]

On May 12, 1980, Muwanga played a pivotal role when the army overthrew President Godfrey Binaisa. He became the head of a six-man Military Commission, which acted as the de facto president of Uganda for a short period. Later, Muwanga chaired the Presidential Commission of Uganda from May 22 to December 15, 1980, assuming the powers of the president during this transitional phase.[7][8]

Muwanga's significance continued after the general elections held on December 10, 1980. He assumed the role of the head of the Electoral Commission and declared the Uganda People's Congress, led by Milton Obote, as the winner. However, the election results were contested, and the dissatisfaction led to Yoweri Museveni undertaking a guerrilla war in protest named the Museveni Bush War.[9][10]

Between 1980 and 1985, Muwanga served as Vice President of Uganda and Minister of Defense under then President Milton Obote. He also briefly held the position of Prime Minister of Uganda from August 1 to August 25, 1985, under President Tito Okello before being succeeded by Abraham Waligo.

In October 1986, Muwanga faced arrest and subsequent detention. He was acquitted in 1988 but detained once again from 1989 to 1990.[11]

Personal life[edit]

He was married to Nalongo Kasalina Zawedde Muwanga.[12][13][14]

British actress Zawe Ashton is his granddaughter.[15]


  1. ^ "Uganda's Vice Presidents over the years: Paulo Muwanga". New Vision. Retrieved 2023-07-07.
  2. ^ Ap (1991-04-02). "Paulo Muwanga, 70, Ex-Ugandan Official". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2023-07-07.
  3. ^ "Paulo Muwanga Archives". Redpepper Uganda. Retrieved 2023-07-07.
  4. ^ (2020-07-19). "Museveni Visits Paulo Muwanga Family". ChimpReports. Retrieved 2023-07-07. {{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help); External link in |last= (help)
  5. ^ "Son tells about Muwanga's internal 'exile'". Monitor. 2020-07-21. Retrieved 2023-07-07.
  6. ^ "Could Obote have stopped his second fall?". Monitor. 2021-01-09. Retrieved 2023-07-07.
  7. ^ Team, The Observer (2019-07-24). "VP Muwanga slaps PM Otema Alimadi". The Observer - Uganda. Retrieved 2023-07-07.
  8. ^ "Muwanga's silent war against Obote". Monitor. 2020-07-21. Retrieved 2023-07-07.
  9. ^ "Muwanga".
  10. ^ "Muwanga plays cat and mouse with Idi Amin". Monitor. 2020-07-21. Retrieved 2023-07-07.
  11. ^ "Former vice president Muwanga, ministers Kayiira and Lwanga arrested". Monitor. 2021-01-09. Retrieved 2023-07-07.
  12. ^ Museveni visits family of ex-president Paulo Muwanga
  13. ^ Foreigners Flee Uganda, Tell of ‘Shooting, Looting’
  14. ^ uganda@134 (2020-06-27). "PAULO MUWANGA'S DAUGHTER ENTERS MAWOKOTA NORTH 2021 MP RACE, VOWS TO OUST SUPER MINISTER AMELIA". News Editor. Retrieved 2023-07-07.
  15. ^ "'I always play extreme characters': Zawe Ashton on life after Fresh Meat". The Guardian. 2016-01-16. Archived from the original on 2023-04-18.
Political offices
Preceded by President of Uganda
12–22 May 1980
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Uganda
1 August 1985 – 25 August 1985
Succeeded by

See also[edit]