Paulo Renato Souza

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Paulo Renato Costa Souza
Minister of Education of Brazil
In office
1 January 1995 – 31 December 2002
Preceded by Murílio de Avellar Hingel
Succeeded by Cristovam Buarque
Secretary of Education of São Paulo
In office
27 March 2009 – 16 December 2010
Preceded by Maria Helena Guimarães de Castro
Succeeded by Fernando Padula
Rector of UNICAMP
In office
1 January 1986 – 1 January 1990
Preceded by José Aristodemo Pinotti
Succeeded by Carlos Vogt
Personal details
Born ( 1945 -09-10)10 September 1945
Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Died 25 June 2011 (2011-06-26) (aged 65)
São Roque, São Paulo, Brazil
Political party PSDB

Paulo Renato Costa Souza (10 September 1945, in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul – 25 June 2011, in São Roque, São Paulo) was a Brazilian economist and politician.[1]


Souza took a degree in economics from Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul in 1967 and received a master's degree from the University of Chile in 1970.[1] He was the deputy director of the International Labour Organization's Regional Program for Employment in Latin America and the Caribbean from 1971–1974, he later worked as a consultant for a number of UN agencies active in Latin America.[1] He completed his doctorate at Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP) in 1980.[1]

From 1984 to 1986, he was Secretary of Education of the State of São Paulo under Governor André Franco Montoro.[1] He left the post to take up the position of rector of UNICAMP, his former university.[1] After finishing his term, he became the operations manager and vice president of the Inter-American Development Bank in Washington, D.C. from 1991-1994.[1][2]

Souza was one of the founding member of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party in 1988 and was Minister of Education from 1995 to 2002 under President Fernando Henrique Cardoso.[3] During his time in office, Souza oversaw the implementation of the Enem exam system.[4] On the other hand, during the same time, federal education faced an enormous scarcity of resources,[5][6] which resulted in a huge strike in all federal education establishments throughout Brazil from the second half of 2001 to the first half of 2002.[7]

In November 2006, Souza was elected to the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil to one of the 70 seats representing the State of São Paulo.[8] He took leave of absence from the Chamber of Deputies on 27 March 2009 to take office as Secretary of Education of the State of São Paulo under Governor José Serra, replacing Maria Helena Guimarães de Castro.[9] On December 16, 2010, he resigned this post, and returned to the Chamber of Deputies, finishing his term until January 31, 2011.

He died on June 25, 2011, from a heart attack while staying over the week-end at a hotel in São Roque, São Paulo.[10]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Paulo Renato Souza - Curriculum Vitae" (PDF). Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  2. ^ "Paulo Renato Souza". United States Department of Education. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  3. ^ "Costa Souza, Paulo Renato". Reuters. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  4. ^ Paulo Renato Souza (April 2001). "Education and development in Brazil, 1995-2000" (PDF). ECLAC. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  5. ^ Idelber Avelar (June 2011). "O que você não leu na mídia sobre Paulo Renato (1945-2011)". Revista Fórum. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  6. ^ Ivan Valente (August 2006). "Nacional: A falta de educação do governo FHC". Fundação Perseu Abramo. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  7. ^ "2001 - Greve no Ensino - Notícias". Folha Online. February 2002. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  8. ^ "Apuração - São Paulo - Deputado Federal". Folha de S. Paulo (in Portuguese). 9 November 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  9. ^ "Ex-ministro Paulo Renato assume Secretaria de Educação de São Paulo". Folha de S. Paulo (in Portuguese). 27 March 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  10. ^ "Morre o ex-ministro da Educação Paulo Renato Souza". (in Portuguese). 26 June 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011. 

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