Pavillon de l'Esprit Nouveau

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Pavillon de l'Esprit Nouveau
Pavillon L'Esprit Nouveau.jpg
Pavillon de l'Esprit Nouveau is located in Paris
Pavillon de l'Esprit Nouveau
Location within Paris
General information
Coordinates48°51′56″N 2°18′41″E / 48.865633°N 2.311486°E / 48.865633; 2.311486Coordinates: 48°51′56″N 2°18′41″E / 48.865633°N 2.311486°E / 48.865633; 2.311486
Completed1925
Design and construction
ArchitectLe Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret

Pavillon de l'Esprit Nouveau was a model home constructed for the 1925 International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts in Paris, France. The building was designed by Swiss architects Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret.[1]

Building[edit]

The Pavillon was conceived of as a modular dwelling that could be combined with others like it to form a larger block.[2] The building measured 2,200 square feet (200 m2) and utilized an open plan. A lower floor held living spaces and a kitchen while a second floor held bedrooms and a bathroom.[3]

In designing the building, Le Corbusier and Jeanneret aesthetically and ideologically diverged from the Art Deco style which dominated the exhibition. The architects, viewing architecture as too removed from human needs, emphasized function and sought to drastically diminish decoration.[3] In order to reduce the need for decorative furniture, Le Corbusier and Jeanneret included a myriad of built-in-furniture including cabinets and shelves.[4] The pavilion also included several cubist sculptures by Jacques Lipchitz, one of which was placed on the grass in front of the building.

Reconstruction[edit]

Interior of 1977 reconstruction

In 1977 Glauco Gresleri, Giuliano Gresleri and Jose Oubrerie constructed an exact replica of the building in Fiera District, Bologna, Italy for the SAIE construction exhibition. The architects completed the project in collaboration with the Fondation Le Corbusier.[5]

The reconstructed pavilion was restored in 2017.[5]

Reception[edit]

In a 2017 article for CNN, Stephen Bayley named the building one of "20 Designs That Defined the Modern World."[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pavillon de l'Esprit nouveau". madparis.fr. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
  2. ^ Difford, Richard (2017-07-04). "Infinite horizons: Le Corbusier, the Pavillon de l'Esprit Nouveau dioramas and the science of visual distance" (PDF). The Journal of Architecture. 22 (5): 825–853. doi:10.1080/13602365.2017.1351762. ISSN 1360-2365.
  3. ^ a b Palermo, Lynn (2014-01-01). "The 1925 Paris Exposition des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes and Le Pavillon de L'Esprit Nouveau: Le Corbusier's Manifesto for Modern Man". Meet Me at the Fair: A World's Fair Reader.
  4. ^ a b "Le Corbusier's Pavillon de l'Esprit Nouveau Named One of "20 Designs That Defined the Modern World"". ArchDaily. 2017-11-12. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
  5. ^ a b "Pavilion de L'Esprit Nouveau – An avant-garde vision of the future". www.lescouleurs.ch. Retrieved 2019-04-25.

External links[edit]