Pavle Jurišić Šturm
Paulus Sturm was born on august 10./22. 1848. in Görlitz, Prussian Silesia, of ethnic Sorb origin. He moved with his brother to Serbia and joined the Serbian army. Šturm became one of the most important commanders in the Serbian army in World War I, especially during its first two years, the time when his 3rd army was main support either for the 2nd army during the battle of Cer (August 1914), or for the 1st army during the battle of Kolubara (November to December 1914).
He and his brother Eugene (Evgenije) graduated from the royal Prussian military academy in Breslau (Wrocław), and participated in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871. They later resigned their commissions and moved to the Principality of Serbia, prior to the Serbian–Ottoman War (1876–78), in order to lecture at the Serbian Military Academy in Belgrade. With the outbreak of the war, the two brothers joined the Serbian Army as volunteers. He also fought in the Serbo-Bulgarian War (1885) as commander of a regiment.
He fell in love with Serbia instantly and married a Serbian woman. In order to become naturalized, he changed his name into Pavle Jurišić-Šturm in 1876. Pavle being a cognate of Paulus, and Jurišić being derived from a modulated translation of the word "charge" (sturm in German, juriš in Serbian). He kept his German last name as an alias ("Šturm").
As commander of the Third Serbian Army, he participated in all major battles in the Serbian theater in World War I, from Cer and Kolubara, then retreated over frozen Albania, and the participation of the Serbian Army on the Salonika Front. Here, his army fought in the Battle of Kajmakcalan, suffering many casualties. After this battle Sturm was replaced at the head of the Third Army by Miloš Vasić in October 1916. He was sent to Russia to assist the commander of the Serbian Volunteer Corps. In early 1917, he returned via Japan to Thessaloniki, where he was appointed Chancellor of the Order of the Crown, a job he held until the end of the war.
After years of peace that followed, Šturm stayed in Serbia and remained in its army with the rank of general. He died in 1922 at his home in Belgrade.
Šturm was decorated with Order of Karadjordje Star, Order of White Eagle and Allied decorations of Order of Italian Crown, Order of St. George, Order of Belgian Crown, the Order of Legion of Honour and the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Maybe the most valuable was the Order of Paulovnia Flowers on the Great Cross personally decorated by Japanese Emperor. He was also the bearer of the Iron Cross Ordinance, the Order of St. Leopold. He was included in the ranks of the greatest commanders of First World War and one of the best commanders in Serbian war history.
- The South Slav Journal. 22-23. Dositey Obradovich Circle. 2001.
This was true of the brothers Eugene and Pavle Jurisic, natives of Gorlitz on the Neisse in Upper Luzica (Slavic: Izgorelc, Source: Zyhorelik in pari i bus Milesko, 1131), who, resigning their commissions in Prussia's armed forces, immigrated to ...
- NIN. nedeljne informativne novine. Politika. April 1990. p. 8.
Pavle Jurišić - Šturm, Lužički Srbin, pruski oficir, srpski đeneral, pedeset i šest godina nosio je uniformu i ratovao protiv Francuza, Turaka, Arnauta, Bugara, Austrougara i Nemaca. Borio se u sedan ratova i u njima proveo ...
- Momčilo Vuković-Birčanin (1974). Kralj Aleksandar I. Karadordević, 1888-1934. Izdanje piščevo.
Павле Јуришић-Штурм, ко ји је био лужички Срб^н
- Милисав Савић: „Дринска дивизија“, Лозница 2009. године, 242-251. страна; ISBN 978-86-912717-0-1 COBISS 167983628
- Barrie Pitt; Peter Young (1970). History of the First World War. Purnell.
In the late spring of 1916 such of the Third Army as survived these ordeals was reconstituted on the outskirts of Salonika and placed under the command of General Pavle Jurisic, a septuagenarian veteran of the Franco-Prussian War of ...
- Hannes Grandits; Robert Pichler; Nathalie Clayer (30 March 2011). Conflicting Loyalties in the Balkans: The Great Powers, the Ottoman Empire and Nation-building. I.B.Tauris. pp. 210–. ISBN 978-0-85771-937-9.
- Aleksandar Jovanović (1991). Sedam ratova generala Pavla Jurišića Šturma. Litera.
- News articles
- Rajs, Arčibald (11 November 2014). "Srpska duša generala Šturma" [Serbian Soul of General Sturm] (in Serbian). Večernje novosti. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- Milatović, Petar (19 December 2014). "Сви јуриши браће Штурм" [All Storms of Šturm Brothers] (in Serbian). Politikin Zabavnik. Archived from the original on 21 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Од пруског водника до српског генерала" [From Prussian Sergeant to Serbian General]. Radio Television of Serbia. 12 October 2014. Archived from the original on 17 October 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Šturm ponovo dobija bistu" [Šturm Gets the Monument Again]. Vesti Online. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.