Pavlov (Kladno District)

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Pavlov (okres Kladno), Karlovarská ul. 01.JPG
Karlovarská street in Pavlov
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Central Bohemian
District Kladno
Commune Kladno
Municipality Unhošť
Elevation 387 m (1,270 ft)
Coordinates 50°05′44″N 14°10′02″E / 50.09556°N 14.16722°E / 50.09556; 14.16722Coordinates: 50°05′44″N 14°10′02″E / 50.09556°N 14.16722°E / 50.09556; 14.16722
Highest point
 - elevation 398 m (1,306 ft)
Lowest point
 - elevation 379 m (1,243 ft)
Area 1.55 km2 (0.60 sq mi)
Population 106 (2006)
Density 68/km2 (176/sq mi)
Founded 1799
Mayor Vojtěch Peichl
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 273 51
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Pavlov (Kladno District)

Pavlov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈpavlof]) is a small village in Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It is located in almost flat landscape about 7 km southeast of Kladno or 18 km west of Prague and has a population of 106 (2006).

Main road No. 6 from Prague to Karlovy Vary used to run through the village, there is also a station on railroad No. 120 connecting Prague with Kladno and Rakovník. A new R6 expressway, which passes just north of Pavlov and alleviates it from heavy traffic, was opened in December 2008.

The history of Pavlov is very short in comparison with other settlements in the Czech Republic. There used to be only a small farm with a brewery amidst fields, first mentioned in 1560 and later, after reconstruction in 1726, called Nový Dvůr ("New Farm"). In 1799 a wealthy citizen of Prague named Leopold Paul founded a manor house and a settlement next to the farm and named it after himself Paulhof (in German) or Pavlov (in Czech). The older name Nový Dvůr (or in pluralized form Nové Dvory) was informally also widely used even much later into 20th century.

Jiří Václav Daneš, a Czech geographer, was born in Pavlov in 1880.