Pavlovsky Posad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Pavlovsky Posad

Павловский Посад
Flag of Pavlovsky Posad
Flag
Coat of arms of Pavlovsky Posad
Coat of arms
Location of Pavlovsky Posad
Pavlovsky Posad is located in Russia
Pavlovsky Posad
Pavlovsky Posad
Location of Pavlovsky Posad
Pavlovsky Posad is located in Moscow Oblast
Pavlovsky Posad
Pavlovsky Posad
Pavlovsky Posad (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 55°46′N 38°40′E / 55.767°N 38.667°E / 55.767; 38.667Coordinates: 55°46′N 38°40′E / 55.767°N 38.667°E / 55.767; 38.667
CountryRussia
Federal subjectMoscow Oblast[1]
Administrative districtPavlovo-Posadsky District[1]
TownPavlovsky Posad[1]
Founded1844
Town status since1844
Area
 • Total39 km2 (15 sq mi)
Elevation
130 m (430 ft)
Population
 • Total63,711
 • Rank248th in 2010
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
 • Capital ofPavlovo-Posadsky District[1], Town of Pavlovsky Posad[1]
 • Municipal districtPavlovo-Posadsky Municipal District[3]
 • Urban settlementPavlovsky Posad Urban Settlement[3]
 • Capital ofPavlovo-Posadsky Municipal District[3], Pavlovsky Posad Urban Settlement[3]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[4])
Postal code(s)[5]
142500–142507
Dialing code(s)+7 49643
OKTMO ID46759000001
Websitewww.pavposgor.ru

Pavlovsky Posad (Russian: Па́вловский Поса́д) is a town and the administrative center of Pavlovo-Posadsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located 68 kilometers (42 mi) from Moscow, at the confluence of the Klyazma and Vokhna Rivers. Population: 63,711 (2010 Census);[2] 61,982 (2002 Census);[6] 71,297 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

View of Tsarskaya Street in Pavlovsky Posad around 1910
A typical house in Pavlovsky Posad

The town of Pavlovsky Posad was founded in 1844 by merging several villages (Pavlovo, Dubrovo, Zakharovo, and Melenki).[citation needed] From its very foundation, the land on which the town stands belonged to the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius monastery of the Russian Orthodox Church. Later, from the mid-17th century, the land came into state ownership. Due to these peculiarities, Pavlovsky Posad never knew serfdom.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Pavlovsky Posad serves as the administrative center of Pavlovo-Posadsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Pavlovo-Posadsky District as the Town of Pavlovsky Posad.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Pavlovsky Posad is incorporated within Pavlovo-Posadsky Municipal District as Pavlovsky Posad Urban Settlement.[3]

Economy[edit]

From the very beginning Pavlovsky Posad has had the textile industry as its main business. This industry is still the most prominent in modern town. During the 1990s, most textile factories were transformed into public corporations and went through bankruptcy. The public float index for these factories is currently[when?] extremely low: about 90-95% of each factory's shares are owned by one person.

The town has also always been famous for its Pavlovo Posad shawl factories. One of these factories, Pavlovo-Posadkaya Manufaktura, is still producing traditional shawls and kerchiefs in the Russian style. Some other factories survived by concentrating on fire-equipment (such as fire hoses); whereas others yet are producing vestments for Orthodox priests.

Transportation[edit]

The Moscow–Vladimir railway goes through the town.

Religion[edit]

Pokrovsko-Vasilyevsky Monastery was established near the cemetery in the beginning of the 20th century. In the monastery there's a cathedral that actually incorporates two independent churches: the upper church of Pokrov and the lower of St. Basil the Confessor, who was Vasily Gryaznov's saint patron. For his missionary work among the old believers, Vasily Gryaznov was granted sainthood in 1999. A cathedral also has a belltower. Both the cathedral and the belltower are built in the so-called pseudo-Russian style. There's also a little church of St. Andrey Rublev at the monastery gates.

Icon of St. Basil the Confessor from Pavlovsky Posad

There are also three more Orthodox churches and one Old Believers' Orthodox church.

Attractions[edit]

Local attractions include several 19th-century factory buildings, a local museum, a museum of Russian shawls and kerchiefs, and an exhibition center. Some old tombstones could be found on local Old Believer's cemeteries. There are also many old buildings in the streets of the town center.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #41/2005-OZ
  4. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  7. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.

Sources[edit]

  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №252-ПГ от 26 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №41/2005-ОЗ от 15 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Павлово-Посадского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №93/2012-ОЗ от 3 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Павлово-Посадского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №35, 26 февраля 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #41/2005-OZ of February 15, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Pavlovo-Posadsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #93/2012-OZ of July 3, 2012 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Pavlovo-Posadsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]