Pavonazzo marble

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Portrait of woman in Pavonazzo marble, Roman artwork - Capitoline Museums in Rome.
Statue in "pavonazzetto" (docimenum) marble (lower part) in the court of the Conservatori Palace in the Capitoline Museums. This sculpture was on the Arch of Constantine; it was removed in the 18th century because of damage and replaced by a copy in white marble. Previously, it was in the Forum of Trajan.

Pavonazzetto marble also known as Docimaean marble,[1] is a white marble originally from Docimium, or modern Iscehisar, Turkey. [2][3]

The name derives from the Italian word for peacock (pavone). "In natural stone trade, Pavonazzo is often simply called a Marble."[4] It is one of the many varieties of Carrara marble, distinguished by black/gray-veined white marble.[5] Also referred to as "pavonazzetto", and distinguished as:

  1. Various red and purplish marbles and breccias.
  2. A marble, used by the ancient Romans, characterized by very irregular veins of dark red with bluish and yellowish tints.[6]

The marble has been used as the coffin of the remains of Saint Peter the Apostle, Pompeii, the Trajan's Markets, and internationally in the influential Baroque Revival-style historic buildings the Church of St. Ignatius Loyola, in New York City, and Belfast City Hall in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Strabo. Geography.  "Book 9, chapter 5, section 16"
  2. ^ Erica Highes (2013). Meaning and λόγος: Proceedings from the Early Professional Interdisciplinary. University of Liverpool. p. 29. 
  3. ^ Elise A. Friedland (2015). The Oxford Handbook of Roman Sculpture. p. 181. 
  4. ^ "Pavonazzo - a white Marble from Italy". 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  5. ^ "Stone Info | Granite Marble". Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  6. ^ "pavonazzo, pavonazzeto: Information from". Retrieved 2012-12-20.