Pavoraja umbrosa

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Dusky skate
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Rajiformes
Family: Rajidae
Genus: Pavoraja
Species: P. umbrosa
Binomial name
Pavoraja umbrosa
Last, Mallick and Yearsley, 2008[2]

Pavoraja umbrosa (common name: dusky skate) is a species of fish in Rajidae family. It lives off the coast of northeastern Australia in depths ranging from 360 to 731 meters.[1][3] Its maximum size is 36.9 cm (14.5 in) total length.[3]

Pavoraja umbrosa is a little-known species, although it might be common. Although it can occur as by-catch, current levels of fishing in its range are unlikely to pose a significant threat.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Smyth, W. (2015). "Pavoraja umbrosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2015: e.T70681387A70681738. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  2. ^ Last, Peter R.; Mallick, Stephen and Yearsley, Gordon K. (2008). "A review of the Australian skate genus Pavoraja Whitley (Rajiformes: Arhynchobatidae)" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1812: 1–45. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 January 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2015). "Pavoraja umbrosa" in FishBase. October 2015 version.