Paw Paw, Michigan
Paw Paw, Michigan
|Coordinates: 42°13′2″N 85°53′24″W / 42.21722°N 85.89000°WCoordinates: 42°13′2″N 85°53′24″W / 42.21722°N 85.89000°W|
|• Total||2.89 sq mi (7.48 km2)|
|• Land||2.67 sq mi (6.90 km2)|
|• Water||0.22 sq mi (0.58 km2)|
|Elevation||732 ft (223 m)|
|• Density||1,261.54/sq mi (487.04/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||634488|
Paw Paw is a village in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 3,534 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Van Buren County.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2023)
The village is located at the confluence of the east and south branches of the Paw Paw River in the northeast portion of Paw Paw Township. Paw Paw was incorporated in 1837 and is located in the southwestern portion of Michigan, on Interstate 94 (I-94) approximately 20 miles (32 km) west of Kalamazoo.
The town was the home of African American cookbook author Malinda Russell who published the first known cookbook by a black woman in the United States. She lived in Paw Paw after she fled her Tennessee home, which was raided by traveling gangs of whites in 1864. Her book Domestic Cook Book: Containing a Careful Selection of Useful Receipts for the Kitchen, as a means to provide income for her and her son and earn money to return  to Greeneville, Tennessee. Russell self-published her book, in 1866, giving a brief history of her life and stating in the preface to it that she hoped to earn passage to return home from its proceeds. Within months of her publication, the town of Paw Paw was destroyed by fire.
On June 13, 1888, fire again erupted, destroying seven buildings (including 11 businesses and 2 lodges) in the village.
Paw Paw is in a rural location whose primary agricultural product is grapes, which are used both in the local Michigan wine industry and for juice and jellies. The St. Julian Winery and Warner's Winery started in Paw Paw. Paw Paw has an annual Wine and Harvest Festival, which traditionally occurs the weekend following Labor Day. The Festival features a beer tent, bandstand, live music, a popular grape stomping competition among barefoot locals, carnival foods, and fireworks over scenic Maple Lake. For three days, the village opens up to celebrate its agricultural roots: its fruit-growing, juice, and wine-making industries. Activities in every corner of the village include the traditional grape stomping, wine tasting, 5K run, bicycle classic, and carnival midway, with new fun added each year.
Paw Paw is named for the pawpaw trees which once grew along the Paw Paw River.
The vignette "Paw Paw for Jesus" was featured on NPR's This American Life.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2010)
Listed in the National Register for Historic places is the Van Buren County Courthouse at 212 E. Paw Paw Street, wherein the first election was held in 1837. Renovations were completed in 1999.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.89 square miles (7.49 km2), of which 2.67 square miles (6.92 km2) is land and 0.22 square miles (0.57 km2) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,534 people, 1,499 households, and 862 families living in the village. The population density was 1,323.6 inhabitants per square mile (511.0/km2). There were 1,674 housing units at an average density of 627.0 per square mile (242.1/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 92.3% White, 2.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 2.2% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.9% of the population.
There were 1,499 households, of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.6% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.5% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.91.
The median age in the village was 36.4 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.1% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 13.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,363 people, 1,417 households, and 855 families living in the village. The population density was 1,262.5 inhabitants per square mile (487.5/km2). There were 1,511 housing units at an average density of 567.3 per square mile (219.0/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 92.83% White, 2.85% African American, 0.83% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.97% of the population.
There were 1,417 households, out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.6% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the village, the population was spread out, with 23.3% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $38,750, and the median income for a family was $50,889. Males had a median income of $36,548 versus $29,559 for females. The per capita income for the village was $21,859. About 1.9% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.
Paw Paw Public Schools is the school district serving the community.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2023)
- Jason Babin, football player for Western Michigan, first-round NFL draft pick
- John Bonamego, football head coach at Central Michigan University; previously assistant coach with NFL's Miami Dolphins, Jacksonville Jaguars, Green Bay Packers and Detroit Lions
- Frank R. Gooding, Governor of Idaho 1905-09, U.S. Senator 1921-28; raised in Paw Paw
- Doane Harrison, Oscar-nominated film editor, best known for his long collaboration with director Billy Wilder
- Bill and Wade Killefer, early 20th-century baseball players
- Ricky Knotts, racecar driver killed attempting to qualify for 1981 Daytona 500
- Joseph Labadie, labor leader and political activist
- Ron Labadie, head of scouting for NFL's Miami Dolphins
- Loretta Long, actress and educator, best known as "Susan Robinson" on Sesame Street
- Charlie Maxwell ("Old Paw Paw"), a former Detroit Tigers, Boston Red Sox, Baltimore Orioles and Chicago White Sox baseball player
- Jerry Mitchell, Tony Award-winning choreographer
- Don Moorhead, football player for Michigan 1969-1970, Canadian Football League quarterback
- Malinda Russell, cookbook author
- Frederick S. Strong, US Army major general
- A. W. Underwood, a 19th-century Paw Paw native with the purported ability to set items ablaze. Brian Eno's 1974 song about Underwood, "The Paw Paw Negro Blowtorch", references the village.
- Abraham Wechter, master luthier of Wechter Guitars
- Shayne Whittington, NBA basketball player for the Indiana Pacers
- ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
- ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Paw Paw, Michigan
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ Sorensen 2011, p. 148.
- ^ Longone 2007, p. viii.
- ^ a b O'Neill 2007.
- ^ Ferris 2014, p. 89.
- ^ "Paw Paw History Photo File" (PDF). Pawpawwappaw.com. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-08-17. Retrieved October 25, 2021.
- ^ "Our Village". Pawpaw.net. 2019-06-03. Retrieved 2021-10-15.
- ^ "Van Buren County community center website, History". Archived from the original on 2010-11-29. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- ^ Thayer, Bill (May 5, 2015). "Frederick Smith Strong in Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy". Bill Thayer's Web Site. Chicago, IL: Bill Thayer. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
- ^ Eno, Brian; Mills, Russell (1986). More Dark Than Shark. London: Faber & Faber. ISBN 0-571-13883-7.
- Ferris, Marcie Cohen (2014). The Edible South: The Power of Food and the Making of an American Region. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-1-4696-1768-8.
- Longone, Janice Bluestein; Russell, Malinda (2007). "Introduction: Malinda Russell—An Indomitable Woman—An American Story". A domestic cook book: containing a careful selection of useful receipts for the kitchen. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Longone Center for American Culinary Research, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan. pp. vii–xiii. ISBN 978-1-425-58881-6.
- O'Neill, Molly (November 21, 2007). "A 19th-Century Ghost Awakens to Redefine 'Soul'". The New York Times. New York City, New York. Archived from the original on November 7, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
- Sorensen, Leni (2011). "Cooking and Cooks". In Katz-Hyman, Martha B.; Rice, Kim (eds.). World of a Slave: Encyclopedia of the Material Life of Slaves in the United States. Vol. 1: A-I. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-34942-3.