Pawan Kumar Chamling

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Pawan Kumar Chamling
Pawan Kumar Chamling
Leader of the Opposition, Sikkim Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
June 2019
Preceded byPrem Singh Tamang
5th Chief Minister of Sikkim
In office
12 December 1994 – 27 May 2019
Preceded bySanchaman Limboo
Succeeded byPrem Singh Tamang
Personal details
Born (1950-09-22) 22 September 1950 (age 68)
Yangang, Kingdom of Sikkim
(now in Sikkim, India)
Political partySikkim Democratic Front
Spouse(s)Dhan Maya Chamling
Tika Maya Chamling
ProfessionWriter, Politician

Pawan Kumar Chamling (born 22 September 1950) is an Indian Politician and the Former Chief Minister of Sikkim.[1][2] Chamling is the Founder and President of the Sikkim Democratic Front,[3] which governed the state for five successive terms since 1993.[4]

Chamling is currently the longest serving Chief Minister for any Indian State after independence.[5] Prior to establishing the Sikkim Democratic Front, Chamling served as Minister for Industries, Information and Public Relations from 1989 to 1992 in Nar Bahadur Bhandari's cabinet.

Personal life[edit]

Chamling was born in Yangang, South Sikkim to Ash Bahadur Chamling and Ash Rani Chamling. Chamling is also a Nepali language prolific writer and recipient of the Bhanu Puraskar (2010) awarded by Sikkim Sahitya Parishad. He writes under the pen name Pawan Chamling Kiran. Mr. Chamling has 8 children, 4 sons and 4 daughters.[6]

Political career[edit]

Chamling was elected as the president of Yangang Gram Panchayat in 1982. In 1985, he was elected to the Sikkim Legislative Assembly for the first time. After being elected for the second time from Damthang, he became the Minister for Industries, Information and Public Relations from 1989 to 1992 in the Nar Bahadur Bhandari cabinet. After a series of major political upheavals in Sikkim, Chamling formed the Sikkim Democratic Front on 4 March 1993.

Chamling is the second chief minister in India after Jyoti Basu, of West Bengal to govern a state five terms in a row, with his party Sikkim Democratic Front winning the 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014 Sikkim Legislative Assembly elections. His party first came to power in Sikkim after winning the 1994 assembly elections. His popularity kept soaring in Sikkim due to his developmental work and for maintaining peace. In 2009, his party Sikkim Democratic Front won all 32 assembly seats in Sikkim Legislative Assembly.

Following win in 2014 assembly election, he was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Sikkim for the fifth consecutive time on May 21, 2014 by Shriniwas Dadasaheb Patil, the Governor of Sikkim. He became the chief minister for a fifth time, a record previously held by Jyoti Basu who ruled West Bengal from 1977 to 2000.[7][6]

His party SDF won 22 out of 32 assembly seats in the 2014 legislative assembly election. 18 months after the 2014 elections, on November 30, 2015, 7 out of 10 opposition MLAs joined the SDF party under the leadership of Pawan Chamling. Now the ruling front has 28 out of 32 assembly seats in the state.[8]

On 18 January 2016 Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi made a two-day visit to the state to declare Sikkim as the first and the only "organic state" in the country, as it has fully implemented organic farming statewide.[9]

His party lost the 2019 Sikkim Legislative Assembly election to Prem Singh Tamang's party Sikkim Krantikari Morcha who formed the government by winning 17 seats.


  1. ^ "Sikkim budget session from 25 June". Zee News. Gangtok. PTI. June 13, 2012. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  2. ^ "Pawan Chamling — The Fifth Chief Minister of Sikkim". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  3. ^ "Sikkim CM wants BJP chief to step in".
  4. ^ "Sikkim CM Pawan Kumar Chamling: We have been let down by West Bengal".
  5. ^ "Sikkim's Pawan Chamling pips Jyoti Basu as India's longest-serving chief minister".
  6. ^ a b "Sikkim's Pawan Chamling is the longest serving Chief Minister, surpassing former West Bengal Chief Minister Jyoti Basu".
  7. ^ "Chamling sworn in as Sikkim CM for record fifth time". The Indian Express. Gangtok. Press Trust of India. May 21, 2014. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  8. ^ IANS (2019-03-22). "Why are national parties shunned in Sikkim? (Dangal 2019)". News and Analysis from India. A Refreshing approach to news. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
  9. ^ "Sikkim becomes India's first organic state". Daily News and Analysis. 16 January 2016.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Sanchaman Limboo
Chief Minister of Sikkim
12 December 1994 – 27 May 2019
Succeeded by
Prem Singh Tamang