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Jal Mandir, the famous Jain temple at Pawapuri
Jal Mandir, the famous Jain temple at Pawapuri
Pawapuri is located in Bihar
Location in Bihar, India
Pawapuri is located in India
Pawapuri (India)
Coordinates: 25°05′30″N 85°32′20″E / 25.09167°N 85.53889°E / 25.09167; 85.53889Coordinates: 25°05′30″N 85°32′20″E / 25.09167°N 85.53889°E / 25.09167; 85.53889
Country India
Founded byRaja Dharmpal
 • TypeJDU
 • OfficialMagadhi, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Nearest cityBihar Sharif

Pawapuri or Pawa is a holy site for Jains located in the Nalanda district in the Bihar state of Eastern India. It is located about 19 kilometers from Rajgir, 14 km from Bihar Sharif and 101 kilometers from Patna, the capital of Bihar.[1]


During the reign of Ajatshatru, Hastipal was the King of Pawapuri. When Lord Mahavira came to Pawapuri he stayed in King Hastipal's "Rajikshala".[2][better source needed]

Around 5th century BCE, Mahavira, the last of the twenty-four Tirthankara attained Nirvana or moksha (liberation). Jains celebrate Diwali to commemorate this event. He was cremated at Pawapuri,[3] also known as Apapuri (the sinless town). There was a great rush to collect his ashes, with the result that so much soil was removed from the place of his cremation that a pond was created.[4]

Now, an exquisite marble temple in the middle of a lotus pond, the Jal mandir, stands magnificently on a rectangular island. Another Jain temple, called Samosharan is located here, where the Lord Mahavira delivered his last teaching.[4]

Jal Mandir[edit]

This holy temple of Jains, made in pure white marble marks the cremation place of Lord Mahavira, the 24th and last tirthankara of Jainism. This magnificent and beautiful temple stands on an island amidst the holy pond, connected to the mainland by a sandstone causeway.


This temple marks the site where Lord Mahavira gave his last sermon. Now a beautiful Jain Temple marks the site.

Vardhman Institute of Medical Sciences[edit]

The Vardhman Institute of Medical Sciences is located near the Jal Mandir.



NH 20 passes through Pawapuri connecting it with Bihar Sharif, Patna, Nawada and Ranchi.


Pawapuri road is nearest railway station at 9.8 Km. Rajgir railway station is at a distance of 19 Km while Bihar Sharif Junction is 16 km away.


See also[edit]

  • Media related to Pawapuri at Wikimedia Commons


  1. ^ "Destinations :: Pawapuri ::Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation". Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  2. ^ "Digambar Jain temple Pavapuri or Pawapuri". Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b "Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation". Pawapuri. Retrieved 14 March 2009.