Pawapuri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pawapuri
पावापुरी
town
Jal Mandir, the famous Jain temple at Pawapuri
Jal Mandir, the famous Jain temple at Pawapuri
Pawapuri is located in Bihar
Pawapuri
Pawapuri
Pawapuri is located in India
Pawapuri
Pawapuri
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°05′30″N 85°32′20″E / 25.09167°N 85.53889°E / 25.09167; 85.53889Coordinates: 25°05′30″N 85°32′20″E / 25.09167°N 85.53889°E / 25.09167; 85.53889
Country  India
State Bihar
District Nalanda
Founded by Raja Dharmpal
Government
 • Type JDU
Languages
 • Official Magadhi, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Nearest city Patna
Website www.pawapuritirth.org

Pawapuri (Hindi: पावापुरी) or Pava is a holy site for Jains located in the Nalanda district in the Bihar state of Eastern India. It is located about nineteen kilometers from Rajgir and 101 kilometers from Patna, the capital of Bihar.[1]

History[edit]

During the reign of Ajatshatru, Hastipal was the King of Pawapuri. When Lord Mahavira came to Pawapuri he stayed in King Hastipal's "Rajikshala".[2][better source needed]

Around 5th Century BCE, Mahavira, the last of the twenty-four Tirthankara attained Nirvana or moksha (liberation). Jains celebrate Diwali to commemorate this event. He was cremated at Pawapuri,[3] also known as Apapuri (the sinless town). There was a great rush to collect his ashes, with the result that so much soil was removed from the place of his cremation that a pond was created.[4]

Now, an exquisite marble temple in the middle of a lotus pond, the Jal mandir, stands magnificently on a rectangular island. Another Jain temple, called Samosharan is located here, where the Lord Mahavira delivered his last teaching.[4]

Gaon Mandir is the spot where Mahavira attained Moksha.[5]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]