In historiography, the Pax Ottomana (literally "the Ottoman Peace") or Pax Ottomanica is a term referring to the economic and social stability attained in the conquered provinces of the Ottoman Empire, which, at the height of the Empire's power during the 16th and 17th centuries, applied to lands in the Balkans, Anatolia, the Middle East, North Africa and the Caucasus.
The term is preferred in particular by historians and writers who hold a positive view of Ottoman rule to underline the positive impact of Ottoman rule on the conquered regions. They compare it favourably with instability experienced before the Ottoman conquest and with the period after World War I, when only Asia Minor and Eastern Thrace remained under Turkish rule.
The term is derived by analogy from the more common Pax Romana, "the Roman Peace".
- The Holy Land, 1517-1713. Brill. 2012. p. 4. ISBN 978-90-04-23624-0.
From Selim's conquest until the early eighteenth century, which marked the beginning of British and French domination of the Mediterranean Sea routes, the region witnessed what Rhoads Murphey [an Ottoman Studies professor] has described as the pax Ottomanica.
- Király, Béla K., ed. (1975). "The Ottoman aspects of Pax Ottomanica". Tolerance and movements of religious dissent in Eastern Europe. East European Quarterly. ISBN 978-0-914710-06-6.