Paxillaceae

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Paxillaceae
Čechratka podvinutá 1.jpg
Paxillus involutus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Boletales
Family: Paxillaceae
Lotsy (1907)
Type species
Paxillus
Fr. (1835)
Genera

Alpova
Austrogaster
Gyrodon
Hydnomerulius
Meiorganum
Melanogaster
Paragyrodon
Paxillus

Synonyms[1]

The Paxillaceae are a family of mushroom-forming fungi bearing close affinity to the boletes. Collectively, the family contains nine genera and 78 species.[2] The type genus is Paxillus, containing fungi with decurrent gills, and Gyrodon, which has members with decurrent pores, among others. French mycologist René Maire had erected the family in 1902, placing it between the agarics and boletes and recognizing the groups' similarities with the latter group.[3] Maire's usage of the name was later deemed to be invalid,[1] and the genus authority is attributed to Johannes Paulus Lotsy.[4] Molecular research confirms the relations of Gyrodon, with the decurrent-pored mushroom G. lividus, Paragyrodon, with the type species P. sphaerosporus, and Paxillus as sister groups, together lying near the base of a phylogenetic tree from which the genus Boletus arises.[5][6] The name Gyrodontaceae, published by Belgian botanist Paul Heinemann in 1951,[7] is considered synonymous with Paxillaceae.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Paxillaceae Lotsy 1907". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. p. 502. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  3. ^ (French)Maire R. (1902). "Recherches cytologiques et taxonomiques sur les Basidiomycetes". Bulletin trimestriel de la Société mycologique de France (in French). 18 (Supplement): 1–212. 
  4. ^ Lotsy JP. (1907). Vorträge über botanische Stammesgeschichte (in German). p. 706. 
  5. ^ Kretzer A, Bruns TD (1999). "Use of atp6 in fungal phylogenetics: an example from the Boletales" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 13 (3): 483–92. doi:10.1006/mpev.1999.0680. PMID 10620406. 
  6. ^ Wu G, Feng B, Xu J, Zhu X-T, Li Y-C, Zeng N-K, Hosen MI, Yang ZL (2014). "Molecular phylogenetic analyses redefine seven major clades and reveal 22 new generic clades in the fungal family Boletaceae". Fungal Diversity. 69 (1): 93–115. doi:10.1007/s13225-014-0283-8. 
  7. ^ "Champignons récoltés au Congo Belge par Madame Goossens-Fontana I. Boletineae". Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État à Bruxelles (in French). 21: 223–346 (see p. 228). 1951. doi:10.2307/3666673. 

External links[edit]