Paxillus

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Paxillus
Čechratka podvinutá 1.jpg
P. involutus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Boletales
Family: Paxillaceae
Genus: Paxillus
Fr. (1835)
Type species
Paxillus involutus
(Batsch) Fr. (1838)
Synonyms[1]

Paxillus is a genus of mushrooms of which most are known to be poisonous or inedible. Species include Paxillus involutus and Paxillus vernalis. Two former species—Tapinella panuoides and Tapinella atrotomentosa—have now been transferred to the related genus Tapinella in the family Tapinellaceae[2] [3]

Paxillus means small stake.[4]

Edibility[edit]

While Paxillus involutus has in the past been erroneously considered edible, it is now known to be poisonous and has been linked to a number of recorded fatalities. The deadly poisonings appear to have been due to eating the mushrooms raw.[4]

Species[edit]

As of June 2015, Index Fungorum lists 35 valid species in Paxillus:[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Paxillus Fr. 1835". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 201-7-01.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ Binder M, Hibbett DS. 2006. Molecular systematics and biological diversification of Boletales. Mycologia 98:971.
  3. ^ Binder M, Larsson KH, Matheny PB, Hibbett DS. 2010. Amylocorticiales ord. nov. and Jaapiales ord. nov.: Early diverging clades of Agaricomycetidae dominated by corticioid forms. Mycologia 102:865.
  4. ^ a b Smith AH, Weber NS (1980). The Mushroom Hunter's Field Guide. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. p. 211. ISBN 0-472-85610-3. 
  5. ^ Kirk PM. "Species Fungorum (version 26th May 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2015-05-23. 

External links[edit]