Paxton, Illinois

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Paxton
City
Paxton Illinois Market and Center.jpg
View of Downtown Paxton
Country United States
State Illinois
County Ford
Elevation 798 ft (243 m)
Coordinates 40°27′31″N 88°05′45″W / 40.45861°N 88.09583°W / 40.45861; -88.09583Coordinates: 40°27′31″N 88°05′45″W / 40.45861°N 88.09583°W / 40.45861; -88.09583
Area 2.30 sq mi (6 km2)
 - land 2.30 sq mi (6 km2)
 - water 0.00 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 4,473 (2010)
Density 2,031.4 / sq mi (784 / km2)
Mayor J. William Ingold
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 60957
Area code 217
Location of Paxton within Illinois
Location of Paxton within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Paxton, Illinois
Website: http://www.paxtonil.com

Paxton is a city in Ford County, Illinois, United States. The population was 4,473 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Ford County.[1]

History[edit]

The town was initially named Prairie City in the late 1840s, then Prospect City by an Illinois Central Railroad official in 1855. However, as Wilbur W. Sauer says that residents noted the town was "all prospect and no city."[full citation needed] In 1859, it was renamed for Sir Joseph Paxton,[2] architect of the Crystal Palace, who was a major shareholder in the Illinois Central Railroad, which in 1856 was the longest span of railroad in the world (Chicago to Cairo). It was rumored that Paxton was interested in organizing an English settlement in Illinois.[citation needed] The colony never materialized, but the town kept the name. Founded in 1859, Paxton celebrated its sesquicentennial in 2009.

Augustana College was located in Paxton from 1863–1875, aided by a community effort led by recent Swedish immigrants to fund educational and cultural opportunities for citizens.

An early public high school was established in 1872; it served the surrounding area for the next several decades, culminating in the formation of a community high school district in May 1920. The local school's mascot was the Paxton Mustangs until consolidation with the Buckley-Loda Rockets district in 1990 formed the current Paxton-Buckley-Loda School District, known as the PBL Panthers. The school is a member of the IESA and IHSA for interscholastic sports and activities.

The Ford County Courthouse in Paxton was built in 1906, and boasts many murals painted by the Works Progress Administration during the 1930s.

On June 22, 1919, former President William Howard Taft visited Paxton while on his way to Champaign. After disembarking from a long train ride, Taft delivered a speech in the Pells Park Pavilion in favor of U.S. entry into the newly formed League of Nations. Taft's appearance is a testament to the Paxton Chautauqua, which was held in Pells Park from 1905-1930, attracting musicians, speakers and entertainment from all over the United States. Taft is one of four U.S. Presidents to visit Ford County, joining William McKinley (Gibson City in 1897), Richard Nixon (Melvin as VP in 1957), Gerald Ford (Melvin in 1974).

From 1865-2007, the Paxton Daily Record was published in Paxton, making the paper one of the longest-running daily newspapers of its size in the state of Illinois. Today, the Paxton Weekly Record is owned by the Champaign News-Gazette and continues to publish local news, sports, and other events.

Paxton is the home of the Illinois Central Historical Society, a railroad depot historic preservation group that centers on the history of the Illinois Central Railroad.[3] Due to Paxton having the highest elevation points in the area, the Illinois Central dug out ground so that the railroad could move at the same elevation, but underneath the city of Paxton. When the railroad was cut (around the 1920s), several bridges were built across the railroad to connect the east and west sides of Paxton. Presently, there are three vehicular bridges, which are located at Holmes Street, Pells Street and Patton Street. There is also a pedestrian bridge at Orleans Street. The vehicular bridges at Pine Street and Center Street and the long-abandoned pedestrian bridge at Franklin Street were removed in the spring of 2010.

The town also hosts the Historic Brick Water Tower & Ford County Historical Society Museum, which opened on July 4, 2007. The 80-foot (24 m) tall brick water tower was built in 1887 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Paxton Foundation, a local historical preservation group, is currently restoring the Old Ford County Jail and Sheriff's Residence, built in 1871. Located on West State Street adjacent to the Courthouse, it will be turned into a museum. Another local building on the National Register of Historic Places is the Paxton Carnegie Library, which was built in 1903.

The community has many homes built in the late 19th century, some of which are now part of an historic homes walking tour. Many of the home owners have won awards from various preservation and restoration societies for their efforts in maintaining the architectural heritage of these important landmarks. The Paxton Area Chamber of Commerce and PRIDE in Paxton, a member of the Illinois Main Street Program, currently promote local businesses and events in the historic downtown district.

Geography[edit]

Paxton has several bridges over the Canadian National (Illinois Central) mainline.

Paxton is located at 40°27′31″N 88°5′45″W / 40.45861°N 88.09583°W / 40.45861; -88.09583 (40.458745, -88.095784).[4]

According to the 2010 census, Paxton has a total area of 2.3 square miles (5.96 km2), all land.[5]

Paxton is directly served by three major highways (I-57, U.S. Route 45, and Illinois Route 9), the Illinois Central Railroad, and a municipal airport with a 3,500 feet (1,100 m) landing strip [1].

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 275
1870 1,456 429.5%
1880 1,725 18.5%
1890 2,187 26.8%
1900 3,036 38.8%
1910 2,912 −4.1%
1920 3,033 4.2%
1930 2,892 −4.6%
1940 3,106 7.4%
1950 3,795 22.2%
1960 4,370 15.2%
1970 4,373 0.1%
1980 4,258 −2.6%
1990 4,289 0.7%
2000 4,525 5.5%
2010 4,473 −1.1%
Est. 2015 4,357 [6] −2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
Paxton, Illinois post office.

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 4,525 people, 1,776 households, and 1,198 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,031.4 people per square mile (783.5/km²). There were 1,888 housing units at an average density of 847.6 per square mile (326.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.3% White, 7.5% African American, 0.07% Native American 3 total Asians Asian, 0.55% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.64% of the population.

There were 1,776 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,804, and the median income for a family was $44,256. Males had a median income of $31,140 versus $23,555 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,617. About 4.2% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

The education level of the population age 25 and older in Paxton is as follows:

  • High school or higher: 88.0%
  • Bachelor's degree or higher: 13.4%
  • Graduate or professional degree: 4.4%

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ Flesher, Dale L.; Previts, Gary J.; Samson, William D. (June 2006). "Early American Corporate Reporting and European Capital Markets: The Case of the Illinois Central Railroad, 1851-1861". The Accounting Historians Journal 33 (1): 3–24. JSTOR 40698555. (subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ http://www.icrrhistorical.org/index.htm
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Solon DeLeon with Irma C. Hayssen and Grace Poole (eds.), The American Labor Who's Who. New York: Hanford Press, 1925; pg. 138.
  10. ^ Plackett, William H. "Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy". San Diego's Naval Heritage. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 

External links[edit]